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Encyclopedia > European Union Force
EUFOR former Commander General David Leakey.
EUFOR former Commander General David Leakey.
Soldier of the EUFOR participating in operation Spring Lift, as part of Althea.
Soldier of the EUFOR participating in operation Spring Lift, as part of Althea.
EUFOR badge in close up.
EUFOR badge in close up.
Troops from different countries attended a handover ceremony.
Troops from different countries attended a handover ceremony.

The EUFOR or European Union Force is an international military force under the supervision of the European Council. It is best known for operation Althea; their current involvement in Bosnia and Herzegovina to oversee the military implementation of the Dayton Agreement. It replaced the NATO-led SFOR on the 2nd of December 2004. The EUFOR is led by the Political and Security Committee, and the civilian implementation of the agreement lies in the hands of the Office of High Representative. The efforts of both are coordinated by the High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy, Javier Solana. Image File history File links Eu_army. ... Image File history File links Eu_army. ... Major General Arundell David Leakey CBE (1952-)is a British military commander. ... Image File history File links EUHeli. ... Image File history File links EUHeli. ... Look up Althea in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links Eufor_handover. ... Image File history File links Eufor_handover. ... The European Council, informally called the European summit, is a meeting of the heads of state or government of the European Union, and the President of the European Commission. ... Look up Althea in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, i. ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation[1] (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for collective security established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, DC, on 4 April 1949. ... Members of the Dutch, French, German and U.S. military watch as an Italian honour guard hoists the new Stabilisation Force flag during the Stabilisation Force (SFOR) activation ceremony in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, on the 20 of December 1996 Pocket badge of the SFOR The Stabilisation Force (SFOR) was... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Common Foreign and Security Policy or CFSP was established as the second of the three pillars of the European Union in the Maastricht treaty of 1992, and further defined and broadened in the Amsterdam Treaty of 1997. ... The High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina, with the Office of the High Representative (OHR) in Bosnia and Herzegovina, was created in 1995 immediately after the Dayton Peace Agreement to oversee the civilian implementation of this agreement. ... The Common Foreign and Security Policy or CFSP was established as the second of the three pillars of the European Union in the Maastricht treaty of 1992, and further defined and broadened in the Amsterdam Treaty of 1997. ... Javier Solana Francisco Javier Solana Madariaga (born July 14, 1942 in Madrid, Spain) is the High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and the Secretary-General of both the Council of the European Union (EU) and the Western European Union (WEU). ...


EUFOR has around 7,000 personnel from 33 countries, mostly from the countries of the European Union. There are however, additional troops from other European countries and also some from Canada and elsewhere. As of 2005, this is the largest purely European military operation.


EUFOR's commander is currently Major General Gian Marco Chiarini, having taken over command from the British Major General David Leakey in a ceremony held in the Butmir Base on 6 December 2005, where David Leakey handed over the EU flag to Major General Gian Marco Chiarini in presence of key personalities of the European Union, such as Javier Solana and General Sir John Reith. The forces are subordinate to the EU via a strategic level headquarters established at NATO's Headquarters Allied Command Operations, under the deputy to the Supreme Allied Commander, the aforementioned Sir Reith. Although both these officers were British, they operated in an international capacity on behalf of the EU. Major General Arundell David Leakey CBE (1952-)is a British military commander. ... Javier Solana Francisco Javier Solana Madariaga (born July 14, 1942 in Madrid, Spain) is the High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and the Secretary-General of both the Council of the European Union (EU) and the Western European Union (WEU). ... General Sir John Reith. ... Supreme Allied Commander is the title given to the most senior commander of some multinational organisations. ...


The EUFOR will assume all the missions of the SFOR, but the chase for war criminals, notably Radovan Karadžić, former leader of Republika Srpska, and Ratko Mladić, their former military leader, will be a mission for both the EU and NATO. Radovan Karadžić during a visit to Moscow in 1994. ... Anthem: Bože Pravde (English: God of Justice) Patron Saint: Saint Stephen3 The location of Republika Srpska as part of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ... General Ratko Mladić during UN-mediated talks at Sarajevo airport in 1993. ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation[1] (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for collective security established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, DC, on 4 April 1949. ...


The EUFOR will also have police duties (The Times) against organised crime, which is believed to be linked to war criminals. The EUFOR will collaborate with the European Union Police Mission in Bosnia (EUPM) and with the Bosnian police. European Union Police Mission is European Unions mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina that aids the local police organizations. ...

Contents

EUFOR RD Congo

On 25 April 2006, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1671 (2006), authorising the temporary deployment of a EU force to support the United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC) during the period encompassing the elections in the DR Congo, which began on 30 July. The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is the organ of the United Nations charged with maintaining peace and security among nations. ... The Mission of the United Nations in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), abbreviated MONUC (a French acronym for Mission de l Organisation des Nations Unies en République démocratique du Congo) is a United Nations peacekeeping force established on February 24, 2000, by Resolution 1291 of the United...


The European Council approved the launching of the EU military operation and appointed Lieutenant General Karlheinz Viereck (Germany) Operation Commander and Major General Christian Damay (France) EU Force Commander. Operational Headquarters are based in Potsdam, Germany. Potsdam is the capital city of the state of Brandenburg in Germany. ...


Code-named EUFOR RD Congo, the mission was tasked with: supporting and providing security to MONUC installations and personnel, contributing to airport protection in Kinshasa, contributing to the protection of civilians under imminent threat of physical violence, and to execute evacuation operations in case of emergency.[1] Kinshasa (formerly Léopoldville) is the capital and largest city of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. ...


In fiction

A booster pack for the PC game Battlefield 2 is available, entitled 'Euro Force'. As the name suggests, it adds the European Union to the game, however the army in the game appears to be an army fighting for a Unified European State, and not a joint force like the EUFOR is currently. An expansion pack is an addition to an existing game. ... This computer/video game related article needs cleanup. ... Battlefield 2 (abbreviated to BF2) is a computer game where players fight in a present day battlefield using state of the art firearms and vehicles. ...


Another game in the Battlefield series, Battlefield 2142, pits a unified EU against the Pan Asian Coalition (which is essentially the former Soviet Bloc, with the addition of China) in war taking place during a new ice age. Battlefield 2142 (abbreviated BF2142) is a first-person shooter computer game using a modified engine of Battlefield 2 set in the 22nd century, during a new ice age. ...


See also

Eurofor is a multinational rapid reaction force composed of forces from France, Spain, Portugal, and Italy. ...

External links

  • Official EUFOR website
  • The Council of the European Union's page on EUFOR-Althea
  • The European Union Special Representative (EUSR) for Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • the European Commission's Delegation to Bosnia & Herzegovina
  • European Defense
  • BBC article on EUFOR
  • Swiss Military Department EUFOR page (in French)
  • Le Monde (in French)
  • Weblog "Finding Karadžić"

Fiction

  • EA Games: Battlefield 2 - Euro Force

EUFOR pictures


 
 

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