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Encyclopedia > European Movement

The European Movement is an international lobby association that coordinates the efforts of associations and private individuals desiring to work towards the construction of a united Europe. Image File history File links Old_flag_of_the_European_Movement. ... World map showing Europe Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiogeographic one. ...

Contents


History

The origins of the European Movement date back to July 1947, when the cause of a United Europe was being championed by notables such as Winston Churchill and Duncan Sandys in the form of the Anglo-French United European Movement. The UEM acted as a platform for the co-ordination of the organisations created in the wake of WWII. As a result of their efforts, the congress of The Committee for the Co-ordination of the European Movements took place in Paris on 17th July 1947 incorporating "La Ligue Européenne de Coopération Economique" (LECE), "l'Union Européenne des Fédéralistes" (UEF), "l'Union Parlementaire Européenne" (UPE) and the Anglo-French United European Movements. They met again on the 10th November 1947 and changed their name to The Joint International Committee for European Unity. They retained this name until after the 1948 Congress of The Hague. Look up July in Wiktionary, the free dictionary July is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The United States of Europe is a name often given to one version of the possible future unification of Europe as a national and sovereign federation of states similar in formation to the United States of America. ... Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, KG, OM, CH, TD, FRS (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British politician, best known as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom during the Second World War. ... Duncan Edwin Sandys, Baron Duncan-Sandys1 (January 24, 1908-November 26, 1987) was a British politician and a minister in successive Conservative governments. ... German soldiers at the Battle of Stalingrad World War II was the most extensive and costly armed conflict in the history of the world, involving the great majority of the worlds nations, being fought simultaneously in several major theatres, and costing tens of millions of lives. ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... The Hague Congress was held in the Congress of Europe in Hague from 7th to 11th of May 1948 with 800 delegates participating from around Europe as well as observers from Canada and the United States. ...


From 7th to 11th May 1948, 800 delegates from Europe and observers from Canada and the United States gathered in The Hague, the Netherlands for the Congress of Europe. Organised by the International Committee of the Movements for European Unity and presided over by Winston Churchill, the Congress brought together representatives from across a broad political spectrum, providing them with the opportunity to discuss ideas about the development of European Union. Important political figures such as Konrad Adenauer, Winston Churchill, Harold Macmillan, François Mitterrand, Paul-Henry Spaak, Albert Coppé and Altiero Spinelli took an active role in the congress and a call was launched for a political, economic and monetary Union of Europe. This landmark conference was to have a profound influence on the shape of the European Movement, which was created soon afterwards. Look up May in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... Arms of The Hague The Hague (with capital T; Dutch: Den Haag, also s-Gravenhage) is the administrative capital of the Netherlands, located in the west of the country, in the province South Holland of which it is also the capital. ... (help· info) (October 26, 1916 – January 8, 1996) was a French politician. ... Paul-Henri Charles Spaak  listen (January 25, 1899 - July 31, 1972) was a Belgian Socialist politician and statesman. ... Altiero Spinelli (1907-1986) was an Italian citizen and lifelong advocate of European federalism. ...


The European Movement was formally created on the 25th October 1948, when the Joint International Committee for European Unity decided to change its name. Duncan Sandys was elected President and Léon Blum, Winston Churchill, Alcide De Gasperi and Paul-Henri Spaak were elected as Honorary Presidents. Look up October in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, universities, and countries. ... Léon Blum Léon Blum (9 April 1872 - 30 March 1950), French socialist leader and Prime Minister, was born in Paris, into a middle-class Jewish family. ... Alcide De Gaspieri Alcide De Gasperi (born 3 April 1881 in Pieve Tesino in the Tirol, Austria-Hungary, now part of the Province of Trento in Italy); died 19 August 1954 in Sella di Valsugana in the same province) was an Italian statesman and politician. ...


The first major achievement of the European Movement was the setting up of the Council of Europe in May 1949. The European Movement was also responsible for the creation of the "Collège d'Europe" in Bruges and the European Center of Culture in Geneva. The Palace of Europe in Strasbourg The Council of Europe (French: Conseil de lEurope, German: Europarat) is an international organisation of 46 member states in the European region. ... Look up May in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday. ... Sometimes referred to as the Venice of the North, Bruges has many waterways that run through the city. ... Geneva (French: Genève, German: Genf, Italian: Ginevra) is the second most populous city in Switzerland, situated where Lake Geneva (French Lac Léman) flows into the Rhône River. ...


One of its major functions during the 1950s through to the 1990s was the setting up of think-tanks and a network of discussion groups across Europe, in countries both democratic and Communist. A think tank is a research institute or other organization providing advice and ideas on problems of policy, commerce, and military interest, and are often associated with military laboratories, corporations, academia, or other institutions. ...


Since 1948, the European Movement has lobbied for further integration, on numerous subjects. It worked in favour of the direct election of the European Parliament by all European citizens, in favour of the Treaty on the European Union (the Maastricht Treaty) and also for a European Constitution. The European Parliament is the parliamentary body of the European Union (EU), directly elected by EU citizens once every five years. ... Citizenship is membership in a political community (originally a city but now a state), and carries with it rights to political participation; a person having such membership is a citizen. ... The Maastricht Treaty (formally, the Treaty on European Union) was signed on 7 February 1992 in Maastricht between the members of the European Community and entered into force on 1 November 1993, under the Delors Commission. ... The Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, commonly referred to as the European Constitution, is an international treaty intended to create a constitution for the European Union. ...


Philosophy

The Movement's stated objective is to "contribute to the establishment of a united, federal Europe founded on the respect for basic human rights, peace principles, democratic principles of liberty and solidarity and citizens' participation". Its various Councils and Associations, under the co-ordination of the European Movement International (EMI), work to influence major decision-makers across European civil society - its multitudinous associations, governments, politicians, political parties, enterprises, trade unions and individual lobbyists - to achieve these ends. The Movement focuses its attentions on seeking further integration in the political, social and cultural arenas, using its network of lobbyists to achieve those ends. The word federal in a general sense refers to the nature of an agreement between or among two or more states, nations, or other groups to merge into a union in which control of common affairs is held by a central authority created by and with the consent of the... Liberty - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


The EM also works as a study and information group operating through various projects and activities. It tries to involve larger segments of the public in the European project by disseminating information on European affairs and activities and getting them involved in its projects.


The association attempts to remain pluralist, and integrates into its management political personalities from both the Right and the Left.


As with many pan-European organisations that deal with European integration, the Movement (including its national organisations) has been divided for a long time between the "unionists", supporters of simple intergovernmental cooperation along the lines of the pre-Maastricht EU, and the "federalists", supporters of a federalised Europe governed along similar lines to the United States. The Maastricht Treaty (formally, the Treaty on European Union) was signed on 7 February 1992 in Maastricht between the members of the European Community and entered into force on 1 November 1993, under the Delors Commission. ...


Organization

The Movement's central office, located in Brussels, is headed up by a President and four Vice-Presidents, all of whom usually hold significant offices in the European Union or other pan-European organisations. Honorary Presidents, generally prominent European politicians (for example Valéry Giscard d'Estaing), are also elected, but hold no executive powers. Bold textItalic textBold text // Headline text Emblem of the Brussels-Capital Region Flag of The City of Brussels Brussels (French: Bruxelles, Dutch: Brussel, German: Brüssel) is the capital of Belgium, the French community of Belgium, the Flemish community and of the European Union. ... This article needs to be updated. ...


The current President of the EMI is Pat Cox, former President of the European Parliament and leader of Ireland's successful second referendum campaign to ratify the Treaty of Nice. The management of the organisation is drawn from across Europe, though currently mostly comes from the larger EU members (France, the UK, Germany, Spain, Italy). Pat Cox during a discussion at the 2004 Karlspreis ceremonies Pat Cox (born 28 November 1952) is an Irish politician and former television current affairs presenter. ... The European Parliament is the parliamentary body of the European Union (EU), directly elected by EU citizens once every five years. ... Nice Treaty The Treaty of Nice is a treaty adopted in Nice by the European Council to amend the two founding treaties of the European Union: the Treaty on European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, which introduced the Euro and the 3-pillar structure of the EU; the Treaty of Rome...


Policy is formulated by a Steering Committee and executed by an Executive Committee, the chairmanship of both of which is held by the President. A 'Federal Council', made up of delegates from local Movements throughout Europe, foments policies for the EMI and is in charge of the organisation's Auditors. Several specialist committees, devoted to the discussion of individual policies such as Women and the Future of Europe, exist as well. Day-to-day office-work is performed by the staff, which is led by a Secretary General, currently Henrik Kroner.


At national level there are National Councils in 41 countries, and a further 21 Associations in non-member countries. The EM also has youth branches, such as the Young European Movement UK. The Young European Movement UK (YEM) plays a central role in the campaigning activity of the European Movement. ...


External links

  • [1] - The website of the European Movement in Armenia
  • [2] - The website of the Young European Movement UK
  • European Movement - The website of the European Movement International
  • European Movement Ireland - The website of Ireland's European Movement
  • European Movement in the UK - The website of the UK's European Movement
  • For details of membership and associated countries, visit the EM's own guide here
  • Europa - the website of the European Union

  Results from FactBites:
 
European Movement International (728 words)
The European Movement is an association contributing to the establishment of a unified, federal Europe, founded on respect for human rights and democratic principles, by informing and mobilizing citizens and influencing decision-makers at all European Society levels.
According to the decision of the Executive Committee of the European Movement in Armenia, Mr.
AYAS Nautical Research Club was awarded the European Best Contribution of the Year in recognition of its unique representation of Armenian culture and the symbolic meaning of the trip on the Kilikia sailing vessel across Europe that is an outstanding initiative to recover Armenian sailing tradition.
European Movement - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1016 words)
The European Movement is an international lobby association that coordinates the efforts of associations and private individuals desiring to work towards the construction of a united Europe.
The origins of the European Movement date back to July 1947, when the cause of a United Europe was being championed by notables such as Winston Churchill and Duncan Sandys in the form of the Anglo-French United European Movement.
The Movement's stated objective is to "contribute to the establishment of a united, federal Europe founded on the respect for basic human rights, peace principles, democratic principles of liberty and solidarity and citizens' participation".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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