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Encyclopedia > European Monetary Institute

The European Monetary Institute (EMI) was the forerunner of the European Central Bank (ECB). It encouraged cooperation between the national banks of the member states of the EU. Headquarters Frankfurt, Germany Established 1 January 1998 President Jean-Claude Trichet Central Bank of Austria, Belgium, France, Finland, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain Currency Euro -ISO 4217 Code EUR Reserves >€4 billion Base borrowing rate 4. ...


Created 1st January 1994, it was the key monetary institution of the second phase of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union, and was dissolved with the creation of the ECB and the European System of Central Banks. In economics, a monetary union is a situation where several countries have agreed to share a single currency among them. ... The European System of Central Banks (ESCB) is composed of the European Central Bank (ECB) and the national central banks (NCBs) of all 25 EU Member States. ...


The EMI first president was Alexandre Lamfalussy. Baron Alexandre Lamfalussy is a prominent European central banker. ...


It was replaced by the ECB


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European Monetary Union: Operating Monetary Policy - Finance & Development - September 1996 (3528 words)
The Maastricht Treaty on European Union states that members of the European Union (EU) should decide before the end of 1996 whether the majority of member countries meet the specified convergence criteria to start Stage 3 of the Economic and Monetary Union and whether it is appropriate to enter Stage 3.
Stage 3 is defined as the ultimate stage of economic and monetary union wherein the currencies of the participating EU countries are irrevocably locked and replaced by a single currency, the euro.
As a monetary control device, reserve requirements help stabilize the relationship between reserve money and broader measures of money (this is usually called the money multiplier) and increase the extent to which the demand for money responds to a change in interest rates in case of less than full remuneration of the required reserves.
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