FACTOID # 15: A mere 0.8% of West Virginians were born in a foreign country.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > European Economic Area
██ EFTA countries (except Switzerland) ██ EU countries Together these form the EEA.
██ EFTA countries (except Switzerland) ██ EU countries Together these form the EEA.

The European Economic Area (EEA) came into being on January 1, 1994 following an agreement between the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) and the European Union (EU). It was designed to allow EFTA countries to participate in the European Single Market without having to join the EU. Image File history File links EEA.PNG Summary A map of the EEA countries. ... Image File history File links EEA.PNG Summary A map of the EEA countries. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... The European Free Trade Association (EFTA) was established on May 3, 1960 as an alternative for European states that were not allowed or did not wish to join the European Community (now the European Union). ... A single market is a customs union with common policies on product regulation, and freedom of movement of all the four factors of production (land, enterprise, capital and labour). ...

Contents

Membership

In an obligatory referendum, Switzerland's citizens chose not to participate in the EEA. Instead, the Swiss are linked to the European Union by Swiss-EU bilateral agreements, with a different content from that of the EEA agreement. Ballots of the Argentine plebiscite of 1984 on the border treaty with Chile A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... Switzerland took part in negotiating the EEA agreement with the EU and signed the agreement on 2 May 1992 and submitted an application for accession to the EU on 20 May 1992. ...


The current members of the EEA, contracting parties, are three of the four EFTA states - Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway, without Switzerland – and the 27 EU Member States along with the European Community. EU member states and candidates There are currently 25 member states in the European Union. ... The European Community (EC), most important of two European Communities, was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community. ...


EEA freedoms

The EEA is based on four "freedoms": the free movement of goods, persons, services, and capital among the EEA countries. The countries enjoy free trade with European Union member countries, but have little influence on the decision-making process in Brussels. On the other hand, the EEA countries have none of the financial burdens associated with EU membership. However the EEA countries contribute financially to the Internal Market. For example after the EU/EEA enlargement of 2004 there was a ten-fold increase in the financial contribution of the EEA States, in particular Norway, to social and economic cohesion in the Internal Market (1167 M€ over five years).


EEA legislation

The non EU members of the EEA have agreed to enact legislation similar to that passed in the EU in the areas of Social Policy, Consumer Protection, Environment, Company Law and Statistics. (1. pillar)


Institutions

A Joint Committee consisting of the EEA EFTA States plus the European Commission (representing the EU) has the function of extending relevant EU law to the non EU members. The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive body of the European Union. ... The European Union is unique among international organizations in having a complex and highly developed system of internal law which has direct effect within the legal systems of its member states. ...


An EEA Council meets twice yearly to govern the overall relationship between the EEA members.


Rather than setting up pan-EEA institutions, the activities of the EEA are regulated by the EFTA Surveillance Authority and the EFTA Court, which parallel the work of the EU's European Commission and European Court of Justice. See EFTA for further information. The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive body of the European Union. ... Official emblem of the European Court of Justice The Court of Justice of the European Communities, usually called the European Court of Justice (ECJ), is the highest court of the European Union (EU). ... The European Free Trade Association (EFTA) was established on May 3, 1960 as an alternative for European states that were not allowed or did not wish to join the European Community (now the European Union). ...


See also

A trade bloc is a large free trade area or free trade area formed by one or more tax, tariff and trade agreements. ... Parallel importation (also known as participation in the grey market) is an issue of intellectual property and international trade. ... Schengen Treaty members are in dark blue, while signatories (where it is not yet implemented) are in light blue. ... The Common Travel Area or, informally the passport free zone, refers to the fact that citizens of the Republic of Ireland, the United Kingdom and Crown Dependencies (the Isle of Man and the Bailiwicks of Guernsey and Jersey) may travel between their countries without a passport. ... Iceland is not a member state of the European Union (EU) and has never applied for membership. ... One of the most important and divisive issues in Norwegian political and economic debate since World War II has been the countrys relationship with the European Union. ... EudraVigilance is the European data processing network and management system for reporting and evaluation of suspected adverse reactions during the development of new drugs and also for following the marketing authorisation of medicinal products in the European Economic Area (EEA). ... The European Free Trade Association (EFTA) was established on May 3, 1960 as an alternative for European states that were not allowed or did not wish to join the European Community (now the European Union). ...

References


      Results from FactBites:
     
    The European Economic Area (EEA) - Overview (770 words)
    (EEA Agreement) was negotiated between the Community, the then Member States, and seven member countries of the EFTA and was signed in May 1992.
    The EEA was maintained because of the wish of the three remaining countries - Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein - to participate in the Internal Market, while not assuming the full responsibilities of EU membership.
    All new Community legislation in areas covered by the EEA is integrated into the Agreement through an EEA Joint Committee decision and subsequently becomes part of the national legislation of the EEA EFTA States.
    European Union - Gurupedia (2570 words)
    The total area of the 25 member states (2004) of the European Union is 3,892,685 km².
    The term European Community (or Communities) was used for the group of members prior to the establishment of the European Union.
    The "European Community" is one of the three pillars of the European Union, being both the most important pillar and the only one to operate primarily through supranational institutions.
      More results at FactBites »

     
     

    COMMENTARY     


    Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
    Your name
    Your comments

    Want to know more?
    Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

     


    Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
    The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
    Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
    All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
    Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m