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Encyclopedia > European Democrats

The European Democrats (ED) are a conservative and Eurosceptic party grouping with seats in the European Parliament as part of the larger EPP-ED group. Image File history File links Eurodems. ... European Democrats is a name or part of a name of: political group („subgroup“) European Democrats (ED) [1], part of the European Parliaments political group EPP-ED [2] Czech political party SNK European Democrats (SNK ED), in Czech: SNK Evropští demokraté (SNK ED), and their preceeding party European... Conservatism or political conservatism is any of several historically related political philosophies or political ideologies. ... Euroscepticism is scepticism about, or disagreement with, the purposes of the European Union, sometimes coupled with a desire to preserve national sovereignty. ... The European Parliament is the parliamentary body of the European Union (EU), directly elected by EU citizens once every five years. ... The European Peoples Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats is a group in the European Parliament. ...

Contents


History

The ED subgroup can trace its history back to the originally-standalone European Conservative Group formed in the European Parliament by British Conservative Party MEPs upon Britain's admission to the then-EC in 1972. In the ensuing years, the group collected additional right-of-centre members, and in 1979 it changed its name to the European Democratic Group. In the late seventies and early eighties, the EDG was the third-largest party grouping in the Parliament. The Conservative Party is one of the two largest political parties in the United Kingdom and the most successful party in political history based on election victories. ... This article is about the minor party founded by Ross Meurant in 1994. ...


However, the group saw its membership fall sharply in the late 1980s, as many centre-right members moved to the rival European People's Party group, dominated by the German CDU and the ideology of christian democracy in general. The EDG had been somewhat further from the political centre and less europhilic than the EPP. Largely isolated, even hardline eurosceptics like Margaret Thatcher conceded that the British Tories couldn't be effectively heard from such a peripheral group. On 1 May 1992, the EDG (now largely composed of UK Conservative Party members) dissolved, and its remaining members were accorded "associated party" status in the EPP group; that is, being part of the parliamentary group without retaining actual membership in the EPP organization. This was considered essential for the Tories, as the EPP was generally seen as quite favourable to European integration, a stance at odds with their core ideology. The centre-right is a political term commonly used to describe or denote political parties or organisations (such as think tanks) that stretch from the centre to the right on the left-right spectrum, excluding extreme right wing beliefs such as fascism. ... The European Peoples Party is a Christian democrat-conservative political party at European level founded in 1976. ... Christian Democracy is a heterogeneous political ideology. ... A Europhile is a term for a person who wants to increase cooperation between governments within the European Union. ... Euroscepticism is scepticism about, or disagreement with, the purposes of the European Union, sometimes coupled with a desire to preserve national sovereignty. ... Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS (born 13 October 1925) was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... The Conservative Party is one of the two largest political parties in the United Kingdom and the most successful party in political history based on election victories. ...


The Conservative's relationship to the EPP would become a sore point in the following years, particularly for the eurosceptic general membership in Britain. William Hague hoped to put the issue to rest by negotiating a new arrangement in 1999 by which the parliamentary group would rebrand itself as "EPP-ED," with the "European Democrat" nomenclature returning after a seven year hiatus. This was intented to nominally underscore the Conservative's status apart from the rest of EPP, and it was hoped that with the coming enlargement of the European Union numerous newly involved right-wing parties, averse to the EPP proper for its perceived eurofederalism, would be willing to instead enter the ED subgroup, growing the overall alignment. William Hague The Right Honourable William Jefferson Hague (born March 26, 1961) is a British politician, the Member of Parliament for Richmond, North Yorkshire, former leader of the Conservative Party, and currently Shadow Foreign Secretary. ... The European Union (EU) was originally created by the six founding states in 1952, but has grown to its current size of 25 member states. ...


The arrangement proved to do little to appease opposition. Hague's successor, Iain Duncan Smith, made a concerted drive at one point to return to the EDG arrangement, but backed off when it became clear that Tory MEPs would not move voluntarily. The hope that multiple Central and European parties would join ED also proved to be dubious, as only the Czech Civic Democratic Party took up the offer, with the remainder joining EPP proper or other groups such as Union for Europe of the Nations or Independence and Democracy. Rt. ... The Civic Democratic Party (Czech: Občanská demokratická strana - abbreviation: ODS) is the strongest right-wing political party in the Czech Republic. ... UEN logo The Union for Europe of the Nations is a nationalist and (mostly) euro-sceptic party grouping with seats in the European Parliament. ... IND/DEM logo The Independence and Democracy (IND/DEM) group, formed July 20, 2004 is a euro-sceptic political group with 36 MEPs in the European Parliament. ...


Today, ED remains a more eurosceptic subgroup within the broader EPP-ED bloc that contributes slightly more than 10% of its total MEPs. It has thus far resisted the trend of incorporating as a European political party. Euroscepticism is scepticism about, or disagreement with, the purposes of the European Union, sometimes coupled with a desire to preserve national sovereignty. ... A European political party, formally a political party at European level, sometimes informally (especially in academic circles) a Europarty, is a type of political party organization operating transnationally in Europe. ...


ED's future

During the 2005 Conservative leadership contest, eventual winner David Cameron pledged to end the EPP-ED coalition, while opponent David Davis argued in a letter to the editor of the Daily Telegraph that the current ED arrangement allowed the Conservatives to maintain suitable distance from EPP while still having influence in the largest parliamentary grouping. Conservative/EPP-ED MEP Martin Callanan responded in that paper the following day: The 2005 Conservative leadership election was announced by party leader Michael Howard on May 6, 2005, when he announced that he would be stepping down as leader in the near future. ... David William Donald Cameron (born 9 October 1966) is a British politician, Leader of the Conservative Party, and Leader of the Opposition in the House of Commons. ... David Davis The Right Honourable David Michael Davis (born December 23, 1948) is a British politician, Conservative MP for Haltemprice and Howden and Shadow Home Secretary. ... This article deals with The Daily Telegraph in Britain, see The Daily Telegraph (Australia) for the Australian publication The Daily Telegraph is a British broadsheet newspaper founded in 1855. ... Martin Callanan is a British Conservative Party politician. ...

SIR - David Davis (Letter, November 10) is sadly misinformed about our Conservative MEPs' relationship with the European People's Party (EPP) in the European Parliament. He claims that "Conservatives are members of the European Democrat group, which forms an alliance with the EPP". In reality, though, the ED does not exist. It has no staff or money and is, in effect, a discussion group within the EPP. […] Far from being a symbolic step, as Mr Davis suggests, leaving the EPP is the one hard, bankable commitment to have come out of this leadership campaign.

It is reported that the Czech Civic Democratic Party, the Polish Law and Justice party and the French Rally For France party are interested in joining a breakaway group. Its position would be that the European Union should exist; however, it should be a looser supranational organisation then the current structure. This would make it more eurosceptic than the EPP, and less eurosceptic than the Union for Europe of the Nations and the Independence and Democracy group. The Civic Democratic Party (Czech: Občanská demokratická strana - abbreviation: ODS) is the strongest right-wing political party in the Czech Republic. ... Law and Justice (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość) (PiS) is a Polish central-right political party, established in 2001, by the Kaczyński brothers: Lech, the former justice minister and the current mayor of the capital, Warsaw, and Jarosław, who is the President of the party. ... Gathering for France (French: Rassemblement pour la France) is a French political party of the right. ... UEN logo The Union for Europe of the Nations is a nationalist and (mostly) euro-sceptic party grouping with seats in the European Parliament. ... IND/DEM logo The Independence and Democracy (IND/DEM) group, formed July 20, 2004 is a euro-sceptic political group with 36 MEPs in the European Parliament. ...


Some members from the above parties founded a new organization, the Alliance for an Open Europe, in the midst of this debate, with broadly similar objectives. It remains to be seem if what relationship would be anticipated between this body and a new Parliamentary group. The Alliance for an Open Europe is a eurosceptic and free market transnational political organisation, that includes representatives from political parties and think tanks. ...


Member parties

Flag of Czech Republic Czech Republic Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ...

Flag of Italy Italy The Civic Democratic Party (Czech: Občanská demokratická strana - abbreviation: ODS) is the strongest right-wing political party in the Czech Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ...

Flag of Portugal Portugal The Pensioners Party of Italy (Italian: Partito Pensionati) is led by Carlo Fatuzzo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ...

Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom The Democratic Social Center / Peoples Party (Portuguese: Centro Democrático Social / Partido Popular or CDS/PP) is a Portuguese political party. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ...

The Conservative Party is one of the two largest political parties in the United Kingdom and the most successful party in political history based on election victories. ... The Ulster Unionist Party (UUP, sometimes referred to as the Official Unionist Party or OUP or, in a historic sense, simply the Unionist Party ) is a moderate unionist political party in Northern Ireland, which formed its government between 1921 and 1972 and was supported by most unionists throughout the Troubles. ...

Historical results

  • 1979: 63 MEPs (14.5% of Parl)
  • 1984: 67 MEPs (12.9% of Parl)
  • 1989: 34 MEPs (6.6% of Parl)
  • 1994: 24 MEPs (3.8% of Parl)
  • 1999: 38 MEPs (6.1% of Parl)
  • 2004: 29 MEPs (4.0% of Parl)

Source.


See also: Political parties of the world. This is a list of political parties around the world. ...


External links

  • European Democrats official website


Politics of Europe, politics of the EU – EU political parties, their groups in the EP, confederations of political parties in Europe
 
Pan-European political parties
flag of the European Union

European Democratic Party | EUDemocrats | European Free Alliance | European Green Party | Party of the European Left | European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party | Alliance for Europe of the Nations | European People's Party | Party of European Socialists The politics of Europe deals with the continually evolving politics within the continent. ... The European Union or EU is a supranational and intergovernmental union of 25 European states. ... A European political party, formally a political party at European level, sometimes informally (especially in academic circles) a Europarty, is a type of political party organization operating transnationally in Europe. ... Image File history File links European_flag. ... For the eurosceptic informal grouping, see European Democrats. ... EUDemocrats (EUD) is an alliance of parties, movements and political organisations operating as a transnational Party at a European level (European political party), and incorporating members from both the centre-left and the centre-right. ... The European Free Alliance (EFA) is a grouping of various political parties in Europe who believe in either full political independence (statehood), or some form of devolution or self-government for their country or region. ... European Greens (or the European Green Party) is the name of the European Green Party, a political party at European level. ... The European Left party is a political party at European level and an association of socialist and communist political parties in the European Union. ... The European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (founded in 1993) is a liberal party, active in the European Union, uniting liberal and centrist parties around Europe which together represent more than 20 million European voters and is an international non-profit association incorporated under the laws of Belgium. ... The Alliance for Europe of the Nations is a pan-European political party that gathers nationalist parties from across the continent. ... The European Peoples Party is a Christian democrat-conservative political party at European level founded in 1976. ... The Party of European Socialists (PES) (French: Parti socialiste européen (PSE); German: Sozialdemokratische Partei Europas (SPE); Spanish: Partido socialista europeo (PSE); Italian: Partito socialista europeo (PSE)) is a European political party whose members are 30 social democratic, socialist and labour parties of the European Union member states as well...

 
Groups in the European Parliament
logo of the European Parliament

EPP-ED (264) | PES (200) | ALDE (90) | Greens-EFA (42) | EUL-NGL (41) | IND/DEM (33) | UEN (30)
See also ED subgroup, Non-Inscrits Party groups in the European Parliament combine the MEPs from European political parties, informal European political blocs, and independents. ... The European Parliament is the parliamentary body of the European Union (EU), directly elected by EU citizens once every five years. ... Image File history File links EP_logo_en. ... The European Peoples Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats is a group in the European Parliament. ... The Party of European Socialists (PES) (French: Parti socialiste européen (PSE); German: Sozialdemokratische Partei Europas (SPE); Spanish: Partido socialista europeo (PSE); Italian: Partito socialista europeo (PSE)) is a European political party whose members are 30 social democratic, socialist and labour parties of the European Union member states as well... ALDE logo The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (French: Alliance des Démocrates et des Libéraux pour lEurope) is a Group in the European Parliament. ... Logo of the European Federation of Green Parties - EFA The European Greens – European Free Alliance (The Greens - European Free Alliance; Greens - EFA; French: Le Groupe Verts - Alliance libre européenne; Les Verts - ALE, German Fraktion der Grünen/Freie Europäische Allianz) is one of the parliamentary groups in the... GUE-NGL logo The European United Left–Nordic Green Left is a socialist and communist political grouping within the European Parliament. ... IND/DEM logo The Independence and Democracy (IND/DEM) group, formed July 20, 2004 is a euro-sceptic political group with 36 MEPs in the European Parliament. ... UEN logo The Union for Europe of the Nations is a nationalist and (mostly) euro-sceptic party grouping with seats in the European Parliament. ... Non-Inscrits (English: Non-Attached; the English name is also official, but the French name is prevalent even in English texts) are Members of the European Parliament who do not sit in one of the political groups. ...

 
Pan-European confederations of national political parties
Europe

Alliance des Démocrates Indépendants en Europe | European Anticapitalist Left | European Christian Political Movement | European Democrat Union | Euronat | European National Front | Nordic Green Left Alliance Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1245x1245, 54 KB) Map of Europe. ... Alliance des Démocrates Indépendants en Europe is an apparent centre-right faction of the eurosceptic Independence and Democracy group of the European Parliament that is claimed to be operating as a European political party by the EUDemocrats[1] which appears to be acting as the centre-left faction... The European Anti Capitalist Left (EACL) is an informal network for European anticapitalist left wing parties with a certain representativeness. ... The European Christian Political Movement (ECPM) is an European political association for reflection and working on Christian-democratic politics in Europe from an explicit Christian Social view. ... The European Democrat Union is the European wing of the International Democrat Union. ... Euronat (also known as EuroNet and Euro-Nat) is/was an effort by Jean-Marie Le Pen of Front National to gather all the Euronationalist parties of Europe. ... European National Front is a coordinating structure of European far-right nationalist movements. ... The Nordic Green Left Alliance (NGLA) is a green and socialist political party at the European level founded in Reykjavík on February 1, 2004. ...

Related articles: table of political parties in Europe by pancontinental organisation,
elections in the European Union, party composition of the council The majority of major political parties in Europe have aligned themselves into the pan-European political organisations listed below. ... Elections in the European Union gives information on election and election results in the European Union. ... The member-states of the European Union by the European party affiliations of their leaders, as of April, 2006. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Election Program - www.democrats.nl (5343 words)
European citizenship contributes to a greater awareness of living within a political community under the rule of law, and underpins the concept of freedom of movement within the Union.
European Liberal Democrats applaud the consolidation of human rights in the Treaty of Amsterdam, and welcome the extension in principle and practice of non-discrimination on the grounds of gender, race, belief, disability, age or sexual orientation.
European Liberal Democrats are in the vanguard of the fight to protect the natural environment in the interests of future generations.
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