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Encyclopedia > European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System

European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) is a standard for comparing the study attainment and performance of students of higher education across the European Union. For successfully completed studies, ECTS credits are awarded. One academic year corresponds to 60 ECTS-credits that are equivalent to 1500-1800 hours of study in all countries irrespective of standard or qualification type and is used to facilitate transfer and progression throughout the Union. The University of Cambridge is an institute of higher learning. ...

ECTS also includes a standard grading scale, intended to be shown in addition to local (i.e. national) standard grades [1]:

  • A: best 10%: outstanding performance
  • B: next 25%: very good performance
  • C: next 30%: good performance
  • D: next 25%: passable performance
  • E: next 10%: adequate performance
  • FX: "fail - some more work required before the credit can be awarded"
  • F:“fail – considerable further work required”
List of credits given in one year in European countries
Country Credits in one year Abbreviation (Unit) Notes
årsværk See: Education in Denmark
England, Wales and Northern Ireland
credits See: Credit Accumulation and Transfer Scheme
ainepunkt (AP) See: Education in Estonia
opintopiste See: Education in Finland
crediti formativi universitari (CFU) See: Education in Italy
studiepoeng See: Education in Norway
créditos See: Higher education in Portugal
credite See: Education in Romania
credits See: SCQF
högskolepoäng (Used from July 2007) See: Education in Sweden

Obsolete systems: World map showing the location of Europe. ... Danish Education System is a sophisticated system designed to educate the people of Denmark. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem specific to England — the United Kingdom anthem is God Save the Queen. ... This article is about the country. ... Northern Ireland (Irish: ) is a part of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... Credit Accumulation and Transfer Scheme (CATS) is used by many universities in the United Kingdom to monitor, record and reward passage through a modular degree course and to facilitate movement between courses and institutions. ... Educational oversight Minister of Education Minister of Culture Ministry of Education Antti Kalliomäki Tanja Karpela National education budget € 5. ... Educational oversight Ministro dellistruzione Ministro delleducazione Ministero delluniversità e ricerca Ministero della pubblica istruzione Paolo Ferrero Luigi Fioroni National education budget 66 millions (euro) (2005) Primary languages Italian Public system Compulsory primary education 1859 Literacy (2005)  â€¢ Men  â€¢ Women 98,5%% 98,5%% 98,5%% Enrollment  â€¢ Primary  â€¢ Secondary... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education logo Higher education in Portugal is divided into two main subsystems: university and polytechnic education, and it is provided in autonomous public universities, private universities, public or private polytechnic institutions and higher education institutions of other types. ... According to the Law on Education adopted in 1995, the Romanian Educational System is regulated by the Ministry of Education and Research (Ministerul EducaÅ£iei ÅŸi Cercetării - MEC)]. Each level has its own form of organization and is subject to different legislations. ... This article is about the country. ... SCQF Logo The Scottish Credit and Qualifications Framework (SCQF) is the national credit transfer system for all levels of qualifications in Scotland. ... Education in Sweden is mandatory for all children aged 7-16. ...

List of credits given in one year in European countries
Country Credits in one year Abbreviation (Unit) Notes
Finland (old system)
opintoviikko See: Education in Finland
Germany (old system)
Semesterwochenstunden (SWS) See: Education in Germany
The Netherlands (old system)
studiepunten See: Education in the Netherlands
poäng (used until July 2007) See: Education in Sweden

Educational oversight Minister of Education Minister of Culture Ministry of Education Antti Kalliomäki Tanja Karpela National education budget € 5. ... Responsibility for educational oversight in Germany lies primarily with the states while the federal government only has a minor role. ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... The different levels of education in the Netherlands Education in the Netherlands is characterized by division: education is oriented toward the needs and background of the pupil. ... Education in Sweden is mandatory for all children aged 7-16. ...

See also

The purpose of the Bologna process is to create the European higher education area by making academic degree standards and quality assurance standards more comparable and compatible throughout Europe. ... The Carnegie Unit and the Student Hour (also called a Credit Hour) are strictly time-based references for measuring educational attainment used by American universities and colleges; the Carnegie Unit assesses secondary school attainment, and the Student Hour, derived from the Carnegie Unit, assesses collegiate attainment. ... About CDM CDM is an XML data format for educational data (program and course descriptions) CDM stands for Course Description Metadata CDM is expressed as a W3C XML schema document CDM started as a Norwegian project in 2001 There’s already several CDM profiles (subsets) tailoring CDM to specific needs... The European Higher Education Area (EHEA) is the objective of the Bologna process - to create more comparable, compatible and coherent systems of higher education in Europe. ... The ERASMUS programme was established in 1987 and forms a major part of the European Union Lifelong Learning Programme 2007-2013. ...

External links

  • European Commission ECTS Information
  • Erasmus


  1. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/education/programmes/socrates/ects/index_en.html



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