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Encyclopedia > European Council for Fatwa and Research

A Dublin-based private foundation, founded in London at 29-30 March 1997 on the initiative of the Federation of Islamic Organisations in Europe, the European Council for Fatwa and Research ('ECFR') is a largely self-selected body, composed by islamic clerics and scholars, presided by Yusuf al-Qaradawi, and considered as belonging to the islamist tendency within the islamic world community, the Ummah. Yusuf al-Qaradawi Professor Yusuf al-Qaradawi (Arabic: يوسف القرضاوي) (born September 9, 1926) is a modern Muslim scholar and preacher best known for his popular al-Jazeera program, ash-Shariah wal-Hayat (Shariah and Life), and his website IslamOnline that was launched in 1997. ... Islamism is a neologism of Western etymological origins referring to a set of political ideologies derived from conservative religious views of Muslim fundamentalism which hold that Islam is not only a religion, but also a political system that governs the legal, economic and social imperatives of the state. ... Ummah (أمة) is an Arabic and Islamic word that means community or nation. ...

Contents


Statutory ambitions

The ECFR aims "to present to the Muslim World and the Muslim minorities in the West particularly" [1] its interpretation of "the manifestation of Allah's infinite mercy, knowledge and wisdom". For the ECFR, the shariah clearly embodies the superior rules in life. The sharia should therefore be respected as superior to civil law and to the democracy: "the Shari`ah cannot be amended to conform to changing human values and standards, rather, it is the absolute norm to which all human values and conduct must conform; it is the frame to which they must be referred; it is the scale on which they must be weighed." [2]. Sharia (Arabic شريعة also Sharia, Shariah or Syariah) is traditional Islamic law. ...


It wants to achieve these through:

  1. bringing together islamic scholars who live in Europe
  2. attempting to unify the jurisprudence views between them in regards with the main Fiqh (islamic law) issues, especially with regard to the minority stats of Muslims in Europe;
  3. issue collective fatwas which meet the needs of Muslims in Europe, solve their problems and regulate their interaction with the European communities, all according the shariah;
  4. research how arising issues in Europe can be resolved with strict respect for the shariah.

The ECFR is one of the main channels for the publications of fatwa's by Yusuf al-Qaradawi, and his main English-language channel. Islamic jurisprudence, Fiqh (in Arabic and Persian: فقه) is made up of the rulings of Islamic scholars to direct the lives of the Muslim faithful. ... Sharia (Arabic شريعة also Sharia, Shariah or Syariah) is traditional Islamic law. ... A fatwa (Arabic: ) plural fatāwa (Arabic: ) , is a legal pronouncement in Islam, issued by a religious law specialist on a specific issue. ... Yusuf al-Qaradawi Professor Yusuf al-Qaradawi (Arabic: يوسف القرضاوي) (born September 9, 1926) is a modern Muslim scholar and preacher best known for his popular al-Jazeera program, ash-Shariah wal-Hayat (Shariah and Life), and his website IslamOnline that was launched in 1997. ...


Among others, it wants to promote, and control, the local education of native imam's for the Muslim minorities in European countries. Amongst others, it participates in such initiatives in France (in cooperation with the European Institute for Humanitarian and Islamic Studies and the United Kingdom. Imam is an Arabic word meaning Leader. The ruler of a country might be called the Imam, for example. ...


It also strives to become an approved religious authority before local governments and private establishments in all countries where Muslims are a minority.


Evaluation of the positions of the ECFR

The ECFR clearly wants to assume a leading role in all dogmatic and accordinly also in all wordly issues in the worldwide islamic community, the Ummah. Among others, it wants to address the younger Muslim generations living in outside islamic countries, especially those in Europe and the United States. It projects a relatively contemporary position. Ummah (أمة) is an Arabic and Islamic word that means community or nation. ... World map showing location of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. ...

  • It's fatwa's often rely on the four classical Islamic law schools (four schools of Fiqh), as well as all other schools of the people of islamic law (Fiqh) knowledge, although with exclusion of modernist islamic scholars in Europe as French great-imam from Marseille, Soheib Bencheikh and Zaki Badawi, president of the London-based Muslim College and a keen promotor of interfaith dialogue (among other publishing regularly together with the Archbishop of York and the Britisch Chief Rabbi).
  • It regularly pleads for mutual respect for non-muslims.
  • It pleads respect for civil procedures; e.g. mariage is considered valid only if the rights of both spouses are respected and if the civil procedure is followed to (any marriage which is conducted purely in the mosque is not considered Islamic).

(to be completed) City motto: Actibus immensis urbs fulget Massiliensis. ... Soheib Bencheikh was born in 1961 in Dejddah, Saudi Arabia, from an Algerian family of imams. ... Dr. Zaki Badawi (born 1922) is a prominent Islamic scholar, community activist, and a leading promotor of interfaith-dialogue. ...


Cooperation with other islamic organisations in Europe:

  1. Al-Maktoum Charity Organisation, Dublin, Ireland
  2. Milli Gurus (german and othr sections)
  3. Federation of Islamic Organisations in Europe

Members of the ECFR

  1. Professor Yusuf Al-Qaradawi, President of ECFR (Egypt, Qatar)
  2. Judge Sheikh Faisal Maulawi, Vice-President (Lebanon).
  3. Sheikh Hussein Mohammed Halawa, General Secretary (Ireland)
  4. Sheikh Dr. Ahmad Jaballah (France)
  5. Sheikh Dr. Ahmed Ali Al-Imam (Sudan)
  6. Sheikh Mufti Ismail Kashoulfi (UK)
  7. Ustadh Ahmed Kadhem Al-Rawi (UK)
  8. Sheikh Ounis Qurqah (France)
  9. Sheikh Rashid Al-Ghanouchi (UK)
  10. Sheikh Dr. Abdullah Ibn Bayya (Saudi Arabia)
  11. Sheikh Abdul Raheem Al-Taweel (Spain)
  12. Judge Sheikh Abdullah Ibn Ali Salem (Mauritania)
  13. Sheikh Abdullah Ibn Yusuf Al-Judai, (UK)
  14. Sheikh Abdul Majeed Al-Najjar
  15. Sheikh Abdullah ibn Sulayman Al-Manee’ (Saudi Arabia)
  16. Sheikh Dr. Abdul Sattar Abu Ghudda (Saudi Arabia)
  17. Sheikh Dr. Ajeel Al-Nashmi (Kuwait)
  18. Sheikh Al-Arabi Al-Bichri (France)
  19. Sheikh Dr. Issam Al-Bashir (Sudan)
  20. Sheikh Ali Qaradaghi (Qatar)
  21. Sheikh Dr. Suhaib Hasan Ahmed (UK)
  22. Sheikh Tahir Mahdi (France)
  23. Sheikh Mahboub-ul-Rahman (Norway)
  24. Sheikh Muhammed Taqi Othmani (Pakistan)
  25. Sheikh Muhammed Siddique (Germany)
  26. Sheikh Muhammed Ali Saleh Al-Mansour (UAE)
  27. Sheikh Dr. Muhammed Al-Hawari (Germany)
  28. Sheikh Mahumoud Mujahed (Belgium)
  29. Sheikh Dr. Mustafa Ciric (Bosnia)
  30. Sheikh Nihad Abdul Quddous Ciftci (Germany)
  31. Sheikh Dr. Naser Ibn Abdullah Al-Mayman (Saudi Arabia)
  32. Sheikh Yusf Ibram (Switzerland)
  33. Dr. Salah Soltan (Egypt, USA)

See Also

Hassan al Banna (October 14, 1906 - February 12, 1949) was an Egyptian Islamist best known for founding the Muslim Brotherhood or Ikhwan ul Muslimeen. ... Yusuf al-Qaradawi Professor Yusuf al-Qaradawi (Arabic: يوسف القرضاوي) (born September 9, 1926) is a modern Muslim scholar and preacher best known for his popular al-Jazeera program, ash-Shariah wal-Hayat (Shariah and Life), and his website IslamOnline that was launched in 1997. ... The Quran (Arabic: al-qurān literally the recitation; also called Al Qurān Al Karīm or The Noble Quran; or transliterated Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ... Sharia (Arabic: ; also Sharīah, Sharia, Shariah or Syariah) is traditional Islamic law, also known as Allahs Law. ... Islamist terrorism is terrorism that is carried out to further the political and religious ambitions of a segment of the Muslim community. ... Jihad (ǧihād جهاد) is an Islamic term, from the Arabic root ǧhd (to exert utmost effort, to strive, struggle), which connotes a wide range of meanings: anything from an inward spiritual struggle to attain perfect faith to a political or military struggle to further the Islamic cause. ...

External links

European Council for Fatwa and Research, homepage


  Results from FactBites:
 
European Council for Fatwa and Research - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (683 words)
The ECFR aims "to present to the Muslim World and the Muslim minorities in the West particularly" [1] its interpretation of "the manifestation of Allah's infinite mercy, knowledge and wisdom".
The ECFR is one of the main channels for the publications of fatwa's by Yusuf al-Qaradawi, and his main English-language channel.
The ECFR clearly wants to assume a leading role in all dogmatic and accordingly also in all worldly issues in the worldwide Islamic community, the Ummah.
European Business Portal - European View - EUROPE AND ISLAM (987 words)
Many Europeans, who are aware of the historical repression of the Catholic Church and the divisive wars over faith that raged across Europe for centuries, see religion as a fundamentally unreasonable force, some experts say.
Therefore, many Europeans don't understand why anyone would be religious and argue that governments should urge immigrants to accept the tradition of secular humanism that has held sway in most of the continent since the Enlightenment.
European countries have historically "outsourced" the funding, management and teaching of Islam to imams and organizations from their immigrants' countries of origin, says Jonathan Laurence, visiting fellow at The Brookings Institution and co-author, with Justin Vaisse, of Islam in France: The Challenge of Integration.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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