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Encyclopedia > Eureka, California
City of Eureka, California
Aerial view: Eureka on Humboldt Bay
Aerial view: Eureka on Humboldt Bay

Seal
Motto: Eureka! - (I have found it!)
Eureka shown within Humboldt County in the State of California
Eureka shown within Humboldt County

in the State of California Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,500 × 1,001 pixels, file size: 616 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Humboldt_County_California_Incorporated_and_Unincorporated_areas_Eureka_Highlighted. ...

Coordinates: 40°47′24″N 124°9′46″W / 40.79, -124.16278
Country United States
State California
County Humboldt
Founded May 13, 1850 (settlement)
Incorporated April 18, 1856 (town)
Re-incorporated February 19, 1874 (city)
Government
 - Type Mayor-council
 - Mayor Virginia Bass
 - City manager David Tyson
Area
 - Total 14.4 sq mi (37.4 km²)
 - Land 9.4 sq mi (24.50 km²)
 - Water 5.0 sq mi (12.9 km²)  34.60%
Elevation 44 ft (13.4 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 26,128
 - Density 2,764.5/sq mi (1,067.5/km²)
  Source: U.S. Census
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 95501, 95502, 95503
Area code(s) 707
FIPS code 06-23042
GNIS feature ID 0277605
Website: www.ci.eureka.ca.gov

Eureka is the county seat and principal city in Humboldt County, California, United States. Located adjacent to Humboldt Bay, the city is situated between extensive preserves of the world's tallest trees - the Coast Redwoods. This architecturally and historically significant coastal city serves as the regional center for government, health care, trade, and the Arts for the far North Coast of California. This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The U.S. state of California is divided into 58 counties. ... Humboldt County is a county located on the northwest coast of the U.S. state of California, on the Pacific Ocean. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the game, see: 1850 (board game) 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... In local government, incorporation occurs when municipalities such as cities, towns, townships, villages, and boroughs become self-governing entities under the laws of the state or province in which they are located. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments in the United States. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... 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PST is UTC-8 The Pacific Standard Time Zone (PST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) resulting in UTC-8. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... PST is UTC-8 The Pacific Standard Time Zone (PST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) resulting in UTC-8. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... The 707 area code covers Napa, Vallejo, Fairfield, Santa Rosa, Fort Bragg, Crescent City, Eureka, Ukiah and northwestern California. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Humboldt County is a county located on the northwest coast of the U.S. state of California, on the Pacific Ocean. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Humboldt Bay is located in Humboldt County along the rugged north coast of California, United States. ... This article is about the species commonly called Coast Redwood. For the species commonly called Giant Sequoia, see Sequoiadendron. ... The North Coast of the U.S. state of California is a mostly rural coastline on the Pacific Ocean stretching from the city of San Francisco to the border of Oregon characterized by cliffs, hills, and tide pools. ...

Contents

History

Eureka's Pacific coastal location on Humboldt Bay adjacent to abundant Redwood forests provided a rich environment for the birth of this 19th century seaport town. Beginning more than 150 years ago, miners, loggers, and fishermen began making their mark in this pristine wilderness of the California North Coast. But the area was already occupied by small groups of indigenous peoples, whose lives were changed forever, if not lost completely, after thousands of years of relative stability in bountiful surroundings. Humboldt Bay is located in Humboldt County along the rugged north coast of California, United States. ... North Coast may refer to The Northeast Ohio or Greater Cleveland regions of the U.S. state of Ohio, on the south shore of Lake Erie and hence referred to as Americas North Coast. North Coast, New South Wales The California North Coast. ...


Native Americans

Main article: Wiyot people

The Wiyot people lived in the area now known as Eureka for thousands of years prior to European arrival. They are the farthest-southwest people whose language has Algonquian roots. Their traditional coastal homeland ranged from the lower Mad River through Humboldt Bay and south along the lower basin of the Eel River. The Wiyot are particularly known for their basketry and fishery management. An extensive collection of highly evolved basketry of the areas indigenous groups exists in the Clarke Historical Museum in Old Town Eureka. This page deals with the Wiyot people. ... This page deals with the Wiyot people. ... The Algonquian (also Algonkian) languages are a subfamily of Native American languages that includes most of the languages in the Algic language family (others are Wiyot and Yurok of northwestern California). ... Mad River can refer to: The Mad River in California in the United States. ... Humboldt Bay is located in Humboldt County along the rugged north coast of California, United States. ... Eel River may refer to: The Eel River in California in the United States The Eel River (northern) in Indiana in the United States The Eel River (southern) in Indiana in the United States The Eel River in Massachusetts in the United States. ... The Clarke Historical Museum (formerly the Clarke Memorial Museum) in Eureka, California contains the areas premier collection of far California North Coast regional and cultural history, with significant focus on the 19th Century Victorian era. ... // This area is primarily comprised of buildings from the period of Victorian architecture. ...


European arrival and conflict

Humboldt Bay was rediscovered by Europeans after going missing since the first documented European discovery in 1806. The mystery was due to the treacherous waters of the Pacific Ocean and the unusually narrow harbor entrance, which is often cloaked in fog. Despite these and other challenges which were to come, Eureka was founded on May 13, 1850 by the Union and Mendocino Exploring (development) companies.[1] Humboldt Bay is located in Humboldt County along the rugged north coast of California, United States. ...


The first Europeans venturing into Humboldt Bay encountered the indigenous Wiyot. Records of early forays into the bay reported that the violence of the local indigenous people made it nearly impossible for landing parties to survey the area. After 1850, Europeans ultimately overwhelmed the Wiyot, whose maximum population before the Europeans was in the hundreds and not the thousands. Settlers unconsciously and then deliberately cut off access to ancestral sources of food in addition to the outright taking of the land despite efforts of some US Government and military officials to assist the native peoples or at least maintain peace. A tragic slaughter on Indian Island committed by a group of locals in the spring of 1860 is detailed in the Wiyot article.[2] The chronicle of the behavior of European settlers toward the indigenous cultures locally and throughout America is present in surprising detail in the Fort Humboldt State Historic Park museum, on the southern edge of the city. Humboldt Bay is located in Humboldt County along the rugged north coast of California, United States. ... This page deals with the Wiyot people. ... Gunther Island is located in the United States in Humboldt County, California. ... Wiyot (also Wishosk) is an extinct Algic language. ... Fort Humboldt State Historic Park, is a California State Park located on the south of Eureka, California just off Highway 101. ...


Gold rush era

Secondarily to the California Gold Rush in the Sierras, prospectors discovered gold in the nearby Trinity region (along the Trinity, Klamath, and Salmon Rivers). Because miners needed a convenient alternate to the tedious overland route from Sacramento, schooners and other vessels soon arrived on recently discovered Humboldt Bay. Though the ideal location on Humboldt Bay adjacent to naturally deeper shipping channels ultimately guaranteed Eureka's development as the primary city on the bay, Arcata's proximity to developing supply lines to inland gold mines ensured supremacy over Eureka through 1856.[3] "Eureka" is a Greek word meaning "I have found it!" This exuberant statement of successful (or hopeful) California Gold Rush miners is also the official Motto of the State of California. The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) began shortly after January 24, 1848 (when gold was discovered at Sutters Mill in Coloma). ... Eureka (Eureka!, or Heureka; Greek (later ); IPA: (modern Greek), (ancient Greek, both former and later forms), Anglicised as ) is a famous exclamation attributed to Archimedes. ... The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) began shortly after January 24, 1848 (when gold was discovered at Sutters Mill in Coloma). ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...


Lumber and developing economy

Many of the first arrivals who arrived as prospectors were also lumbermen, and the vast potential for industry on the bay was soon realized, especially as many hopeful miners realized the difficulty and infrequency of striking it rich in the mines. By 1854, after only four years since the founding, seven of nine mills processing timber into marketable lumber on Humboldt Bay were within Eureka. A year later 140 lumber schooners operated in Humboldt Bay, supplying lumber to other booming cities along the Pacific coast.[4] Rapid growth of the lumber industry, depletion of forests located in close proximity to Humboldt Bay and technological advances led to the development of dozens of local, narrow gauge railroads to move the giant trees to dozens of lumber mills on Humboldt Bay.

The Carson Mansion (1886) in Eureka's Old Town
The Carson Mansion (1886) in Eureka's Old Town

A bustling commercial district and ornate Victorians rose in proximity to the waterfront, reflecting the great prosperity experienced during this era. Many hundreds of these charming Victorian homes remain today in their original elegance and splendor, including those examples in nearby Arcata and the Victorian village of Ferndale. The magnificent Carson Mansion on 2nd and M Streets, is perhaps the most spectacular Victorian in the nation. The home was built between 1884-1886 by renowned 19th Century architects Newsom and Newsom for lumber baron William M. Carson. This project was designed to keep mill workers and expert craftsman busy during a slow period in the industry. Old Town Eureka, the original downtown center of this busy city in the 19th Century, has been restored and has become a lively arts center[5]. The Old Town area has been declared an Historic District by the National Register of Historic Places. This nexus of culture behind the redwood curtain still contains many of its Victorian architecture, buildings, which are now transformed into scores of unique lodgings, small shops, and restaurants. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x1015, 504 KB) Carson Mansion, Eureka, California April 2005, Nikon D70, Photo by Cory Maylett File links The following pages link to this file: Eureka, California ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x1015, 504 KB) Carson Mansion, Eureka, California April 2005, Nikon D70, Photo by Cory Maylett File links The following pages link to this file: Eureka, California ... The Carson Mansion is a large Victorian house located in Old Town, Eureka, California. ... // This area is primarily comprised of buildings from the period of Victorian architecture. ... Arcata is a city located in Humboldt County, California. ... Ferndale, California Ferndale is a city in Humboldt County, California, United States. ... The Carson Mansion is a large Victorian house located in Old Town, Eureka, California. ... // This area is primarily comprised of buildings from the period of Victorian architecture. ... A historic district in the United States is a group of buildings, properties or sites that have been designated by one of several entites on different levels as historically or architecturally significant. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ... Manchester Town Hall is an example of Victorian architecture found in Manchester, UK. The Carson Mansion is an example of a Victorian home in Eureka, California, USA The term Victorian architecture can refer to one of a number of architectural styles predominantly in the Victorian era. ...

Fishing, shipping, and boating

Eureka's founding and livelihood was and remains linked to Humboldt Bay, the Pacific Ocean, and related industries, especially fishing. Salmon fisheries sprang up along the Eel River as early as 1851, and within seven years, 2,000 barrels of cured fish and 50,000 pounds of smoked salmon were processed and shipped out of Humboldt Bay annually, primarily from processing plants on Eureka's waterfront, which exist to this day. By 1858 the first of many ships built in Eureka was launched, beginning an industry that spanned scores of years. The bay is also the site of one of the west coast's largest Oyster farming operations, which began its commercial status in the nineteenth century. The Bay remains the home port to more than 200 fishing boats in two modern marinas which can berth at least 400 boats within the city limits of Eureka.[6]


Chinese expulsion

In addition to ethnic conflict with the native and Wiyot peoples, some Eurekans joined the statewide response to the increasing Chinese presence in the 1880s. Californians led the nation in the xenophobic response to the perceived large numbers of Chinese immigrants, which ultimately led to the US Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 (forms of this law remained in the US Code until 1943). Economic downturns and resulting competition for jobs especially led some citizens of European descent to commit sometimes violent racist actions, especially on the Pacific coast. In February 1885, the racial tension in Eureka broke when a member of two rival Chinese gangs (tongs) accidentally shot and killed a Eureka City Councilman in the crossfire between the two opposing gangs. This led to the convening of an angry mob of 600 Eurekans and resulted the forcible, permanent expulsion of all 300 Chinese residents of Eureka's Chinatown (a one block area). The Chinese did not return to Eureka until the 1950s.[7] Xenophobia means fear of strangers or the unknown and comes from the Greek ξενοφοβια, xenophobia, literally meaning fear of the strange. It is often used to describe fear of or dislike of foreigners, but racism in general is sometimes described as a... The Chinese Exclusion Act may be: Another name for the Chinese Immigration Act of 1923 in Canada, coined by the Chinese-Canadian community. ... The United States Code (U.S.C.) is the general and permanent federal Law of the United States. ... An ochlocracy from The Simpsons Ochlocracy (Greek: οχλοκρατία or ohlokratía; Latin: ochlocratia) is government by mob or a mass of people, or the intimidation of constitutional authorities. ...


Queen City of the Ultimate West[8]

The Tudorbethan style Eureka Inn (1922)
The Tudorbethan style Eureka Inn (1922)

In 1914 the first major, reliable land route was established between San Francisco and Eureka with the opening of the Northwestern Pacific Railroad, connecting Eureka through Willits, California to the northern shore of San Francisco Bay. With passenger rail service from San Francisco to the bustling Redwood Empire, Eureka's population of 7,300 swelled to 15,000 within ten years. By 1922 the Redwood Highway was completed, providing for the first reliable, direct overland route for automobiles from San Francisco. Eureka's transportation connection to the "outside" world had changed dramatically after more than half a century of uncomfortable stage rides (which could take weeks in winter) or treacherous steamship passage through the infamous Humboldt Bar and on the rarely pacified Pacific Ocean to San Francisco. The greatest symbol of this advance was the opening of the Eureka Inn (see photo, right), which coincided with the opening of the new road to "Frisco" (a favorite local nickname for San Francisco). The hotel, still one of the largest lodging properties in the region, provided quality accommodations and amenities for travelers in a style unsurpassed for its day and for the decades to come. As a result of immense civic pride during this era of expansion, Eureka officially named itself "Queen City of the Ultimate West." The tourism industry, lodging to support it, and the marketing that supports it had been born. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... The Tudorbethan Revival which manifested itself in domestic architecture in the United Kingdom in the20th century, and was also of influence in some other countries. ... The Eureka Inn in Eureka, California is a four story, 150 room Tudor Revival or Tudorbethan architectural style hotel covering an entire city block, which dates from its dedication in 1922. ... The Northwestern Pacific Railroad (NWP) was a regional railroad serving the Redwood Empire of Northern California. ... Willits is a city in Mendocino County, California, United States. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ... The Redwood Highway is a north-south highway that runs through the Redwood Empire of California. ... The Eureka Inn in Eureka, California is a four story, 150 room Tudor Revival or Tudorbethan architectural style hotel covering an entire city block, which dates from its dedication in 1922. ...

Post World War II era

The timber industry declined along with Pacific Northwest fisheries steadily since the 1950s. Overcutting and overfishing, increased regulation, and the creation of more parkland to preserve the remnants of once extensive virgin forests, rivers, and fisheries led to diminished profits and massive layoffs of blue collared mill workers and fisherman, beginning in earnest by the 1970s. Automation of remaining consolidated milling operations and competition from other timber markets outside the nation only hastened the process of decline in the number of jobs available in logging and related industries. The challenges resulting from this economic and resulting social upheaval were significant in the lives of many Eureka and North Coast residents. However, both the local fishing industry and the timber industry still figure large in the local and state economy, though in diminished form from the past.


For the region, Eureka remains the center for commerce and healthcare.


Geography

Eureka is ideally, if remotely, situated within California's Redwood Empire region due to its proximity to exceptional natural resources. These include the spectacular coast of the Pacific Ocean, Humboldt Bay, and several rivers in addition to Redwood National and State Parks and Humboldt Redwoods State Park. The location of Eureka on Highway 101 is 283 miles (455 km) north of San Francisco and 315 miles (507 km) north and west of Sacramento. Eureka is the closest major city to the most central point of the United States' Pacific Coastline. The Redwood Empire (also Redwood Coast or North Coast) is a region of California that stretches from San Francisco and the Golden Gate Bridge to the Oregon coast. ... Humboldt Bay is located in Humboldt County along the rugged north coast of California, United States. ... The Coastal redwood is the tallest tree species on Earth. ... Humboldt Redwoods State Park in Humboldt County, northern California, 30 miles (50 km) south of Eureka, California. ... U.S. Highway 101, or U.S. Route 101 (U.S. 101), is a north-south highway that is aligned along the Pacific West Coast of the United States. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Sacramento is a Spanish- and Portuguese-language word meaning sacrament; it is a common toponym in parts of the world where those tongues were or are spoken. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ...


Eureka's port facilities - the Port of Humboldt Bay - is the largest protected deep-water port between San Francisco Bay and Puget Sound. Aerial view of Humboldt Bay and the City of Eureka, California The Humboldt Bay Harbor Recreation & Conservation District includes the Port of Humboldt Bay and the Port of Eureka. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ... Puget Sound For the university in this region, see University of Puget Sound. ...


The city begins with its marina on one of three islands at a narrow point on the thirteen mile long bay and increases in elevation slightly as it spreads north, south, and especially to the east. This city of mostly one and two story wooden structures (fewer than ten buildings over 5 stories) gently encroaches at least two miles eastward into abundant, primarily Redwood and Douglas-fir second growth forests. The city has a traditional grid that generally radiates toward the points of the compass, though a correction to more accuracy in relation to the compass just east of the older downtown and residential area is noticeable. This article is about the species commonly called Coast Redwood. For the species commonly called Giant Sequoia, see Sequoiadendron. ... Species See text. ...


In areas of post-1970 development, the previously completely removed forest, gulches, and ravines and their streams remain, adding considerable character to neighborhoods that because of recency in construction often lack the splendor (and occasional disrepair) of the earlier Victorian homes. Manchester Town Hall is an example of Victorian architecture found in Manchester, UK. The Carson Mansion is an example of a Victorian home in Eureka, California, USA The term Victorian architecture can refer to one of a number of architectural styles predominantly in the Victorian era. ...


The transition between the official city limits and smaller unincorporated areas described in the demographic section is mostly not discernible. The most recently developed eastern areas include secluded developments on a golf course (as an example) among or in close proximity to extensive second growth forest. The city then gives way to hills and mountains of the rugged coast range, which quickly exceed 2,000 feet in elevation.


Climate

Eureka's climate is characterized by mild, rainy winters and cool, dry summers, with an average temperature of 55 degrees Fahrenheit (13°C). The all-time highest and lowest temperatures recorded in Eureka are 87 and 20 degrees, respectively. The area experiences coastal influence fog year round. Annual precipitation averages 38 inches (96 centimeters). The greatest monthly precipitation was 21.26 inches in December 1996. The greatest 24-hour precipitation was 5.04 inches on October 29, 1950. Snowfall on the coast is very rare; however, on February 4, 1989, 2.0 inches fell in Eureka and additional snow that month brought the monthly total to 3.5 inches.[9] For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ...

Weather averages for Eureka, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F 54 55 55 56 58 60 61 62 63 61 58 55 58
Average low °F 41 43 43 45 48 51 52 53 51 49 45 42 47
Precipitation inch 6.4 5 5.2 2.9 1.8 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.8 2.8 5.6 6.4 38
Average high °C 12 12 12 13 14 15 16 16 17 16 14 12 14
Average low °C 5 6 6 7 8 10 11 11 10 9 7 5 8
Precipitation cm 16 12 13 7 4 1 0 0 2 7 14 16 96
Source: Weatherbase[10] Nov 2006

Demographics

Eureka-Arcata-Fortuna Micropolitan Area - Eureka is the principal city of the Eureka-Arcata-Fortuna Micropolitan Area.[11] United States micropolitan areas, as defined by the Census Bureau and the Office of Management and Budget, are areas in the United States based around a core city or town with a population of 10,000 to 49,999. ...


Greater Eureka area - With a population of approximately 40,000, the Greater Eureka area makes up the largest urban area on the Pacific Coast between San Francisco and Portland.[12]


Eureka (city limits) - According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.4 square miles (37.4 km²), of which 9.4 square miles (24.50 km²) of it is land and 5.0 square miles (12.9 km²) or 34.60% of it is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 26,128 people, 10,957 households, and 5,883 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,764.5 people (1,067.5/km²). There were 11,637 housing units at an average density of 1,231.3 per square mile (475.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 82.46% White, 1.63% Black or African American, 4.21% Native American, 3.55% Asian, 0.33% Pacific Islander, 2.71% from other races, and 5.10% from two or more races. 7.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ...


There were 10,957 households out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.8% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.3% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.93. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 11.6% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.7 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $25,849, and the median income for a family was $33,438. Males had a median income of $28,706 versus $22,038 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,174. 23.7% of the population and 15.8% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 29.6% of those under the age of 18 and 11.1% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ...


Eureka has a broad area of influence, which includes of all of Humboldt County and portions of Del Norte County, Mendocino County, and Trinity County, a large trading area with an estimated population of 150,000. [citation needed] Humboldt County is a county located on the northwest coast of the U.S. state of California, on the Pacific Ocean. ... Del Norte County is Californias northwesternmost county, located on the Pacific coast south of Oregon. ... Mendocino County is a county located on Californias north coast, north of the San Francisco Bay Area and Sonoma County and west of the Central Valley. ... Trinity County is the name of several counties in the United States: Trinity County, California Trinity County, Texas This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Transportation

Land

U.S. Route 101 extends north and south through the city. The route becomes city streets and speed on the route is reduced to stop and go traffic. Light signals control traffic flow through the city. The downtown is considered a fairly walkable community. California State Route 299 (formerly U.S. Route 299) connects to U.S. Route 101 at the northern end of the nearby city of Arcata. Route 299 begins at that point and extends easterly to serve as the major traffic artery to the east for the community of Eureka. Highway 101 redirects here. ... JUNCTION MILE POST US-101 ? US-395 ? Legend < Route 282 Route 330 > The California State Highway System California State Route 299 is a California state highway that runs across Northern California. ... U.S. Route 299 was an east-west highway traversing northern California, USA. It ran from Arcata, adjacent to the Pacific coast, to Alturas by way of Redding. ... Arcata is a city located in Humboldt County, California. ...


When planning a trip by road, it's best to check road conditions, as snow and mudslides occasionally cause road closures in the winter and rainy seasons, respectively.


Air

Eureka's full service airport is the Arcata-Eureka Airport, located 15 miles north in McKinleyville. Murray Field, a general aviation airport for private and charter air service, is located within the northern city limit of Eureka adjacent Humboldt Bay. Ten miles southeast of Eureka, Kneeland Airport, also a general aviation airport at 2,737 ft (834.2 m) elevation, provides an option for pilots choosing to avoid the prevalent marine layer at airports closer to sea level. Arcata/Eureka Airport (IATA: ACV, ICAO: KACV, FAA LID: ACV), also known as Arcata Airport, is an airport located in McKinleyville, California serving Humboldt County, including the two towns that make its name: Arcata and Eureka. ... McKinleyville is a census-designated place located in Humboldt County, California. ... Murray Field (IATA: EKA, ICAO: KEKA, FAA LID: EKA) is a public airport located three miles (4. ... Humboldt Bay is located in Humboldt County along the rugged north coast of California, United States. ... Kneeland Airport (FAA LID: O19) is a public airport located 10 miles (16 km) southeast of the central business district (CBD) of Eureka, a city in Humboldt County, California, USA. The airport is mostly used for general aviation. ...


Water

The Humboldt Bay Harbor Recreation & Conservation District manages the resources of Humboldt Bay and its environs, including the deep water port. The port is located directly west of the city and is serviced across the bay in the community of Samoa. In addition to two deep water channel docks for large ships, several modern small craft marinas are available for private use, with a total capacity of more than 400 boats. Aerial view of Humboldt Bay and the City of Eureka, California The Humboldt Bay Harbor Recreation & Conservation District includes the Port of Humboldt Bay and the Port of Eureka. ...


Public

Public bus transportation services within Eureka are provided by the Eureka Transit Service. The Redwood Transit System provides bus transportation through Eureka and connects to major towns and places outside the city, including educational institutions. Dial-A-Ride service is available through an application process.
The Eureka Transit Service is the city fixed-route bus system in Eureka, California. ... Redwood Transit is a fixed-route transit service that serves towns between Scotia and Trinidad, including Fortuna, Loleta, Fields Landing, Eureka, Arcata, McKinleyville, and Westhaven, on the 101 corridor in Humboldt County, California. ...


Amtrak provides Throughway Bus service to Eureka at its unstaffed bus stop. The bus service connects passengers from the northernmost coastal train station in Martinez, California and continues to southern Oregon. The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... John Muirs home. ...


Economy

The economic base of the city was originally founded on timber and fishing and supplying gold mining efforts inland. Gold mining diminished quickly in the early years and activities of timber and fishing have diminished, especially in the latter decades of the twentieth century. Today, the major industries are tourism, timber (in value), and healthcare and services (in number of jobs). Major employers today in Eureka include the following governmental entities: College of the Redwoods, The County of Humboldt, and the Humboldt County Office of Education. St. Joseph Hospital in Eureka is now the largest private employer in Eureka.[13]


The 2000 U.S. Census indicates that 3.7% of the employed civilian population 16 years and over (totaling 20,671) worked in agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting industries. This percentage may not be indicative of the actual number of people in these professions as many are self-employed, especially in the fishing industry. The 2000 U.S. Census reported that 24.9% of the community worked in education, health care, and social services. Another 18.4% were employed by the government, while self employed workers totaled 11.2% of all workers. The unemployment rate in 2000 was 5.5% compared to the national average of 5.7% (calculated by dividing the unemployed population by the labor force). For the population 16 years and older, 42.7% were not in the labor force, while 57.3% were employed.[14] According to the 2000 U.S. Census, in 1999 the median household income was $25,849 and the per capita income was $16,174. Inhabitants whose income was below poverty level in 1999 were 23.7% of the population. Of the 11,637 housing units in 2000, 94.2% of the housing units were occupied, while 5.8% were vacant. Of the occupied housing units, 46.5% were owner occupied and 53.5% were renter occupied.[15]


Government and law

The City of Eureka has a Mayor-Council system of governance. Primary power lies with the five council members, divided up into five wards. The Mayor has the power to appoint, as well as ceremonial duties, though the job includes presiding over council meetings, meeting visiting dignitaries, and, perhaps, the most significant bully pulpit of the region.[16] Official city business is administered by the Office of the City Manager. The Eureka City Council regularly meets on the 1st and 3rd Tuesdays of the month at 5:30 p.m. for closed session, and 6:30 p.m. for open session. All meetings are open to the public, with the exception of the published closed session portion. Time is allowed during every council meeting for the public to address the council. The meetings are held in the Council Chambers on the 2nd floor of Eureka City Hall at 531 "K" Street, Eureka.[17] A bully pulpit is a public office of sufficiently high rank that it provides the holder with an opportunity to speak out and be listened to on any matter; the American presidency is a bully pulpit. It is thought of as an executive check on legislative powers. ...


Recent government and law issues

There have been six fatalities that Eureka law enforcement have been involved in by Eureka police officers, many were accompanied by allegations of excessive force since April 2006, which has concerned local citizens and activists. [citation needed]


A distraught mother, Cheri Moore, on the anniversary of her son's suicide, brandished a flare gun at police and later apparently threatened officers with the gun. After her death, a Coroner's Inquest made a non-binding recommendation that officers be better trained to deal with the mentally ill, and that mental health professionals be present at crisis situations involving the mentally ill [18]; by statute, a Coroner's Inquest can only rule on the cause of death. A multi-agency investigation recommended that no criminal charges be brought in the case, but the county District Attorney, Paul Gallegos, still has the option to bring charges [19]. Moore's son, David Moore, has filed a civil suit against the City of Eureka in regard to his mother's death [20].


The second occurred on October 23, 2006 when Christopher Burgess, age 16[21], was shot and killed after attacking a police officer with a knife during an attempted arrest. [22]


The third fatal police shooting occurred on December 8, 2006. Jonni Kiyoshi Honda was wanted for alleged sexual acts with a fourteen year old. There was a long standoff, where multiple teargas canisters were fired into his motel room. After crawling from the hotel room, he pointed his gun at officers, and did so again after being tazered, which resulted in being shot by officers Following the shooting, interim Chief Murl Harpham[23] requested a State investigation. [24][25]


The fourth shooting occurred when a multi agency police task force attempted to arrest in connection with several armed robberies. Cook allegedly opened fire on police and was killed in the resulting return fire. Toxicology reports determined Cook was under the influence of methampethamine. After this shooting, Chief Harpham stated that meth was making Eureka a "hellhole"[26].


The fifth fatality was the only one where the death occurred outside the city limits, Peter Stewart died outside the nearby Hoopa Indian reservation, he died of smoke inhalation due to the trailer he was hiding in started burning, without any cause from the SWAT team members on scene. [27].


The sixth death was Martin Cotton II. He died in jail two hours after being arrested. EPD responded to a local homeless shelter for a call of Cotton fighting other residents. He had been acting aggressively and starting multiple fights with multiple residents at a time and fought with 3 of his arresting officers. The doctor who examined his body said he died from an overdose of LSD.[28]


All of these incidents have led to renewed calls for a civilian police review commission by the Coalition for Police Review, an alliance including the Redwood Chapter of the ACLU, the county Human Rights Commission, the Civil Liberties Monitoring Project and some local Green Party organizations. Currently the county district attorney overviews the reports of officer related shootings to ascertain whether or not criminal charges should be filed, and to date there has been no decision by him of the first shooting which occurred in April 2006. The American Civil Liberties Union, or ACLU, is a non_governmental organization devoted to defending civil rights and civil liberties in the United States. ... A Human Rights Commission is a body set up to investigate and protect human rights. ...


Education

Institutions of higher learning include the College of the Redwoods located on the south edge of the Greater Eureka Area and Humboldt State University, located just eight miles north in Arcata. College of the Redwoods has recently developed a downtown satellite campus to augment offerings of the 270 acre campus located south of the city. Meanwhile, in 2005 Humboldt State University made public its plans to bring to the campus to Eureka. The first of these plans has been realized with the spring 2007 opening of the HSU Humboldt Bay Aquatic Center, a $4.5 million aquatic facility on Humboldt Bay in Old Town Eureka. Other plans include a new HSU Bay and Estuarine Studies Center, to be placed on the bay. This new facility will be closer to the Coral Sea (now docked at Woodley Island, Eureka), HSU's floating classroom. The new facility would be considerably larger than other existing facilities in Trinidad, twenty miles north.[29]. College of the Redwoods (CR) is a public two-year community college located near Eureka in Humboldt County, northern California. ... Not to be confused with Humboldt University of Berlin. ... Arcata is a city located in Humboldt County, California. ... // This area is primarily comprised of buildings from the period of Victorian architecture. ...


Eureka City Schools [1]administers the public schools of the city. These include Alice Birney Elementary, Grant Elementary, Lafayette Elementary, Lincoln Elementary, Washington Elementary, Winship and Zane Middle Schools, Eureka High School, Humboldt Bay High School, Zoe Barnum High School, the Eureka Adult School and Winzler Children's Center.


[30]


The Humboldt County Office of Education administers the Glen Paul Center in Eureka, which specializes in the educational needs of the developmentally disabled.


Culture and the arts

  • Eureka is one of California's historic landmarks. The California State Historical marker, #477, designating Eureka, is located in Old Town, one of the nations best preserved, original Victorian era commercial districts.
  • Eureka was voted as the #1 best small art town in John Villani's book "The 100 Best Small Art Towns In America."[31], and is endowed with extensive cultural resources and other favorable attributes.

As a major center, the city offers many lodgings, restaurants, and shopping areas, including dozens of specialty shops in its historic 19th Century Old Town commercial district and the only large mall in the region. California Historical Landmarks (CHLs) are buildings, structures, sites, or places in the state of California that have been determined to have statewide historical significance by meeting at least one of the criteria listed below: approved for designation by the County Board of Supervisors or the City/Town Council in whose... // This area is primarily comprised of buildings from the period of Victorian architecture. ... // This area is primarily comprised of buildings from the period of Victorian architecture. ...


Arts and cultural events abound in Eureka, including the Redwood Coast Music Festivals (Jazz and the Blues), the Rhododendron Festival, the North Coast Repertory Theater and the Eureka Theater, and various events throughout the year at the Redwood Acres Fairgrounds.

  • Eureka has a vibrant local music and arts scene and is known for its cultural idiosyncrasies. The Sci-Fi Channel premiered a television show called Eureka in 2006 inspired in part by this reputation, but the show is not actually filmed in Eureka.[citation needed]
  • On the first Saturday night of the month, Old Town sponsors an "Arts' Alive!" gala. More than 40 Eureka business as well as local galleries display local art to the public. Drinks and snacks are provided, as well as live music by acclaimed regional bands, performance art by musicians, jugglers, fire dancers and poets.
  • Eureka is the midpoint stop in the three-day-long kinetic sculpture race, a zany, 42-mile-long race of artistic, human powered machines that must prove themselves able to traverse mud, water, sand, gravel, and pavement.
  • Sara Bareilles, an acclaimed singer-songwriter, pianist and recording artist, was raised in Eureka and attended Eureka Senior High School, graduating in 1998.

SCI FI (originally The Sci-Fi Channel, sometimes rendered SCI FI Channel when part of a longer phrase) is an American cable television channel, launched on September 24, 1992, specializing in science fiction, fantasy, horror, and paranormal programming. ... This article is about the US science-fiction television series For the Canadian educational science television series, see Eureka! (TV series). ... // This area is primarily comprised of buildings from the period of Victorian architecture. ... A kinetic sculpture makes the bay crossing Ferndale, California 1969 --- The first Kinetic Sculpture Race happened when local sculptor Hobart Brown improved the appearance of his sons tricycle. ... // This area is primarily comprised of buildings from the period of Victorian architecture. ... Michael Allan Patton (born January 27, 1968) is an American musician, best known as the lead singer of the band Faith No More from 1988 to 1998. ... FNM redirects here. ... Preston Lea Spruance III or Trey Spruance (born 1969 in Eureka, California) is an American composer and musician. ... Mr. ... Secret Chiefs 3, also known as SC3, is a group of musicians led by composer and producer Trey Spruance, former guitarist of Mr. ... Sara Bareilles (IPA pronunciation: ) (born in Humboldt County, California) is a singer-songwriter and pianist. ...

Architecture

Milton Carson Home (aka the "Pink Lady"), a Queen Anne style Victorian, Eureka, California
Milton Carson Home (aka the "Pink Lady"), a Queen Anne style Victorian, Eureka, California

Due to northern isolation and unfavorable economic conditions in the latter part of the twentieth century, much of the post-war redevelopment and urban renewal that other cities experienced bypassed Eureka. As a result, Eureka is resplendent with examples of 19th and early 20th century architecture and historic districts. David Gebhard, Professor of architectural history of Santa Barbara has remarked that Eureka is a west coast Williamsburg, Virginia, preserving extensive Victorian homes and public buildings, including many ornate examples of Colonial Revival, Eastlake, Greek Revival, Italianate, Queen Anne, and Stick styles of Victorian architecture. All of these styles are present in the most famous and possibly most ornate of Victorian homes, The Carson Mansion (pictured above). Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1450x1034, 490 KB) Summary A excellent example of Eurekas architecture. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1450x1034, 490 KB) Summary A excellent example of Eurekas architecture. ... The Buttermans, the historic home of John Newman, the butter king, is one of several Queen Anne mansions in Elgin, Illinois The Queen Anne style of British and American architecture reached its greatest popularity in the last quarter of the 19th century, manifesting itself in a number of different ways... Urban Renewal redirects here. ... Local government areas called districts are used, or have been used, in several countries. ... Nickname: Location in Santa Barbara County and the state of California Coordinates: , County Government  - Mayor Marty Blum Area  - City 111. ... Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia. ... Manchester Town Hall is an example of Victorian architecture found in Manchester, UK. The Carson Mansion is an example of a Victorian home in Eureka, California, USA The term Victorian architecture can refer to one of a number of architectural styles predominantly in the Victorian era. ... The Colonial Revival was a nationalistic architectural style. ... Eastlake is the name of the following places in the United States of America: Eastlake, Michigan Eastlake, Ohio Eastlake, Seattle, Washington See also Charles Eastlake, the architect and furniture designer Eastlake Movement Eastlake style Sir Charles Lock Eastlake, the 19th century English painter Eastlake Football Club An amateur Australian Rules... Personal residence of Catherine the Great Greek Revival was a style of classical architecture which became fashionable in Europe in the 18th century, and in the United Kingdom and United States in the early 19th century. ... The term Queen Anne, when applied to a style of furniture or architecture, refers to the only British monarch of the name, Anne, who reigned between 1702 and 1714. ... Look up stick, sticks in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Approximately 16% of the city contains important historical structures. 13 distinct districts have been identified which meet the criteria for the National Register of Historic Places. Among them are the 2nd Street District (10 buildings), 15th Street district (13 buildings) and the O Street district (43 buildings). Hillsdale Street, a popular and well-preserved district, contains 17 buildings of historic interest. In all, some 1,500 buildings have been recognized as qualifying for the National Register. The Eureka Heritage Society, a local architectural preservation group founded in 1973, has been instrumental in protecting and preserving many of Eureka’s fine Victorians. A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ...


Museums, parks, and a zoo

Museums include the Clarke Historical Museum, the Humboldt Bay Maritime Museum in nearby Samoa (which operates the Madaket, an historic excursion boat operating on the bay), the Morris Graves Museum of Art, the Discovery Museum for Children, and the Blue Ox Mill. A collection of logging equipment spanning 150 years and other cultural assets abound in and around museums at Fort Humboldt State Historic Park. Other parks in or near Eureka include the Humboldt Botanical Garden (slated to open in 2008) and the Humboldt Bay National Wildlife Refuge. There is a modern boardwalk along the city's waterfront and two large marinas. Sequoia Park Zoo, situated on more than 50 acres of mature second-growth Redwood forest, includes Eureka's largest public playground and a duck pond in addition to meticulously kept gardens and examples of the area's many varieties of rhododendron bushes. The Clarke Historical Museum (formerly the Clarke Memorial Museum) in Eureka, California contains the areas premier collection of far California North Coast regional and cultural history, with significant focus on the 19th Century Victorian era. ... The Humboldt Bay Maritime Museum is located in Samoa, California, a small town across Humboldt Bay from Eureka. ... The Morris Graves Museum of Art is located in Eureka, California. ... Fort Humboldt State Historic Park, is a California State Park located on the south of Eureka, California just off Highway 101. ... The Humboldt Botanical Garden (18 ha / 45 acres) is under construction south of Eureka, California, USA near the Humboldt Bay at the College of the Redwoods. ... The Sequoia Park Zoo is located in Eureka, California, USA and is operated by the City of Eureka. ...


Media

Eureka is the base for two major daily newspapers, the Times Standard and The Eureka Reporter, which contain original local news and syndicated content on state, national and international news. The Times-Standard, owned by the Colorado-based Media News Group founded by Dean Singleton. The new paper, The Eureka Reporter, became a daily paper at the beginning of 2006. The Eureka Reporter's parent company is Security National, which itself is owned by financier and Republican activist Rob Arkley, Jr. and his wife, former Eureka council member Cherie Arkley, and the perceived economic and political agendas of the two papers have driven an increasingly heated competition. Media News Group Logo Media News Group is a media congrlomarate focused primarily on newspapers. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Media News Group also owns a weekly classified advertiser, the Tri-City Weekly. Nearby publications which cover events in Eureka include a free Arcata-based weekly "of politics, people and art," The North Coast Journal, and Humboldt State University's student newspaper,The Lumberjack. Eureka is also home to several alternative weekly publications, including the Emerald Coast Herald, a Christian publication produced by a consortium of local churches. Arcata is a city located in Humboldt County, California. ... The North Coast Journal is an alternative weekly newspaper serving Humboldt County, California. ... Not to be confused with Humboldt University of Berlin. ...


All of Humboldt County's television stations (KIEM, KVIQ, KAEF, KEET) are based in the City of Eureka, as are most of the commercial radio stations in Humboldt County: (KFMI, KRED,[2], KXGO and KATA). Eureka also hosts KMUE, the local repeater for Redway-based community radio station KMUD, and on August 26, 2006 the Blue Ox Millworks and School of the Traditional Arts launched KKDS, a low power FM station focused on youth and community issues. KHSU, the only local public radio station, is broadcast from Humboldt State University in Arcata. KIEM-TV is a broadcast television station in Eureka, California which broadcasts as an NBC affiliate on channel 3. ... KVIQ is a broadcast television station in Eureka, California which broadcasts as a CBS affiliate on channel 6. ... KAEF is a television station in Arcata, California that serves the Eureka, California television market. ... Keet is a bull orca whale who was born on February 2, 1993. ... Redway is a census-designated place located in Humboldt County, California. ... Low-power broadcasting is the concept of broadcasting at very low power and low cost, to a small community area. ... KHSU (90. ...


Sister Cities

Kamisu (&#31070;&#26646;&#30010;; -machi) is a town located in Kashima District, Ibaraki, Japan. ... The City of Nelson is situated very close to the centre of New Zealand. ...

See also

The Clarke Historical Museum (formerly the Clarke Memorial Museum) in Eureka, California contains the areas premier collection of far California North Coast regional and cultural history, with significant focus on the 19th Century Victorian era. ... The Humboldt Botanical Garden (18 ha / 45 acres) is under construction south of Eureka, California, USA near the Humboldt Bay at the College of the Redwoods. ... The Humboldt County Historical Society (HCHS) is located at the historic Gross-Wells-Barnum House in Eureka, Humboldt County, California. ... The Morris Graves Museum of Art is located in Eureka, California. ... The Sequoia Park Zoo is located in Eureka, California, USA and is operated by the City of Eureka. ...

Notes

  1. ^ The Humboldt Bay Region 1850-1875, p. 57
  2. ^ The Humboldt Bay Region 1850-1875
  3. ^ Eureka: An Architectural View, p. 9
  4. ^ The Humboldt Bay Region 1850-1875
  5. ^ http://www.ocregister.com/ocregister/travel/weekend/abox/article_1662541.php
  6. ^ Humboldt Bay Watershed Symposium:Current Uses of Humboldt Bay. Retrieved November 22, 2006 from http://ucce.ucdavis.edu/files/filelibrary/1068/10855.pdf
  7. ^ Easthouse, K. (2003, February 27). The Chinese Expulsion. Retrieved November 26, 2006 from http://www.northcoastjournal.com/022703/cover0227.html
  8. ^ Eureka:An Architectural View, p.71
  9. ^ ggweather.com
  10. ^ Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Eureka, California, United States of America (English). Retrieved on Nov 25, 2006.
  11. ^ Retrieved July 3, 2007 from http://www.census.gov/population/www/estimates/aboutmetro.html
  12. ^ http://www.eurekawebs.com/CityHall/cityplan.cfm?plan=5_1 | City Plan SECTION 5 POPULATION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH]
  13. ^ Eureka California Community Profile. Retrieved November 22, 2006 from http://www.nwfsc.noaa.gov/research/divisions/sd/communityprofiles/California/Eureka_CA.pdf
  14. ^ Table DP-3. Profile of Selected Economic Statistics: 2000. Geographic Area: Eureka CA. Retrieved on November 22, 2006 from http://censtats.census.gov/data/CA/1600623042.pdf
  15. ^ Table DP-1. Profile of Selected Demographic Statistics: 2000. Geographic Area: Eureka CA. Retrieved on November 22, 2006 from http://censtats.census.gov/data/CA/1600623042.pdf
  16. ^ City Asunder:The Face of Eureka. Retrieved November 22, 2006 from http://www.northcoastjournal.com/102606/cover1026.html
  17. ^ City of Eureka: Mayor and City Council. Retrieved November 22, 2006 from http://www.ci.eureka.ca.gov/council/default.asp.
  18. ^ http://www.times-standard.com/mooreinquest/ci_4343303
  19. ^ http://www.northcoastjournal.com/092106/cover0921.html
  20. ^ http://www.times-standard.com/local/ci_4515868
  21. ^ http://www.northcoastjournal.com/110906/cover1109.html
  22. ^ http://www.eurekareporter.com/ArticleDisplay.aspx?ArticleID=16521
  23. ^ http://www.murlharpham.com/Stories%2030.htm
  24. ^ http://times-standard.com/local/ci_4811200
  25. ^ http://www.eurekareporter.com/ArticleDisplay.aspx?ArticleID=18308
  26. ^ http://www.times-standard.com/local/ci_4962830
  27. ^ http://www.times-standard.com/local/ci_6073412
  28. ^ http://www.northcoastjournal.com/083007/news0830.html
  29. ^ Northcoast Journal, [http://www.northcoastjournal.com/042105/cover0421.html Out with the Tide, URL retrieved October 16, 2007
  30. ^ Welcome to Eureka City Schools:The Educational Leader on the North Coast. Retrieved November 22, 2006 from http://www.eurekacityschools.org/
  31. ^ The 100 Best Small Art Towns in America, by John Villani; ISBN 1-56261-405-3

is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

References

  • The 100 Best Small Art Towns in America, by John Villani; ISBN 1-56261-405-3
  • California Place Names: The Origin and Etymology of Current Geographical Names, by Erwin G. Gudde; ISBN 0520015746
  • Eureka: An Architectural View, by The Eureka Heritage Society, Inc; ISBN 0-9615004-0-9
  • The Humboldt Bay Region 1850-1875, by Owen C. Coy (Reprinted by the Humboldt County Historical Society; ISBN B0006Y3SOU

The Humboldt County Historical Society (HCHS) is located at the historic Gross-Wells-Barnum House in Eureka, Humboldt County, California. ...

External links

General guides
  • The "Hum Guide:" Extensive area resources and information
  • Virtual tours of Eureka
Arts & music
  • Eureka Art and Culture Commission
  • Humboldt Arts Council and Morris Graves Museum Website
  • Humboldt Music.com - Local music, calendar, forums
  • Redwood Art Association
  • Arts Alive! Weblink and list of art galleries
History & historical museums
  • Eureka Heritage Society
  • Fort Humboldt State Historic Park
  • Humboldt County Historical Society
  • Old Town Eureka
  • Duane Flatmo Mural - COOP and Piersons Hardware
Media
  • Eureka Times Standard newspaper
  • The Eureka Reporter newspaper
  • List of Eureka radio stations zip 95501
Municipal services and schools
  • The City of Eureka's website
  • Eureka Transit Service
  • Eureka City Schools
Tourism
  • Humboldt County Visitor’s Bureau
  • Eureka City Trails
  • Blue Ox Millworks
Other
  • Humboldt Economic Index
  • Tuluwat Restoration Fund
  • Myrtletown's Humboldt County E-community
Maps

Coordinates: 40.790022° N 124.162752° W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Eureka, California (243 words)
This town on Humboldt and Arcata Bay was founded in 1850 as a port, and is today still the only port of any size between San Francisco and the mouth of the Columbia River in Oregon.
It was given the Greek name "Eureka" ("I have found it"), which also appears in the coat-of-arms of the U.S. Federal State of California.
The importance of Eureka today lies in the shipping of wood, especially redwood, from the surrounding forests.
Eureka, California - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2043 words)
Eureka was founded in 1856, and soon became an important port city for northern California's logging and commercial fishing industries.
Eureka is the midpoint stop in the three-day-long kinetic sculpture race, a zany, 42-mile-long race of artistic, bicycle powered machines that must prove themselves able to traverse mud, water, sand, gravel, and pavement.
As a result, Eureka is resplendent with examples of 19th and early 20th century architecture and historic districts.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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