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Encyclopedia > Eurasian Curlew
?Eurasian Curlew
Conservation status: Least concern

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Scolopacidae
Genus: Numenius
Species: N. arquata
Binomial name
Numenius arquata
(Linnaeus, 1758)

The Eurasian Curlew, or in Europe just Curlew, Numenius arquata, is a wader in the large family Scolopacidae. It is the one of the most widespread of the curlews, breeding across temperate Europe and Asia. There have even been sightings in Nova Scotia. The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species continuing to survive. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (822x652, 153 KB) [edit] Summary Numenius_arquata - photo MPF Cresswell Pond, Northumberland, UK; 2 September 2005 [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Eurasian Curlew Birds in... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms (as opposed to folk taxonomy). ... Phyla Subregnum Parazoa Porifera (sponges) Subregnum Agnotozoa Placozoa (trichoplax) Orthonectida (orthonectids) Rhombozoa (dicyemids) Subregnum Eumetazoa Radiata (unranked) (radial symmetry) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria (coral, jellyfish, anemones) Bilateria (unranked) (bilateral symmetry) Acoelomorpha (basal) Myxozoa (slime animals) Superphylum Deuterostomia (blastopore becomes anus) Chordata (vertebrates, etc. ... Typical Classes Subphylum Urochordata - Tunicatas Ascidiacea Thaliacea Larvacea Subphylum Cephalochordata - Lancelets Subphylum Myxini - Hagfishes Subphylum Vertebrata - Vertebrates Petromyzontida - Lampreys Placodermi (extinct) Chondrichthyes - Cartilaginous fishes Acanthodii (extinct) Actinopterygii - Ray-finned fishes Actinistia - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Amphibia - Amphibians Reptilia - Reptiles Aves - Birds Mammalia - Mammals Chordates (phylum Chordata) include the vertebrates, together with... For other meanings of bird, see bird (disambiguation). ... Families Thinocoridae Pedionomidae Scolopacidae Rostratulidae Jacanidae Chionididae Burhinidae Haematopodidae Recurvirostridae Ibidorhynchidae Charadriidae Pluvianellidae Dromadidae Glareolidae Stercorariidae Rhynchopidae Laridae Sternidae Alcidae Charadriiformes is a diverse order of small to medium-large birds. ... Genera Actitis Aphriza Arenaria Bartramia Calidris Catoptrophorus Coenocorypha Eurynorhynchus Gallinago Heterosceles Limicola Limnodromus Limosa Limnocryptes Numenius Steganopus Phalaropus Philomachus Prosobonia Scolopax Tringa Tryngites Xenus The Scolopacidae are a large family of waders, (known as shorebirds in North America). ... The curlews are a group of eight wader species, characterised by a long slender downcurved bill and mainly brown plumage with little seasonal change. ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. ... Carolus Linnaeus Carl Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as , (May 23, 1707 – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[1] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... World map showing Europe Political map (neighboring countries in Asia and Africa also shown) Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. ... Families Charadridae Jacanidae Rostratulidae Ibidorhynchidae Recurvirostridae Haematopodidae Scolopacidae Dromadidae Burhinidae Glareolidae Thinocoridae Waders, called Shorebirds in North America (where wader is used to refer to long-legged wading birds such as storks and herons), are members of the order Charadriiformes, excluding the more marine web-footed seabird groups. ... Genera Numenius Bartramia Numenius redirects here. ... World map showing Europe Political map (neighboring countries in Asia and Africa also shown) Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages None (English,French,Gaelic) Flower Trailing arbutus Tree Red Spruce Bird Osprey Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 11 10 Area...


This is a migratory species over most of its range, wintering in Africa, southern Europe and south Asia. It is present all year in the milder climate of Ireland, Great Britain and the adjacent European coasts. It is highly gregarious outside the breeding season. // Long-distance land bird migration Many species of land migratory birds migrate very long distances, the most common pattern being for birds to breed in the temperate or arctic northern hemisphere and winter in warmer regions, often in the tropics or the temperate zones of the southern hemisphere. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa. ... World map showing Europe Political map (neighboring countries in Asia and Africa also shown) Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ...


This is the largest wader in its range, at 50-57 cm length, and a 1m wingspan. It is mainly greyish brown, with a white back, and a very long curved bill and is homosexual (longest in the adult female). It is generally wary. The familiar call from which this bird gets it name is a loud curloo-oo. Orders Many - see section below. ...

The only similar species over most of the Curlew's range is the Whimbrel. This is smaller, and has a shorter bill with a kink rather than a smooth curve. Eurasian Curlew from old German enc File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Eurasian Curlew from old German enc File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Binomial name Numenius phaeopus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Whimbrel, Numenius phaeopus, is a wader in the large family Scolopacidae. ...


This species feeds by probing soft mud for small invertebrates, but will also pick small crabs and earthworms off the surface if the opportunity arises. Invertebrate is a term coined by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck to describe any animal without a spinal column. ... Supfamilies See text Crabs are decapod crustaceans of the infraorder Brachyura, which typically have a very short tail (Greek: brachy = short, ura = tail), or where the abdomen is entirely hidden under the thorax. ...


The nest is a bare scrape on taiga, meadow or similar habitat. 3-6 eggs are laid, and incubated for about a month to hatching. The taiga is found throughout the high northern latitudes, just below the tundra, and just above the steppes. ...


The Eurasian Curlew is one of the species to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) applies. There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...

Curlew's eggs in the nest
Curlew's eggs in the nest
[edit]

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 1540 KB) [edit] Summary Eggs in the nest of numenius arquata - photo by Polarit 3-June-2006 Tornio, Finland [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 1540 KB) [edit] Summary Eggs in the nest of numenius arquata - photo by Polarit 3-June-2006 Tornio, Finland [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not...

References

  • BirdLife International (2004). Numenius arquata. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 05 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
  • Birds of Nova Scotia
[edit]

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List and Red Data List), created in 1963, is the worlds most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species. ... The World Conservation Union or International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ...

External links

  • Eurasian Curlew videos on the Internet Bird Collection
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Numenius arquata

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bird identification - Slender-billed Curlew - surfbirds.com (418 words)
The Slender-billed Curlew in Northumberland, 1998 - 'plate 164'
What the image highlights is both the danger in assessing a record from a single image and the credit that must be given to Tim Cleeves for going public when it was such a rare and difficult bird.
Image 4 (plate 164 in BB and also below) is sharper and shows the Slender-billed Curlew turned having moved very slightly to the left.
Submission No:257 (0 words)
An interesting submission that involves the sighting of a bird considered to be a Eurasian Curlew Numenius torquata close to the mouth of the Lower Daintree River in North Queensland on 23 October 1998.
As the bird was in flight throughout the observation, the white on the back, rump & uppertail were very noticeable and the underwing was especially white and conspicuous.
This is perfect for Eurasian Curlew and combined with the estimated size rules out any chance of our more familiar Eastern Curlew.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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