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Encyclopedia > Euphrosyne

In Greek mythology, Euphrosyne ("you FROSS uh nee": mirth or joy) was one of the Charites, known in English also as the "Three Graces." Her best remembered representation in English is in Milton's poem of the active, joyful life, "L'Allegro." Greek mythology consists of a large collection of narratives detailing the lives and adventures of a wide variety of gods, goddesses, heroes, and heroines, which were first envisioned and disseminated in an oral-poetic tradition. ... The Three Graces, from Sandro Botticellis painting Primavera Uffizi Gallery In Greek mythology, the Charites were the graces. ... John Milton, English poet John Milton (December 9, 1608 – November 8, 1674) was an English poet, best-known for his epic poem Paradise Lost. ...


Saint Euphrosyne

In Catholicism, St. Euphrosyne (fifth century CE) belongs to that group of legendary virgins who flee advantageous marriages and adopt male attire and pass for men, in order to lead lives of celibacy and asceticism.


Her "life", narrated in the Vitæ Patrum, has some unmistakable hallmarks of the sentimental Hellenistic novel. Euphrosyne was the beloved only daughter of a rich man of Alexandria, miraculously born in her parents' old age in answer to a monk's prayer. Her loving father desired to marry her to a wealthy youth. But having already consecrated her life to God and under pressure to break this vow, she clothed herself as a man and, as "Smaragdus," gained admittance to a monastery nearby. There she made rapid strides toward a perfected ascetic life, under the guidance of the abbot, who was the very monk who had prayed for her birth. When her own father appealed to the abbot for comfort in his bereavement, the abbot committed him to the care of the alleged young man. The father received from his own daughter, whom he also failed to recognize, helpful advice and comforting exhortation. Not until she was dying did Euphrosyne reveal herself to him as his lost daughter. Her feast is celebrated both in the Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches. Antiquity and modernity stand cheek-by-jowl in Egypts chief Mediterranean seaport Located on the Mediterranean Sea coast, Alexandria Αλεξάνδρεια (in Arabic, الإسكندرية, transliterated al-ʼIskandariyyah) is the chief seaport in Egypt, and that countrys second largest city, and the capital of the Al Iskandariyah governate. ...


External Reference

Byzantine Empresses

Euphrosyne was also the name of two Byzantine empresses. An Empress Euphrosyne, (9th century) a daughter of Constantine VI, the last representative of the Isaurian dynasty, was taken from a convent and made to marry Michael II "Psellus", in order to strengthen his shaky dynastic claims. The highly controversial marriage proved barren and after his death and the accession of her stepson Theophilus she again retired. However, she does appear to have been responsible for Theophilus's marriage to Theodora (9th century), who helped restore the veneration of icons in the empire. She also warned him of a rebellion in Constantinople whilst he was campaigning against the Arabs, which prompted his return. Byzantine Empire (Greek: ) is the term conventionally used since the 19th century to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... Constantine VI (771 - 797) succeeded his father Leo IV as Byzantine emperor at the age of nine in 780, and was emperor under the regency of his iconophile mother Irene. ... Michael II, called Psellus, the stammerer, or the Amorian (770-829) reigned as Byzantine emperor 820 - 829. ... Various people have been known by the name Theophilus. ... Theodora was the wife of the Byzantine emperor Theophilus. ... Map of Constantinople. ...


The more dynamic Empress Euphrosyne (died ca. 1210) was the wife of Alexius III Angelus who secured the election of her husband to the throne by wholesale bribery. She virtually took the government into her hands, working through the minister Vatatzes and temporarily restored the waning influence of the monarchy over the nobles. Her reputation for profligate extravagance undercut the dynasty's popularity, however, in spite of her talent for government. In the sack of Constantinople in 1203 by the crusaders she was abandoned by her husband but joined him in exile and died in Epirus. Alexius III Angelus, Byzantine emperor, was the second son of Andronicus Angelus, nephew of Alexius I. In 1195, while his brother Isaac II was away hunting in Thrace, he was proclaimed emperor by the troops; he captured Isaac at Stagira in Macedonia, put out his eyes, and kept him henceforth... The Fourth Crusade (1202–1204), originally designed to conquer Jerusalem by taking Egypt first, instead, in 1204, conquered and sacked the Orthodox Christian city of Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire. ... This article is about the broad geographical and historical region of Epirus, spanning Greece and Albania. ...


31 Euphrosyne is the name given to one of the larger asteroids within the orbit of Jupiter. 31 Euphrosyne (you FRO sai ne) is one of the largest main belt asteroids. ... An asteroid is a small, solid object in our Solar System, orbiting the Sun. ...


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Euphrosyne (379 words)
For many years the Euphrosyne was used to convey the Resident British Commissioner and other government personnel around the islands of the New Hebrides in the South West Pacific.
The Euphrosyne was last used by the Residency to evacuate the British subjects on Santo during Jimmy Stephen’s abortive rebellion in 1980.
Euphrosyne II update report at 04.04.2002 - Restoration work on the Euphrosyne continues apace at the Maritime College in Santo, as the final fitting out and other improvements are made to the superstructure and engine housing of the vessel.
EUPHROSYNE : Greek goddess, Charis of mirth & good cheer ; mythology ; pictures : EUTHYMIA (381 words)
EUPHROSYNE was the goddess of good cheer, joy, mirth and merriment.
Euphrosyne was seldom distinguished from her two sisters Kharites, either in art or literature.
Euphrosyne, lover of song, and Aglaia revered, daughters of Zeus the all-highest, hearken, and with Thalia, darling of harmony, look on our songs of revel, on light feet stepping to grace this happy hour...
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