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Encyclopedia > Eupatoria

Also Eupatoria or Evpatoria; town in the Crimea. The original settlement, called Kerkinitida, was built by Greek colonists around 500 BCE. Along with the rest of the Crimea, Yevpatoria was part of the dominions of Mithridates VI, King of Pontus, from whose nickname, "Eupator", the city's modern name derives. The Crimea (officially Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Ukrainian transliteration: Avtonomna Respublika Krym, Ukrainian: Автономна Республіка Крим, Russian: Автономная Республика Крым, pronounced cry-MEE-ah in English) is a peninsula and an autonomous republic of Ukraine on the northern coast of the Black Sea. ... Mithridates VI of Pontus, (132 BC- 63 BC), called Eupator Dionysius, was the king of Pontus in Asia Minor and one of Romes most formidable and successful enemies. ... For Pontus the Greek god, see Pontus (mythology) Pontus was a name applied in ancient times to extensive tracts of country in the northeast of Asia Minor (modern Turkey) bordering on the Euxine (Black Sea), which was often called simply Pontos (the Main), by the Greeks. ...

From roughly the 7th through the 10th centuries CE Yevpatoria was a Khazar settlement; it's name in Turkic is "Gusliev" or "Beautiful Settlement" (in modern Turkish, "Geslev"; Russified as "Koslov"). It was later subject to the Cumans, the Mongols and the Crimean Khanate, and became part of the Ottoman Empire in 1478. In 1783 Yevpatoria was captured by the Russians. It was briefly occupied in 1854 by British, French and Turkish troops during the Crimean War. The Khazars were a Turkic semi-nomadic people from Central Asia who adopted Judaism. ... This is the disambiguation page for the terms Turk, Turkey, Turkic, and Turkish. ... The Cumans, also known as Polovtsy (Slavic for yellowish) were a nomadic West Turkic tribe living on the north of the Black Sea along the Volga. ... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... The Crimean Khanate (Khanate of Crimea), 1441–1783, the independent state of the Crimean Tatar people. ... The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Imperial motto El Muzaffer Daima The Ever Victorious (as written in tugra) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital İstanbul ( Constantinople/Asitane/Konstantiniyye ) Sovereigns Sultans of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40 million Area 12+ million km² Establishment 1299 Dissolution October 29, 1923... The Crimean War lasted from 28 March 1854 to 1856. ...

Today Yevpatoria is a major Ukrainian Black Sea port, a rail hub, and resort town. The main industries include fishing, food processing, wine making, limestone quarrying, weaving, and the manufacture of building materials, machinery, and furniture manufacturing. Fishing from a Pier Fishing is both the recreation and sport of catching fish (for food or as a trophy), and the commercial fishing industry of catching or harvesting seafood (either fish or other aquatic life-forms, such as shellfish). ... Food preservation is the process of treating and handling food in such a way as to stop or greatly slow down spoilage to prevent foodborne illness while maintaining nutritional value, texture and flavor. ... Limey shale overlaid by limestone. ... A small cinder quarry A dimension stone quarry A quarry is a type of open-pit mine from which rock or minerals are extracted. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Eupatoria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (313 words)
Eupatoria (Ukrainian: Євпаторія, Russian: Евпатория, Crimean Tatar: Kezlev) is a city in Crimea, Ukraine.
From roughly the 7th through the 10th centuries CE Eupatoria was a Khazar settlement; its name in Khazar language was probably Güzliev (literally "beautiful house").
In 1783 with the whole Crimea Kezlev was captured by the Russian Empire.
(From the VOENNAYA ENTSIKLOPEDIYA, I (1238 words)
Eupatoria is surrounded by steppe; in 1909 it had 25,000 inhabitants (Greeks, Russians, Tatars, and many Karaites).
A reconnaissance of Eupatoria was made by the commander of the Eupatoria force, Lieutenant General Baron Wrangel, and the force’s artillery commander, Lieutenant General Khrulev.
Khrulev found that Eupatoria’s fortifications were not yet finished at all places and that the ramparts of heaped earth were low and did not even cover the foundations of the town’s houses; he considered an attack to be a guaranteed success.
  More results at FactBites »



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