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Encyclopedia > Eugene of Savoy
Prince Eugen von Savoyen in a contemporary painting
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Prince Eugen von Savoyen in a contemporary painting

François-Eugène, Prince of Savoy-Carignan, known as Prinz Eugen von Savoyen in German (October 16, 1663April 24, 1736) was a noted general. Image File history File links Prinz-Eugen-von-Savoyen1. ... Image File history File links Prinz-Eugen-von-Savoyen1. ... October 16 is the 289th day of the year (290th in Leap years). ... // Events Prix de Rome scholarship established for students of the arts. ... April 24 is the 114th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (115th in leap years). ... Events January 26 - Stanislaus I of Poland abdicates his throne. ... General is a high military rank, used by nearly every country in the world. ...


Born in Paris, and a prince of the House of Savoy, Eugene was the son of the Comte de Soissons, a French nobleman. It was rumoured that he was the illegitimate son of Louis XIV, however, and Louis strove mightily to keep down his supposed by-blow. Eugene was rebuffed from a commission in the French army and, frustrated, joined the Austrian army as an officer in 1683. He would spend the rest of his life opposing Louis XIV and French ambition in Europe. The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... The House of Savoy was a dynasty of nobles who traditionally had their domain in Savoy, a region between Piedmont, Italy, France and French-speaking Switzerland. ... The city of Soissons in the Aisne département, Picardie, France on the Aisne River is about 60 miles northeast of Paris and is one of the most ancient cities of France, and is probably the ancient capital of the Suessiones. ... For the musical group of the same name, see Louis XIV (band). ...


For the first part of his career he faced the Ottoman Turks on the battlefield, first coming to prominence during the last major Turkish offensive against the Austrian capital of Vienna in 1683. By the closing years of the 17th century, he was already famous for securing Hungary from the Turks (in 1797 he crushed Ottoman army in Battle of Zenta), and soon rose to the role of principal Austrian commander during the War of the Spanish Succession. Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (the Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power (1683) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Bursa (1335 - 1365), Edirne (1365-1453), İstanbul (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40... Combatants Habsburgs, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Ottoman Empire and its allies Khanate of Crimea, Central Hungary, Transylvania, Wallachia, Moldavia Commanders Jan III Sobieski, Charles V, Duke of Lorraine Merzifonlu Kara Mustafa Pasha Strength 130,000 200,000 Casualties 4,000 dead 15,000 dead The Battle of Vienna in 1683 (Turkish... Vienna (German: Wien [viːn]; Slovenian: Dunaj, Hungarian: Bécs, Czech: Vídeň, Slovak: Viedeň, Romany Vidnya; Croatian and Serbian: Beč) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... Combatants Austria Ottoman Empire Commanders Prince Eugene of Savoy Sultan Mustafa II Strength 34,000 foot soldiers, 16,000 cavalry solders, and 60 guns above 80,000 Casualties 500 30,000 The Battle of Zenta was a decisive victory for Austrian forces in the Great Turkish War (1683–1699). ... Charles II was the last Habsburg King of Spain. ...


In the opening shots of that war, he defeated French armies in northern Italy. As the area of French offensive action moved north (and as the war spread to include other nations such as England), he joined forces for the first time with his English counterpart, the Duke of Marlborough. Together they defeated the French in Bavaria at the Battle of Blenheim (1704). For the next three years he was engaged in fighting in northern Italy and Provence. He defeated French armies in battle of Turin (1706) and in 1707 Louis XIV. had to withdraw French forces from Italy. He then moved north to Flanders, where he joined up with Marlborough again to win the battles of Oudenarde and Malplaquet. Unfortunately, the follow-up invasion of France that would have ended the war was blunted by the marginal victory of Malplaquet, and the retirement of Britain from the war. After one more year of fighting, Austria signed a favourable peace with France in 1714. In the same year he began construction of the Belvedere, a baroque palace in the 3rd district of Vienna. Construction of various parts of the palace complex continued until 1723. Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the British Isles Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked 1st UK... John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, in his Garter robes The Most Noble John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (May 26, 1650 – June 16, 1722), in full The Most Noble Captain-General John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, Earl of Marlborough, Baron Churchill of Sandridge, Lord Churchill of Eyemouth, KG... The Free State of Bavaria  (German: Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... Combatants England Austria United Provinces, Allies France Bavaria Commanders Duke of Marlborough Eugene of Savoy Camille de Tallard Maximilian II Emanuel Strength 52,000 60,000 Casualties 12,000 dead or wounded 15,000 dead or wounded 15,000 captured The Battle of Blenheim was a major battle of the... Events Building of the Students Monument in Aiud, Romania. ... Provence is a former Roman province and is now a region of southeastern France, located on the Mediterranean Sea adjacent to Frances border with Italy. ... The Battle of Turin took place on 7 September 1706 west of the city of Turin during the War of the Spanish Succession. ... Events March 27 - Concluding that Emperor Iyasus I of Ethiopia had abdicated by retiring to a monastery, a council of high officials appoint Tekle Haymanot I Emperor of Ethiopia May 23 - Battle of Ramillies September 7 - The Battle of Turin in the War of Spanish Succession - forces of Austria and... Events January 1 - John V is crowned King of Portugal March 26 - The Act of Union becomes law, making the separate Kingdoms of England and Scotland into one country, the Kingdom of Great Britain. ... The Battle of Oudenarde (or Audenaarde) was a key battle in the War of the Spanish Succession. ... The Battle of Malplaquet was a battle of the War of the Spanish Succession that took place on September 11, 1709 between France and a British–Austrian alliance (known as the Allies). ... Upper Belvedere Lower Belvedere The Belvedere is a baroque palace complex built by Prince Eugene of Savoy in the 3rd district of Vienna, south-eastern from the citys center. ... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens: dynamic figures spiral down around a void: draperies blow: a whirl of movement lit in a shaft of light, rendered in a free bravura handling of paint In the arts, Baroque (or baroque) is both a period and the artistic style that dominated it. ... Events February 16 - Louis XV of France attains his majority Births February 24 - John Burgoyne, British general (d. ...

Monument to Prince Eugen at the Heldenplatz in Vienna
Monument to Prince Eugen at the Heldenplatz in Vienna

One of the new Austrian possessions after this war were the former Spanish, now Austrian Netherlands. Eugene was made governor of this area, then later became vicar of the Austrian lands in Italy. Just two years after the end of the war against France, he led the Austrian armies during the Austro-Turkish War of 1716-18. He achieved a series of decisive victories, including the Battle of Belgrade that led to the Treaty of Passarowitz. This temporarily added northern Serbia and the Bosnian bank of the Sava river to the Austrian crown, and ended the Turkish threats to Vienna once and for all. Late in his life he engaged in one last war, the War of the Polish Succession. He died in Vienna in 1736, and is buried in a chapel of honor in the Cathedral of Saint Stephan there. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (900x600, 130 KB) Monument to Prince Eugene of Savoy on horseback. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (900x600, 130 KB) Monument to Prince Eugene of Savoy on horseback. ... Heldenplatz in Vienna The Heldenplatz (Heroes Square) is a historical plaza in Vienna, where in 1938, Adolf Hitler announced the Anschluss of Austria to the German Reich. ... Originally the term Netherlands referred to a much larger entity than the current Kingdom of the Netherlands. ... The Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands ruled the Seventeen Provinces, after 1581 only the Southern Netherlands as a representative of the Duke of Burgundy (until 1555), the King of Spain (1555-1706) or the Archduke of Austria (1716-1794), all from the house of Habsburg. ... The Treaty of Karlowitz (1699) was not an acceptable long-standing agreement for the Ottoman Empire. ... The Treaty of Passarowitz was the peace treaty signed in Požarevac, Serbia (German: Passarowitz, Turkish Pasarofça, Hungarian: Pozsarevác) on July 21, 1718 between the Ottoman Empire on one side and the Habsburg Monarchy of Austria and the Republic of Venice on the other. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Sava also Save (in German: Save; in Hungarian: Száva) is a river in Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia, a right side tributary of Danube at Belgrade. ... The War of the Polish Succession (1733-1738) was a European war and a Polish civil war, with considerable interference from other countries, to determine the succession to Augustus II, King of Poland, as well as an attempt by the Bourbon powers to check the power of Austria in western... St. ...


The World War I British monitor HMS Prince Eugene, Austro-Hungarian battleship Prinz Eugen, and the World War II German warship Prinz Eugen were named after Eugene of Savoy. Combatants Entente Powers Central Powers Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties > 5 million military deaths > 3 million military deaths World War I, also known as the First World War and (before 1939) the Great War, the War of the Nations, War to End All Wars was a world conflict... USS Monitor became the prototype of a form of ship built by several navies for coastal defence in the 1860s and 1870s and known as a monitor. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... SMS Prinz Eugen was an Austro-Hungarian dreadnought battleship. ... Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties 17 million military deaths 7 million military deaths World War II, also known as the Second World War (sometimes WW2 or WWII), was a mid-20th century conflict that engulfed much of the globe and is accepted as... USS Port Royal (CG-73), a Ticonderoga class cruiser. ... The German heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen fought as part of the German Kriegsmarine during World War II. She was named after Prince Eugene of Savoy (Prinz Eugen in German). ...


See also

This article is about the historical region of Savoy. ...

References

  • Military Heritage did a feature about the Muslim Turks versus Christian Nobility 1716 battle and crusade at Peterwardein, and the success of Prince Eugene of Savoy (Ludwig Heinrich Dyck, Military Heritage, August 2005, Volume 7, No. 1, pp 48 to 53, and p. 78), ISSN 1524-8666.
  • Henderson, Nicholas. Prince Eugene of Savoy. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. 1964.
  • Johansson, Warren & Percy, William A. Outing: Shattering the Conspiracy of Silence. Harrington Park Press, 1994, p.63
  • Mckay, Derek. Prince Eugene of Savoy. London: Thames and Hudson. 1977.
  • Nicolle, David and Hook, Christa. The Janissaries. Botley: Osprey Publishing. 2000.
  • Setton, Kenneth M. Venice, Austria, and the Turks in the Seventeenth Century. Philadelphia: The American Philosophical Society. 1991.

  Results from FactBites:
 
AllRefer.com - Eugene of Savoy (German History, Biography) - Encyclopedia (515 words)
Eugene of Savoy 1663–1736, prince of the house of Savoy, general in the service of the Holy Roman Empire.
Born in Paris, he was the son of EugEne, comte de Soissons of the line of Savoy-Carignano, and Olympe Mancini, niece of Cardinal Mazarin.
Eugene was made governor of the Austrian Netherlands (1715) and later imperial vicar in Italy.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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