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Encyclopedia > Eugene Meyer

Eugene Isaac Meyer (October 31, 1875July 17, 1959) was an American financier, public official, publisher of the Washington Post newspaper, and the father of Katharine Graham. October 31 is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 61 days remaining. ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... ... Katharine Meyer Graham (June 16, 1917 – July 17, 2001) was the head of The Washington Post newspaper for more than two decades, overseeing its most famous period, the Watergate coverage that helped bring down President Richard Nixon. ...


Born in Los Angeles, California, he was the son of Marc Eugene and Harriet (Newmark) Meyer. He grew up in San Francisco and attended college across the bay at the University of California, but he dropped out after one year and later enrolled at Yale University. He received his A.B. in 1895. Nickname City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Government Country State County United States California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area  - City    - Land    - Water  - Urban 1,290. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The City by the Bay; The City That Knows How; Golden Mountain (historic Chinese name) Location Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates , Government City-County San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom Geographical characteristics Area     City 600. ... The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the state of California. ... Yale redirects here. ... A Bachelor of Arts (B.A. or A.B.) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or program in the arts and/or sciences. ...


After college, Meyer went to work for Lazard Freres--his father was a partner there--but quit in 1901 after four years and struck out on his own. He was a successful investor and speculator and owned a seat on the New York Stock Exchange. He married Agnes Elizabeth Ernst in 1910; they had five children. By 1915, when he was forty, he was worth $40 million. New York Stock Exchange (June 2003) The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) , also nicknamed the Big Board, is the largest stock exchange in the world in dollar volume and second largest by number of companies listed. ...


Meyer went to Washington, D.C. during the First World War as a "dollar a year man" for Woodrow Wilson, becoming the head of the War Finance Corporation and served there long after the end of hostilities. President Calvin Coolidge named him as chairman of the Federal Farm Loan Board in 1927 and Herbert Hoover promoted him to chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System in 1930. He served in that capacity from September 16, 1930 to May 10, 1933. Flag Seal Nickname: the District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location Location of Washington, D.C., with regard to the surrounding states of Maryland and Virginia. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was the 28th President of the United States (1913–1921). ... The War Finance Corporation was created by an congressional act of April 5, 1918, to give financial support to industries essential to the WW1 war effort and to banking institutions that aided such industries. ... John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964), the 31st President of the United States (1929-1933), was a successful mining engineer, humanitarian, and administrator. ... The Chairman of the Board of Governors of the United States Federal Reserve is the head of the central bank of the United States and one of the most important players in American economic policies. ... The Federal Reserve System is headquartered in the Eccles Building on Constitution Avenue in Washington, DC. The Federal Reserve System (also the Federal Reserve; informally The Fed) is the central bank of the United States. ... September 16 is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years). ... 1930 (MCMXXX) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... May 10 is the 130th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (131st in leap years). ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Meyer strongly supported government relief to combat the Great Depression taking on an additional post as chief of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, Herbert Hoover's unsuccessful attempt to aid companies by providing loans to businesses. Upon Franklin D. Roosevelt's inauguration in 1933, he resigned his government posts. The Great Depression was known as a worldwide economic downturn, starting in 1929 and lasting through most of the 1930s. ... The Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC) was an independent agency of the U.S. government, chartered during the administration of Herbert Hoover in 1932. ... FDR redirects here. ...


Months later in 1933 he bought the Washington Post at a bankruptcy auction, the paper having been ruined by its spendthrift socialite owner, Ned McLean. Over the next twenty years, Meyer spent millions of dollars of his own money to keep the money-losing paper in business, while focusing on improving its quality; by the 1950s, it was finally consistently profitable and was increasingly recognized for good reporting and important editorials. As publisher, Meyer occasionally contributed to stories: his friendship with the British Ambassador, Lord Lothian, lead to a Washington Post scoop on reporting of Edward VIII's relationship with Wallis Simpson. ... Edward Beale McLean (1889-1941) was the publisher and owner of the Washington Post from 1916 until 1933. ... Philip Henry Kerr, 11th Marquess of Lothian (1882–1940) was a British politician and diplomat. ... Edward VIII (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David Windsor), later The Prince Edward, Duke of Windsor (23 June 1894 – 28 May 1972), was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas, and Emperor of India from the death of... Wallis, Duchess of Windsor and the Duke of Windsor on their wedding day Bessie Wallis Warfield, more widely known as Wallis Simpson and later The Duchess of Windsor (June 19, 1896–April 24, 1986) was the wife of Prince Edward, Duke of Windsor, the former King Edward VIII of the...


After World War II, Harry Truman named Meyer, then 70 years old, to be the first head of the World Bank in June 1946. Meyer appointed his son-in-law, Philip Graham, as publisher. However, after only six months with the World Bank, Meyer returned to the Post, serving as Chairman of the Washington Post Company until his death in Washington in 1959. Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total dead: 12 million World War II... For the victim of Mt. ... Logo of the World Bank The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD, in Romance languages: BIRD), better known as the World Bank, is an international organization whose original mission was to finance the reconstruction of nations devastated by WWII. Now, its mission has expanded to fight poverty by means... Philip L. Graham & Eugene I. Meyer Philip Leslie Graham (July 18, 1915 – August 3, 1963) was publisher of The Washington Post from 1946 to 1963. ... The Washington Post Company (NYSE: WPO) is an American media company, best known for owning the newspaper it is named after, The Washington Post, and Newsweek magazine. ...


Bibliography

Preceded by:
Roy A. Young
Chairman of the Federal Reserve
1930–1933
Succeeded by:
Eugene R. Black
Preceded by:
(none)
President of the World Bank
1946
Succeeded by:
John J. McCloy


1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1974 calendar). ... Personal History is the autobiography of Katharine Graham. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Roy Archibald Young (1882 - 1960) was a U.S. banker. ... The Chairman of the Board of Governors of the United States Federal Reserve is the head of the central bank of the United States and one of the most important players in American economic policies. ... This page is about Eugene R. Black, the banker. ... Logo of the World Bank The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD, in Romance languages: BIRD), better known as the World Bank, is an international organization whose original mission was to finance the reconstruction of nations devastated by WWII. Now, its mission has expanded to fight poverty by means... John J. McCloy John Jay McCloy (March 31, 1895, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania – March 11, 1989, Stamford, Connecticut) was lawyer and banker who later became a United States presidential advisor. ...

President of the World Bank World Bank Logo
Meyer | McCloy | Black | Woods | McNamara | Clausen | Conable | Preston | Wolfensohn | Wolfowitz
Chairmen of the Federal Reserve Seal of the United States Federal Reserve
HamlinHardingCrissingerYoungMeyerBlackEcclesMcCabeMartinBurnsMillerVolckerGreenspanBernanke

Logo of the World Bank Group The World Bank Group is a group of five international organizations responsible for providing finance and advice to countries for the purposes of economic development and poverty reduction, and for encouraging and safeguarding international investment. ... File links The following pages link to this file: World Bank Categories: Logos ... John J. McCloy John Jay McCloy (March 31, 1895, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania – March 11, 1989, Stamford, Connecticut) was lawyer and banker who later became a United States presidential advisor. ... This page is about Eugene R. Black, the banker. ... George David Woods (1901 – 1982) was a U.S. banker. ... Robert McNamara in 1964 Robert Strange McNamara (born June 9, 1916) is an American business executive and a former United States Secretary of Defense. ... Alden Winship Clausen (born February 17, 1923) is a former President of the World Bank. ... Barber Benjamin Conable, Jr. ... Lewis Thompson Preston (New York, 5 August 1926-Washington, D.C, 4 May 1995) was a U.S. banker. ... James D. Wolfensohn (2003) James Wolfensohn (b. ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ... The Chairman of the Board of Governors of the United States Federal Reserve is the head of the central bank of the United States and one of the most important players in American economic policies. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 800 KB) The Federal Reserve headquarters in Washington, DC Taken 8/2004 by User:Rdsmith4 jhgsxcvjvcnbwc yoıu torkey sizin ananızı sikecez File links The following pages link to this file: Federal Reserve Image:Federal Reserve. ... Charles Sumner Hamlin (1861–1938) was an American lawyer and the first Chairman of the Federal Reserve. ... William Proctor Gould Harding (1864–1930 was an American banker. ... Daniel Richard Crissinger (1860 - 1942) was a significant U.S. banker. ... Roy Archibald Young (1882 - 1960) was a U.S. banker. ... This page is about Eugene R. Black, the banker. ... Marriner Stoddard Eccles Marriner Stoddard Eccles (September 9, 1890 – December 18, 1977) was a U.S. banker, economist, and Chairman of the Federal Reserve. ... Thomas Bayard McCabe (1893–1982), a graduate of Swarthmore, served as the chairman of the Federal Reserve. ... William McChesney Martin, Jr. ... Arthur Frank Burns (1907–1987) was an Austrian-born economist. ... Chairman Miller, Time, 1978 Millers signature, as used on American currency George William Miller (March 9, 1925 - March 18, 2006) served as the 65th United States Secretary of the Treasury under President Carter from August 6, 1979 to January 20, 1981. ... Economist Paul Adolph Volcker (September 5, 1927 - ) born in Cape May, New Jersey, is best-known as the Chairman of the Federal Reserve under United States Presidents Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan (from August 1979 to August 1987). ... Alan Greenspan The Honorable Alan C. Greenspan, PhD, KBE (b. ... Ben Bernanke The Honorable Ben Shalom Bernanke (born December 13, 1953) (pronounced ber-NAN-kee, bÉ™r-nan-kÄ“ or ), macroeconomist, is the Chairman of the Board of Governors of the United States Federal Reserve (the Fed). He was previously Chairman of the U.S. Presidents Council of Economic...

External links

  • Biography of Eugene Meyer (website)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Eugene Meyer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (500 words)
Eugene Isaac Meyer (October 31, 1875 – July 17, 1959) was an American financier, public official, publisher of the Washington Post newspaper, and the father of Katharine Graham.
After college, Meyer went to work for Lazard Freres--his father was a partner there--but quit in 1901 after four years and struck out on his own.
Meyer went to Washington, D.C. during the First World War as a "dollar a year man" for Woodrow Wilson, becoming the head of the War Finance Corporation and served there long after the end of hostilities.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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