FACTOID # 12: It's not the government they hate: Washington DC has the highest number of hate crimes per capita in the US.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Eugene B. Fluckey
Eugene Bennett Fluckey
October 5, 1913June 28, 2007
RAdm Eugene B. Fluckey
Rear Admiral Eugene B. Fluckey, 12 March 1963
Place of birth Washington, D.C.
Place of death Annapolis, Maryland
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service 1935–1972
Rank Rear Admiral
Commands USS Barb (SS-220)
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Medal of Honor
Navy Cross (4)
Scouting Portal

Rear Admiral Eugene Bennett Fluckey (October 5, 1913June 28, 2007), was a United States Navy submarine commander who received the Medal of Honor during World War II. [1] is the 278th day of the year (279th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... --> Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 478 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (590 × 740 pixel, file size: 175 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... USN redirects here. ... USS Barb (SS-220), a Gato-class submarine, was the first ship of the United States Navy to be named for the barbus. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States. ... The Navy Cross is the second highest medal that can be awarded by the Department of the Navy and the second highest award given for valor. ... Image File history File links Scout_logo2. ... The term Rear Admiral originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons, and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy. ... is the 278th day of the year (279th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... --> Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... USN redirects here. ... USS Virginia, a Virginia-class nuclear attack (SSN) submarine Alvin in 1978, a year after first exploring hydrothermal vents. ... The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

Contents

Early life and career

Fluckey was born in Washington, D.C. on October 5, 1913. He attended Western High School in Washington and Mercersburg Academy in Mercersburg, Pennsylvania. He prepared for the Naval Academy at Columbian Preparatory School, Washington. He was appointed to the United States Naval Academy in 1931, he was graduated and commissioned Ensign in June 1935. Nickname: Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: , Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - D.C. Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2... is the 278th day of the year (279th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Western High School is a public senior high school in Parma, Michigan, USA. It has classes for grades 9 through 12. ... Mercersburg Academy is an independent, coeducational boarding school for grades 9-12 located in Mercersburg, Pennsylvania, United States. ... Mercersburg is a borough located in Franklin County, Pennsylvania, 73 miles (117 km) southwest of Harrisburg. ... The United States Naval Academy (USNA) is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps and is in Annapolis, Maryland . ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ensign is a junior rank of commissioned officer in the militaries of some countries, normally in the infantry or navy. ...


Fluckey's initial assignments were aboard the battleship Nevada (BB-36) and in May 1936 was transferred to the destroyer McCormick (DD-223). The firepower of a battleship demonstrated by USS Iowa A battleship is a large, heavily-armored warship with a main battery consisting of the largest caliber of guns. ... The second United States Navy Nevada (BB-36) was a battleship, lead ship of her class of two (Oklahoma (BB-37) being the other). ... USS McFaul underway in the Atlantic Ocean. ... USS McCormick (DD-223/AG-118) was a Clemson-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War II. She was named for Alexander McCormick. ...


In June 1938 he reported for instruction at the Submarine School, New London, Connecticut and upon completion, he served on S-42 and in December 1938, he was assigned to and completed five war patrols on Bonita (SS-165). Nickname: Motto: MARE LIBERUM Coordinates: , NECTA Norwich-New London Region Southeastern Connecticut Settled 1646 (Pequot Plantation) Named 1658 (New London) Incorporated (city) 1784 Government  - Type Council-manager  - City council Margaret Mary Curtin, Mayor Kevin J. Cavanagh, Dep. ... USS S-42 (SS-153) was the first submarine in the third group of S-class submarines of the United States Navy. ... USS Bonita (SF-6/SS-165), a Barracuda-class submarine and one of the V-boats, was the third ship of the United States Navy to be named for the bonito, any of several types of fish including the tunny (Orcynus pelamys), the skipjack (Sarda Mediterranea), the medregal (Seriola fasciata...


Detached from Bonita in August 1942, he returned to Annapolis for graduate instruction in Naval Engineering (Design). The United States Naval Academy (USNA) is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps and is in Annapolis, Maryland . ...


USS Barb (SS-220)

In November 1943, he attended Prospective Commanding Officer's School at the Submarine Base New London, then reported to Commander Submarine Force, Pacific Fleet. After one war patrol as Prospective Commanding Officer of the Barb (SS-220), (her seventh), he assumed command of the submarine on April 27, 1944. Naval Submarine Base New London is the United States Navys first Submarine Base, the Home of the Submarine Force, and the Submarine Capital of the World. In 1868, the State of Connecticut gave the Navy 112 acres (0. ... USS Barb (SS-220), a Gato-class submarine, was the first ship of the United States Navy to be named for the barbus. ... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...


Fluckey established himself as one of the greatest submarine skippers, credited with the most tonnage sunk by a U.S. skipper during World War II: 17 ships including a carrier, cruiser, and frigate. Four aircraft carriers, (bottom-to-top) Principe de Asturias, amphibious assault carrier USS Wasp, supercarrier USS Forrestal and light V/STOL carrier HMS Invincible, showing size differences of late 20th century carriers An aircraft carrier is a warship designed to deploy and recover aircraft — in effect acting as a sea... USS Port Royal (CG-73), a Ticonderoga-class guided missile cruiser (really an uprated guided missile destroyer), launched in 1992. ... For the bird, see Frigatebird. ...


In one of the stranger incidents in the war, Fluckey sent a landing party ashore to set demolition charges on a coastal railway line, which destroyed a 16-car train.[1] This was the sole landing by U.S. military forces on the Japanese home islands during World War II.


Fluckey ordered that this landing party be comprised of crewmen from every division on his submarine and asked for as many ex-Boy Scouts as possible because Fluckey knew they would know how to find their way in unfamiliar territory. The Boy Scouts of America (BSA) is a United States Scouting organization, with some presence in other countries. ...


Fluckey received four Navy Cross Medals for extraordinary heroism during the eighth, ninth, tenth, and twelfth war patrols of Barb. During his famous eleventh patrol, he continued to revolutionize submarine warfare, inventing the night convoy attack from astern by joining the flank escort line. He attacked two convoys at anchor 26 miles inside the 20 fathom (37 m) curve on the China coast, totaling more than 30 ships. With two frigates pursuing, Barb set a then-world speed record for a submarine of 23.5 knots (44 km/h) using 150% overload. For his conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity, Fluckey received the Medal of Honor. Barb received the Presidential Unit Citation for the eighth–eleventh patrols and the Navy Unit Commendation for the twelfth patrol. The Navy Cross is the second highest medal that can be awarded by the Department of the Navy and the second highest award given for valor. ... A convoy is a group of vehicles traveling together for mutual support. ... The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States. ... Please see Presidential Unit Citation for other versions of this award The Presidential Unit Citation is awarded to units of the Armed Forces of the United States and allies for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy on or after 7 December 1941 (the date of the Attack on... Navy Unit Commendation The Navy Unit Commendation of the United States Navy is an award that was established by order of the Secretary of the Navy James Forrestal on 18 December 1944. ...


His book, Thunder Below! (1992), depicts the exploits of his beloved Barb. "Though the tally shows more shells, bombs, and depth charges fired at Barb, no one received the Purple Heart and Barb came back alive, eager, and ready to fight again." [1] Depth Charge used by U.S. Navy later in World War II The depth charge is the oldest anti-submarine weapon. ... For other meanings see Purple Heart (disambiguation). ...


Completing the period of hostilities in the Barb, he was ordered in August 1945 to Groton, Connecticut, to fit out the Dogfish (SS-350) and to be that submarine's Commanding Officer, upon her completion. After the Dogfish's launching, however, he was transferred to the Office of the Secretary of the Navy to work directly for James V. Forrestal on plans for the unification of the Armed Forces. From there he went to the War Plans Division. In December 1945 he was selected by Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, the incoming Chief of Naval Operations, to be his Personal Aide. The town of Groton, Connecticut is host to SUBASE New London and the Electric Boat division of General Dynamics. ... USS Dogfish (SS-350), a Balao-class submarine, was the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for the dogfish. ... The commanding officer (CO) is the officer in command of a military unit. ... Flag of the United States Secretary of the Navy. ... James Vincent Forrestal (February 15, 1892–May 22, 1949) was a Secretary of the Navy and the first United States Secretary of Defense (1947 - 1949). ... US 1979 and 2002 Reissue Cover Also known as paint spatter cover For the military meaning, see Armed forces. ... A Fleet Admiral or a Admiral Of The Fleet, as it was first coined, is a military officer of very high rank and is a generic term for a senior admiral in command of a large group of ships, comprising a fleet or, in some cases, a group of fleets. ... Fleet Admiral Chester William Nimitz (February 24, 1885 – February 20, 1966) was the Commander in Chief of Pacific Forces for the United States and Allied forces during World War II. He was the United States leading authority on submarines, as well as Chief of the Navys Bureau of Navigation... The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) is the senior military officer in the United States Navy. ...


Post-war career

On June 9, 1947, he returned to submarines, assuming command of Halfbeak (SS-352), the second submarine to be converted to a Guppy type, high speed attack submarine with a snorkel. June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... USS Halfbeak (SS-352), a Balao-class submarine, was a ship of the United States Navy named for the halfbeak, a garlike fish with a beak formed by an extension of the lower jaw, found in warmer seas. ... Snorkel, may refer to: Swimmers snorkel Submarine snorkel Vehicle snorkel, for motor vehicles Fume hood Sargeant Snorkel, a character in Beetle Bailey comics Hydraulic platform, a type of fire apparatus Category: ...


In June 1949, he was ordered to the Staff of Commander Submarine Force, Atlantic Fleet, with responsibility for setting up the Submarine Naval Reserve Force. A year later, he became the Flag Secretary to Admiral James Fife, who was in fact Commander Submarine Force, Atlantic Fleet.


From October 1, 1950 until July 1953, he served as US Naval Attache and Naval Attache for Air to Lisbon, Portugal. The Portugese Government, for his distinquished service, decorated him with the Medalha Militar, noting that this was the first time this decoration was awarded to a Naval Attache of any other nation. is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lisbon (in Portuguese, Lisboa) is the capital and largest city of Portugal. ... A military attaché is a military expert who is part of a diplomatic mission; this post is normally filled by a high-ranking officer. ...


In September 1953, he took command of the submarine tender Sperry (AS-12). A submarine tender is a type of ship that supplies and supports submarines. ... USS Sperry (AS-12) was a Fulton-class submarine tender in the United States Navy. ...


Fluckey commanded Submarine Flotilla Seven (now Submarine Group 7) from 14 October 1955 to 14 January 1956. is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


He then return to the Naval Academy to become the chairman of the Electrical Engineering Department. Electrical Engineers design power systems… … and complex electronic circuits. ...


His selection for the rank of Rear Admiral was approved by President Dwight D. Eisenhower in July 1960 and in October he reported as Commander, Amphibious Group Four. The term Rear Admiral originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons, and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy. ... The presidential seal is a well-known symbol of the presidency. ... Dwight David Ike Eisenhower, born David Dwight Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American General and politician, who served as the thirty-fourth President of the United States (1953–1961). ...


In November 1961, he became the president of the Naval Board of Inspection and Survey, Washington, D.C. Nickname: Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: , Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - D.C. Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2...


He was Commander Submarine Force, Pacific Fleet, (COMSUBPAC) from June 1964 to June 1966.


Fluckey retired from active duty as a rear admiral in 1972. His wife, Marjorie, died in 1979, after 42 years of marriage. He later ran an orphanage with his second wife, Margaret, in Portugal for a number of years. The term Rear Admiral originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons, and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... An orphanage (historically an orphans asylum before the latter word took on its modern insane asylum connotation) is an institution dedicated to caring for orphans (children who have lost their parents) and abused, abandoned, and neglected children. ...


He died at Anne Arundel Medical Center in Annapolis, Maryland, on 28 June 2007.[2][3] This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... --> Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


Fluckey was awarded Eagle Scout in 1948.[4] He was one of only six men known to have received both the Medal of Honor and Eagle Scout; the others are Aquilla J. Dyess, Robert Edward Femoyer, Mitchell Paige, Leo K. Thorsness and Jay Zeamer, Jr.. An Eagle Scout is a Scout with the highest rank attainable in the Boy Scouting program of the Boy Scouts of America (BSA). ... Lieutenant Colonel Aquilla James Dyess, was awarded the Medal of Honor posthumously for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life at the head of his troops during the Battle of Kwajalein, on Namur Island, Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands, 2 February 1944. ... Robert Edward Femoyer (October 31, 1921 – November 2, 1944) is one of only three known Eagle Scouts who also received the Medal of Honor. ... Mitchell Paige (August 31, 1918-November 15, 2003) was a recipient of the Medal of Honor from World War II. He received this most prestigious military honor awarded by the United States of America for his actions at the Battle of Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands on October 26, 1942... Leo K. Thorsness is a retired United States Air Force Fighter Pilot and Medal of Honor winner shot down during the Vietnam War. ... Jay Zeamer Jr. ...


Medal of Honor citation

"For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as commanding officer of the U.S.S. Barb during her 11th war patrol along the east coast of China from 19 December 1944 to 15 February 1945. After sinking a large enemy ammunition ship and damaging additional tonnage during a running 2-hour night battle on 8 January, Comdr. Fluckey, in an exceptional feat of brilliant deduction and bold tracking on 25 January, located a concentration of more than 30 enemy ships in the lower reaches of Nankuan Chiang (Mamkwan Harbor). Fully aware that a safe retirement would necessitate an hour's run at full speed through the uncharted, mined, and rock-obstructed waters, he bravely ordered, "Battle station — torpedoes!" In a daring penetration of the heavy enemy screen, and riding in 5 fathoms [9 m] of water, he launched the Barb's last forward torpedoes at 3,000 yard [2.7 km] range. Quickly bringing the ship's stern tubes to bear, he turned loose 4 more torpedoes into the enemy, obtaining 8 direct hits on 6 of the main targets to explode a large ammunition ship and cause inestimable damage by the resultant flying shells and other pyrotechnics. Clearing the treacherous area at high speed, he brought the Barb through to safety and 4 days later sank a large Japanese freighter to complete a record of heroic combat achievement, reflecting the highest credit upon Comdr. Fluckey, his gallant officers and men, and the U.S. Naval Service."

References

  • Fluckey, Eugene B., Rear Admiral, USN, Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy.
  • Boston Globe "Eugene Fluckey, iconic admiral credited with daring sub raids": Obituaries July 02, 2007.
  1. ^ a b c New York Times "Eugene B. Fluckey, Daring Submarine Skipper, Dies at 93" 1 July 2007
  2. ^ Ewing, Philip. "Highly decorated WWII ex-admiral dies at 93", Navy Times, July 2, 2007. Retrieved on 2007-07-07. 
  3. ^ Schudel, Matt. "Eugene Fluckey, iconic admiral credited with daring sub raids", Boston Globe. Retrieved on 2007-07-07. 
  4. ^ "Pinnacle", Time, February 9

--> Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... --> Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m