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Encyclopedia > Eudoxia Lopukhina

Evdokiya Feodorovna Lopukhina (Julian calendar, July 30, 1669 - August 27, 1731)/(Gregorian calendar, August 9, 1669September 7, 1731) was the first Empress consort of Peter I of Russia. They married in 1689 but divorced in 1698. During the marriage the two parented Alexius Petrovich. The Julian calendar was introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, taking force in 45 BC or 709 ab urbe condita. ... July 30 is the 211th day (212th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 154 days remaining. ... // Events Samuel Pepys stopped writing his diary. ... August 27 is the 239th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (240th in leap years), with 126 days remaining. ... Events 10 Downing Street becomes the official residence of the United Kingdoms Prime Minister when Robert Walpole moves in. ... The Gregorian calendar is the calendar widely used in the Western world. ... August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ... // Events Samuel Pepys stopped writing his diary. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... Events 10 Downing Street becomes the official residence of the United Kingdoms Prime Minister when Robert Walpole moves in. ... King George V of the United Kingdom and his consort, Queen Mary A queen consort is the wife and consort of a reigning king. ... Portrait of Peter by Paul Delaroche Peter I (Пётр I Алексеевич in Russian, or Pyotr I Alexeyevich) (10 June 1672–8 February 1725 [30 May 1672– 28 January 1725] O.S.) ruled Russia from 7 May (27 April O.S.) 1682 until his death. ... Events Louis XIV of France passed the Code Noir, allowing the full use of slaves in the French colonies. ... Events January 4 - Palace of Whitehall in London is destroyed by fire. ... Alexei Petrovich interrogated by his father Alexius Petrovich (Алексей Петрович in Russian) (1690-1718), a Russian tsarevich, was the son of Tsar Peter I and his first wife Eudoxia Lopukhina. ...


Eudoxia was born to Feodor Abramovich Lopukhin and Ustinia Bogdanovna Rtishcheva. Like parents of all the 17th century Tsarinas, they did not belong to the highest aristocracy. She was chosen by Natalia Naryshkina as a bride for her son primarily on account of her mother's relation to the famous boyar Fyodor Rtishchev. She was crowned Tsarina in 1689 and gave birth to Grand Duke Alexei Petrovich of Russia the following year. The tsar, however, could not stand her conservative relatives and soon abandoned her for a Dutch beauty, Anna Mons. Eudoxia's letters to Peter were full of complaints and exhortations of unrequitted love. (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... A Tsaritsa (Цари́ца), also called tsarina, czarina, or czaritsa, was the title of Tsars wife or a female autocratic ruler(monarch) of Russia or Bulgaria. ... Natalia Kirillovna Naryshkina (September 1, 1651 - February 4, 1694) was the Tsaritsa of Russia from 1645 to 1676. ... A boyar (also spelt bojar; Romanian: boier) was a member of the highest rank of the feudal Ruthenian (Russian) and Romanian aristocracy, second only to the ruling princes, from the 10th through the 17th century. ... Feodor Alekseyevich Rtishchev (1625-1673), an intimate friend of Tsar Alexis who was renowned for his piety and alms-deeds. ... Events Louis XIV of France passed the Code Noir, allowing the full use of slaves in the French colonies. ... Alexei Petrovich interrogated by his father Alexei Petrovich (Алексей Петрович in Russian) (1690–1718), a Russian tsarevich, was the son of Tsar Peter I and his first wife Eudoxia Lopukhina. ... The Mons Affairs of 1704 and 1724 and the Lopukhina Affair of 1742 comprise three interconnected trials that shocked the Russian nobility of the 18th century. ...


In 1696, during his prolonged journey to Western Europe, Peter asked his Naryshkin relatives to persuade Eudoxia to enter a monastery. This could not be effected until 1698, when she was finally banished to the Intercession Convent of Suzdal. The local hegumen, however, allowed her to live there much as a lay woman would. She even found herself a lover, an officer named Stepan Glebov, who later would be executed by quartering. The year 1696 had the earliest equinoxes and solstices for 400 years in the Gregorian calendar, because this year is a leap year and the Gregorian calendar would have behaved like the Julian calendar since March 1500 had it have been in use that long. ... Western Europe is distinguished from Eastern Europe by differences of history and culture rather than by geography. ... Buddhist monastery near Tibet A monastery is the habitation of monks. ... Events January 4 - Palace of Whitehall in London is destroyed by fire. ... St. ... Hegumen, hegumenos, or ihumen (Greek: ἡγούμενος , Russian: игумен) is the title for the head of a monastery of the Eastern Orthodox Church, similar to the one of abbot. ... To be hanged, drawn and quartered was the penalty once ordained in England for treason. ...


Gradually, Eudoxia and her son became the centre of opposition to Peter's reforms, primarily from the church officials. In his sermons, Demetrius of Rostov referred to Eudoxia as "our great sovereign" and prophesied her impending return to the throne. This conservative party was shattered by Peter in 1718. During the process of Grand Duke Alexei Petrovich of Russia, all the bishops who supported her were executed, and Eudoxia was transferred to a convent in Ladoga. Saint Demetrius of Rostov was a leading opponent of the Caesaropapist reform of the Russian Orthodox church promoted by Feofan Prokopovich. ... // Events July 21 - Treaty of Passarowitz signed November 22 - Off the coast of Virginia, English pirate Edward Teach (best known as Blackbeard) is killed in battle when a British boarding party cornered and then shot and stabbed him more than 25 times. ... Alexei Petrovich interrogated by his father Alexei Petrovich (Алексей Петрович in Russian) (1690–1718), a Russian tsarevich, was the son of Tsar Peter I and his first wife Eudoxia Lopukhina. ... Ladoga may refer to one of the following. ...

Convent of the Intercession where Eudoxia was incarcerated for 20 years.
Convent of the Intercession where Eudoxia was incarcerated for 20 years.

After Peter's death and the rise of his second Empress consort Catherine I of Russia on the throne, Eudoxia was secretly moved to Shlisselburg fortress near St Petersburg. In 1727, her grandson Peter II of Russia ascended the Russian throne and immediately recalled her to Moscow. She returned to the former capital with a great pomp and was allowed to keep her own court at the Novodevichy Convent until her death in 1731. Download high resolution version (1280x362, 58 KB)Russia-Suzdal: Convent of the Intercession taken by myself on 2004-July-25 This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (1280x362, 58 KB)Russia-Suzdal: Convent of the Intercession taken by myself on 2004-July-25 This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... H.I.M. Ekaterina I, Empress and Autocrat of all the Russias Catherine I (In Russian: Екатерина I Алексеевна) (April 15, 1683/1684–May 17, 1727) was the second wife of Peter the Great and Empress of Russia from 1725 until her death. ... Shlisselburg (Russian: ) is a town in western Russia (Kirovsky District, Leningrad Oblast) located at the head of the Neva River on Lake Ladoga. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... Events June 11 - George, Prince of Wales becomes King George II of Great Britain. ... Peter II (Пётр II Алексеевич in Russian) (October 23, 1715–January 29, 1730) was Emperor of Russia from 1727 until his death. ... Moscow (Russian: Москва́, Moskva, IPA:   listen?) is the capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva. ... Novodevichy convent in summer Novodevichy Convent, also known as Bogoroditse-Smolensky Monastery (Новодевичий монастырь, Богородице-Смоленский монастырь in Russian) is probably the best-known cloister of Moscow. ... Events 10 Downing Street becomes the official residence of the United Kingdoms Prime Minister when Robert Walpole moves in. ...


External links

  • Full genealogy of the Lopukhin family

  Results from FactBites:
 
Eudoxia Lopukhina - LoveToKnow 1911 (375 words)
EUDOXIA LOPUKHINA (1669-1731), tsaritsa, first consort of Peter the Great, was the daughter of the boyarin Theodore Lopukhin.
Peter, then a youth of seventeen, married her on the 27th of January 1689 at the command of his mother, who hoped to wean him from the wicked ways of the German suburb of Moscow by wedding him betimes to a lady who was as pious as she was beautiful.
In the monastery, however, she was held in high honour by the archimandrite; the nuns persisted in regarding her as the lawful empress; and she was permitted an extraordinary degree of latitude, unknown to Peter, who dragged her from her enforced retreat in 1718 on a charge of adultery.
Eudoxia Lopukhina Information (415 words)
Eudoxia was born to Feodor Abramovich Lopukhin and Ustinia Bogdanovna Rtishcheva.
She was chosen by as a bride for the Tsar by his mother Natalia Naryshkina primarily on account of Eudoxia's mother's relation to the famous boyar Fyodor Rtishchev.
Gradually, Eudoxia and her son became the centre of opposition to Peter's reforms, primarily from the church officials.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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