FACTOID # 13: New York has America's lowest percentage of residents who are veterans.
 
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Encyclopedia > Etymological fallacy

This is a fallacy based on the idea that the etymology of a word or phrase is its real meaning. So the meaning of the word 'prevent' might be said to be really 'to go before' based on an etymological reading from the Latin 'Prae'+'venire' (ie 'before+go'). Of course it is a fallacy because it fails to take into account the fact of linguistic change over time which means that the etymological meaning of a word is not at all clear to native speakers if they have not had an education in etymology. Native speakers -and others- pick up the meaning from reflecting on contextual usage or informal definitions based on contextual clues. In other words for day-to-day usage most users of a language will rely on the usage of a word or phrase in context and deduce the meaning from that rather than an etymolgy which may, in any case, not be at all clear particularly if it is based in a foreign or archaic form of language.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Review Article by Walid Saleh (8252 words)
This passage is in the tradition of etymological studies of the Qur’an.
This might sound elementary or sophomoric but, unfortunately, the field of Qur’anic studies is in such a state that this elementary hypothesis is absent from much of the scholarly literature on the Qur’an owing to the strong influence of the etymological approach to studying it.
During the last century, the ‘etymological fallacy’ usurped many other scholarly approaches to the study of the Qur’an so that, until recently, we rarely encounter credible accounts of the Qur’anic message.
The word "Allah" in the Bible (10014 words)
This is a etymological fallacy since you don't find a word from a different language by sound.
I answered his fallacies by stating that "Allah" is not what he claimed it to be, and is not "Al-Ilah" as he mentioned.
Those who claim that the etymological meaning of allaah is “he who is to be worshipped (or deified),” are either unfamiliar with the Arabic grammatical rules or they are purposing trying to manipulate and expect that no one would ever examine their claims!
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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