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Encyclopedia > Ethnonym

An ethnonym (Gk. έθνος ethnos, 'tribe', + όνομα onoma, 'name') is the name of an ethnic group, whether that name has been assigned by another group (ie. an exonym), or self-assigned (ie. an autonym). For example, the ethnically dominant group in Germany are the Germans, an exonym carried into English from Latin; the Germans refer to themselves with the autonym "Deutsch". Greek (, IPA — Hellenic) has a documented history of 3,500 years, the longest of any single language within the Indo-European family. ... An exonym is a name for a place or people that is created by people outside of that place and is different from the name used in the native language. ...

As language changes, ethnonyms which were at one time acceptable become offensive. Examples include Gypsy (Roma) and (perhaps the most notable example in English) Negro/nigger/colored (black people). Other examples of ethnonym-turned-ethnic slur in history include Vandal, Bushman and Philistine. This article is becoming very long. ... Composite of various Black people This article describes competing perspectives on the word Black (and its equivalents in other languages) as applies to people, both at present and in historical contexts. ... The following is a list of ethnic slurs that are, or have been, used to refer to members of a given ethnicity (or in some cases, nationality, region, or religion) in a derogatory or pejorative manner. ... The Vandals were an East Germanic tribe that entered the late Roman Empire during the 5th century and created a state in North Africa, centered on the city of Carthage. ... The Bushmen or San peoples of South Africa and neighbouring Botswana and Namibia, who live in the Kalahari, are part of the Khoisan group and are related to the Khoikhoi. ... The historic Philistines (see note Philistines below) were a people that inhabited the southern coast of Canaan around the time of the arrival of the Israelites, their territory being named Philistia in later contexts. ...

In English, ethnonyms are generally derived through suffixation. See Demonym for a much more detailed explanation of this process. A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ...

See also

  Results from FactBites:
Welcome to tatarworld.com ! (10417 words)
Bulgars are a Russian pronunciation of an ethnonym of the self-name the Bulgar.
Ethymologies according to which an ethnonym the Bulgar (in) occurs on behalf of the bible or historical person (eponimnye ethymologies): the word the Bulgar ascends to a name of son Jafeta, son Noja; the word the Bulgar occurs on behalf of the leader the Khazar and Kumans Bulgariosa [Ibid.
As to connection of this ethnonym with gidronimom Volga it is possible to tell with confidence, what not a word the Bulgar proihodit from Volga, and on the contrary, gidronim Volga (former names Bolga) occurs from an ethnonym the Bulgar: Russian represented, that a word the Bulgar designates the inhabitants located on the river Bolga/Volga.
Emerging Ethnonyms, Ethnicity and Archaeology (4797 words)
The ethnonym was used by Tacitus in 98 A.D. while the geographical designations came in to use during the second part of the first millennium A.D. The use of the prefix "Finn" signals that all of these geographical terms have something in common with the ethnonym when they appear in written sources.
Ethnonyms are often regarded as the ”automatic” or ”self-evident” analytical unit in the study of bygone times.
The life of this ethnonym started amongst neighbouring groups or were coined by external visitors, strangers impressed by the predominant way of life at the northern fringe of Europe.
  More results at FactBites »



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