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Encyclopedia > Ethnomusicology

Ethnomusicology, formerly comparative musicology, is cultural musicology or the study of music in its cultural context. Formed from the Greek words ethnos (nation) and mousike (music), it can be considered the anthropology or ethnography of music. Jeff Todd Titon has called it the study of "people making music". It is often thought of as a study of non-Western musics, but can include the study of Western music from an anthropological perspective. Bruno Nettl (1983) believes it is a product of Western thinking, proclaiming "ethnomusicology as western culture knows it is actually a western phenomenon." [1] Nettl believes that there are limits to extraction of meaning from an indigenous culture's music due to perceptual distance of the Western observer from the culture. For album by Prince, see Musicology (album). ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... The word culture, from the Latin colo, -ere, with its root meaning to cultivate, generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. ... Anthropology (from Greek: ἀνθρωπος, anthropos, human being; and λόγος, logos, knowledge) is the study of humanity. ... Ethnography ( ethnos = people and graphein = writing) is the genre of writing that presents varying degrees of qualitative and quantitative descriptions of human social phenomena, based on fieldwork. ... Occident redirects here. ... Bruno Nettl is a musicologist and ethnomusicologist. ...

Contents

History

While musicology contends to be purely about music itself, ethnomusicologists are more often interested in considering the music they study within a wider cultural context. Ethnomusicology as it emerged in the late 19th century and early 20th century, practiced by people such as Béla Bartók, Zoltán Kodály, Constantin Brǎiloiu, Vinko Zganec, Franjo Ksaver, Carl Stumpf, Erich von Hornbostel, Curt Sachs and Alexander J. Ellis, tended to focus on non-European music of an oral tradition, but in more recent years the field has expanded to embrace all musical styles from all parts of the world. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... Bartok redirects here. ... Zoltán Kodály (IPA: ), (pronunciation, Zol-tan Kod-eye) (November 16, 1882 – March 6, 1967) was a Hungarian composer, ethnomusicologist, educator, linguist and philosopher. ... Vinko Žganec (January 22, 1890 - December 12, 1976) is a well-known Croatian ethnomusicologist. ... Carl Stumpf (21 April 1848 - 25 December 1936) was a philosopher and psychologist. ... Erich Moritz von Hornbostel (February 25, 1877 - November 28, 1935) was an Austrian ethnomusicologist and scholar of music. ... Curt Sachs (June 29, 1881 - February 5, 1959) was a German musicologist. ... Alexander John Ellis (or Alexander Sharpe) (1814 - 1890) was an English philologist. ...


Methods

Ethnomusicologists apply theories and methods from cultural anthropology as well as other disciplines in the social sciences and humanities. Some ethnomusicological works are created not necessarily by 'ethnomusicologists' proper, but instead by anthropologists examining music as an aspect of a culture. A well-known example of such work is Colin Turnbull's study of the Mbuti pygmies. Another example is Jaime de Angulo, a linguist who ended up learning much about the music of the Indians of Northern California.[2] Yet another is Anthony Seeger, professor at the University of California, Los Angeles, who studied the music and society of the Suya people in Mato Grosso, Brazil.[3] This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Colin Macmillan Turnbull (November 23, 1924 - July 28, 1994) was a prominent British anthropologist who gained fame with his book The Forest People (1962), a detailed study of the Mbuti Pygmies. ... The Mbuti people, or Bambuti as they are collectively called, are one of several indigenous hunter-gatherer groups in the Congo region of Africa. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This biographical article needs to be wikified. ...


Important centers for ethnomusicological study are Indiana University which was the first University in the Unites States to formally teach the subject, the Universities of California at Los Angeles, which was the first to feature an active performance program, and Santa Barbara, Columbia University, Brown University, Wesleyan University, the University of Hawai'i, the Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Research at University of Zagreb, Croatia, and the School of Oriental and African Studies, at University of London. Indiana University is the principal campus of the Indiana University system. ... Berkeley Davis Irvine Los Angeles Merced Riverside San Diego Santa Barbara Santa Cruz UC Office of the President in Oakland The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the state of California. ... The University of California, Los Angeles (generally known as UCLA) is a public research university located in Los Angeles, California, United States. ... The University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) is a coeducational public university located on the Pacific Ocean in Santa Barbara County, California, USA. It is one out of 10 campuses of the University of California. ... Alma Mater Columbia University is a private university in the United States and a member of the Ivy League. ... Brown University is a private university located in Providence, Rhode Island. ... Wesleyan University is a private liberal arts college founded in 1831 and located in Middletown, Connecticut. ... The University of Zagreb (Croatian Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Latin Universitas Studiorum Zagrabiensis) is the oldest Croatian university in continuous operation and also the oldest university in southeastern Europe. ... The School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) is a specialist constituent of the University of London committed to the arts and humanities, languages and cultures and the law and social sciences concerning Asia, Africa, and the Near and Middle East. ... Website http://www. ...


With regard to African music, Paul Berliner, Andrew Tracey, Kofi Agawu, Michelle Kisliuk, Veit Erlmann, Gregory Barz, Carol Muller, and Hugh Tracey are well known, the latter being the founder of the International Library of African Music. Paul Berliner is an important twentieth century ethnomusicologist, best known for specializing in African Music as well as Jazz and other improvizational systems. ... Hugh Tracey was an important twentieth century ethnomusicologist. ... The International Library of African Music (ILAM) is an organization dedicated to the preservation and study of African music. ...


See also

World music is, most generally, all the music in the world. ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... For the academic study of history of music, see Music history. ... Ancient music is music that developed in literate cultures, replacing prehistoric music. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Renaissance music is European music written during the Renaissance, approximately 1400 to 1600. ... Baroque music describes an era and a set of styles of European classical music which were in widespread use between approximately 1600 and 1750. ... The Classical period in Western music occurred from about 1750 to 1820, despite considerable overlap at both ends with preceding and following periods, as is true for all musical eras. ... The era of Romantic music is defined as the period of European classical music that runs roughly from 1820 to 1900, as well as music written according to the norms and styles of that period. ... A revolution occurred in 20th century music listening as the radio gained popularity worldwide, and new media and technologies were developed to record, capture, reproduce and distribute music. ... In the broadest sense, contemporary music is any music being written in the present day. ... Image File history File links GClef. ... Musical composition is a phrase used in a number of contexts, the most commonly used being a piece of music. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Musical improvisation is the spontaneous creative process of making music while it is being performed. ... Music theory is a field of study that investigates the nature or mechanics of music. ... A History of Western Music Seventh Edition by J. Peter Burkholder, Donald J. Grout, and Claude V. Palisca is one of several popular books used to teach Music History in North America. ... For album by Prince, see Musicology (album). ... Music cognition is an interdisciplinary field involving such disparate areas as cognitive science, music theory, psychology, musicology, neuroscience, computer science, philosophy, psychoacoustics, etc. ... Music therapy is the clinical and evidence-based use of music interventions to accomplish individualized goals within a therapeutic relationship by a qualified professional who has completed an approved music therapy program. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... An album or record album is a collection of related audio or music tracks distributed to the public. ... For other uses, see Song (disambiguation). ... In music, a suite is an organized set of instrumental or orchestral pieces normally performed at a single sitting, as a separate musical performance, not accompanying an opera, ballet, or theater-piece. ... Look up lyrics in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In the music industry, a record label is a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... “Instrumentalist” redirects here. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... The term musical form refers to two related concepts: the type of composition (for example, a musical work can have the form of a symphony, a concerto, or other generic type -- see Multi-movement forms below) the structure of a particular piece (for example, a piece can be written in... A compilation album is an album (music or spoken-word) featuring tracks from one or multiple recording artists, often culled from a variety of sources (such as studio albums, live albums, singles, demos and outtakes. ... Music is a human expression in the medium of time using the structures of sounds or tones and silence. ... This page aims to list articles related to music. ... This is a list of musical terms that are likely to be encountered in printed scores. ... A list of musical forms. ... The definition of music is a contested evaluation of what constitutes music and varies through history, geography, and within societies. ... Music theory is a field of study that investigates the nature or mechanics of music. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... There is a long history of the connection between music and politics, particularly political expression in music. ... Music theorists often use mathematics to understand musical structure and communicate new ways of hearing music. ... The music industry is the industry that creates, performs, promotes, and preserves music. ...

External links

Source

  1. ^ Bruno Nettl 1983:25 - The Study of Ethnomusicology. Urbana, Chicago, and London: University of Illinois Press.
  2. ^ Jaime de Angulo
  3. ^ Anthony Seeger, Professor, Ethnomusicology UCLA

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ethnomusicology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (383 words)
Ethnomusicology (from the Greek ethnos = nation and mousike = music), formerly comparative musicology, is the study of music in its cultural context, cultural musicology.
While musicology contends to be purely about music itself (almost always Western classical music), ethnomusicologists are often interested in putting the music they study into a wider cultural context.
Ethnomusicology Musical Instrument Collection Images of musical instruments from around the world from the University of Washington Digital Images Collection
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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