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Encyclopedia > Ethnobiology

Ethnobiology is the study of the past and present interrelationships between human cultures and the plants, animals, and other organisms in their environment, including relationships with ecosystems as a whole. Ethnobiology is interdisciplinary and draws on knowledge from many different fields of knowledge, such as linguistics, anthropology, biology, and chemistry. The word culture comes from the Latin root colere (to inhabit, to cultivate, or to honor). ... Divisions Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering plants Adiantum pedatum (a fern... Phyla Subregnum Parazoa Porifera (sponges) Subregnum Agnotozoa Placozoa (trichoplax) Orthonectida (orthonectids) Rhombozoa (dicyemids) Subregnum Eumetazoa Radiata (unranked) (radial symmetry) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria (coral, jellyfish, anemones) Bilateria (unranked) (bilateral symmetry) Acoelomorpha (basal) Orthonectida (parasitic to flatworms, echinoderms, etc. ... In ecology, an ecosystem is a community of organisms (plant, animal and other living organisms - also referred as biocenose) together with their environment (or biotope), functioning as a unit. ... Linguistics is the scientific study of human language, and someone who engages in this study is called a linguist. ... Anthropology (from the Greek word άνθρωπος, human or person) consists of the study of humanity (see genus Homo). ... Biology is the branch of science dealing with the study of life. ... Chemistry (from the Greek word χημεία (chemeia) meaning cast together or pour together) is the science of matter at the atomic to molecular scale, dealing primarily with collections of atoms (such as molecules, crystals, and metals). ...


Ethnobiology can be divided into several subdisciplines, including ethnobotany, ethnomycology, ethnolichenology, ethnozoology (e.g. ethnoentomology, ethnoichthyology, ethnoornithology), ethnoecology, paleoethnobotany, and zooarchaeology. Ethnobotany is the study of the relationship between plants and people: Fromethno - study of people and botany - study of plants. ... Ethnomycology is the study of the historical uses and sociological impact of fungi, most specifically psychoactive mushrooms such as Amanita muscaria and those containing psilocybin, and can be considered a branch of both mycology and anthropology. ... Ethnolichenology is the study of the relationship between lichens and people. ... Ethnoentomolgy is the study of the relationship between insects and people. ... Ethnoecology is the study of the way different groups of people in different locations understand their environment and their relationship within it. ... Paleoethnobotany, also known as archaeobotany in European (particularly British) academic circles, is the archaeological sub-field that studies plant remains from archaeological sites. ... Zooarchaeology (or Archaeozoology) is the study of animal remains from archaeological sites. ...


External links

  • Society of Ethnobiology website
  • International Society of Ethnobiology website
  • Journal of Ethnobiology
  • Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine

  Results from FactBites:
 
NSF Workshop (633 words)
There is an immediate need in Ethnobiology to define and focus research objectives; to explore modern methodology appropriate for studying plant/animal-people interactions; to quantitatively analyze our multidisciplinary data based on hypotheses; to develop interdisciplinary education models to train students and practitioners of ethnobiology; and to access academic funding sources free of controlling agenda.
To facilitate the growth and maturation of ethnobiology, and to seek academic institutional funding sources, we are proposing a workshop to address research, methodology, analysis, education, and funding within ethnobiology.
The immediate results of the workshop will be published in an Ethnobiology bulletin to focus research, to support methodologies, to encourage quantitative modeling analyses, to structure interdisciplinary education, and to solicit funding; the long-term results we anticipate are to identify and support a developing field in research and with interdisciplinary, academic sources of funding.
Ethnobiology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (95 words)
Ethnobiology is the study of the past and present interrelationships between human cultures and the plants, animals, and other organisms in their environment, including relationships with ecosystems as a whole.
Ethnobiology is interdisciplinary and draws on knowledge from many different fields of knowledge, such as linguistics, anthropology, biology, and chemistry.
Ethnobiology can be divided into several subdisciplines, including ethnobotany, ethnomycology, ethnolichenology, ethnozoology (e.g.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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