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Encyclopedia > Ethnic groups of South Asia

South Asia, which consists of the nations of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, and the Maldives, is one of the most ethnically diverse regions of the world, with more than 2,000 ethnic entities with populations ranging from the hundreds of millions to small tribal groups. South Asia has been invaded and settled by many ethnic groups over the centuries including various Dravidian, Indo-Aryan and Iranian groups. The amalgamation of Dravidian, Indo-Aryan and local tribal cultures over the centuries created common culture, traditions and beliefs. The Vedic Sanskrit language and Vedic religion combined Indo-Aryan, Dravidian and local tribal beliefs to give rise to the Indian religions, including Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism. As a consequence, they share many similar cultural practices, festivals, and traditions. Throughout time, the traditions of different ethnic groups in South Asia have diverged, sometimes giving rise to strong local traditions, such as South Indian culture, or at other times, influenced by external cultures, especially in the northwestern parts of South Asia, and in Bangladesh, where Turks and Pathans have had much influence and brought the religion of Islam to the Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun, Baloch, Kashmiri and Bengali peoples. The largest spoken language in this region is Hindi, numbering almost 300 million. The second largest spoken language of this region is Bengali numbering 240 million. Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... The term Ethnicity redirects here. ... For other uses, see Dravidian (disambiguation). ... The Indo-Aryans are a wide collection of peoples united by their common status as speakers of the Indo-Aryan (Indic/Indian) branch of the family of Indo-European and Indo-Iranian languages. ... Vedic Sanskrit is the language of the Vedas, which are the earliest sacred texts of India,. The Vedas were first passed down orally and therefore have no known date. ... This article discusses the historical religious practices in the Vedic time period; see Dharmic religions for details of contemporary religious practices. ... Statue of Jain God Bahubali in Shravanabelagola, Karnataka attracts thousands of devotees. ... Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Buddhism, a Dharmic faith, is usually considered one of the worlds major religions, with between 230 to 500 million followers. ... Jain and Jaina redirect here. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ), founded on the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev and nine successive gurus in fifteenth century Northern India, is the fifth-largest religion in the world. ... The geographical south of India includes all Indian territory below the 20th parallel. ... Language(s) Pashto Religion(s) Islam (predominantly Sunni) Pashtuns (Pashto: پشتون or پختون , also rendered as Pushtuns, Pakhtuns, Pukhtuns), also called Pathans (Urdu: پٹھان, Hindi: पठान ), ethnic Afghans,[10] or synonymously Afghans[11] (Persian: افغان ), are an Eastern Iranian ethno-linguistic group with populations primarily in eastern and southern Afghanistan and in the North-West... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... The Punjabi people (Punjabi: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ, پنجابی, also Panjabi people) are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group from South Asia. ... Sindhis (सिन्धी, سنڌي) are an Indo-Aryan language speaking socio-ethnic group of people originating in Sindh which is part of present day Pakistan. ... Language(s) Pashto Religion(s) Islam (predominantly Sunni) Pashtuns (Pashto: پشتون or پختون , also rendered as Pushtuns, Pakhtuns, Pukhtuns), also called Pathans (Urdu: پٹھان, Hindi: पठान ), ethnic Afghans,[10] or synonymously Afghans[11] (Persian: افغان ), are an Eastern Iranian ethno-linguistic group with populations primarily in eastern and southern Afghanistan and in the North-West... Language(s) Balochi Religion(s) Islam Sunni (predominantly) and Zikris around Turbat[17][18] [19] Related ethnic groups Iranian people Especially Pashtuns, Kurds, Laks, Zazas Persians and Mazandaranis The Baloch (بلوچ; alternative transliterations Baluch, Balouch, Bloach,Balooch, Balush, Balosh, Baloosh, Baloush et al. ... Languages Kashmiri Religion Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism [4] Related ethnic groups Other Dardic peoples For other uses, see Kashmiri (disambiguation). ... The Bengali people are the ethnic community from Bengal (divided between India and Bangladesh) on the Indian subcontinent with a history dating back four millennia. ... -1... Bangla redirects here. ...


Most of the ethnic groups in this region fall into two major linguistic groups: the Dravidian languages and the Indo-Aryan languages, a sub-branch of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages. Other small groups, mainly speaking Austro-Asiatic, Tibeto-Burman, or Iranian languages, are also present in South Asia. For other uses, see Dravidian (disambiguation). ... The Indo-Aryan languages (within the context of Indo-European studies also Indic[1]) are a branch of the Indo-European language family. ... The Indo-Iranian language group constitutes the easternmost extant branch of the Indo-European family of languages. ... For other uses, see Indo-European. ... Austro-Asiatic languages The Austro-Asiatic languages are a large language family of Southeast Asia, and also scattered throughout India and Bangladesh. ... The Tibeto-Burman family of languages (often considered a sub-group of the Sino-Tibetan language family) is spoken in various central and south Asian countries, including Myanmar (Burma), northern Thailand, and parts of Western China (Tibet Autonomous Region, Qinghai (Amdo), Gansu, Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan, Hunan), Nepal, Bhutan, India (Himachal...

Contents

List

Indo-Aryan peoples

The extent of Indo-Aryan languages in the Indian subcontinent

The Indo-Aryans are the ethno-linguistic descendents of the Indic branch of the Indo-Iranians. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 572 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (877 × 919 pixel, file size: 208 KB, MIME type: image/png) Other versions Image:Indoarische Sprachen Verbreitung. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 572 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (877 × 919 pixel, file size: 208 KB, MIME type: image/png) Other versions Image:Indoarische Sprachen Verbreitung. ... The Assamese people are a multi-ethnic, multi-religious and multi-linguistic people of Assam. ... The Bengali people are the ethnic community from Bengal (divided between India and Bangladesh) on the Indian subcontinent with a history dating back four millennia. ... Bhils are a tribal people of central India. ... The Bihari people are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group from Bihar in India with a history going back more than two millennia. ... Har The members of the Ravidassi religion believe in Guru Ravidas or Raidas as their founding prophet. ... Ramdasia sikh is a caste in India. ... This article is about the Indian caste. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Dhivehi is an Indo-Aryan language and the official language of the Republic of the Maldives. ... The Dogras are a Northern Indo-Aryan ethnic group in South Asia. ... The Dom (or Domi) (Arabic,دومي or دومري) of the Middle East are a South Asian (Desi) ethnic group. ... Languages Gujarati Religions Hinduism, Islam, Zoroastrianism (see Parsis), Jainism, Christianity Gujarati people (Gujarati: ગુજરાતી લોકો Gujǎrātī loko), or Gujaratis, is an umbrella term used to describe traditionally Gujarati-speaking Indo-Aryan people who can trace their ancestry to the Gujarat region in India. ... Gurkha, also spelled as Gorkha, are people from Nepal and parts of North India, who take their name from the eighth century Hindu warrior-saint Guru Gorakhnath. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... About 8 million Jats live in the Indian state of Haryana. ... Look up Kamboj in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up Kamboh in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the people who speak Konkani Language. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Marathi people or Maharashtrians (Marathi: मराठी माणसं or महाराष्ट्रीय) are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group, that inhabit the Maharashtra region and state of western India. ... Birthplace of Marwari Clans Marwaris are the people from the Marwar region of Rajasthan in India. ... The Mer population of Kathiawar region in Saurashtra also known as the Maher, Mihir, Mair or Mehr are a community of people who have evolved from the Kshatriya varna within Hinduism. ... The Oriya people are an ethnic group of eastern India and of eastern Indo-Aryan stock. ... The Punjabi people (Punjabi: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ, پنجابی, also Panjabi people) are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group from South Asia. ... The Seraikis (also spelt as Saraikis) are a people in the southern areas of Pakistani Punjab. ... Languages Sinhala Religions Predominantly Theravada Buddhism. ... Sindhis (सिन्धी, سنڌي) are an Indo-Aryan language speaking socio-ethnic group of people originating in Sindh which is part of present day Pakistan. ... Selected ethnic groups of Nepal; Bhotia, Sherpa, Thakali Gurung Kiranti, Rai, Limbu Newari Pahari Tamang Kirant refers to the Kiranti group or a Kirata confederation that includes the Limbu, Rai, Yakkha and Sunuwar ethnic groups of Nepal. ... Lhotshampa, or Lhotsampa, means southerners in Dzongkha, the national language of Bhutan, and refers to the Nepali settlers who reside primarily in the southwest of the country. ...

Dravidian peoples

The extent of Dravidian languages in the Indian subcontinent

Dravidian people, Dravidian race or Dravidians are terms that are some times given to the people of southern, central and northern India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka who currently speak Dravidian languages or historically assumed to have spoken Dravidian languages but no longer. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 587 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (648 × 662 pixel, file size: 82 KB, MIME type: image/png) Other versions Image:Dravidische Sprachen Verbreitung. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 587 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (648 × 662 pixel, file size: 82 KB, MIME type: image/png) Other versions Image:Dravidische Sprachen Verbreitung. ... The Brahui people or Brohi people (Urdu: بروہی) are an ethnic group of about 2. ... The Oraon or Kurukh are a tribal (Adivasi) people of Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal, India. ... Khonds, or Kandhs, an aboriginal tribe of India, inhabiting the tributary states of Orissa and Srikakulam, Vizianagaram and Visakhapatnam districts of Andhra Pradesh. ... Gondi refers to a people and their language in central India. ... Kannadiga (Kannada: ಕನ್ನಡಿಗ |masculine|), or Kannadati (Kannada: ಕನ್ನಡತಿ |feminine|) are an ethnic group primarily located in the state of Karnataka in India and neighbouring areas like Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Kerala, Goa and Maharashtra. ... Language(s) Kodava Takk Religion(s) Hinduism, Christianity Related ethnic groups Aryan people, Dravidian people Brahuis Kannadigas Malayalis Tamils Telugus Tuluvas Yeravas Kurubas Male-Kudiyas Holayas The Kodava (ಕೊಡವ in Kannada script) are a people of southern India, most of whom trace their orgins to the region of Kodagu. ... Malayali or Malayalee is the Malayalam word used to denote a person (usually Dravidians) from the state of Kerala. ... The Mappilas (historically called Moplahs in Malayalam :മാപ്പിള) are a Syrian Malabar Nasrani and Muslim community in Kerala and neighbouring states and territories of India. ... The Ezhavas form a major progressive community, and also one of the largest in Kerala, a south Indian state. ... // Introduction Nair is the name of a caste in the Southern Indian state of Kerala. ... The Namboothiris (Malayalam :നമ്പൂതിരി)are the Brahmins of Kerala, thought to be the most orthodox brahmins in India. ... Ambalavasi is the name of a Kerala community (not to be confused with caste) composed of a number of Hindu castes such as Pushpakas (Unni, Nambeesan, etc. ... Cochin Jews, also called Malabar Jews are the ancient prospetutess and their descendants of the South Indian erstwhile state of Kingdom of Cochin which includes the present day port city of Kochi. ... Languages Tamil Religions Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism Related ethnic groups Dravidian people Brahui people Kannadigas Malayalis Tamils Telugus Tuluvas Gonds The Tamil people are a multi-ethnic group from the Indian subcontinent with a recorded history going back more than two millennia. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Languages Tulu Religions Hinduism, Christianity, Buddhism Related ethnic groups Dravidian people Brahui people Gonds Kannadigas Malayalis Tamils Telugus The Tuluvas (Tulu: ತುಲುವ) are speakers of the Tulu language. ...

Iranian peoples

Extent of Iranian languages in south and southwestern Asia

A girl in rural Iran. ... Image File history File links Moderniranianlanguagesmap. ... Image File history File links Moderniranianlanguagesmap. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... A map showing Southwest Asia - The term Middle East is more often used to refer to both Southwest Asia and some North African countries Southwest Asia, or West Asia, is the southwestern part of Asia. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Language(s) Pashto Religion(s) Islam (predominantly Sunni) Pashtuns (Pashto: پشتون or پختون , also rendered as Pushtuns, Pakhtuns, Pukhtuns), also called Pathans (Urdu: پٹھان, Hindi: पठान ), ethnic Afghans,[10] or synonymously Afghans[11] (Persian: افغان ), are an Eastern Iranian ethno-linguistic group with populations primarily in eastern and southern Afghanistan and in the North-West... A smiling Nuristani girl. ...

Semitic peoples

... // Indian Jews are a religious minority, living among Indias predominantly Hindu populace. ... Cochin Jews, also called Malabar Jews are the ancient prospetutess and their descendants of the South Indian erstwhile state of Kingdom of Cochin which includes the present day port city of Kochi. ... The Bene Israel (Hebrew: Sons of Israel) are a group of Jews who migrated in the nineteenth century from west Maharashtra to the nearby Indian cities, primarily Mumbai, but also to Pune, Ahmadabad, and Karachi (Karachi later became a part of Pakistan). ... The Baghdadi Jews are one of the main Jewish communities of India. ... Arab Jews (Arabic: يهود العرب, Hebrew: יהודים ערבים) refers to Jews of Arab ancestry or those who speak Arabic. ... For other uses, see Bengal (disambiguation). ... Flag of Bnei Menashe The Bnei Menashe (Children of Menasseh, Hebrew בני מנשה) are a group of more than 8,000 people from Indias remote North-Eastern border states of Manipur and Mizoram who claim descent from one of the Lost Tribes of Israel. ... This article is about the Mizo people. ... The term Kuki refers to an ethnic entity that spreads out in a contiguous region in Northeast India, Northwest Burma (Myanmar), and the Chittagong Hill tracts in Bangladesh. ... This is all Bull Crap. ... The Paradesi Jews, also sometimes called White Jews, although that usage is generally considered pejorative or descriminatory, refers to relatively recent Jewish immigrants (15th Century onward), predominantly Sephardim and Mizrahim, into Kerala, in southwestern India. ... Languages Arabic other minority languages Religions Predominantly Sunni Islam, as well as Shia Islam, Greek Orthodoxy, Greek Catholicism, Roman Catholicism, Alawite Islam, Druzism, Ibadi Islam, and Judaism Footnotes a Mainly in Antakya. ... Islam in Sri Lanka is practiced entirely by Sri Lankan Muslims, who make up approximately 8% of the population, comprise a group of minorities practicing the religion of Islam in Sri Lanka. ...

Sino-Tibetan peoples

Red: Sino-Tibetan languages

Light green: Indo-European languages Sino-Tibetan languages in red. ... Image File history File links Sino-Tibetan_languages. ... Image File history File links Sino-Tibetan_languages. ... The Sino-Tibetan languages form a putative language family composed of Chinese and the Tibeto-Burman languages, including some 250 languages of East Asia. ... For other uses, see Indo-European. ...


Blue: Dravidian languages For other uses, see Dravidian (disambiguation). ...

A Tibetan pilgrim The Tibetans speak the Tibetan language natively and form one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), although in anthropological terms they include more than one ethnic group. ... The Bhutias or Bhotias are people of Tibetan origin, who migrated to Sikkim, India and Bhutan some time after the 15th century. ... Baltis was a goddess revered in the ancient Levant. ... Naga people The Naga people of about two and half million are found in Nagaland, parts of Manipur, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Myanmar. ...

European/Eurasian peoples

Eurasian, in English vernacular, is a term that refers to those of mixed European and Asian ancestry, regardless of continent of origin. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Anglo-Indians are persons who have descended from a mix of British and Indian parentage. ... The Burghers are a Eurasian ethnic group, historically from Sri Lanka, consisting for the most part of male-line descendants of European colonists from the 16th to 20th centuries (mostly Portuguese, Dutch and British) and local Sinhalese women. ...

See Also

This article deals with the European people as an ethnic group or ethnic groups. ... This is a list of African ethnic groups. ... This is a list of ethnic groups. ... Demographics of Pakistan, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands. ... Population growth, from 443 million in 1960 to 1,004 million in 2000 Map showing the population density of each district in India Map showing the population growth over the past ten years of each district in India Map showing the literacy rate of each district in India Chart showing... Sri Lanka is an island in the Indian Ocean about 28 kilometers (18 mi. ... Total population of Bangladesh, 1961-2003, in thousands. ... Bhutanese people in national dress at the Wangdi Phodrang festival // Demographics of Bhutan, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands. ... 1905 illustration of a Nepalese woman. ... Ethnolinguistic groups in Iran Irans population was declared 70,049,262 in 2006 census. ... The following is an overview of the demographics of Myanmar, including statistics such as population and religious affiliation. ... Ethnic groups of Afghanistan (1980 map)  42% Pashtun  27% Tajik  9% Hazara  9% Uzbek         3% Turkmen  2% Baloch        Languages of Afghanistan (1980 map)  50% Dari dialect of Persian  35% Pashto  8% Uzbek  3% Turkmen  2% Baloch        The Demographics of Afghanistan are ethnically and linguistically mixed. ... A non-resident Indian (NRI) is an Indian citizen who has migrated to another country. ... Language(s) UrduLanguages of PakistanArabicEnglish Religion(s) IslamChristianityZoroastrianism An overseas Pakistani is a Pakistani citizen who has migrated to another country or a person of Pakistani origin who is born outside Pakistan. ... This article is about the South Asian people. ...

Maps of South Asian ethnic groups

The ethnic groups of Pakistan

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 632 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (769 × 730 pixel, file size: 129 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) 1973 version of the ethnic groups in Pakistan. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 632 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (769 × 730 pixel, file size: 129 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) 1973 version of the ethnic groups in Pakistan. ...

See also

Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Demographics of Pakistan, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands. ... Sri Lanka is an island in the Indian Ocean about 28 kilometers (18 mi. ... Total population of Bangladesh, 1961-2003, in thousands. ... Bhutanese people in national dress at the Wangdi Phodrang festival // Demographics of Bhutan, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands. ... 1905 illustration of a Nepalese woman. ... Population growth, from 443 million in 1960 to 1,004 million in 2000 Map showing the population density of each district in India Map showing the population growth over the past ten years of each district in India Map showing the literacy rate of each district in India Chart showing... A non-resident Indian (NRI) is an Indian citizen who has migrated to another country. ... Language(s) UrduLanguages of PakistanArabicEnglish Religion(s) IslamChristianityZoroastrianism An overseas Pakistani is a Pakistani citizen who has migrated to another country or a person of Pakistani origin who is born outside Pakistan. ... This article is about the South Asian people. ...

External links

Map of ethnic groups and languages of South Asia:

  • In India

 
 

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