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Encyclopedia > Ethiopian Airlines
Ethiopian Airlines
IATA
ET
ICAO
ETH
Callsign
ETHIOPIAN
Founded 1945
Hubs Bole International Airport
Frequent flyer program Sheba Miles
Fleet size 33
Destinations 76
Headquarters Addis Ababa
Key people Girma Wake (CEO)
Website: http://www.ethiopianairlines.com/

Ethiopian Airlines is an airline based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. It is the national airline and operates scheduled international passenger and freight services to 48 destinations world-wide, as well as domestic services to 28 destinations and passenger and cargo charter flights. Its main base is Bole International Airport, Addis Ababa.[1] Image File history File links EthiopianAirlinesLogo. ... IATA airline designators, sometimes called IATA reservation codes, are two-character codes assigned by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) to the worlds airlines in accordance with the provisions of Resolution 762. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with ICAO airline code. ... Most airlines employ a distinctive and internationally recognised call sign that is normally spoken during airband radio transmissions as a prefix to the flight number. ... Year 1945and died 2007 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... An airline hub is an airport that an airline uses as a transfer point to get passengers to their intended destination. ... Bole International Airport (IATA: ADD, ICAO: HAAB) serves the city of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. ... Membership cards of FFP This article is about airline frequent flyer programs. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ethiopia. ... For the long-distance runner, see Addis Abebe. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... An Airbus A380 of Emirates Airline An airline provides air transport services for passengers or freight. ... For the long-distance runner, see Addis Abebe. ... Bole International Airport (IATA: ADD, ICAO: HAAB) serves the city of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. ...

Contents

History

Ethiopian Airlines was founded on December 30, 1945 with assistance from TWA. It commenced operations on April 8, 1946 with a weekly service between Addis Ababa and Cairo with 5 Douglas DC-3 propeller-driven aircraft.[2] is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945and died 2007 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Twa, also known as Batwa, are a pygmy people who were the oldest recorded inhabitants of the Great Lakes region of central Africa. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Egypt: Site of Cairo (top center) Coordinates: Government  - Governor Dr. Abdul Azim Wazir Area  - City 214 km²  (82. ... The Douglas DC-3 is a fixed-wing, propeller-driven aircraft, which revolutionized air transport in the 1930s and 1940s and is generally regarded as one of the most significant transport aircraft ever made (also see Boeing 707 and Boeing 747). ...


It started long-haul services to Frankfurt in 1958 and inaugurated its first jet service in January 1963 from Addis Ababa to Nairobi. In 1965 it changed from being a corporation to a share company and changed its name from Ethiopian Air Lines to Ethiopian Airlines. It is wholly owned by the Government of Ethiopia and has 4,700 employees (at March 2007)[1]. For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ... Nairobi (pronounced ) is the capital and largest city of Kenya. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


Although it relied on American pilots and technicians at the beginning, by its 25th anniversary in 1971, Ethiopian Airlines was managed and fully staffed by Ethiopian personnel. It has been described by Paul B. Henze as "one of the most reliable and profitable airlines in the Third World",[3] noting that the airline was featured by The Economist as an example of excellence. [4] In 1998 it started transatlantic services. Like South African Airways, TAAG Angola Airlines, Egyptair, Royal Air Maroc, Tunisair and Kenya Airways it is one of the few profitable African airlines. Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... The Economist is a weekly news and international affairs publication owned by The Economist Newspaper Ltd and edited in London, UK. It has been in continuous publication since September 1843. ... South African Airways (SAA) is South Africas largest domestic and international airline company. ... TAAG Angola Airlines (Linhas Aéreas de Angola) is the national flag carrier of Angola. ... EgyptAir (Arabic: مصر للطيران, Misr Lel-Tayaran) is the Cairo-based national airline of Egypt. ... Royal Air Maroc (commonly called RAM) is the national airline of Morocco, based in Casablanca. ... Tunisair Airbus A320-200 Tunisair (Arabic: الخطوط الجوية التونسية), formed in 1948 is the national flag carrier airline of Tunisia. ... Kenya Airways is the largest airline of Kenya in East Africa, and the fifth largest airline in Africa, behind (South African Airways, Egyptair, Air Algerie and Royal Air Maroc) . Kenya Airways operates more transcontinental flights than any other African airline. ...

Ethiopian Airlines Fokker 50 at Lalibela airport.

The Airline provided service to the Eritrean capital of Asmara for many years until a civil war erupted between the two countries in 1998. In 2002, the airline carried 1,054,687 passengers. It employed 4,539 staff in January 2005.[citation needed] The airline calls its frequent flyer program "Sheba Miles" in reference to the legendary Queen of Sheba. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1618 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ethiopian Airlines Fokker F50 Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1618 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ethiopian Airlines Fokker F50 Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Fokker F50 VLM Airlines Fokker F50 The Fokker F50 was a small turboprop-powered airliner designed as a refinement of and successor to the highly successful Fokker Friendship. ... The Bete Giyorgis, one of the many rock-hewn churches at the holy site of Lalibela, Ethiopia Lalibela is a town in northern Ethiopia. ... Asmara Asmara (formerly Asmera) is the capital city and largest settlement in Eritrea, home to a population of around 579,000 people. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Depiction of the Queen of Sheba arriving in Israel. ...

Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 767-300ER ET-ALL

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2533x1724, 378 KB) Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 767-300ER (ET-ALL) landing at London Heathrow Airport, England. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2533x1724, 378 KB) Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 767-300ER (ET-ALL) landing at London Heathrow Airport, England. ...

Destinations

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Ethiopian Airlines. ...

Cargo

[citation needed]


Ethiopian Airlines Cargo operate Boeing 757 freighter aircraft to points in Africa, Middle East, India, Europe, Hong Kong. The Boeing 757 is an American short to medium haul commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ...


Incidents and accidents

[citation needed]

Ethiopian Airlines Fokker 50 ET-AKR

Since 1970, there have been two fatal events involving Ethiopian Airlines aircraft. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ...


On 15 September 1988 an Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 737 taking off from Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, ingested pigeons into both engines. One engine lost thrust almost immediately and the second lost thrust during the emergency return to the airport. During the crash landing, 31 of the 105 passengers were killed. is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... The Boeing 737 is the worlds most popular short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body airliner. ...


On 23 November 1996, three hijackers commandeered a Boeing 767 on Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961. The flight was on its first leg of an Addis Ababa, Ethiopia-Nairobi, Kenya-Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo-Lagos, Nigeria-Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire route. The hijackers instructed the pilot to fly to Australia. Flying south along the African coast, the controller of Nairobi advised them to land at Mombaza. The fuel ran out and one of the plane's engines stopped. While attempting a landing near Moroni in the Comoros Islands the aircraft ran completely out of fuel and ditched into waters 500m from shore. 123 of the 175 passengers and crew died.The pilot, Capt. Leul was dubbed person of the week in the US media for having been able to smoothly land on the ocean and as a result save some of the passengers. All of the hijackers are presumed dead.[1] November 23 is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 38 days remaining. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... American Airlines Boeing 767-300 at Gatwick Airport, England. ... Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 was a flight that flew on an Addis Ababa, Ethiopia - Nairobi, Kenya - Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo - Lagos, Nigeria - Abidjan, Côte dIvoire route. ... For the long-distance runner, see Addis Abebe. ... Nairobi (pronounced ) is the capital and largest city of Kenya. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... It has been suggested that Festac Town be merged into this article or section. ... Freeway along the Ébrié Lagoon near the Plateau, Abidjans business district and centre of the city. ... The Union of Comoros (until 2002 the Islamic Federal Republic of the Comoros) is an independent country at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel in the Indian Ocean, between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique. ...


Fleet

The Ethiopian Airlines fleet includes the following aircraft (at May 2007)[1] Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

Ethiopian Airlines Fleet
Aircraft Total Passengers
(Upper/Premium Economy/Economy)
Notes
Antonov An-12 1
Boeing 737-200 1
Boeing 737-700 5 122
Boeing 757-200 7
Boeing 757-200PF 1
Boeing 767-200ER 1
Boeing 767-300ER 7
Fokker 50 5
Boeing 787-8 (8 orders) 2008
Boeing 787-9 (2 orders) 2008
De Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter Series 300 1
Lockheed L-100-30 Hercules 2
McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30F 1
Total number of aircraft 32
(10 orders)
Updated: May 2007

Not counting the earlier Fokker 50 planes, the fleet average age is 8.2 years at June 2006[5]. The Antonov An-12 (NATO reporting name: Cub) is a four-engined turboprop transport aircraft. ... The Boeing 737 is the worlds most popular short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body airliner. ... The Boeing 737 is the worlds most popular short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body airliner. ... The Boeing 757 is an American short to medium haul commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... The Boeing 757 is an American short to medium haul commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... American Airlines Boeing 767-300 at Gatwick Airport, England. ... American Airlines Boeing 767-300 at Gatwick Airport, England. ... Fokker F50 VLM Airlines Fokker F50 The Fokker F50 was a small turboprop-powered airliner designed as a refinement of and successor to the highly successful Fokker Friendship. ... The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is a mid-sized, wide-body, twin engine jet airliner currently in production by Boeings Commercial Airplanes division and scheduled to enter service in May 2008. ... The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is a mid-sized, wide-body, twin engine jet airliner currently in production by Boeings Commercial Airplanes division and scheduled to enter service in May 2008. ... The DHC-6 Twin Otter is a 20-passenger STOL feederliner and utility aircraft developed by de Havilland Canada. ... The Lockheed C-130 Hercules is a four-engine turboprop cargo aircraft and the main tactical airlifter for many military forces worldwide. ... The McDonnell Douglas DC-10 is an American three-engine medium- to long-range widebody airliner, with two engines mounted on underwing pylons and a third engine at the base of the vertical stabilizer. ...


In February 2005 Ethiopian Airlines signed a preliminary agreement to buy up to 10 Boeing 787 Dreamliner aircraft (5 firm orders and 5 options). On 31 May 2005 Boeing announced that Ethiopian had exercised its purchase rights and confirmed a firm order for 10 aircraft. Expected delivery of the new planes is between 2008 and 2011. Ethiopian Cargo operates two Lockheed L-100 freighters. ET Cargo also leases additional aircraft based on traffic requirements. Three of the current four passenger 757-200s are expected to be converted to freighter configuration over the coming years.[citation needed] The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is a mid-sized, wide-body, twin engine jet airliner currently in production by Boeings Commercial Airplanes division and scheduled to enter service in May 2008. ... May 31 is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Lockheed C-130 Hercules is a four-engine turboprop cargo aircraft and the main tactical airlifter for many military forces worldwide. ...


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Ethiopian Airlines

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c Flight International 3 April 2007
  2. ^ Camerapix, Spectrum Guide to Ethiopia (Brooklyn: Interlink, 2000), p. 296
  3. ^ Paul B. Henze, Layers of Time: A History of Ethiopia, (New York: Palgrave, 2000), p. 246.
  4. ^ "In Search of Excellence, the Hard Way", The Economist, 31 December 1987.
  5. ^ Ethiopian Airlines Fleet Age

  Results from FactBites:
 
AirDisaster.Com: Special Report: Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 (1357 words)
On November 23, 1996, an Ethiopian Airlines B-767 aircraft en route from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to Nairobi, Kenya, was hijacked by three Ethiopian males.
Approximately 20 minutes into the flight, the three Ethiopian males separately approached the cockpit from the rear of the aircraft.
The hijackers announced on the intercom in Amharic, French, and broken English that they were "opponents" of the Ethiopian government seeking political asylum and had recently been released from prison.
News Release : EX-IM BANK SUPPORTS AEROSPACE EXPORTS TO ETHIOPIAN AIRLINES, SIGNER OF CAPETOWN TREATY [Español] - ... (417 words)
Ethiopian Airlines benefited from a special Ex-Im Bank financing offer because the government of Ethiopia has signed and ratified the Cape Town Convention, an international treaty to facilitate cross-border, asset-based financing of large commercial aircraft and related equipment.
Ethiopian Airlines received a reduced exposure fee on the aircraft financing and a reduced exposure fee and longer repayment terms on the financing of the spare engines.
Ethiopian Airlines is one of five African airlines authorized to operate flights to the United States.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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