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Encyclopedia > Ethelbert of York

Ethelbert, Archbishop of York (unknown - November 8, 780) (according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle or 781), was the teacher and intimate friend of Alcuin, whose poem on the saints and prelates of the Church of York, De Sanctis et Pontificibus Ecclesiæ Eboracensis, is the principal source of information concerning Ethelbert's life. He was a kinsman of his predecessor Archbishop Egbert, brother to Eadberht, King of Northumbria and a pupil in the school founded at York by Egbert, who ordained him priest and made him master of the school. Alcuin's affectionate eulogy, praised his erudition in grammar, rhetoric, law, poetry, astronomy, natural history, and Scripture, and his stern but supportive nature. November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 53 days remaining. ... The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is a collection of annals narrating the history of the English and their settlement in Britain. ... Rabanus Maurus (left), supported by Alcuin (middle), presents his work to Otgar of Mainz Flaccus Albinus Alcuinus or Ealhwine (about 735-May 19, 804) was a monk from York, England. ... Northumbria, an kingdom of Angles in northern England, was initially divided into two kingdoms, Bernicia and Deira. ... York is a city in northern England, at the confluence of the Rivers Ouse and Foss. ...

Ethelbert loved books ardently and spared no pains in forming a library at York, which was probably the largest contemporary collection of books to be found in Europe outside of Rome. Alcuin mentions several Latin and Greek classical authors, as well as the Fathers and other Christian writers that formed the 8th century canon. Ethelbert, in his search for books, travelled far, and we know that he visited Rome among other places. Everywhere his learning and power of sympathy won for him friends, so that his influence for good was widespread and he ranks as one of the foremost promoters of education in the eighth century. Modern-style library In the traditional sense of the word, a library is a collection of books and periodicals. ... A canon refers to a list or collection of books and scriptures accepted by an ecclesiastic communion as authoritative or divinely inspired. ...

In 766 Ethelbert succeeded Egbert as Archbishop; he was consecrated April 24, 767, and received the pallium from Pope Adrian I in 773. As archbishop he continued his simple and laborious life, working with such success that he is regarded as one of the founders of the diocese of York. A Pallium The Pallium or Pall (derived, so far as the name is concerned, from the Roman pallium or palla, a woollen cloak) is an ecclesiastical vestment in the Roman Catholic Church, originally peculiar to the Pope, but for many centuries past bestowed by him on metropolitans and primates as... Adrian, or Hadrian I, (died December 25, 795) was pope from 772 to 795. ...

He set himself to rebuild the York Minster, which had been destroyed by fire in 741, employing Eanbald and Alcuin to oversee the work. Alcuin speaks of its magnificence, its columns and crypts, bright windows and ceilings, the tall crucifix of precious metals, the thirty altars it contained, and the gold, silver, and jewels employed in the decoration of sacred vessels and altars. York Minster Close The southwest tower of York Minster Inside York Minster The interior of the tower York Minster is an imposing Gothic cathedral in York, northern England. ...

From the center of learning at York, Ethelbert sent out preachers and evangelizing teachers among the pagans of Northern Europe: Willibrord as a missionary to the Frisians and Saxons, and Alubert and Liudger, the Apostles of North Germany. Saint Willibrord (c. ... A missionary is a propagator of religion, often an evangelist or other representative of a religious community who works among those outside of that community. ... Saint Ludger (also Lüdiger or Liudger) (b at Zuilen near Utrecht about 742; d 26 March 809 at Billerbeck) was a missionary among the Frisians and Saxons, founder of Werden Abbey and first Bishop of Münster in Westphalia. ...

In 780 Ethelbert consecrated Eanbald as his coadjutor bishop and committed to Alcuin the care of the school and library and retired to a cell where he spent some time in devotion. He lived long enough to consecrate the new cathedral, ten days before his death.

Ethelbert's name appears in other forms, as Adalberht, Aelberht, Aldbert.

See also: Archbishop of York Arms of the Archbishop of York The Archbishop of York, Primate of England, is the metropolitan bishop of the Province of York, and is the junior of the two archbishops of the Church of England, after the Archbishop of Canterbury. ...

Preceded by:
Archbishop of York
Succeeded by:
Eanbald I

Ecgberht, Archbishop of York (or Ecgberht; died 766), was made bishop of York in 734 by Ceolwulf of Northumbria, succeeding Wilfrid II on the latters resignation. ... Arms of the Archbishop of York The Archbishop of York, Primate of England, is the metropolitan bishop of the Province of York, and is the junior of the two archbishops of the Church of England, after the Archbishop of Canterbury. ... Eanbald I, Died: August 10, 796 Eanbald was elected Archbishop of York in 780. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Ethelbert, Archbishop of York (740 words)
In 766 Archbishop Egbert died, and Ethelbert was unanimously chosen to succeed him.
Thus we find Ethelbert holding a council in Northumbria at which it was decided to send Willehad as a missionary to the Frisians and Saxons.
In 780 Ethelbert, desiring to prepare for death, consecrated Eanbald as his coadjutor bishop and committed to Alcuin the care of the school and library.
Galbus on Ethelbert (1227 words)
Ethelbert Miller is a poet and literary activist.
To hear Ethelbert read is to witness what sometimes seem to be contrary attitudes: exuberance and respect for every aspect of the arts and for us, the public that artists address.
Ethelbert Miller, former chair of the Humanities Council of Washington DC, is a core faculty member of the Bennington Writing Seminars at Bennington College.
  More results at FactBites »



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