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Encyclopedia > Estonian alphabet

The Estonian alphabet is used for writing the Estonian language and is based on the Latin alphabet, with German influence. As such, the Estonian alphabet has the letters A-umlaut (Ä), O-umlaut (Ö) and U-umlaut (Ü), which stand for the vowels [æ], [ø] and [y], respectively. Unlike the German umlauts, they are considered to be separate letters and part of the alphabet, and are alphabetized as separate letters. The most distinguishing letter in the Estonian alphabet, however, is O-tilde or Õ, which was added to the alphabet in the 19th century by Otto Wilhelm Masing and stands for the vowel [ɤ]. In addition, the alphabet also differs from the Latin alphabet by the addition of the letters S-caron (Š) and Z-caron (Ž), and by the position of Z in the alphabet: it has been moved from the end to between S and T (or Š and Ž). Estonian ( ; IPA: ) is the official language of Estonia, spoken by about 1. ... The Latin alphabet, also called the Roman alphabet, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world today. ... Ä, or ä, is a glyph which represents either a letter from several extended Latin alphabets, the letter A with umlaut, or a letter A with diaeresis. ... Ö, or ö, is a glyph that represents either a letter from several extended Latin alphabets, the letter O with umlaut, or a letter O with diaeresis. ... Ãœ, or ü, is a glyph which represents either a letter from several extended Latin alphabets, the letter U with umlaut, or a letter U with diaeresis. ... Õ, or õ is a composition of the Latin letter O with the diacritic mark tilde. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... HACEK organisms are a subgroup of bacteria. ... HACEK organisms are a subgroup of bacteria. ...


In Blackletter W was used instead of V. Blackletter in a Latin Bible of AD 1407, on display in Malmesbury Abbey, Wiltshire, England. ...


Johannes Aavik insisted that the letter Ü be replaced by Y, as it has been in the Finnish Alphabet.


The full alphabet consists of the following 32 letters:

A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, Š, Z, Ž, T, U, V, W, Õ, Ä, Ö, Ü, X, Y

The oblique letters are so-called "foreign letters". F, Š, Z and Ž occur only in loanwords and foreign proper names. C, Q, W, X and Y do not occur in Estonian words, but are used in writing foreign proper names. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Look up B, b in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Due to technical limitations, C# redirects here. ... Look up D, d in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up E, e in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up F, f in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The letter G is the seventh letter in the Latin alphabet. ... Look up H, h in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up I, i in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... J# redirects here for technical reasons; see J Sharp. ... Look up K, k in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up L, l in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up M, m in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up N, n in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up O, o in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Slang In the UK, p is also slang for to urinate. Look up P, p in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up Q, q in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up R, r in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up S, s in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Å  in upper- and lowercase The grapheme Å , Å¡ (Latin S with caron) is used in various contexts: In Slavic languages: it is the 25th letter of the Croatian and Bosnian and 20th letter of the Slovenian alphabet, and is also used in the Czech language, Slovak language and Slovenian language, where it... Look up Z, z in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Caron redirects here, for the French actress, see Leslie Caron. ... The letter T is the twentieth letter in the Latin alphabet. ... U is the twenty-first letter of the modern Latin alphabet. ... Look up V, v in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up W, w in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Õ, or õ is a composition of the Latin letter O with the diacritic mark tilde. ... Ä, or ä, is a glyph which represents either a letter from several extended Latin alphabets, the letter A with umlaut, or a letter A with diaeresis. ... Ö, or ö, is a glyph that represents either a letter from several extended Latin alphabets, the letter O with umlaut, or a letter O with diaeresis. ... Ãœ, or ü, is a glyph which represents either a letter from several extended Latin alphabets, the letter U with umlaut, or a letter U with diaeresis. ... For other uses, see X (disambiguation). ... Look up Y, y in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Oblique type is not the same of Italic type - Italic (Cursive) type is based of Aldus Manutius caligraphy, and Oblique (Slanted) is a mere distortion. ... A loanword (or loan word) is a word directly taken into one language from another with little or no translation. ... A proper name [is] a word that answers the purpose of showing what thing it is that we are talking about writes John Stuart Mill in A System of Logic (1. ...


The alphabet is sometimes written and recited without the "foreign letters". In that case, it has 23 letters:

A, B, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, R, S, T, U, V, Õ, Ä, Ö, Ü

This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Look up B, b in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up D, d in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up E, e in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The letter G is the seventh letter in the Latin alphabet. ... Look up H, h in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up I, i in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... J# redirects here for technical reasons; see J Sharp. ... Look up K, k in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up L, l in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up M, m in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up N, n in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up O, o in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Slang In the UK, p is also slang for to urinate. Look up P, p in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up R, r in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up S, s in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The letter T is the twentieth letter in the Latin alphabet. ... U is the twenty-first letter of the modern Latin alphabet. ... Look up V, v in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Õ, or õ is a composition of the Latin letter O with the diacritic mark tilde. ... Ä, or ä, is a glyph which represents either a letter from several extended Latin alphabets, the letter A with umlaut, or a letter A with diaeresis. ... Ö, or ö, is a glyph that represents either a letter from several extended Latin alphabets, the letter O with umlaut, or a letter O with diaeresis. ... Ü, or ü, is a glyph which represents either a letter from several extended Latin alphabets, the letter U with umlaut, or a letter U with diaeresis. ...

Recitation

A [ɑː] B [b̥eː] C [tseː] D [d̥eː] E [eː] F [eff]
G [ɡ̊eː] H [hɑː] or [hɑʃ] I [iː] J [jotʲː] K [kɑː] L [ell]
M [emm] N [enn] O [oː] P [peː] Q [kuː] R [err] or [ærr]
S [ess] Š [ʃɑː] Z [zeː], [seː] or [tsett] Ž [ʒeː] or [ʃeː] T [teː] U [uː]
V [veː] W [kɑksisve:] Õ [ɤː] Ä [æː] Ö [øː] Ü [yː]
X [iks] Y [igrek] or [ypsilon]

See also

The Finnish alphabet is based on the Latin alphabet, and especially its German and Swedish extensions. ...

External links

  • Alphabet, Orthography, Pronunciation
  • The Estonian alphabet
  • Typo.cz Information on Central European typography and typesetting

  Results from FactBites:
 
Estonian (820 words)
Estonian is spoken by 1.1 million people, mostly in the Republic of Estonia with small pockets of speakers in Australia, Canada, Finland, Latvia, Russia, Sweden, United Kingdom, and USA (Ethnologue).
Estonian has two major dialects, North Estonian, based on the dialect of Tallin, the capital of Estonia, and South Estonian, based on the dialect of Tartu, the second-largest city in Estonia.
Estonian is considered to be a Category II language in terms of difficulty for speakers of English.
Latin alphabet: Definition and Much More from Answers.com (4063 words)
It is generally held that the Latins adopted the western variant of the Greek alphabet in the 7th century BC from Cumae, a Greek colony in southern Italy.
The Latin alphabet spread from Italy, along with the Latin language, to the lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea with the expansion of the Roman Empire.
In the late eighteenth century, the Romanians adopted the Latin alphabet; although Romanian is a Romance language, the Romanians were predominantly Orthodox Christians, and until the nineteenth century the Church used the Cyrillic alphabet.
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