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Encyclopedia > Esther Williams
Esther Williams

from the trailer for Million Dollar Mermaid (1952)
Birth name Esther Jane Williams
Born August 8, 1921 (1921-08-08) (age 85)
Inglewood, California, USA
Spouse(s) Leonard Kovner (1940-1944)
Ben Gage (1945-1959)
Fernando Lamas (1969-1982)
Edward Bell (1994-)

Esther Jane Williams (born August 8, 1921[1][2] or 1922[3]) is a retired United States competitive swimmer and movie star, famous for her musical films that featured elaborate performances with swimming and diving. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Million Dollar Mermaid is a 1952 MGM biographical musical film of the life of Australian swimming star Annette Kellerman. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Nickname: Location of Inglewood in Los Angeles County, California Coordinates: , Country United States State California County Los Angeles Established 1888 Incorporated February 14, 1908 Government  - Mayor Roosevelt F. Dorn Area  - City  9. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Ben Gage (b. ... Fernando Alvaro Lamas (born January 9, 1915 in Buenos Aires, Argentina – died October 8, 1982 in Los Angeles, California) was an Argentine actor and director, and the father of actor Lorenzo Lamas. ... Edward William Derrington Bell was an Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... A reel of film, which predates digital cinematography. ... A movie star or film star is a celebrity who is a person known for his or her roles in motion pictures. ... This article concentrates on human swimming. ... For other uses, see Dive. ...

Contents

Early years

Williams was born in Inglewood, California to Bula Myrtle Gilpin and Louis Stanton Williams.[4] She was enthusiastic about swimming in her youth. She was National AAU champion in the 100 meter freestyle. Williams went to Hollywood, where she quickly became a popular star of the 1940s and 1950s. Her brother, Stanton Williams, also had a brief acting career during the 1920s before his death while still a teenager. Nickname: Location of Inglewood in Los Angeles County, California Coordinates: , Country United States State California County Los Angeles Established 1888 Incorporated February 14, 1908 Government  - Mayor Roosevelt F. Dorn Area  - City  9. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... ...


Career

Many of her films, such as Million Dollar Mermaid and Jupiter's Darling, contained elaborately staged synchronized swimming scenes, obtained not without physical cost to the performer. She broke her neck filming a 50 ft (15 m) dive off a tower during a climactic musical number for the 1952 release Million Dollar Mermaid which landed her in a body cast for six months. She subsequently recovered, though she still suffers headaches as a result of the accident. Her many hours spent submerged resulted in her rupturing her eardrums numerous times. In her autobiography, Williams details several other occasions in which she nearly drowned shooting her oxygen-defying stunts; she rarely used a stunt double. 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The tympanic membrane, colloquially known as the eardrum, is a thin membrane that separates the external ear from the middle ear. ... Cover of the first English edition of 1793 of Benjamin Franklins autobiography. ... A stunt double is a type of body double, specifically a skilled replacement used for dangerous film or video sequences, in movies and television (such as jumping out of a building, jumping from vehicle to vehicle, or other similar actions), and for other sophisticated stunts (especially fight scenes). ...


Personal life

Her love life was a source of media interest. She has been married four times. She met her first husband Leonard Kovner while at Los Angeles City College. She later wrote in her autobiography The Million Dollar Mermaid that "he was smart, handsome, dependable...and dull. I respected his intelligence, and his dedication to a future career in medicine. He loved me, or so he said, and even asked me to marry him." They were married in the San Francisco suburb of Los Altos on June 27, 1940. On their split she said "I found, much to my relief, that all I needed for my emotional and personal security was my own resolve and determination. I didn't need a marriage and a ring. I had come to realize all too quickly that Leonard Kovner was not a man I could ever really love." They divorced in 1944. June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


She married singer/actor Ben Gage on November 25, 1945, with whom she had three children. In her autobiography, she portrays him as an alcoholic parasite who squandered her earnings. She also disclosed in her autobiography that she had a passionate affair with actor Victor Mature while they were working on the film Million Dollar Mermaid (1952), citing that at the time her marriage was in trouble and, feeling lonely, she turned to Mature for love and affection, and he gave her all she wanted. She was romantically linked with Jeff Chandler, but broke off the relationship when she discovered that Chandler was a cross-dresser, which she revealed for the first time in her autobiography. She and Gage divorced on 20 April 1959. is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Alcoholism is the consumption of, or preoccupation with, alcoholic beverages to the extent that this behavior interferes with the drinkers normal personal, family, social, or work life, and may lead to physical or mental harm. ... Victor Mature (29 January 1913 - 4 August 1999), an American film actor, was born in Louisville, Kentucky to a Tyrolean father, Marcellus George Mature, a cutler, and a Swiss-American mother, Clara Mature. ... Million Dollar Mermaid is a 1952 MGM biographical musical film of the life of Australian swimming star Annette Kellerman. ... Jeff Chandler appeared with Joan Crawford in Universal Internationals 1955 thriller Female on the Beach (Universal International) Jeff Chandler (December 15, 1918 - June 17, 1961) was a popular American film actor in the 1950s. ... This articles is about cross-dressing in general, that is the act of wearing the clothing of another gender for any reason. ... April 20 is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


She then married former lover, Argentine actor/director, Fernando Lamas on December 31, 1969. They were married till his death from Pancreatic Cancer on October 8, 1982. She currently resides in Beverly Hills with actor husband Edward Bell, whom she married on October 24, 1994. Fernando Alvaro Lamas (born January 9, 1915 in Buenos Aires, Argentina – died October 8, 1982 in Los Angeles, California) was an Argentine actor and director, and the father of actor Lorenzo Lamas. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see: Beverly Hills (disambiguation). ... Edward William Derrington Bell was an Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ...


Current work

Esther Williams retired from acting in the early 1960s and currently lends her name to a line of women's swimwear and to a company that manufactures swimming pools and swimming pool accessories. She co-wrote her auto-biography "The Million Dollar Mermaid" with popular media critic and author Digby Diehl, which was published in 1999[5].


Filmography

Features:

Short Subjects: Andy Hardy was a fictional character played by Mickey Rooney in an extremely successful MGM film series from 1937 to 1947. ... See also: 1941 in film 1942 1943 in film 1940s in film years in film film // Events Carole Lombard is killed in a plane crash when returning from a War Bond tour. ... A Guy Named Joe is a 1943 film by Victor Fleming. ... See also: 1942 in film 1943 1944 in film 1940s in film years in film film // Events Top grossing films North America For Whom the Bell Tolls The Song of Bernadette This is the Army Stage Door Canteen Random Harvest Star Spangled Rhythm Casablanca Journey Into Fear Academy Awards Best... Bathing Beauty is a 1944 musical starring Red Skelton and Esther Williams. ... // July 20 - Since You Went Away is released. ... // Paramount Studios releases theatrical short cartoon titled The Friendly Ghost, featuring ghost named Casper With Rossellinis Roma Città aperta, Italian neorealist cinema begins. ... Ziegfeld Follies (MGM) is a 1946 Hollywood musical comedy film, directed by Roy Del Ruth and Vincente Minnelli, starring many of MGM leading talents, including Fred Astaire, Lucille Bremer, Judy Garland, Kathryn Grayson, Lena Horne, Gene Kelly, Victor Moore, William Powell, Red Skelton , and Esther Williams. ... See also: 1945 in film 1946 1947 in film 1940s in film years in film film // Events Top grossing films North America The Bells of St. ... See also: 1945 in film 1946 1947 in film 1940s in film years in film film // Events Top grossing films North America The Bells of St. ... See also: 1945 in film 1946 1947 in film 1940s in film years in film film // Events Top grossing films North America The Bells of St. ... Till The Clouds Roll By is an American musical-biographical film released by MGM in 1946. ... See also: 1945 in film 1946 1947 in film 1940s in film years in film film // Events Top grossing films North America The Bells of St. ... // Events May 22 - Great Expectations is premiered in New York. ... This Time for Keeps is a musical film and a romantic comedy released in the United States on 17 October 1947 and produced by MGM. It is about a soldier, returning home from war who does not wish to work for his fathers opera company or to continue his... // Events May 22 - Great Expectations is premiered in New York. ... The year 1948 in film involved some significant events. ... See also: 1948 in film 1949 1950 in film 1940s in film 1950s in film years in film film Events Top grossing films North America Adams Rib Jolson Sings Again Pinky I Was a Male War Bride, The Snake Pit, Joan of Arc Academy Awards Best Picture: All the... See also: 1948 in film 1949 1950 in film 1940s in film 1950s in film years in film film Events Top grossing films North America Adams Rib Jolson Sings Again Pinky I Was a Male War Bride, The Snake Pit, Joan of Arc Academy Awards Best Picture: All the... Duchess of Idaho is a musical romantic comedy produced in 1950 by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. ... See also: 1949 in film 1950 1951 in film 1950s in film 1940s in film years in film film // Events February 15 - Walt Disney Studios animated film Cinderella debuts. ... See also: 1949 in film 1950 1951 in film 1950s in film 1940s in film years in film film // Events February 15 - Walt Disney Studios animated film Cinderella debuts. ... See also: 1950 in film 1951 1952 in film 1950s in film 1940s in film years in film film Events Sweden - May Britt is scouted by Italian film-makers Carlo Ponti and Mario Soldati Top grossing films North America David and Bathsheba Show Boat tie The Great Caruso and An... Callaway Went Thataway is a 1951 American comedy/satire film staring Fred MacMurray, Dorothy McGuire, and Howard Keel. ... See also: 1950 in film 1951 1952 in film 1950s in film 1940s in film years in film film Events Sweden - May Britt is scouted by Italian film-makers Carlo Ponti and Mario Soldati Top grossing films North America David and Bathsheba Show Boat tie The Great Caruso and An... // Events February 20 - The film The African Queen opens (Capitol Theater in New York City). ... Million Dollar Mermaid is a 1952 MGM biographical musical film of the life of Australian swimming star Annette Kellerman. ... // Events February 20 - The film The African Queen opens (Capitol Theater in New York City). ... The year 1953 in film involved some significant events. ... The year 1953 in film involved some significant events. ... // Events November 3 - The musical Guys and Dolls, starring Marlon Brando and Frank Sinatra, debuts. ... See also: 1955 in film 1956 1957 in film 1950s in film years in film film // Events November 15 - The film Love Me Tender starring Elvis Presley (his first film) opens. ... // Events February 16- In the Money is released on this date. ... See also: 1960 in film 1961 1962 in film 1960s in film years in film film Events Last Year at Marienbad (Lannée dernière à Marienbad) released Top grossing films North America The Guns of Navarone Exodus The Parent Trap The Absent-Minded Professor The Alamo Swiss Family Robinson... // Events January 28 - Filming begins on Dr. Strangelove. ... 2004 DVD release Thats Entertainment! is a 1974 documentary released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer to celebrate its 50th anniversary. ... // November 1 - George Lucas leaves the day-to-day operations of his filmmaking business and starts a sabbatical (while on sabbatical, he wrote the prequel Star Wars trilogy). ...

  • Personalities (1942)
  • Inflation (1942)
  • Some of the Best (1949)
  • 1955 Motion Picture Theatre Celebration (1955)
  • Screen Snapshots: Hollywood, City of Stars (1956)

See also: 1941 in film 1942 1943 in film 1940s in film years in film film // Events Carole Lombard is killed in a plane crash when returning from a War Bond tour. ... See also: 1941 in film 1942 1943 in film 1940s in film years in film film // Events Carole Lombard is killed in a plane crash when returning from a War Bond tour. ... See also: 1948 in film 1949 1950 in film 1940s in film 1950s in film years in film film Events Top grossing films North America Adams Rib Jolson Sings Again Pinky I Was a Male War Bride, The Snake Pit, Joan of Arc Academy Awards Best Picture: All the... // Events November 3 - The musical Guys and Dolls, starring Marlon Brando and Frank Sinatra, debuts. ... See also: 1955 in film 1956 1957 in film 1950s in film years in film film // Events November 15 - The film Love Me Tender starring Elvis Presley (his first film) opens. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ http://ap.lancasteronline.com/4/people_esther_williams [link dead] "While some references give a later birth date, Williams told The Associated Press in 2004 that she was born Aug. 8, 1921."
  2. ^ According to the State of California. California Birth Index, 1905-1995. Center for Health Statistics, California Department of Health Services, Sacramento, California. (As Ester J Williams, Los Angeles County, mother nee Gilpin)
  3. ^ MSN Music (Oct 25, 2006). Infection Hospitalizes Esther Williams. Retrieved 2006-12-04. From the article: "Associated Press archives list Williams' birthday as Aug. 8, 1921. Boll said Tuesday that the actress was born Aug. 8, 1922."
  4. ^ http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~battle/celeb/ewillms.htm
  5. ^ http://www.estherwilliamspools.com/ewabout.htm

Further reading

  • Williams, Esther. The Million Dollar Mermaid: An Autobiography, Simon & Schuster, 1999.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Esther Williams

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Esther Williams, movies, pictures, movie, biography - Boomers Pinups (228 words)
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