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Encyclopedia > Ester Boserup

Ester Boserup (1910 - September 24, 1999), born Børgesen, was a Danish economist and writer who studied economical and agricultural development. She worked at the United Nations and other international organizations and wrote several books. Image File history File links Merge-arrows. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... Alan Greenspan, former chairman, United States Federal Reserve. ... A writer is anyone who creates a written work, although the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ... UN redirects here. ...


Boserup's most notable work is The Conditions of Agricultural Growth: The Economics of Agrarian Change under Population Pressure (Chicago, Aldine, 1965, ISBN 0-415-31298-1). This book presented a "dynamic analysis embracing all types of primitive agriculture." In doing so, she upended the assumption dating back to Malthus’s time (and still held in many quarters) that agricultural methods determine population (via food supply). Instead, she shows that population determines agricultural methods. A major point of her book is that "necessity is the mother of invention". Thomas Robert Malthus FRS (13 February 1766 – 23 December 1834),[1] was a political economist and British demographer. ...


She argued that when population density is low enough to allow it, land tends to be used intermittently, with heavy reliance on fire to clear fields and fallowing to restore fertility (often called slash and burn farming). Numerous studies have shown such methods to be favourable in total workload and also efficiency (output versus input). In Boserup’s theory, it is only when rising population density curtails the use of fallowing (and therefore the use of fire) that fields are moved towards annual cultivation. Contending with insufficiently fallowed, less fertile plots, covered with grass or bushes rather than forest, mandates expanded efforts at fertilizing, field preparation, weed control, and irrigation. These changes often induce agricultural innovation but increase marginal labour cost to the farmer as well: the higher the rural population density, the more hours the farmer must work for the same amount of produce. Therefore workloads tend to rise while efficiency drops. This process of raising production at the cost of more work at lower efficiency is what Boserup describes as "agricultural intensification". This article is about the agricultural practice of slash and burn. ... Growing the same crop repeatedly in the same place eventually depletes the soil of various nutrients. ...


The theory has been instrumental in understanding agricultural patterns in developing countries, although it is highly simplified and generalized. A developing country is a country with low average income compared to the world average. ...


Ester Boserup also complemented the discourse surrounding development practises with her 1970 work "Woman's Role in Economic Development" (London, Earthscan, 1970, ISBN 1-85383-040-2). The work is "the first investigation ever undertaken into what happens to women in the process of economic and social growth throughout the Third World". According to the foreword in the 1989 edition by Dr. Swasti Mitter, "It is [Boserup's] committed and scholarly work that inspired the UN Decade for Women between 1975 and 1985, and that has encouraged aid agencies to question the assumption of gender neutrality in the costs as well as in the benefits of development".. For the Jamaican reggae band, see Third World (band). ...


External links

  • Economic History net's review of The Conditions of Agricultural Growth

with the growing population the world is able to support its self and provide recouces


  Results from FactBites:
 
AfricaResource.com - Problematic Aspects of Ester Boserup's Woman's Role In Economic Development (3548 words)
Boserup claims that "educated girls in Africa who support the cause of monogamous marriage as part of a modern outlook are unable to rally the majority of women behind them (1970, 43)." In addition to her diminutive use of 'girls', Boserup constructs a dichotomy between a backward traditional culture and a modern western culture.
Boserup mentions that "African women have not always accepted without protest the deterioration in their position (1970, 63)." Although Boserup designates a short section to women's resistance, her word choice and focus contribute to an image of women's resistance as a pathetic and desperate plight.
Boserup mentions that the revolt was fanned by "rumours spread among the women that the Government was selling their land to the Ibo tribe (1970, 64)." Boserup includes that "although there were no Ibos in the region, the almost neurotic hatred of them was shared by most people in the region.
Ester Boserup - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (312 words)
Ester Boserup (1910 - September 24, 1999), born Børgesen, was a Danish economist and writer who studied economical and agricultural development.
Boserup's most notable work is The Conditions of Agricultural Growth (1965, ISBN 0415312981).
In Boserup’s theory, it is only when rising population density curtails the use of fallowing (and therefore the use of fire) that fields are moved towards annual cultivation.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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