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Encyclopedia > Estado de México

The United Mexican States, or Mexico, is a federal republic, comprising 31 states. One of those states is called "el Estado de México", or State of México. This article is about that state. The nation's capital, Mexico City, is not a part of the State of México, although parts of the State of México are conventionally considered part of the Mexico City Metropolitan Area. The United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos or Mexico) comprises 31 states (estados) and one federal district (Distrito Federal), which contains the capital, Mexico City. ... Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the federal capital of, and largest city in, Mexico. ...


ESTADO DE MÉXICO
Image:MexicoState.png
Other Mexican States
Capital Toluca
Other major cities Nezahualcóyotl, Naucalpan
list of municipalities
Area 21,355 km²
Ranked 25th
Population
(2000 census)
13,083,360
Ranked 1st
Governor
(1999-2005)
Arturo Montiel Rojas (PRI)
Federal Deputies (36) PRI/PVEM = 17
PAN = 13
PRD = 6
Federal Senators PAN = 2
PRI = 1
ISO 3166-2
Postal abbr.
MX-MEX
Mex.

The State of México (often abbreviated to "Edomex" from Estado de México) is a state in the center of the nation of Mexico. It is bounded N. by Hidalgo, E. by Tlaxcala and Puebla, S. by Morelos and Guerrero, and W. by Michoacán. The state of México has an area of 21,461 km square (9247 sq. m.). In 2003 the state had an estimated population of about 14,030,000 people. (The population in 1900 was 934,468, largely Native American.) The United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos or Mexico) comprises 31 states (estados) and one federal district (Distrito Federal), which contains the capital, Mexico City. ... Toluca is a city in México State in central Mexico, at 19. ... Nezahualcóyotl (also: Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl or Ciudad Neza, which is strictly the name of the municipal seat; informally: mi Nezota) is a municipality of the State of México adjacent to the eastern fringe of Mexicos Federal District: it is thus part of the Mexico City Metropolitan Area. ... Naucalpan de Juárez (Naucalpan) is a municipality in the Mexican state of México. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Political division of Mexico The following table presents a listing of Mexicos 31 federal states (and its Federal District, officially not a state), ranked in order of their surface area. ... Political division of Mexico The following table presents a listing of Mexicos 31 federal states (and its Federal District, officially not a state), ranked in order of their total population (per year 2000 census data from INEGI). ... The United Mexican States ( Mexico) is a federal republic comprising 31 states and one federal district (the Mexican Federal District, or Distrito Federal). ... The Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional or PRI) held power in Mexico for more than 70 years. ... The Chamber of Deputies (Spanish: Cámara de Diputados) is the lower house of Mexicos bicameral legislature, the Congress of the Union. ... The Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional or PRI) held power in Mexico for more than 70 years. ... The Green Ecological Party of Mexico (Spanish: Partido Verde Ecologista de México, known by the abbreviation PVEM) is one of the six political parties to enjoy representation in the Mexican Congress. ... The National Action Party (Spanish: Partido Acción Nacional), known by the acronym PAN, is a conservative party and one of the main political parties in Mexico. ... The Party of the Democratic Revolution (in Spanish: Partido de la Revolución Democrática, PRD) is one of the three main political parties in Mexico. ... The Senate (Spanish: Cámara de Senadores or Senado) is the upper house of Mexicos bicameral Congress. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... This article is about the Mexican state. ... Tlaxcala is the name of a city and a state in Mexico. ... Puebla is the name of a city and a state in Mexico. ... Other Mexican States Capital Cuernavaca Other major cities Cuautla list of municipalities Area 4,950 km² Ranked 30th Population (2000 census) 1,552,880 Ranked 22nd Governor (2000-06) Sergio Estrada Cajigal Ramírez (PAN) Federal Deputies (4) PAN = 2 PRI = 2 Federal Senators PAN = 2 PRI = 1 ISO 3166... Other Mexican States Capital Chilpancingo Other major cities Acapulco, Taxco, list of municipalities Area 64,281 km² Ranked 14th Population (2000 census) 3,075,080 Ranked 11th Governor (1999-2005) René Juárez Cisneros (PRI) Federal Deputies (10) PRI = 6 PRD = 4 Federal Senators PRI = 2 PRD = 1 ISO 3166... Other Mexican States Capital Morelia Other major cities Lázaro Cárdenas list of municipalities Area 59,928 km² Ranked 16th Population (2000 census) 3,979,180 Ranked 7th Governor (2002-08) Lázaro Cárdenas Batel (PRD) Federal Deputies (13) PRD = 9 PRI = 2 PAN = 1 disputed = 1 Federal... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Native Americans (also Indians, Aboriginal Peoples, American Indians, First Nations, Alaskan Natives, Amerindians, or Indigenous Peoples of America) are the indigenous inhabitants of The Americas prior to the European colonization, and their modern descendants. ...


A large part of the state lies within that great depression of the Mexican plateau known as the Valley of Mexico. Enclosed within its boundaries, except on the south, is the Mexican Federal District and capital Mexico City with an area of 463 sq. m., which is not in the state of Mexico, but borders it on three sides of the District. Other Mexican States Capital Mexico City Area 1,479 km² Ranked 32nd Population (2000 census) 8,591,300 Ranked 2nd Head of Govt Andrés Manuel López Obrador PRD Federal Deputies (30) PRD = 27 PAN = 3 Federal Senators PAN = 1 PVEM = 1 PRD = 1 ISO 3166-2 Postal abbr. ... Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the federal capital of, and largest city in, Mexico. ...


The state is divided into two unequal parts by the Sierra de Ajusco and Montes de las Cruces, which form a wooded ridge across it from east to west, with a general elevation of about 10,000 ft. above sea-level, or about 2500 above the plateau level. These ranges are part of a broken irregular chain which sometimes bears the name of Anahuac. Anahuac is a geographical district of Mexico, limited by the traditional and vaguely defined boundaries of an ancient Indian empire or confederation of that name previous to the Spanish conquest. ...


A considerable part of the northern plateau consists of a broad plain, once the bed of a great lake but now covered with swamps, sodden meadows and lakes. The surrounding country drains into this depression, but an artificial outlet has been created by the opening of the Tequixquiac tunnel. Beyond its margin the plateau drains westward to the Pacific through the Lerma, aftd north-east to the Gulf through the San Juan and Panuco.


South of the Sierra de Ajusco the country is roughly mountainous and drains to the Pacific through tributaries of the Balsas.


Within the lacustrine depression of the north are the lakes of Zumpango, San Cristobal, Xaltocan, Chalco, Xochimilco, and Texcoco, the latter three lying partly or wholly in the Federal District. Texcoco has the lowest level and its water is brackish and undrinkable, though that of the streams flowing into it and of the other lakes is sweet. Lake Xochimilco is celebrated for its "floating gardens" or chinampas. Chinampa is an Aztec term referring to a method of ancient Mesoamerican agriculture through floating gardens—small, rectangle-shaped areas of fertile arable land used for agriculture in the Xochimilco region of the Basin of Mexico. ...


The principal industries of the state are agricultural, and the principal products are cereals, sugar, maguey (from which pulque is made), coffee, and fruit. Stock-raising has also had a profitable development, owing to the proximity of the national capital. The manufacturing industries are important; among the manufactures (1900) are cotton and woollen fabrics, flour, dairy products, glass-ware, pottery, bricks, wines and spirits. The making of "pulque" from the sap of the maguey plant (Agave americana) is the chief industry (1900) of the state, and the product is exported in large quantities to the national capital. Cereal crops are mostly grasses cultivated for their edible seeds (actually a fruit called a grain, technically a caryopsis). ... A sugar is a form of carbohydrate; the most commonly used sugar is a white crystalline solid, sucrose; used to alter the flavor and properties (mouthfeel, preservation, texture) of beverages and food. ... ... Pulque is an alcoholic beverage made from the fermented juice of the maguey plant, or Great American Aloe, a traditional native beverage of Mesoamerica; at the time of throwing its flower stem, it is hollowed in the centre and the juice which should have supplied the flowers, is taken from... Coffee beans and a cup of coffee Coffee as a drink, usually served hot, is prepared from the roasted seeds (beans) of the coffee plant. ... Fruit stall in Barcelona, Spain. ...


The state is (1900) traversed by the Central, National, Mexican International and Interoceanic railways, and by short lines from the national capital to neighbouring towns.


The capital is Toluca, and other important towns are Zumpango (pop. 5942 in 1900), 30 m. N. of the national capital, Tenango del Valle (5881 in 1900), 15 m. S.E. of Toluca, and Lerma (estimated, 7200 in 1900), near the western frontier of the state. Also in the state are the cities of Buenavista, Chalco, Chimalhuacán, Coacalco, Cuautitlán Izcalli, Ecatepec, Huixquilucan, Ixtapaluca, López Mateos, Los Reyes, Metepec, Naucalpan, Nezahualcóyotl, Nicolás Romero, Ojo de Agua, San Francisco Coacalco, San Mateo Atenco, San Pablo de las Salinas, Texcoco, Tlalnepantla, and Xico. Also in the State of México are the Pre-Columbian ruins of the city of Teotihuacan. Toluca is a city in México State in central Mexico, at 19. ... Categories: Wikipedia cleanup | Stub ... Naucalpan de Juárez (Naucalpan) is a municipality in the Mexican state of México. ... Texcoco is a city in México State, Mexico, located to the east of Mexico City at 19. ... Xico is a city in México State, Mexico, located at 19. ... The term Pre-Columbian is used to refer to the cultures of the New World in the era before significant European influence. ... Teotihuacan is the largest Pre-Columbian archeological site in the Americas. ...


Municipalities

México State is subdivided into 122 municipalities (municipios). See municipalities of México State. A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ...


Reference

(Redirected from 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica) The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ...

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