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Encyclopedia > Essex, Massachusetts
Seal of Essex, MA

Essex is a town located in Essex County, Massachusetts, 26 miles north of Boston. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 3,267. Essex borders Hamilton to the south, Manchester-by-the-Sea to the southeast, Gloucester to the east, and Ipswich to the north. Image File history File links Essex,_MA_Seal. ... Image File history File links Essex,_MA_Seal. ... Essex County is a county located in the northeastern part of the state of Massachusetts. ... Boston is a town and small port c. ... Hamilton is a town located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Seal of Manchester-by-the-Sea, MA Manchester-by-the-Sea (also called just Manchester) is a town located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... This article is about Gloucester, Massachusetts, USA; there are other places called Gloucester Seal of Gloucester, MA Gloucester is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Ipswich is a town located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ...


This article is about the town of Essex. Additional demographic detail about the central settlement or village within Essex, which is a census-designated place, is available in the article Essex (CDP), Massachusetts. The details it provides for the village are included in the aggregate numbers reported here. A census-designated place (CDP) is an area identified by the United States Census Bureau for statistical reporting. ... Essex CDP is a census-designated place (CDP) located within the town of Essex in Essex County, Massachusetts. ...

Contents


History

Essex was incorporated as a town in 1819. It was previously a part of the town of Ipswich and was then called Chebacco Parish. The first European settlers arrived in 1634. At that time, the land formed part of an area inhabited by Native Americans of the Agawam tribe. The name Chebacco is Agawam in origin and refers to a large lake whose waters extend into neighboring Hamilton. Conomo Point, the eastern-most part of the town, is named for the Sagamore or Chief of the Agawams, Masconomo, the leader of the tribe in the late 17th century. Early on, Chebacco Parish lobbied for status as an independent town, asking for permission to build a meeting house. In colonial times the existence of a meeting house in a settlement conferred de-facto autonomy, so Chebacco Parish was denied permission to build such a structure. Popular history tells that one written dictate was issued stating that "no man shall raise a meeting house", so the residents of the settlement interpreted it as to mean that women would be allowed to do so. It is reported that a local woman, Madam Varney, assembled the town's women and construction of a meeting house was carried out by them while the men looked on. Chebacco Parish was the southeastern most part of the town of Ipswich, Massachusetts that later became the separate municipality of Essex. ... Agawam is a city located in Hampden County, Massachusetts Agawam (grape) is a hybrid grape variety Camp Agawam is a boys summer camp in Raymond. ... A sagamore is the head of a Native American tribe. ...


Government and Administration

Essex's small size makes New England's traditional direct-democracy style of government practical. The residents of Essex elect a board of three selectmen to carry out the routine business of local government while relying on the town meeting system to decide major issues. In recent years, the most important these issues have been the controversy over the lease of public lands at Conomo Point, a school regionalization plan with Manchester-By-The-Sea and the construction of infrastructure for dealing with sewerage. This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... ... Town meeting is a form of local government commonly practiced in the U.S. region of New England, but uncommon elsewhere in the United States. ...


In 2002 the town hired a Town Administrator to work for the board of selectmen and oversee day-to-day operations. Policy and major decisions are still verified by the town meeting. For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ...


Schools

Essex has one public school that offers instruction to children from kindergarten to grade 8. Until recently, Essex schools did not operate a high school, and sent its grade 9 through 12 students to neighboring districts. Arrangements in the past have included sending high school students to Manchester-By-The-Sea, Gloucester and Hamilton-Wenham public schools. The town recently approved a plan to create a regional school district with Manchester-By-The-Sea. Under the plan, the two towns are served by a consolidated school system, the 'Manchester-Essex Schools', and a new high school. This mark's the first time Essex did not have to send its students to another district to attend high school. A kindergarten in Afghanistan. ... Wenham is a town located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ...


In early 2006, the voters of both Essex and Manchester by the Sea approved a new $49 million regional school project for the purpose of building a new Middle School and High School. Both projects were approved at Town Meeting and then again at the ballot box for a debt-exclusion which will permit the towns to raise funds in excess of the 2.5% property tax cap mandated by Prop. 2.5. A similar $36 million plan three years earlier was defeated in Essex at the polls and approved in Manchester. Construction is not expected to be completed until 2010. No start date has been established as of March 2006.


Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 41.3 km² (15.9 mi²). 36.7 km² (14.2 mi²) of it is land and 4.6 km² (1.8 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 11.17% water. It has an outlet to the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Essex River. Image File history File links Essex_ma_highlight. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ...


The central part of Essex lies on marsh land that surrounds the Essex River. The central channel of this river converges with the Annisquam River at the western-most tip of Cape Ann where both flow into the Atlantic Ocean. The land that makes up the limits of the town is close to sea level in altitude with a few low hills dotting the landscape. Essex's population has increased at a sustainable rate over the last quarter century, so it still maintains a certain rural quality with abundant forested areas, wet lands and open spaces. Though not accessible directly by a major highway, Essex can be reached by three divided highways (by the South from Route 22, by the North from Route 133 and from Gloucester by Route 133 as well). Access to major highway Route 128 can be found within two miles of the town limits of both Manchester-By-The-Sea and Gloucester. The aforementioned Chebacco Lake and surrounding wetlands make up most of the southwestern part of the town. Cape Ann is a rocky peninsula located in northeastern Massachusetts on the Atlantic Ocean. ... Route 128 is a ring highway with Boston at its center and surrounded by the concentric Interstate 495. ...


Economy

Seafood, Tourism and Antiques

The main source of income for the town of Essex comes from the shellfish industry and tourism. The fried clam was reportedly "invented" in Essex by Chubby Woodman early in the 20th Century. Due to the exceptional quality of the clam that lives in the tidal river in Essex, local restaurants thrive by preparing it along with other types of seafood. Tourists are mainly drawn to Essex for its restaurants, but in recent years leisure activities such as excursions down the Essex River in boats or self-guided kayak trips have become increasingly popular. One major disadvantage that Essex has is that its only beach is not easily accessible by land and as such is not a major draw for tourists as are the beaches of neighboring Gloucester, Ipswich and Manchester-By-The-Sea. Essex, with an abundance of natural beauty, must also compete with nearby Rockport for tourists in search of quaint New England charm. In the last two decades, there has also emerged a flourishing antiques trade in Essex. The town now boasts of being the municipality with the greatest number of antique shops per square mile in the US. Maxima clam (Tridacna maxima) Clams are shelled marine or freshwater mollusks belonging to the class Bivalvia. ... For the Dutch rock band of the same name see Kayak (band) Two whitewater kayakers running the Numbers section of the Arkansas River. ... Seal of Rockport, MA Rockport is a town located in Essex County, Massachusetts, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 7,767. ...


Former shipbuilding center

The town of Essex was once home to a prosperous shipbuilding trade. This industry accounted for most of the revenue of the town from the days of its settlement as Chebacco Parish until the early part of the 20th century. Once a leading supplier of schooners for Gloucester and other Atlantic fishing communities, Essex did not adapt to the transition from sail powered wooden ships to engine powered metal vessels and this activity disappeared around World War II. There have been recent attempts to return to shipbuilding on a small scale as a tourist attraction and they have met with some success. The Essex Shipbuilding Musuem stands as a living testament to the wooden shipbuilding industry and the neighboring boat yard owned by generations of the Burnham Family still constructs and launches classic wooden ships built in the Essex tradition. Men from Francisco de Orellanas expedition building a small brigantine, the San Pedro, to be used in the search for food Shipbuilding is the construction of ships. ... Two-masted fishing schooner A schooner (IPA: ) is a type of sailing vessel characterized by the use of fore-and-aft sails on two or more masts. ... Combatants Allies: • Poland, • UK & Commonwealth, • France/Free France, • Soviet Union, • USA, • China, ...and others Axis: • Germany, • Italy, • Japan, ...and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total: 50 million Full list Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total: 12 million Full list World War II...


Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,267 people, 1,313 households, and 887 families residing in the town. The population density was 89.1/km² (230.7/mi²). There were 1,446 housing units at an average density of 39.4 persons/km² (102.1 persons/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.50% White, 0.15% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.55% from two or more races. 0.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 1,313 households out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.1% were married couples living together, 7.8% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 32.4% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.03. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view. ...


In the town the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 26.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.4 males.


The median income for a household in the town was $59,554, and the median income for a family was $70,152. Males had a median income of $48,036 versus $32,000 for females. The per capita income for the town was $31,613. 6.6% of the population and 4.3% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 6.1% are under the age of 18 and 10.8% are 65 or older. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ...


Notable natives

  • John Wise (1652-1725), Pastor of Chebacco Parish. Reverend Wise reportedly spoke out against "taxation without representation" more than a half century before the American Revolutionary War. John Wise Ave (a section of MA Route 133) is named for him.
  • Rufus Choate, (1799-1859) Lawyer, orator, US Congressman and Senator. Choate was a nationally renown public servant. A close friend of Daniel Webster, Choate was chosen to serve out his unfinished term in the US Senate. Choate is considered today to be one of the fathers of traditional American conservatism. Choate St, named after the Choate family, connects John Wise Ave to Chebacco Rd.
  • Michael G. Ford (born 1950), The eldest son of U.S. President Gerald R. Ford lived in Essex at the same time his father occupied the White House. Ford made Essex his home while studying at nearby Gordon-Cornwell Theological Seminary.

John Wise (August 1652 — April 8, 1725) was a Congregationalist reverend and political leader in Massachusetts during the American colonial period. ... Rufus Choate memorial statue by noted American sculptor Daniel Chester French, Old Suffolk County Court House, Boston, Massachusetts. ... Daniel Webster Daniel Webster (January 18, 1782 – October 25, 1852) was a United States Senator and Secretary of State. ... Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. ...

Points of interest

  • Choate House, birthplace of Rufus Choate
  • Crane Wildlife Refuge
  • Stavros Reservation
  • Essex Shipbuilding Museum
  • Cogswell's Grant - Little House
  • Cox Reservation - Greenbelt Conservation Land
  • Conomo Point

Choate House is a historic house in the Crane Wildlife Refuge, Essex, Massachusetts, owned and adminstered by the nonprofit Trustees of Reservations. ... Rufus Choate memorial statue by noted American sculptor Daniel Chester French, Old Suffolk County Court House, Boston, Massachusetts. ...

Cultural Activities

Essex has several churches of various Protestant Christian denominations (Methodist, Universalist, Congregational) as well as a Roman Catholic parish. There are several active youth sports teams as well as other youth organizations such as the Boy Scouts of America and Girl Scouts. Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... A Christian is a follower of Jesus Christ. ... The Methodist movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity. ... In comparative religion, a universalist religion is one that holds itself true for all people; it thus allows all to join, regardless of ethnicity. ... Congregational churches are Protestant Christian churches practicing congregationalist church governance, in which each congregation indepedently and autonomously runs its own affairs. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The Boy Scouts of America (BSA) is an organization designed for boys between the ages of 7 and 18, and for both young men and women between the ages of 14 and 21, based in the United States of America, with some presence in other countries. ... The Girl Scouts of the United States of America is a youth organization for girls in the United States based on the Scouting principles developed by Robert Baden-Powell. ...


Notable Events

1995. The feature film The Crucible, starring Winona Ryder and Daniel Day-Lewis, was filmed in Essex. Winona Ryder stayed in a private home on Western Ave. during the filming of The Crucible. Cover to the 1953 book The Crucible is a play that was written by Arthur Miller in 1952. ... Winona Ryder Winona Ryder (born Winona Laura Horowitz on October 29, 1971) is an American actress. ... Daniel Michael Blake Day-Lewis (born April 29, 1957) is an English/Irish actor. ...


External links

  • Essex Town web site
  • Manchester-Essex Schools web site
  • Essex, Mass. Commercial Website
  • Essex, Ma - Cape Ann Web
Flag of Massachusetts The Commonwealth of Massachusetts
 Capital  Boston
 Regions 

The Berkshires | Blackstone Valley | Cape Ann | Cape Cod and the Islands | Greater Boston | Merrimack Valley | MetroWest | North Shore | Pioneer Valley | Quabbin Valley | South Shore | Western Massachusetts State seal of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... A state of the United States (U.S. state) is any one of the fifty states, four of which officially favor the term commonwealth which, along with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 44th 10,555 mi²; 27,360 km² 183 mi; 295 km 113 mi; 182 km 13. ... This is a list of United States state capitals: See also List of current and former capital cities within the United States List of capitals of subnational entities Reference http://www. ... Nickname: City on a Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Solar System), Athens of America Motto: Official website: www. ... This list of regions of the United States includes official (governmental) and non-official areas within the borders of the United States, not including U.S. states, the federal district of Washington, D.C. or standard subentities such as cities or counties. ... The Berkshires (pronounced as berk-shurs) are a branch of the Appalachian Mountains, centered in Western Massachusetts (with portions located in the adjacent states of Vermont, New York, and Connecticut), often referred to as the Berkshire Hills, although Massachusetts residents frequently refer to them as the Berkshire Mountains. ... The Blackstone Valley or Blackstone River Valley is a region of Massachusetts and Rhode Island. ... Cape Ann is a rocky peninsula located in northeastern Massachusetts on the Atlantic Ocean. ... Cape Cod and the Massachusetts and Rhode Island coastline Cape Cod and Cape Cod Bay from space, April 1997. ... Greater Boston is the area of Massachusetts closely surrounding Boston, Massachusetts. ... The Merrimack River, formed by the confluence of the Pemigewasset River (left) and Winnipesaukee River (right) is shown on a map of the northeastern United States The Merrimack River (or Merrimac River, an earlier spelling that is sometimes still used) is a 110-mile-long (177-kilometer-long) river in... The MetroWest region is an area outside the city of Boston, in the state of Massachusetts. ... The North Shore is a region north of Boston, consisting chiefly of urban suburban communities of Essex County along Massachusetts Bay. ... The southern portion of the Pioneer Valley looking south down the Connecticut River. ... The Quabbin Valley is a region of Massachusetts. ... The South Shore of Massachusetts is a geographic region stretching south and east from Boston along the shore of Massachusetts Bay toward Cape Cod. ... Western Massachusetts is a geographical region of the state of Massachusetts which contains the Berkshires and the Pioneer Valley. ...

 Counties 

Barnstable | Berkshire | Bristol | Dukes | Essex | Franklin | Hampden | Hampshire | Middlesex | Nantucket | Norfolk | Plymouth | Suffolk | Worcester This is a list of Massachusetts counties: Massachusetts counties Barnstable County: one of three original counties created in the Plymouth Colony in 1685. ... Barnstable County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Berkshire County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Bristol County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Dukes County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Essex County is a county located in the northeastern part of the state of Massachusetts. ... Franklin County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Hampden County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Hampshire County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Nantucket is an island south of Cape Cod, Massachusetts, formed of glacial moraine. ... Norfolk County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Plymouth County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... Suffolk County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Worcester County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ...

 Cities 

Agawam | Amesbury | Attleboro | Barnstable | Beverly | Boston | Brockton | Cambridge | Chelsea | Chicopee | Easthampton | Everett | Fall River | Fitchburg | Franklin | Gardner | Gloucester | Greenfield | Haverhill | Holyoke | Lawrence | Leominster | Lowell | Lynn | Malden | Marlborough | Medford | Melrose | Methuen | New Bedford | Newburyport | Newton | North Adams | Northampton | Peabody | Pittsfield | Quincy | Revere | Salem | Springfield | Somerville | Southbridge | Taunton | Waltham | Watertown | West Springfield | Westfield | Weymouth | Woburn | Worcester List of cities in Massachusetts, arranged in alphabetical order. ... Agawam is a city located in Hampden County, Massachusetts. ... For the town in Wiltshire, England, see Amesbury Seal of Amesbury, MA Amesbury is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... For the town in Wiltshire, England, see Amesbury Nickname: Motto: Official website: [2] Location Location in Massachusetts Government Counties Bristol County Mayor Kevin Dumas Geographical characteristics Area Total 28. ... Barnstable is a city located on Cape Cod in Massachusetts; it is the county seat of Barnstable County6. ... Beverly is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Nickname: City on a Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Solar System), Athens of America Motto: Official website: www. ... Headlines posted in street-corner window of newspaper office (Brockton Enterprise), Brockton, Massachusetts, December 1940. ... Cambridge City Hall Cambridge is a city in the Greater Boston area of Massachusetts, United States. ... Chelsea City Hall The City of Chelsea is located in Suffolk County, Massachusetts directly across the Mystic River from the City of Boston. ... Chicopee is a city located on the Connecticut River in Hampden County, Massachusetts. ... Easthampton is a city located in Hampshire County, Massachusetts. ... Everett is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Seal of Fall River, MA Fall River is a city located in Bristol County, Massachusetts. ... Seal of Fitchburg, MA Fitchburg is a city located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... The Town of Franklin is a city located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Gardner is a city located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... This article is about Gloucester, Massachusetts, USA; there are other places called Gloucester Seal of Gloucester, MA Gloucester is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Seal of Greenfield, MA The Town of Greenfield, a city to be known as the Town of Greenfield is located in Franklin County, Massachusetts. ... Seal of Haverhill, MA Haverhill is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Holyoke is a city located in Hampden County, Massachusetts, on the banks of the Connecticut River. ... High Service Water Tower (1895), also called Tower Hill Water Tower, a notable eyecatcher or folly, named a Water Landmark in 1979 by the American Water Works Association. ... Nickname: Pioneer Plastics City Official website: http://www. ... Seal of Lowell, Massachusetts Lowell is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 105,167. ... Lynn is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Malden is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Marlborough is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Medford is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts just a few miles north of Boston on the Mystic River. ... Melrose is a city located in the Greater Boston metropolitan area and Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Methuen is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Nickname: The Whaling City Motto: Official website: www. ... Seal of Newburyport, MA Newburyport is a small coastal city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Nickname: The Garden City Motto: Official website: www. ... Public Library in the 1920s North Adams is a city located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Northampton, Massachusetts Main Street Northampton is a city located in Hampshire County, Massachusetts in the USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 28,978. ... Seal of Peabody, MA Peabody is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Pittsfield is a city located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Quincy is a city located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts and bears the nickname The City of Presidents. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 88,025. ... Revere is a city located in Suffolk County, Massachusetts and borders Winthrop, East Boston and Chelsea to the south, Everett and Malden to the west, Saugus and Lynn to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. ... Seal of Salem, MA Salem is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Nickname: City of Homes Motto: Official website: www. ... Seal of the city Somerville is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, just north of Boston. ... Seal of Southbridge, MA The Town of Southbridge is a city located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Waltham is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Seal of Watertown, MA Browne House. ... The Town of West Springfield is a city located in Hampden County, Massachusetts. ... Nickname: The Whip City Founded Incorporated May 19, 1669   County Hampden County Mayor Richard K. Sullivan Jr. ... Weymouth is a city located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Benjamin Thompson House, Woburn, Massachusetts. ... Nickname: The Heart of the Commonwealth, The City of the Seven Hills, Wormtown, Woo-town, Wortown (war-town), The City of Diners Motto: Official website: www. ...

 Towns  For the complete list of the 301 towns, see: List of towns in Massachusetts.
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Essex, MA (Massachusetts) Houses, Apartments, Cars, Mortgage Status, and Residents Info (532 words)
Back to: Essex, Massachusetts main profile, Massachusetts, Massachusetts smaller cities, Massachusetts small towns, Massachusetts forum, All US cities.
Median gross rent in Essex, MA in 2000: $686
Back to: Essex, MA (don't miss, contains a wealth of additional information), Massachusetts, All US cities.
Essex, Massachusetts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1690 words)
Essex borders Hamilton to the south, Manchester-by-the-Sea to the southeast, Gloucester to the east, and Ipswich to the north.
Essex was incorporated as a town in 1819.
The fried clam was reportedly "invented" in Essex by Chubby Woodman early in the 20th Century.
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