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Encyclopedia > Essex, Maryland

Essex is a census-designated place located in Baltimore County, Maryland. As of the 2000 census, the CDP had a total population of 39,078. A census-designated place (CDP) is an area identified by the United States Census Bureau for statistical reporting. ... Baltimore County is a suburban county located in the northern portion of U.S. state of Maryland. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Location of Essex, Maryland
Contents

Adapted from Wikipedias MD county maps by Seth Ilys. ...

History

Originally, Essex was ten blocks, running from Mace to Marlyn Avenues. It was begun in 1909 by the Taylor Land Company for those residents in Baltimore who wanted a place outside the city limits to perhaps grow a garden or to pursue some other rural activity. Land was cheap and sales were enhanced by a promotional pamphlet. 1909 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the city in the US state of Maryland. ...


Henry Guttenberger built the first general store in Essex in 1910 on the corner of Eastern and Mace Avenues. Between 1911 and 1912, the Taylor Land Company donated the lots for Essex Methodist and St. John's Lutheran churches. They also donated the land where the volunteer fire department built their station on Eastern Avenue. The permanent fire station opened in 1921. 1910 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... A database query syntax error has occurred. ... 1912 is a leap year starting on Monday. ... 1921 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


With the ever-growing population came the need to build schools. The elementary school opened in 1925 with 400 students. Essex Community College, now CCBC-Essex, was founded in 1957. Classes were first held at Kenwood High School, with fifty part-time and nine full-time students. In 1961, the college moved to Dorsey Avenue, and in 1968 moved to its present location, in Rossville. This site was owned by the Mace family, and the family burial plot is maintained and protected by the college. 1925 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1961 (As MAD Magazine pointed out on its first cover for the year) was the first upside-down year—i. ... 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... Rossville is a census-designated place located in Baltimore County, Maryland. ...


A fire in August, 1957 destroyed an entire block of businesses on Eastern Avenue, and the business district never fully recovered from that catastrophe.The ten-alarm blaze caused a half million dollars in damages, and, in the time it took to repair the buildings, new shopping centers were built, changing the buying habits of consumers. 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The Glenn L. Martin Company was the single biggest reason for the rapid growth of the area. Employment at the company peaked at 53,000 workers during World War II. However, this same facility was the cause of high unemployment after the war, when only 800 people worked there by the mid-1970s. The facility is now know as Middle River Aircraft Systems, a component of GE. The Glenn L. Martin Company was an aircraft company founded by aviation pioneer Glenn L. Martin on August 16, 1912. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...


Another important company was Eastern Rolling Mill, which opened in 1919. The plant, at the head of Back River, produced carbon sheet steel. In 1944, Eastern merged with Industrial Stainless Steel, Inc. to form Easco. The plant then merged with the British company Avesta-Sheffield in the early 1990's finally shutting down operations in the late 1990's. 1919 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Today, there is interest in revitalizing the Essex area by including it in government-sponsored empowerment zones. Many neighborhoods have begun a "clean-up" of their areas, hoping to transform Essex into a place that will be ready to move into the next century.


Sources: Baltimore County Public Library


Geography

Essex is located at 39°18'28" North, 76°27'6" West (39.307737, -76.451710)1. Shortcut: {{GR|#}} {{Cite:GR|#}} The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 30.8 km² (11.9 mi²). 24.7 km² (9.5 mi²) of it is land and 6.2 km² (2.4 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 20.00% water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... This article is about the unit of measure. ...


Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there are 39,078 people, 15,952 households, and 10,336 families residing in the CDP. The population density is 1,584.9/km² (4,104.1/mi²). There are 16,997 housing units at an average density of 689.3/km² (1,785.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the CDP is 74.56% White, 20.98% African American, 0.55% Native American, 1.17% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.82% from other races, and 1.87% from two or more races. 2.26% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... Shortcut: {{GR|#}} {{Cite:GR|#}} The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There are 15,952 households out of which 31.8% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% are married couples living together, 18.2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% are non-families. 29.3% of all households are made up of individuals and 10.4% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.45 and the average family size is 3.00. Marriage is a relationship and bond, most commonly between a man and a woman, that plays a key role in the definition of many families. ...


In the CDP the population is spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there are 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 88.3 males.


The median income for a household in the CDP is $34,978, and the median income for a family is $42,177. Males have a median income of $34,105 versus $26,215 for females. The per capita income for the CDP is $17,550. 12.2% of the population and 10.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 16.2% of those under the age of 18 and 11.0% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. The per capita income for an area may be defined as the total personal income in an area, divided by the number of people in that area. ... The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


External links

  • Maps and aerial photos (http://kvaleberg.com/extensions/mapsources/index.php?params=39.307737_N_-76.45171_E_type:city_region:US)
    • Street map from Mapquest (http://www.mapquest.com/maps/map.adp?latlongtype=decimal&latitude=39.307737&longitude=-76.45171&zoom=6) or Google (http://maps.google.com/maps?ll=39.307737,-76.45171&spn=0.11,0.18)
    • Topographic map from Topozone (http://www.topozone.com/map.asp?lat=39.307737&lon=-76.45171&s=200&size=m&layer=DRG100&datum=nad83)
    • Aerial photograph from Terraserver (http://terraservice.net/image.aspx?s=14&lon=-76.45171&lat=39.307737&w=2) or Google (http://maps.google.com/maps?ll=39.307737,-76.45171&spn=0.11,0.18&t=k)


http://www.emrchamber.org/ The Essex-Middle River-White Marsh Chamber of Commerce


http://e-mrrc.org/ The Essex-Middle River Renaissance Corporation


http://www.co.ba.md.us/Agencies/community/essex.html Baltimore County Essex-Middle River Community Conservation Plan Summary


  Results from FactBites:
 
Essex - Wikitravel (121 words)
Essex County (Ontario) - A county in Canada.
Essex (England) - A county in East Anglia in England.
Essex (Massachusetts) - A town in Massachusetts on the North Shore.
Essex, Maryland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (892 words)
Essex is an unincorporated community and a census-designated place in Baltimore County, Maryland, United States.
Henry Guttenberger built the first general store in Essex in 1910 on the corner of Eastern and Mace Avenues.
Essex Community College, now CCBC-Essex, was founded in 1957.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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