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Encyclopedia > Essex
Essex
Flag of Essex
Image:EnglandEssex.png
Geography
Status Ceremonial & (smaller) Non-metropolitan county
Origin Historic
Region East of England
Area
- Total
- Admin. council
- Admin. area
Ranked 11th
3,670 km² (1,417 sq mi)
Ranked 11th
3,465 km² (1,338 sq mi)
Admin HQ Chelmsford
ISO 3166-2 GB-ESS
ONS code 22
NUTS 3 UKH33
Demography
Population
- Total (2006 est.)
- Density
- Admin. council
- Admin. pop.
Ranked 6th
1,670,000
454/km² (1,176/sq mi)
Ranked 2nd
1,361,200
Ethnicity 96.8% White
1.2% S. Asian
Politics
Arms of Essex County Council
Essex County Council
http://www.essexcc.gov.uk/
Executive Conservative
Members of Parliament
Districts
Image:Essex Ceremonial Numbered.png
  1. Harlow
  2. Epping Forest
  3. Brentwood
  4. Basildon
  5. Castle Point
  6. Rochford
  7. Maldon
  8. Chelmsford
  9. Uttlesford
  10. Braintree
  11. Colchester
  12. Tendring
  13. Thurrock (Unitary)
  14. Southend-on-Sea (Unitary)

Essex is a county in the East of England. The county town is Chelmsford, and the highest point of the county is Chrishall Common near the village of Langley, close to the Hertfordshire border, which reaches 482 feet. Essex is the name of a county in England. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Essex. ... map of admin county File links The following pages link to this file: Essex Maldon and Chelmsford East (UK Parliament constituency) Braintree (UK Parliament constituency) Chelmsford West Saffron Walden (UK Parliament constituency) Castle Point (UK Parliament constituency) Harlow (UK Parliament constituency) Basildon (UK Parliament constituency) Billericay (UK Parliament constituency) Brentwood... The Ceremonial counties of England are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government with reference to the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England. ... Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of English administrative division used for the purposes of local government. ... The historic counties of England are ancient subdivisions of England. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... The East of England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... This is a List of Ceremonial counties of England by Area. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... This is a list of non-metropolitan counties of England by area. ... Chelmsford Borough Council Coat Of Arms , Chelmsford is the county town of Essex, England. ... The ISO 3166-2 codes for the United Kingdom correspond to the nations administrative divisions. ... The Office for National Statistics coding system is a hierarchical code used in the United Kingdom for tabulating census and other statistical data. ... The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) is a geocode standard for referencing the administrative division of countries for statistical purposes. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This is a List of Ceremonial counties of England by Population - 2002 mid-year estimates from the Office for National Statistics, unrounded figures published by the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister in the Entitlement Notification Reports for Revenue Support Grants [1]. See also: List of Administrative shire counties of... This is a list of non-metropolitan counties of England by population. ... Image File history File links Arms_of_Essex. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... This is a list of MPs elected in the UK general election, 2005 to the House of Commons for the Fifty-Fourth Parliament of the United Kingdom at the United Kingdom general election, 2005, arranged by constituency. ... David Anthony Andrew Amess (born March 26, 1952) is a British Member of Parliament for Southend West. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... John Charles Baron (born June 21, 1959) British politician and is the Conservative Party Member of Parliament for Billericay. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Simon Hugh McGuigan Burns (born 6 September 1952, Nottingham) is a United Kingdom politician. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... (John) Douglas (Wilson) Carswell (born 3 April 1971) British politician. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... James Philip Duddridge (born August 26, 1971) British politician. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Mark Gino Francois (born August 14, 1965 in London) is a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... The Right Honourable Sir Alan Gordon Barraclough Haselhurst (born June 23, 1937) is the British member of Parliament for Saffron Walden for the Conservative Party. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... The Honourable Bernard Christison Jenkin (born 9 April 1959) is a politician in the United Kingdom. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Eleanor Fulton Laing (born 1 February 1958, Paisley as Eleanor Fulton Pritchard) is a British politician. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Andrew Stuart MacKinlay (born 24 April 1949, Hampstead) is a British politician. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... Brooks Newmark is the Conservative MP for Braintree. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Eric Jack Pickles (born April 20, 1952, Keighley) is a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... William Ernest Bill Rammell (born 10 October 1959) is a politician in the United Kingdom. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... Bob Russell MP Robert Edward Russell (born 31 March 1946, London) is a British politician known to his constituents as Bob. He has been Liberal Democrat Member of Parliament for Colchester since 1997 (re-elected 2001 and 2005). ... The Liberal Democrats, often shortened to Lib Dems, are a liberal political party based in the United Kingdom. ... Angela Evans Smith (born 7 January United Kingdom. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the British political party. ... Dr Robert Michael Spink (born 1 August 1948, Worth Valley, Yorkshire) is a politician in the United Kingdom. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... John Flasby Lawrance Whittingdale OBE (16 October 1959) is a Conservative politician in the United Kingdom. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Districts in the Ceremonial County of Essex. ... Harlow is a new town and local government district in Essex, England. ... Epping Forest is a local government district of the county of Essex, England. ... Brentwood is a local government district and borough in Essex in the East of England. ... The Basildon district is a local govenment district in Essex, England. ... See also: Castle Point (Hoboken) Castle Point is a local government district and borough in Essex, England. ... Rochford is a local government district in Essex, England. ... Maldon is a local government district in Essex, England. ... Chelmsford is a local government district and borough in Essex, England. ... Uttlesford is a local government district in Essex, England. ... Braintree is a local government district in the English county of Essex. ... Colchester is a local government district and borough in Essex, England, named for its main town, Colchester. ... Tendring is a local government district in Essex, England. ... Thurrock is a unitary authority with borough status in the East of England. ... Southend-on-Sea is a resort town in Essex, England. ... The traditional counties as usually portrayed. ... The East of England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... A county town is the capital of a county in the United Kingdom or Republic of Ireland. ... Chelmsford Borough Council Coat Of Arms , Chelmsford is the county town of Essex, England. ... Langley is a pleasant village in Essex, England. ... For the similarly named county in the West Midlands region, see Herefordshire. ...

Contents

Divisions and environs

The area under the control of the county council, or shire county, is divided into a number of local government districts. They are Harlow, Epping Forest, Brentwood, Basildon, Castle Point, Rochford, Maldon, Chelmsford, Uttlesford, Braintree, Colchester and Tendring.[1] Thurrock and Southend-on-Sea are unitary authorities which form part of the county for various functions such as Lord Lieutenant but do not come under county council control.[2] Essex Police also covers the two unitary authorities.[3] A shire county or non-metropolitan county in England, is a county level entity which is not a metropolitan county. ... Harlow is a new town and local government district in Essex, England. ... Epping Forest is a local government district of the county of Essex, England. ... Brentwood is a local government district and borough in Essex in the East of England. ... The Basildon district is a local govenment district in Essex, England. ... See also: Castle Point (Hoboken) Castle Point is a local government district and borough in Essex, England. ... Rochford is a local government district in Essex, England. ... Maldon is a local government district in Essex, England. ... Chelmsford is a local government district and borough in Essex, England. ... Uttlesford is a local government district in Essex, England. ... Braintree is a local government district in the English county of Essex. ... Colchester is a local government district and borough in Essex, England, named for its main town, Colchester. ... Tendring is a local government district in Essex, England. ... Thurrock is a unitary authority with borough status in the East of England. ... Southend-on-Sea is a resort town in Essex, England. ... A unitary authority is a type of local authority, which has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area. ... Flag of a Lord-Lieutenant The title Lord-Lieutenant is given to the British monarchs personal representatives around the United Kingdom. ... Essex Police is a Home Office (territorial) police force with responsibility for policing the county of Essex in south east England. ...


The ceremonial county, the area including the unitary authorities, has boundaries to the east with the coastline of the North Sea; to the south with the northern bank, or estuary, of the River Thames and Kent; to the south west with Greater London; to the west with Hertfordshire across the River Lee and the Stort; to the north west with Cambridgeshire; and to the north with Suffolk, mostly marked by the River Stour. The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... This article is about the River Thames in southern England. ... For other uses, see Kent (disambiguation). ... Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... For the similarly named county in the West Midlands region, see Herefordshire. ... Bow Creek (tidal) meets the Limehouse Cut (canal) with a view of Londons Docklands The River Lee or River Lea (both spellings are in general use) is a river in England. ... A canalised river running 22km from the town of Bishops Stortford, Hertfordshire downstream to its junction with the River Lee Naviation, near Ware, Hertfordshire. ... Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs) is a county in England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the northeast, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west. ... Suffolk (pronounced ) is a large historic and modern non-metropolitan county in East Anglia, England. ... The River Stour is a river in East Anglia, England. ...


History

Main article: History of Essex

The name Essex derives from the East Seaxe or East Saxons. The Kingdom of Essex was traditionally founded by Aescwine in 527 AD, occupying territory to the north of the River Thames, incorporating much of what would later become Middlesex and Hertfordshire, though its territory was later restricted to lands east of the River Lee.[4] It is through this origin as one of the 'Saxon' kingdoms that Essex is specifically not part of the region known as East Anglia (the latter comprising Norfolk, Suffolk, and Cambridgeshire), settled by tribes calling themselves 'Anglian'. Colchester in the north east of the county is Britain's oldest recorded town, dating back to before the Roman conquest, when it was known as Camulodunon, and was sufficiently well-developed to have its own mint. Essex is a county in the East of England which originated as the ancient Kingdom of Essex and one of the seven kingdoms, or heptarchy, that went on to form the Kingdom of England. ... The Kingdom of the East Seaxe (one of the seven traditional kingdoms of the so-called Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy) was founded around 500 AD and covered the territory currently occupied by the counties of Essex, Hertfordshire and Middlesex. ... Aescwine (Erchenwin) (b. ... This article is about the year. ... The Middlesex Guildhall at Westminster Middlesex is one of the 39 historic counties of England and was the second smallest (after Rutland). ... This article is about the River Lee in England; for the one in the Republic of Ireland see River Lee (Ireland). ... Norfolk and Suffolk, the core area of East Anglia. ... Norfolk (IPA: //) is a low-lying county in East Anglia in the east of southern England. ... Suffolk (pronounced ) is a large historic and modern non-metropolitan county in East Anglia, England. ... Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs) is a county in England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the northeast, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west. ... For other places with the same name, see Colchester (disambiguation). ...


Essex County Council was formed in 1889. However, the County Borough of West Ham, and from 1915 the County Borough of East Ham, formed part of the county but were not under county council control.[5] Southend-on-Sea also formed a county borough from 1914 to 1974.[6] The boundary with Greater London was established in 1965 when the former area of the East Ham and West Ham county boroughs and of the Barking, Chingford, Dagenham, Hornchurch, Ilford, Leyton, Romford, Walthamstow and Wanstead and Woodford districts[5] was transferred to form the London boroughs of Barking, Havering, Newham, Redbridge, and Waltham Forest; an area similar to that known as Metropolitan Essex.[7] West Ham is a place in the London Borough of Newham in east London. ... East Ham is a place in the London Borough of Newham. ... Southend-on-Sea is a resort town in Essex, England. ... Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... Barking - officially Barking Town - was a local government district in south west Essex from 1894 to 1965 around the town of Barking. ... Chingford is a town in the London Borough of Waltham Forest. ... Dagenham was a local government district in south west Essex from 1926 to 1965 around the town of Dagenham. ... Hornchurch was a local government district in south west Essex from 1926 to 1965. ... Ilford is a town in the London Borough of Redbridge in East London. ... Leyton is a place in the London Borough of Waltham Forest. ... Romford is a place in East London. ... Walthamstow was a local government district in south west Essex from 1894 to 1965 around the town of Walthamstow. ... Wanstead and Woodford was a local government district in south west Essex from 1934 to 1965. ... The administrative area of Greater London contains thirty-two London boroughs. ...


Essex became part of the East of England Government Office Region in 1994 and was statistically counted as part of that region from 1999, having previously been part of the South East England region. In 1998 the districts of Southend-on-Sea and Thurrock separated from the shire county of Essex becoming unitary districts. The East of England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... South East England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... Southend-on-Sea is a resort town in Essex, England. ... Thurrock is a unitary authority with borough status in the East of England. ... A shire county or non-metropolitan county in England, is a county level entity which is not a metropolitan county. ... A unitary authority is a type of local authority, which has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area. ...


Population and settlement

The pattern of settlement in the county is diverse. The London Green Belt has effectively prevented the further sprawl of London into the county, although it contains the new towns of Basildon and Harlow, originally developed to resettle Londoners following the destruction of London housing in World War II but since much expanded. Epping Forest also acts as a protected barrier to the further spread of London. Much of the Epping Forest district, consisting of the residential towns of Chigwell, Waltham Abbey, Loughton and Buckhurst Hill, is more developed and forms part of the Greater London Urban Area. In city planning, the Green Belt is a concept for controlling metropolitan growth introduced around London, England by minister of housing Duncan Sandys via a Government Circular. ... A new town, planned community or planned city is a city, town, or community that was designed from scratch, and grew up more or less following the plan. ... Basildon (IPA, ) is a New Town located in south Essex, England at . It was designated as a New Town after World War II in 1948 to accommodate the London population overspill. ... Harlow is a new town and local government district in Essex, England. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Epping Forest is an area of ancient woodland in south-east England, straddling the border between north-east Greater London and Essex. ... Epping Forest is a local government district of the county of Essex, England. ... Chigwell is a civil parish in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ... Waltham Abbey is a market town of about 20,400 people in the south west of the county of Essex, in the East of England region. ... For other places with the same name, see Loughton (disambiguation). ... , Buckhurst Hill is a suburban town in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ... The Greater London Urban Area is the conurbation or continuous urban area based around London, in south east England with an estimated population of 8,505,000,[1] The urban area measured 1,623. ...


Because of its proximity to London and the economic magnetism which that city exerts, many of Essex's settlements function as dormitory towns or villages where London workers raise their families. Essex is known for being the origin of the political term Essex man, and of the Essex girl joke. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article or section should be merged with Bedroom community A dormitory town is generally a rural town where a large proportion of its population commute to nearby cities. ... Essex Man is a political term used in the United Kingdom to describe a person of a working class background, with aspirations to own property and shares. ... Ace lace: a mini in broderie anglaise. ...


Part of the south east of the county, already containing the major population centres of Southend and Thurrock, is within the Thames Gateway and designated for further development. To the north of the Green Belt, with the exception of major towns such as Colchester and Chelmsford, the county is rural, with many small towns, villages and hamlets largely built in the traditional materials of timber and brick, with clay tile or thatched roofs. Southend-on-Sea is a resort town in Essex, England. ... Thurrock is a unitary authority with borough status in the East of England. ... The Thames Gateway is an area of land stretching 40 miles eastwards from East London on both sides of the River Thames and the Thames Estuary. ... For other places with the same name, see Colchester (disambiguation). ... Chelmsford Borough Council Coat Of Arms , Chelmsford is the county town of Essex, England. ...


Transport

The main airport in Essex is London Stansted Airport, serving destinations in Europe and North America; Southend Airport, [1] once one of Britain's busiest airports, is undergoing redevelopment, but still has limited passenger flights to destinations such as the Channel Islands. There are several smaller airfields, some of which owe their origins to air force bases built during World War I or World War II. These are popular for pleasure flights; examples include Clacton Airfield [2] and Stapleford Aerodrome. [3] The lawn in front of Stansted Airport used to attract large numbers of people waiting for their flight during the summer. ... A Flightline BAe 146 aircraft lands at London (Heathrow) Airport in July 2004. ... This article is about the British dependencies. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Town - Clacton-on-Sea Location - Essex, England Founded - 1871 Population (1991) - 45,065 Clacton-on-Sea is the largest town on the Tendring Peninsula, in Essex, England. ... Stapleford Aerodrome (IATA: N/A, ICAO: EGSG) is an airfield in the Epping Forest district of Essex, England near to the village of Abridge. ...


The port of Tilbury is one of Britain's three major ports, while the port of Harwich links the county to the Hook of Holland and Esbjerg. A service to Cuxhaven closed in December 2005. Despite the road crossing to Dartford in Kent across the River Thames, a pedestrian ferry to Gravesend, Kent still operates from Tilbury during limited hours, and there are foot ferries operating across some of the county's rivers and estuaries during the summer months. Tilbury is located on the north bank of the River Thames, in the borough of Thurrock in England, at the point where the river suddenly narrows to about 800 yards/740 metres in width. ... Arms of Harwich Town Council Harwich (IPA, /hɑːˈɹɪtʃ/) is a town in Essex, England, located on the coast with the North Sea to the east. ... Ferry terminal on the Nieuwe Waterweg Hoek van Holland (literally Corner of Holland, but known in English as the Hook or Hook of Holland) is a town in South Holland in the Netherlands. ... Old watertower in Esbjerg View to Esbjerg harbour from the watertower (May 2005) Map of the municipality Esbjerg is a municipality (Danish, kommune) in Region Syddanmark (South Denmark Region) on the west coast of the Jutland peninsula in southwest Denmark. ... Cuxhaven beach at sunset Cuxhaven is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany, with about 55000 inhabitants. ... , The Queen Elizabeth II Bridge The Dartford Crossing joins Dartford and Thurrock across the River Thames, to the east of London. ... , Dartford is the principal town in the borough of Dartford. ... For other uses, see Kent (disambiguation). ... This article is about the River Thames in southern England. ... Gravesend is a town in northwest Kent, England, on the south bank of the Thames, opposite Tilbury in Essex. ...


The M25 motorway and M11 motorway both cross the county, and the A12 and A13 trunk roads are important radial routes from London. There is an extensive public transport network. [4] The M25 motorway looking south between junctions 14 and 15, near Heathrow Airport. ... This page is about the M11 motorway in England. ... The A12 is a major road in England, a trunk road for most of its length, running from London to Great Yarmouth in Norfolk. ... The A13 is a trunk road in England linking the City of London with East London and south Essex. ...


The main rail routes include:

The Epping Forest district is served by the London Underground Central Line. Motto: Domine dirige nos Latin: Lord, guide us Shown within Greater London Sovereign state Constituent country Region Greater London Status City and Ceremonial County Admin HQ Guildhall Government  - Leadership see text  - Mayor David Lewis  - MP Mark Field  - London Assembly John Biggs Area  - Total 1. ... Southend-on-Sea is a resort town in Essex, England. ... For other uses, see C2C. c2c is a train operating company that provides train services, on a franchise basis, on the London, Tilbury & Southend line from Fenchurch Street in the City of London to East London and the entire length of the northern Thames Gateway area including Basildon, Chafford Hundred... Fenchurch Street is a railway station in the south eastern corner of the City of London close by the Tower of London and two miles (3. ... One Railway (or simply One) is the brand name of London Eastern Railway Ltd, a British company which operates local, suburban and express services from London Liverpool Street in the City of London to East and North London, Essex, Hertfordshire, Cambridgeshire and East Anglia, otherwise known as the Greater Anglia... Liverpool Street station, also called London Liverpool Street, is a mainline railway station and connected London Underground station in the north eastern corner of the City of London, the main financial district, with entrances on Bishopsgate and Liverpool Street itself. ... The Great Eastern Main Line, or the GE, is a major railway line of the British railway system, which connects Liverpool Street station in the City of London with destinations in east London and the East of England, including Ipswich, Norwich and several coastal resorts. ... Suffolk (pronounced ) is a large historic and modern non-metropolitan county in East Anglia, England. ... Norfolk (IPA: //) is a low-lying county in East Anglia in the east of southern England. ... The West Anglia Main Line is one of the two main lines which run from London Liverpool Street, the other being the Great Eastern Main Line. ... Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs) is a county in England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the northeast, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west. ... Epping Forest is a local government district of the county of Essex, England. ... The London Underground is an underground railway system - also known as a rapid transit system - that serves a large part of Greater London, United Kingdom and some neighbouring areas. ... London Transport Portal The Central Line is a line of the London Underground and coloured red on the tube map. ...


The routes operated by National Express East Anglia (formerly known as 'one') and c2c, are both owned by National Express. One Railway (or simply One) is the brand name of London Eastern Railway Ltd, a British company which operates local, suburban and express services from London Liverpool Street in the City of London to East and North London, Essex, Hertfordshire, Cambridgeshire and East Anglia, otherwise known as the Greater Anglia... For other uses, see C2C. c2c is a train operating company that provides train services, on a franchise basis, on the London, Tilbury & Southend line from Fenchurch Street in the City of London to East London and the entire length of the northern Thames Gateway area including Basildon, Chafford Hundred... National Express coach on route 561 National Express is the brand under which the majority of long distance bus and coach services in the United Kingdom are marketed, and also the company that manages this network and operates some of the services. ...


Economy

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Essex at current basic prices published (pp.240-253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of Pounds Sterling.

Year Regional Gross Value Added[8] Agriculture[9] Industry[10] Services[11]
1995 11,422 282 3,424 7,716
2000 14,998 205 4,335 10,458
2003 18,588 258 5,158 13,172

Industry and commerce

The Lakeside Shopping Centre at Thurrock was one of England's first out-of-town shopping centres; it remains popular despite congestion on the nearby M25 motorway and direct competition from Bluewater Shopping Centre. This article is about the shopping centre in West Thurrock. ... Thurrock is a unitary authority with borough status in the East of England. ... Bluewater Shopping Centre is a large out-of-town shopping mall located in Greenhithe in the borough of Dartford, just outside London in north-west Kent. ...


Industry is largely limited to the south of the county, with the majority of the land elsewhere being given over to agriculture. Harlow is a centre for electronics, science and pharmaceutical companies, while Chelmsford is the home of Marconi (now called telent plc and owned by Ericsson of Sweden since 2005), and Brentwood home to the Ford Motor Company's European HQ. Loughton is home to the production facility for British and foreign banknotes. Chelmsford has been an important location for electronics companies since the industry was born, and is also the location for a number of insurance and financial services organisations, and is the home of the soft drinks producer Britvic. Other businesses in the county are dominated by light engineering and the service sector. Colchester is a garrison town, and the local economy is helped by the army's personnel living there. Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmakon (φάρμακον) meaning drug, and lego (λέγω) to tell (about)) is the study of how drugs interact with living organisms to produce a change in function. ... The telent plc is a radio, telecommunication, and internet equipment manufacturing company, formerly known as The General Electric Company (GEC), Marconi plc and Marconi Corporation plc. ... Ericsson () NASDAQ: ERIC. Founded in 1876, Ericsson is a leading provider of communications networks, related services and handset technology platforms. ... “Ford” redirects here. ... For other places with the same name, see Loughton (disambiguation). ... A £20 Ulster Bank banknote. ... This article is about the engineering discipline. ... Britvic LSE: BVIC is a British producer of soft drinks. ... The tertiary sector of industry, also called the service sector or the service industry, is one of the three main industrial categories of a developed economy, the others being the secondary industry (manufacturing and primary goods production such as agriculture), and primary industry (extraction such as mining and fishing). ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ...


Education

Essex has an essentially comprehensive education system with 16 independent schools and 80 state secondary schools, not including sixth form colleges. There are four selective schools with two in Colchester and two in Chelmsford, all being single sex. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... A sixth form college is an educational institution in England, Wales or Northern Ireland where students aged 16 to 18 complete post-compulsary further education qualifications, such as A Levels. ...


County emblems

The County's coat of arms consists of three Saxon seax daggers arranged on a red background; the three-seaxe device is also used as the official logo of Essex County Council.[5]. A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... Some Merovingian seaxes The remains of a seax together with a reconstructed replica A Seax (also Hadseax, Sax, Seaxe, Scramaseax and Scramsax), was a type of Germanic single-edged knife. ...


The traditional county flower of Essex is the Cowslip, locally known as the paigle or peggle, and frequently mentioned in the writings of Essex bucolic authors such as Samuel Bensusan and C. H. Warren. As part of a 2002 marketing campaign, the plant conservation charity Plantlife chose the Common Poppy as the county flower.[citation needed]. Cowslips (Primula veris) are low growing plants with yellow flowers from the Primrose Genus. ... Plantlife is a U.K. plant conservation charity. ... Binomial name Papaver rhoeas L. The Corn Poppy or Red Poppy is the wild poppy of agricultural cultivation—Papaver rhoeas. ... A county flower is a flowering plant chosen to symbolise a county. ...


Samuel Bensusan and others have suggested that if Essex had a county bird, it would be the Lapwing (known locally as the peewit) whose lonely cry characterises the Essex marshes known as saltings. Genera Erthrogonys Vanellus Lapwings are medium-sized wading birds belonging to the subfamily Vanellinae of the family Charadriidae, which also includes the plovers and dotterels. ...


Most English counties have nicknames for people from that county, such as a Tyke from Yorkshire and a Yellowbelly from Lincolnshire; the traditional nickname for a person from Essex is an Essex Calf, so named because the county was famous for rearing beef cattle for sale in London meat markets; calves from the county were famed for their large size and known as 'Essex lions' [6]. Tyke can refer to: A Mixed-breed dog The Yorkshire dialect or a Yorkshireman A child The rapper or hip-hop musician name Tyke This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Yorkshire is a historic county of northern England. ... The term Yellowbelly might refer to: A Yellowbelly (Lincolnshire) Yellowbelly (band), Texas The golden perch, an Australian fish, also called callop The Yellowbelly Rockcod — a fish (Notothenia coriiceps) The Yellowbelly Slider — an aquatic turtle found in the south-eastern United States The Eastern Yellowbelly Racer — a snake (Coluber constrictor flaviventris... For other places with the same name, see Lincolnshire (disambiguation). ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ...


Towns and villages

See the List of places in Essex This is a list of cities, towns and villages in the county of Essex, England. ...


Places of interest

Key
Image:AP_Icon.PNG Abbey/Priory/Cathedral
Accessible open space Accessible open space
Amusement/Theme Park
Image:CL_icon.svg Castle
Country Park Country Park
English Heritage
Image:Forestry commission logo.svg Forestry Commission
Heritage railway Heritage railway
Historic house Historic House
Museum (free)
Museum
Museums (free/not free)
National Trust National Trust
Zoo

Abberton Reservoir is an artificial body of water located close to the coast of Essex in the east of England. ... Arena Essex Raceway is a stock car and speedway racing track located near Purfleet, Essex. ... Audley End House (Grid reference TL524381) is largely an early 17th-century country house just outside Saffron Walden, Essex, south of Cambridge, England. ... Historic House icon For use with Template:EngPlacesKey or any other use. ... Colchester Castle Colchester castle is an almost unique example of a largely complete Norman castle, built in the same style as the White Tower of the Tower of London. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Town - Clacton-on-Sea Location - Essex, England Founded - 1871 Population (1991) - 45,065 Clacton-on-Sea is the largest town on the Tendring Peninsula, in Essex, England. ... Description The Colne Valley Railway is a heritage railway based at Castle Hedingham station, near Halstead in Essex, United Kingdom. ... icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest, created by Joe D File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK Wikipedians notice... The museum and station The East Anglian Railway Museum is located at Chappel and Wakes Colne railway station in Essex, which is situated on the former Great Eastern Railway branch line from Marks Tey to Sudbury. ... icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest, created by Joe D File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK Wikipedians notice... Epping Forest is an area of ancient woodland in south-east England, straddling the border between north-east Greater London and Essex. ... Harlow is a new town and local government district in Essex, England. ... Castle Hedingham, Essex, United Kingdom Hedingham Castle dates from shortly after the Norman Conquest of 1066. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For the Gorillazs self-titled debut album, see Gorillaz (album). ... The Mangapps Railway Museum (previously Mangapps Farm Railway Museum) is a heritage railway located near Burnham-on-Crouch in Essex. ... icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest, created by Joe D File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK Wikipedians notice... icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest, created by Joe D File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK Wikipedians notice... Burnham-on-Crouch is a town in Essex, England, lying on the River Crouch. ... Mistley Towers. ... St. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The University of Essex rules is a British plate glass university. ... Waltham Abbey in the town of Waltham Abbey, Essex, England was founded in 1030 and a building was constructed on the site by Harold Godwinson thirty years later. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Colchester Zoo in Essex, England has some of the best cat and primate collections in Europe. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... North Weald Airfield (IATA: N/A, ICAO: EGSX) is an operational airfield, near the village of North Weald Bassett in Epping Forest, Essex. ... Southend pier from the land Southend Pier is a major landmark in Southend-on-Sea. ... Image File history File links Country_Park1. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Abbeys and priories in England is a link page for any abbey, priory, friary or other monastic religious house in England. ... Access Land icon for use on UK lists of places of interest, created by Joe D. File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This is a list of amusement parks which are or were based in the UK. Alton Towers Adventure Island American Adventure Barry Island Pleasure Park Blackpool Pleasure Beach Blackgang Chine Brean Leisure Park Brighton Pier Camelot Theme Park Chessington World of Adventures Clarence Pier Crealy Dobwalls Diggerland Drayton Manor Dreamland... Castles in England is a link page for any castle in England. ... Image File history File links Country_Park1. ... A country park is an area designated for people to visit and enjoy recreation in a countryside environment. ... The standard of English Heritage English Heritage is a non-departmental public body of the United Kingdom government (Department for Culture, Media and Sport) with a broad remit of managing the historic environment of England. ... The Forestry Commission (established in 1919) is a non ministerial Government Department responsible for forestry in Great Britain. ... icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest, created by Joe D File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK Wikipedians notice... A scene on a heritage railway. ... Historic House icon For use with Template:EngPlacesKey or any other use. ... Historic houses in England is a link page for any stately home, country house or other historic house in England. ... icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest, created by Joe D File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK Wikipedians notice... icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest, created by Joe D File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK Wikipedians notice... The Palais du Louvre in Paris, which houses the Musée du Louvre, one of the worlds most famous museums, and most certainly the largest. ... The standard of the National Trust The National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, usually known as The National Trust, is a British preservation organization. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The following is a partial list of zoological gardens (zoos): // Egypt Giza Zoo Alexandria Zoo Qariyet El Assad (Lions Village) South Africa National Zoo, Pretoria Johannesburg Zoo[1] East London Tanzania Saa Nane Museum and Zoo, Mwanza Afghanistan Kabul Zoo, Kabul Bangladesh Dhaka Zoo, Mirpur, Dhaka China Beijing Zoo Chengdu...

Twinning

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ...   (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chiang-su; Postal map spelling: Kiangsu) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located along the east coast of the country. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Coat of arms of Picardy Picardy (French: Picardie) is an historical province of France, in the north of France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... The Free State of Thuringia (German: Freistaat Thüringen) is located in central Germany and is considered one of the smaller of Germanys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states), with an area of 16,200 km² and 2. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Henrico County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia, a state of the United States. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...

References

  1. ^ Essex County Council - District or Borough Councils
  2. ^ OPSI - The Essex (Boroughs of Colchester, Southend-on-Sea and Thurrock and District of Tendring) (Structural, Boundary and Electoral Changes) Order 1996
  3. ^ OPSI - The Essex (Police Area and Authority) Order 1997
  4. ^ Vision of Britain - Essex ancient county boundaries map
  5. ^ a b Vision of Britain - Essex admin county (historic map)
  6. ^ Vision of Britain - Southend-on-Sea MB/CB
  7. ^ British History Online - Metropolitan Essex since 1850, (1966).
  8. ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
  9. ^ includes hunting and forestry
  10. ^ includes energy and construction
  11. ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured

See also

The earthquake known as the Colchester Earthquake occurred on April 22, 1884, and caused considerable damage in Colchester and the surrounding villages in Essex, England. ... Earl of Essex is a title that has been held by several families and individuals, of which the best-known and most closely associated with the title was Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex (1566 - 1601). ... Essex County Cricket Club is one of the 18 major county clubs which make up the English domestic cricket structure, representing the historic county of Essex. ... A pillbox on the GHQ Line The GHQ Line was a defence line built in the United Kingdom during World War II to contain an expected German invasion. ... This article lists all secondary school in the county of Essex in the United Kingdom. ... Essex is a town in Middlesex County, Connecticut, United States. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Essex
Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
County of Essex (408 words)
Essex County is Canada's southernmost county, spanning 1720.00 km²;.
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The ancient county of Essex enjoys a mild climate, the driest in the British Isles, which offers a variety of soils from heavy clay to light chalk.
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Walk through the countryside, sail the rivers and estuaries, notice the environment, respond to the urban world and its rich history and cultural diversity, drive the roads and lanes, wander on coastal paths or on some of the several long distance footpaths, be a ‘social geographer’.
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