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Encyclopedia > Essen

Coordinates: 51°27′N 7°1′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Essen
Coat of arms of Essen Location of Essen in Germany

Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Administrative region Düsseldorf
District urban district
Population 584,295 source (2006)
Area 210.32 km²
Population density 2,787 /km²
Elevation 116 m
Coordinates 51°27′ N 7°1′ E
Postal code 45001-45359
Area code 0201, 02054
Licence plate code E
Mayor Wolfgang Reiniger (CDU)
Website essen.de

Essen [ˈɛsn̩] is a city in the center of the Ruhr Area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Located on the Ruhr River, its population of approximately 584,295 (as of December 31, 2005) makes it the 7th- or 8th-largest city in Germany. The city was recently appointed European Capital of Culture for 2010 representing the whole Ruhr Area and is both member of and seat to several regional development organizations, most importantly the Regionalverband Ruhrgebiet. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Lage_der_Stadt_Essen_in_Deutschland. ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... North Rhine-Westphalia (German: , usually shortened to NRW) is - in terms of population and economic output - the largest and westernmost Federal State of Germany. ... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... Düsseldorf is one of the five Regierungsbezirke of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, located in the north-west of the country. ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... This is a list of urban districts in Germany. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... See Cartesian coordinate system or Coordinates (elementary mathematics) for a more elementary introduction to this topic. ... German Postleitzahl map of the first two digits Postal codes in Germany, known as Postleitzahl (pl. ... see also Telephone numbering plan of Germany for further codes including service numbers, cell phones etc. ... German car number plates (Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU - Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the largest conservative political party in Germany. ... A website (or Web site) is a collection of web pages, images, videos and other digital assets and hosted on a particular domain or subdomain on the World Wide Web. ... Map of the Ruhr Area The Ruhr Area (German Ruhrgebiet, colloquially Ruhrpott or Kohlenpott or simply Pott) is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, consisting of a number of large (former) industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhr to the south, Rhine to the west, and Lippe to... North Rhine-Westphalia (German: , usually shortened to NRW) is - in terms of population and economic output - the largest and westernmost Federal State of Germany. ... For the conurbation see Ruhr Area. ... The European Capital of Culture is a city designated by the European Union for a period of one year during which it is given a chance to showcase its cultural life and cultural development. ...


Formerly one of Germany's most important coal and steel centers, Essen has developed a strong tertiary sector of industry and is home to 13 of the 100 largest German corporations. Due to its industrial history, the city was chosen in 1958 to serve as the seat of a Roman-Catholic diocese, the Diocese of Essen (Ruhrbistum). In early 2003, the universities of Essen and its neighboring city of Duisburg (both established in 1972) were merged into the University of Duisburg-Essen with campuses in both cities and a university hospital in Essen. This box:      The tertiary sector of industry (also known as the service sector or the service industry) is one of the three main industrial categories of a developed economy, the others being the secondary industry (manufacturing), and primary industry (extraction such as mining, agriculture and fishing). ... A corporation (usually known in the United Kingdom and Ireland as a company) is a legal entity (distinct from a natural person) that often has similar rights in law to those of a Civil law systems may refer to corporations as moral persons; they may also go by the name... Pope Pius XI blesses Bishop Stephen Alencastre as fifth Apostolic Vicar of the Hawaiian Islands in a Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace window. ... Duisburg is a German city and port in the western part of the Ruhr Area (Ruhrgebiet) in North Rhine-Westphalia. ... The University of Duisburg-Essen (shortly refered to as Uni DuE) is a university institution situated in the German federal state of North-Rhine Westphalia. ... A university hospital is an institution which combines the services of a hospital with the education of medical students and with medical research. ...

Contents

Geography

View over the center Essen from the "Tetraeder" landmark in Bottrop. In the background the Ruhr Heights.
View over the center Essen from the "Tetraeder" landmark in Bottrop. In the background the Ruhr Heights.

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 272 pixel Image in higher resolution (1564 × 532 pixel, file size: 96 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Beschreibung: Die Essener Innenstadt vom Tetraeder in Bottrop fotografiert. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 272 pixel Image in higher resolution (1564 × 532 pixel, file size: 96 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Beschreibung: Die Essener Innenstadt vom Tetraeder in Bottrop fotografiert. ... Map of Germany showing Bottrop Bottrop is a city in west central Germany, on the Rhine-Herne Canal, in North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen). ... For the conurbation see Ruhr Area. ...

Location

Essen lies in the center of the Ruhr area north of the Ruhr river, which forms the artificial Lake Baldeney in the boroughs of Kupferdreh, Heisingen and Werden. The lake dates from 1931 - 1933, when 10,000 unemployed coal miners dredged it in exchange for bread and beer [1]. The lowest point can be found in the Northern borough of Karnap at 26.5 m, the highest point in the borough of Heidhausen (202,5 m). The average elevation is 116 m. The city extends over 21 km from north to south and 17 km from west to east. Map of the Ruhr Area The Ruhr Area (German Ruhrgebiet, colloquially Ruhrpott or Kohlenpott or simply Pott) is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, consisting of a number of large (former) industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhr to the south, Rhine to the west, and Lippe to... For the conurbation see Ruhr Area. ... Ruhr bridge at Werden Werden is a borough of the city of Essen in Germany. ...


Neighbouring communes

The following towns and communes border on Essen in clockwise order: Gelsenkirchen, Bochum, Hattingen (Ennepe-Ruhr district), Velbert, Heiligenhaus, Ratingen (both Mettmann district), Mülheim an der Ruhr, Oberhausen, Bottrop as well as Gladbeck (Recklinghausen district). Gelsenkirchen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Bochum is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Hattingen is a German municipality in the district of Ennepe-Ruhr in North Rhine-Westphalia. ... The Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis is a district in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Velbert is a North-Rhine-Westphalian (Germany) city in the hills of the Berg. ... Heiligenhaus is a North-Rhine-Westphalian (Germany) city in suburban Rhine-Ruhr area. ... Ratingen is a North-Rhine-Westphalian (Germany) city in the northwestern part of Berg - about 12 km northeast of Düsseldorf. ... Mettmann is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Mülheim an der Ruhr, that calls itself City on the River, is a small to medium-sized city in [North Rhine-Westphalia]] in Germany. ... Oberhausen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Map of Germany showing Bottrop Bottrop is a city in west central Germany, on the Rhine-Herne Canal, in North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen). ... The city of Gladbeck (since 1919) is a community within the district of Recklinghausen in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Recklinghausen is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...


City districts

Map of Districts and Boroughs of Essen
Map of Districts and Boroughs of Essen

Essen is subdivided into nineteen suburban districts, called Stadtbezirke. Each Stadtbezirk has a local body (of nineteen members each) that has limited authority. Stadtbezirke have names that are often derived from the boroughs they comprise and are also referred to using Roman numerals. Essen has a total of fifty boroughs, most of which have originally been independent municipalities but were gradually incorporated from 1901 - 1975. The long-lasting process of city growth incorporation has lead to a strong identification of the population with "their" boroughs and to a rare peculiarity: The borough of Kettwig, located south of the Ruhr river, and which was not incorporated until 1975, has its own area code. Additionally (allegedly due to relatively high church tax incomes), the Archbishop of Cologne managed to keep Kettwig part of the Archbishopric of Cologne, whereas all other boroughs of Essen and some neighbouring cities constitute the Diocese of Essen. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A Stadtbezirk is a form of German city district. ... Roman numerals are a numeral system originating in ancient Rome, adapted from Etruscan numerals. ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... The Archbishopric of Cologne was one of the major ecclesiastical principalities of the Holy Roman Empire. ...


Climate

The average temperature is 9.6 °C, the average annual precipitation 829 mm. The coldest month of the year is January, when the average temperature is 1.5 °C. The warmest month is July, with an average temperature of 17.5 °C. Most rain falls in August (90 mm).


History

Origin of the name

Essen on an engraving from 1647
Essen on an engraving from 1647

Contrary to popular belief, the name Essen does not refer to food (also Essen in German), but seems to have originated from the very old word Asnithi, which may have referred either to a region in the East or to a region where many Ash trees (Eschen) were found. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 278 pixel Image in higher resolution (2536 × 880 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 278 pixel Image in higher resolution (2536 × 880 pixel, file size: 1. ... Species See text European Ash in flower Narrow-leafed Ash (Fraxinus angustifolia) shoot with leaves Closeup of European Ash seeds 19th century illustration of Manna Ash (Fraxinus ornus) An ash can be any of four different tree genera from four very distinct families (see end of page for disambiguation), but...


Early history

The oldest archeological finds date back to 280,000 B.C. (Vogelheimer Klinge, named after the borough of Vogelheim). Other finds date to between 120,000 and 10,000 years old.


Essen was part of the settlement areas of multiple Germanic peoples (Chatti, Bructeri, Marsi), although a clear distinction among these groupings is difficult. The Chatti (also Catti) were an ancient Germanic tribe settled in central and northern Hesse and southern Lower Saxony, along the upper reaches of the Weser river and in the valleys and mountains of the Eder, Fulda and Werra river regions, a district approximately corresponding to Hesse-Cassel, though probably... The Bructeri were a Germanic tribe located in northwestern Germany (Soester Boerde), between the Lippe and Ems rivers south of the Teutoburg Forest, in present-day North Rhine-Westphalia around 100 BC through 350 AD. They formed an alliance with the Cherusci, the Marsi (Germanic) and the Chatti, under the... The Marsi (German: Marser) were a small Germanic tribe settled between the Rhine, Ruhr and Lippe rivers in northwest Germany. ...


The Alteburg castle in the South of Essen dates back to Celtic times (around 0), the Herrenburg to the 8th century. A Celtic cross. ...


Medieval and recent history

Essen was founded around 845 as a monastery for women. It was among the most important monasteries in the 10th century, when it was led by Mathilde, a granddaughter of emperor Otto I, and two other women who were related to the Ottonian emperors: Sophia, a sister of Otto III and Theophanu, a granddaughter of Otto II. After the end of the Ottonian dynasty, Essen lost its importance and until the 19th century remained a rather insignificant agricultural town. The mining of coal and ore led to the growth of the city and of the entire Ruhr area. The Krupp family comes from Essen; their works established steel production in Essen in 1811. After having undergone major economic changes after World War II, Essen now hosts a prestigious college of art, many industrial sites (such as Zeche Zollverein) and a major collection of art (Museum Folkwang). On April 11, 2006 "Essen for the Ruhrgebiet" was declared European Capital of Culture for 2010. Emperor Otto I Otto I the Great (November 23, 912 - May 7, 973), son of Henry I the Fowler, king of the Germans, and Matilda of Ringelheim, was Duke of Saxony, King of the Germans and arguably the first Holy Roman Emperor. ... Ottonian dynasty is a name sometimes given to a ruling dynasty of German kings, sometimes regarded as the first dynasty of the Holy Roman Empire, (though Charlemagne is commonly viewed as the original founder. ... Otto III in a medieval manuscript Otto III (980 – January 23, 1002, Paterno, Italy) was the fourth ruler of the Saxon or Ottonian dynasty. ... Otto II and Theophano. ... For the U.S. town, see Krupp, Washington. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Museum Folkwang is a major collection of 19th and 20th century art in Essen, Germany. ... April 11 is the 101st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (102nd in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The European Capital of Culture is a city designated by the European Union for a period of one year during which it is given a chance to showcase its cultural life and cultural development. ...


Politics

Old and new government seats: Essen Cathedral (front) and the city hall (background)
Old and new government seats: Essen Cathedral (front) and the city hall (background)

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 675 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: Essener Münster, im Hintergrund das Rathaus Source: photo taken by me, March 27, 2004 Photographer: Baikonur File links The following pages... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 675 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: Essener Münster, im Hintergrund das Rathaus Source: photo taken by me, March 27, 2004 Photographer: Baikonur File links The following pages...

Historical development

The administration of Essen had for a long time been in the hands of the princess-abbesses as heads of the Imperial Abbey of Essen. However, from the 14th century onward, the city council increasingly grew in importance. In 1335, it started choosing two burgomasters, one of whom was placed in charge of the treasury. In 1377, Essen was granted Reichsunmittelbarkeit [1] but had to abandon this privilege later on. Between the early 15th and 20th centuries, the political system of Essen underwent several changes, most importantly the introduction of the Reformation in 1563, the Prussian annexation of 1802 and the subsequent secularization of the principality in 1803. A Prince-abbott is a cleric (in casu a regular prelate) who is a prince of the church (like a prince-bishop) in the sense of an ex offico temporal lord of a feudal entity known as prince-abbacy of abbey-principality is an area that is ruled by the... A Reichsabt, literally Imperial Abbot or Abbot of the Empire, was an Abbot whose abbey was granted within the Holy Roman Empire the status of Reichsabtei (or Reichskloster), literally Imperial Abbey (or - Monastery), meaning that it enjoyed Reichsfreiheit, like an Imperial City, making him a prince of the church, with... Essen Cathedral (Essener Münster), former church of the abbey, overshadowed by the City Hall of modern Essen Cloister of the abbey church with the graveyard of the cathedral canons Essen Abbey (Stift Essen) was a collegiate foundation, or canonry, for women of the high nobility in Essen. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ... Events Abu Said dies and the Ilkhan khanate ends Slavery abolished in Sweden Charles I of Hungary allies with Poland against the Hapsburgs and Bohemians Carinthia and Carniola come under Habsburg rule. ... Burgomaster (alternatively spelled Burgomeister, literally translated meaning master of the citizens) is the English form, rendering (often the Anglo-Saxon equivalent Mayor is substituted) various terms in or derived from Germanic languages for the chief magistrate and/or chairman of the executive council of a sub-national level of administration... // Events January 17 – Pope Gregory XI enters Rome. ... The Reichsfreiheit or Reichsunmittelbarkeit (adjectives reichsfrei, reichsunmittelbar) was a special, privileged status a city or region could attain in the Holy Roman Empire. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ... Events February 1 - Sarsa Dengel succeeds his father Menas as Emperor of Ethiopia February 18 - The Duke of Guise is assassinated while besieging Orléans March - Peace of Amboise. ... Annexation (Latin ad, to, and nexus, joining) is the legal incorporation of some territory into another geo-political entity (either adjacent or non-contiguous). ... --69. ... Secularization or secularisation is a process of transformation as a society slowly migrates from close identification with the local institutions of religion to a more clearly separated relationship. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


During the time of Nazi Germany, the Lord Mayors were installed by the NSDAP. After World War II, the military government of the British occupation zone installed a new lord mayor and a municipal constitution modeled on that of British cities. Later, the Rat der Stadt was again elected by the population. The Lord Mayor was elected by the council as its head and as the city's main representative. The administration was led by a full time Oberstadtdirektor. In 1999, the position of Oberstadtdirektor was abolished in North Rhine-Westphalia and the Lord Mayor became both main representative and administrative head. In addition, the population now elects the Lord Mayor directly. Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Councillor Patrick (Pat) John Stannard, Lord Mayor of Oxford (2004). ... The Nazi swastika The National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei), better known as the NSDAP or the Nazi Party was a political party that was led to power in Germany by Adolf Hitler in 1933. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... A military government is a form of government wherein the political power resides within the military and may either refer to a military dictatorship or to the government installed by a foreign power during belligerent occupation. ... The Elections and Parties Series Democracy Liberal democracy History of democracy Representative democracy Representation Voting Voting systems Elections Elections by country Elections by calender Electoral systems Politics Politics by country Political campaigns Political science Political philosophy Related topics Political parties Parties by country Parties by name Parties by ideology Representative... In political science and constitutional law, the executive is the branch of government responsible for the day-to-day management of the state. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... North Rhine-Westphalia (German: , usually shortened to NRW) is - in terms of population and economic output - the largest and westernmost Federal State of Germany. ...


City council

how bout no scott Dr. Wolfgang Reiniger (CDU) was elected Lord Mayor and the following political parties gained seats in the city council: The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU - Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the largest conservative political party in Germany. ... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A political party is a political organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ...

CDU
(Christian Democrats)
SPD
(Social Democrats)
GRÜNE
(Greens)
Essener
Bürgerbündnis
(Independent)
FDP
Alternative Essen
(Liberals)
REP
(National Conservatives)
PDS
(Democratic Socialists)
DKP
(Communists)
Essen steht AUF (MLPD)
(Marxist-Leninists)
Total
32 28 9 2 5 2 2 1 1 82

The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU - Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the largest conservative political party in Germany. ... Christian Democracy is a diverse political ideology and movement. ... The Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD – Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands) is the second oldest political party of Germany still in existence and also one of the oldest and largest in the world, celebrating its 140th anniversary in 2003. ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... Party symbol of Bündnis 90/Die Grünen Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (literally: Alliance 90/The Greens), the German Green Party, is a political party in Germany whose regional predecessors were founded in the late 1970s as part of the new social movements. ... Green parties around the world are formally organized political parties (and political movements) based on the Four Pillars of the Green Party and similar value systems, referred to as Green Parties (capitalized) or green parties (lower case) that share only parts of this common value system. ... Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | German political parties | Liberal parties ... Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical view, and political tradition which holds that liberty is the primary political value. ... The Republicans (German: Die Republikaner; REP) is a national conservative political party in Germany. ... The Party of the Left. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Categories: German political parties | Stub | Communist parties ... Communism is an ideology that seeks to establish a classless, stateless social organization based on common ownership of the means of production. ... Election placard of the Marxist-Leninist Party of Germany for the German federal election, 2005. ... Vladimir Lenin in 1920 Leninism is a political and economic theory which builds upon Marxism; it is a branch of Marxism (and it has been the dominant branch of Marxism in the world since the 1920s). ...

Coat of arms

Coat of arms of Essen
Coat of arms of Essen
Handelshof hotel with modified coat of arms and unofficial motto
Handelshof hotel with modified coat of arms and unofficial motto

The coat of arms of the city of Essen is an heraldic peculiarity. Granted in 1886, it is a so-called Allianzwappen (arms of alliance) and consists of two separate shields under a single crown. Most other coats of arms of cities show a wall instead of a crown. The crown, however, does not refer to the city of Essen itself, but instead to the secularized ecclesiastical principality of Essen under the reign of the princess-abbesses. The heraldically right shield shows the double-headed Imperial Eagle of the Holy Roman Empire, granted to the city in 1623. The left shield is one of the eldest arms of Essen and shows a sword that people believed was used to behead the city's patrons Saints Cosmas and Damian. The sword in the Cathedral Treasury referred to, however, seems to be much younger [2]. A slightly modified and more heraldically correct version of the arms can be found on the roof of the Handelshof hotel near the main station. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 663 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: Hotel Handelshof in Essen Source: photo taken by me, March 2005 Photographer: Baikonur File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 663 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: Hotel Handelshof in Essen Source: photo taken by me, March 2005 Photographer: Baikonur File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia... // Background The German Mediatisation is a name applied to the series of mediatisations and secularisations which occurred in Germany during the Napoleonic Era (occurring 1795 - 1814AD). ... A principality is a monarchical feudatory or sovereign state, ruled or reigned over by a Monarch with the title of prince or princess (a synonym is princedom) or (in the widest sense) a Monarch with another title within the generic use of the term prince. ... Essen Cathedral (Essener Münster), former church of the abbey, overshadowed by the City Hall of modern Essen Cloister of the abbey church with the graveyard of the cathedral canons Essen Abbey (Stift Essen) was a collegiate foundation, or canonry, for women of the high nobility in Essen. ... The extent of the Holy Roman Empire in c. ... Saint Quentin is the patron saint of locksmiths and is also invoked against coughs and sneezes. ... The Beheading of Cosmas and Damian, by Fra Angelico Saints Cosmas and Damian (died 303) were twins and early Christian martyrs, born in Cilicia, or in Arabia, who practiced the art of healing in the seaport of Ægea (modern Ayash) in the Gulf of Iskanderun, then in the Roman province...


Sister Cities

Essen's sister cities are: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm Town twinning or sister cities is a concept whereby towns or cities from geographically and politically distinct areas are paired, with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The City of Sunderland is a metropolitan borough in the metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear in North East England. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland_(bordered). ... Tampere ( , Swedish name Tammerfors) is a city in southern Finland located between two lakes, Näsijärvi and Pyhäjärvi, at . ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Grenoble (Arpitan: Grasanòbol) is a city and commune in south-east France, situated at the foot of the Alps, at the confluence of the Drac into the Isère River. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia_(bordered). ... Nizhny Novgorod (Russian: ), colloquially shortened as Nizhny and also transliterated into English as Nizhniy Novgorod or Nizhni Novgorod or Nizhnii Novgorod, is the fourth largest city of Russia, ranking after Moscow, St. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel_(bordered). ... Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ...

Industry and infrastructure

Major companies based in Essen

Essen is seat to several large companies, among them Germany's fifth-largest industrial enterprise RWE AG. The ThyssenKrupp industrial conglomerate with its seats in Essen and Duisburg originates from a 1999 merger between Duisburg-based Thyssen AG and Essen-based Friedrich Krupp AG Hoesch-Krupp. Other companies include Germany's largest construction company, Hochtief AG (a former RWE subsidiary), as well as ALDI North, KarstadtQuelle AG, Medion AG and Deichmann (Europe's largest shoe retailer). With Eon-Ruhrgas AG, Germany's largest gas company also has its seat in Essen. The Coca-Cola Company also had its German headquarters in Essen until 2003, when it was moved to Berlin. RWE AG, until 1990 named Rheinisch-Westfälisches Elektrizitätswerk AG, is a German public utility and electric power company based in Essen. ... German industrial company ThyssenKrupp AG, with about 200,000 employees, mainly operates in the steel industry, but also in the automotive, industrial construction, and shipbuilding areas, as well as manufacturing lifts and providing other technologies and services. ... Duisburg is a German city and port in the western part of the Ruhr Area (Ruhrgebiet) in North Rhine-Westphalia. ... For the U.S. town, see Krupp, Washington. ... The facade of the greater temple at Abu Simbel, moved to escape the rising Nile. ... ALDI is a discount supermarket chain based in Germany and one of the largest retail chains in its home market. ... Karstadt in Frankfurt KarstadtQuelle AG is a German department store corporation, the largest in Europe. ... Medion is a German company which sells consumer electronics products. ... The Heinrich Deichmann-Schuhe GmbH & Co. ... The Coca-Cola Company (NYSE: KO) is the largest manufacturer, distributor and marketer of nonalcoholic beverage concentrates and syrups in the world. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Berlin is the capital city and one of the sixteen states of the Federal Republic of Germany. ...


how about no scott biggest consumer fair for gaming (SPIEL, also occasion of the presentation of the Essen Feather and of the Deutscher Spiele Preis), the FIBO (fitness & wellness) and YOU, the largest European youth fair. Other important fairs include E-WORLD - ENERGY & WATER, 'Security' (security and fire protection) and Essen Motor Show. Spiel is an American English slang word, or Scottish English dialect word, referring to a rant or monologue, perhaps of a dishonest or misleading nature. ... The Essen Feather (German: Essener Feder) is an award for German-style board games, given at the Deutscher Spiele Preis ceremony at the October game fair in Essen, Germany. ... The Deutscher Spiele Preis (German for German Game Prize) is an award for German-style games. ... The Essen Motor Show is an auto show. ...


Media

The Westdeutscher Rundfunk has a studio in Essen, which is responsible for the central Ruhr Area. Each day, it produces a 30-minute regional evening news magazine (called Lokalzeit Ruhr), a 5-minute afternoon news program, and several radio news programs. The Essen-based WAZ-Mediengruppe (WAZ Media Group) is one of the most important (print) media companies in Europe and publishes the Ruhr Area's two most important daily newspapers, Westdeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung (WAZ; 580.000 copies) and Neue Ruhr/Rhein Zeitung (NRZ; 180.000 copies). In Essen, the WAZ Group also publishes the local Borbecker Nachrichten (at times Germany's largest local newspaper) and Werdener Nachrichten, both of which are formerly independent weekly newspapers for parts of Essen. The Westdeutsche Rundfunk (WDR) is a public broadcaster in the German Bundesland North Rhine-Westphalia with its main office is in Köln. ... Map of the Ruhr Area The Ruhr Area (German Ruhrgebiet, colloquially Ruhrpott or Kohlenpott or simply Pott) is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, consisting of a number of large (former) industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhr to the south, Rhine to the west, and Lippe to...


Education

One renowned educational institution in Essen is the Folkwang Hochschule, a University of the Arts founded in 1927, with locations in Essen, Duisburg, Bochum and Dortmund. Bochum is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Dortmund is a city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. ...


The University of Duisburg-Essen, which resulted from a 2003 merger of the universities of Essen and Duisburg (both established in 1972), is one of Germany's "youngest" universities. One of its primary research areas is urban systems (i.e., sustainable development, logistics and transportation), a theme largely inspired by the highly urbanized Ruhr area. Other fields include nanotechnology, discrete mathematics and "education in the 21st century". Another university in Essen is the private Fachhochschule für Oekonomie und Management, a university of applied sciences with over 6000 students and branches in 15 other major cities throughout Germany. The University of Duisburg-Essen (shortly refered to as Uni DuE) is a university institution situated in the German federal state of North-Rhine Westphalia. ... Buckminsterfullerene C60, also known as the buckyball, is the simplest of the carbon structures known as fullerenes. ... Discrete mathematics, also called finite mathematics, is the study of mathematical structures that are fundamentally discrete, in the sense of not supporting or requiring the notion of continuity. ...


Medicine

Essen offers a highly diversified health care system with more than 1,000 resident doctors, 350 dentists and almost 6,000 beds in 13 hospitals, including a university hospital. The university hospital dates back to 1909, when the city council established a municipal hospital; although it was largely destroyed during World War II, it was later rebuilt, and finally gained the title of a university hospital in 1963. It focuses on diseases of the circulatory system (West German Heart Centre Essen), oncology and transplantation medicine, with the department of bone marrow transplantation being the second-largest of its kind in the world. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Oncology is the medical subspecialty dealing with the study and treatment of cancer. ... An organ transplant is the moving of a whole or partial organ from one body to another (or from a donor site on the patients own body), for the purpose of replacing the recipients damaged or failing organ with a working one from the donor site. ... Bone marrow transplantation or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a medical procedure in the field of hematology and oncology that involves transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC). ...


Transportation

Ruhrschnellweg
Ruhrschnellweg

The road network of Essen consists of 3,227 streets, which in total have a length of 1,595 km. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1144x856, 168 KB) Summary Description: Autobahn 40 facing westwards, taken from footbridge near the Essen-Huttrop exchange. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1144x856, 168 KB) Summary Description: Autobahn 40 facing westwards, taken from footbridge near the Essen-Huttrop exchange. ...


Freeways

The Ruhrschnellweg (A40) runs directly through the city, dividing it roughly in half. A tunnel was built in the 1970s, when the then-Bundesstraße was upgraded to Autobahn standards, so that the A40 is hidden from public view in the inner-city district near the main station. As with most freeways in the Ruhr Area, the Ruhrschnellweg suffers from congestion during rush hours, which is why many people in the area do not call it Ruhrschnellweg (Ruhr fast way) but instead the Ruhrschleichweg (Ruhr crawling way). Other major Autobahns include the A52, which crosses the city limits at Kettwig, continues past the fairground through the southern borough of Rüttenscheid, and then merges with the Ruhrschnellweg at the Autobahndreieck Essen-Ost junction. A proposed extension to replace B224 in the northern boroughs has not yet materialized. In the northern borough of Karnap, the A42 briefly touches Essen territory, serving as an interconnection between the cities of Oberhausen and Gelsenkirchen. The A40 is one of the most frequented Autobahns in Germany. ... Bundesstraßen are German and Austrian federal highways. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Map of the Ruhr Area The Ruhr Area (German Ruhrgebiet, colloquially Ruhrpott or Kohlenpott or simply Pott) is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, consisting of a number of large (former) industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhr to the south, Rhine to the west, and Lippe to... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Categories: Road stubs ... Old town Kettwig is the southernmost borough of the city of Essen in western Germany and, until 1975, was a town in its own right. ... The A40 is one of the most frequented Autobahns in Germany. ... In the field of road transport, a road junction is a place where two or more roads either meet or cross. ... Bundesautobahn 42 (translates from German as Federal Motorway 42, short form Autobahn 42, abbreviated as BAB 42 or A 42) is an autobahn in western Germany. ... Oberhausen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Gelsenkirchen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...


Public transport

Local transport is carried out by Essener Verkehrs-AG, a public company operating the Essen Stadtbahn (partly with used Docklands Light Rail stock), 7 tram and 48 bus lines (83 and 459 km total length, respectively). As a speciality, Essen has a Spurbus guided bus line on the median of the A40 autobahn connecting the city centre to the borough of Kray, as well as a Stadtbahn line on the median of the same autobahn leading towards Mülheim. The Docklands Light Railway (DLR) is a light rail public transport system for the redeveloped Docklands area of eastern London. ... Adelaide O-Bahn The guide wheel of a guided bus in Mannheim, Germany A Fastway bus in the guided bus lane on Southgate Avenue, Crawley Guided buses are buses steered for part or all of their route by external means, usually on a dedicated track. ... The A40 is one of the most frequented Autobahns in Germany. ... Stadtbahn signet as used in North Rhine-Westphalia Stadtbahn (literally in German: city railway) is a term for light rail systems in operation in Germany. ...


Via Essen Hauptbahnhof, the city is connected to the InterCityExpress network of high-speed trains and the general long distance networks operated by state-owned Deutsche Bahn. Minor so-called Regionalbahnhöfe (regional railway stations) are situated in the boroughs of Altenessen, Borbeck, Kray (south) and Steele, and 20 further S-Bahn stations in the whole urban area. The first railway line to run over now-Essen territory was the Köln-Mindener Eisenbahn, which opened in 1847 with a stop at Altenessen. The station still exists, though it was renamed from Essen to "Essen-Altenessen" when the Bergisch-Märkische Eisenbahn from Mülheim an der Ruhr to Bochum opened in 1862. Essen Hauptbahnhof (usually translated from German as Essen Central Station, short form: Essen Hbf) is the Hauptbahnhof for the city of Essen in western Germany. ... 3rd Generation ICE train The InterCityExpress or ICE is a high-speed train, built by Siemens AG and others, operated mainly in Germany and neighboring countries, for example to Zürich, Switzerland or Vienna, Austria. ... Germanys main train operator, the Deutsche Bahn AG (German Railway Corporation, also known as DB or DBAG) provides passenger and freight service via federally owned tracks. ... The S-Bahn is a suburban metro railway network in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. ... The Bergisch-Märkische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft was a railway company in Germany, developing the railway network in the Ruhr area together with the Köln-Mindener Eisenbahn during the 19th century. ... Mülheim an der Ruhr is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany. ... Bochum is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...


All local and DB regional traffic is subject to the fare structure of the VRR transportation association. VRR area The Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr (abbreviated VRR) is the public transport association covering the area of the Rhine-Ruhr megalopolis in Germany. ...


Sights in Essen

Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex in Essen1
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Zollverein Coal Mine, pit 12
State Party Flag of Germany Germany
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iii
Identification #975
Region2 Europe and North America
Inscription History
Formal Inscription: 2001
25th WH Committee Session
WH link: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/975

1 Name as officially inscribed on the WH List
2 As classified officially by UNESCO
UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (798x640, 198 KB) La bildo estas kopiita de wikipedia:de. ... As of 2006, there are a total of 830 World Heritage Sites located in 138 State Parties. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Europe. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...

Aalto Theater
Aalto Theater
The RWE Tower
The RWE Tower
Deutschlandhaus (1928)
Deutschlandhaus (1928)

Image File history File links Aalto-Theater_02. ... Image File history File links Aalto-Theater_02. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 448 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1712 × 2288 pixel, file size: 680 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: RWE-Turm in Essen Source: photo taken by me, March 2005 Photographer: Baikonur File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 448 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1712 × 2288 pixel, file size: 680 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: RWE-Turm in Essen Source: photo taken by me, March 2005 Photographer: Baikonur File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1512 × 2268 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1512 × 2268 pixel, file size: 2. ...

Zeche und Kokerei Zollverein

Coal mine (built in 1932, closed in 1986) and coking plant (built in 1961, closed in 1993). Visitors now have access to the precincts, which frequently house temporary art exhibitions. Once the largest coal mine in the world, it has been awarded World Cultural Heritage status by UNESCO. Zollverein is an Anchor Point of ERIH, The European Route of Industrial Heritage. A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain range, lake, desert, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated for the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee. ... The European Route of Industrial Heritage (ERIH) is a network of the most important industrial heritage sites in Europe. ...


Villa Hügel

Built at the end of the 19th century by industrial magnate Alfred Krupp, the real estate register formerly consideredthe 269-room mansion (8100 m²) as a single-family home. Today it often houses temporary art exhibitions and music concerts. The Krupp family is a prominent 400-year-old German family from Essen, famous for their steel production and manufacture of ammunition and armaments. ...


Essener Münster

14th-century cathedral with a westwork and crypt from the 10th century, rebuilt in 1958; not spectacular in appearance, but having some exquisite objects on display in the attached treasure house: Artworks from around 1000 AD, a crown of Emperor Otto III), the oldest preserved sculpture of the Virgin Mary in the world (Goldene Madonna, commonly referred to as Essen sein Schatz, in English, Essen's Treasure). The monumental, west-facing entrance section of a Carolingian, Ottonian, or Romanesque church. ... Crypt is also a commonly used name of water trumpets, aquatic plants. ... Otto III in a medieval manuscript Otto III (980 – January 23, 1002, Paterno, Italy) was the fourth ruler of the Saxon or Ottonian dynasty. ... The Golden Madonna of Essen The Golden Madonna of Essen is a gilded sculpture of the Virgin Mary and part of the treasury of the cathedral of Essen, a city in northwestern Germany. ... Look up Vernacular in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Alte Synagoge

The Jewish community inaugurated the synagogue in 1913. Destroyed by fire in the Nazi pogroms of 1938, it was restored after World War II. It stands as the largest synagogue north of the Alps. Alte Synagoge in Essen Alte Synagoge, Essen The Alte Synagoge (en: Old Synagogue) is a cultural meeting center and memorial place in the city of Essen. ... A synagogue (from Ancient Greek: , transliterated synagogē, assembly; Hebrew: ‎ beit knesset, house of assembly; Yiddish: , shul; Ladino: , esnoga) is a Jewish place of religious worship. ... Kristallnacht, also known as Reichskristallnacht, Pogromnacht, Crystal Night and the Night of Broken Glass, was a pogrom[1] against Jews throughout Germany and parts of Austria on November 9–10, 1938. ... The west face of the Petit Dru above the Chamonix valley near the Mer de Glace. ...


Essen city hall

Germany's highest city hall (106 metres), built from 1971 to 1979. Free guided tours offer a view from the 22nd floor, overlooking the city from 100 m above ground.


RWE tower

One of the largest skyscrapers in the Ruhr Area and corporate headquarters of the second largest electric power company in Germany (after E.ON) RWE AG, situated across the street from the Aalto theatre (Opernplatz 1). Map of the Ruhr Area The Ruhr Area (German Ruhrgebiet, colloquially Ruhrpott or Kohlenpott or simply Pott) is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, consisting of a number of large (former) industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhr to the south, Rhine to the west, and Lippe to... It has been suggested that VEBA be merged into this article or section. ... RWE AG, until 1990 named Rheinisch-Westfälisches Elektrizitätswerk AG, is a German public utilities and electric power company based in Essen. ...


Aalto Theater

Popular theatre designed by Finnish architect Alvar Aalto, opened in 1988. Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto (February 3, 1898 — May 11, 1976) was a Finnish architect and designer, sometimes called the Father of Modernism in the Nordic countries. ...


Essen-Werden

Once a town of its own, it became a borough of Essen in 1929; the center of the town has partly retained its medieval townscape with many pubs and restaurants. It stands near the Lake Baldeney and hosts the Folkwang College of Music and Performing Arts. Monastery Werden is a Benedictine monastery in Essen-Werden (Germany), situated along the Ruhr. ...


Kettwig

Located south of the Ruhr river, and also once a town of its own, it was incorporated in 1975. Until today, residents of Kettwig can only be called using an area code different from that of the rest of Essen. Additionally (allegedly because of relatively high church tax incomes), the Archbishop of Cologne managed to keep Kettwig part of the Archbishopric of Cologne, whereas all other parts of Essen and some neighbouring cities constitute the Diocese of Essen (Ruhrbistum). The Archbishopric of Cologne was one of the major ecclesiastical principalities of the Holy Roman Empire. ...


Baldeneysee

The big lake in the south of the city, a popular recreation area. It dates from 1931 - 1933, when 10,000 unemployed coal miners dredged it in exchange for bread and beer [2].


Messe Essen

The Essen fairgrounds (Messe Essen) often host large exhibitions, such as the Spiel game fair (October, also occasion of the presentation of the Essen Feather and of the Deutscher Spiele Preis), YOU (the largest European youth fair), Equitana (equitation) and Essen Motor Show. Spiel is an American English slang word, or Scottish English dialect word, referring to a rant or monologue, perhaps of a dishonest or misleading nature. ... The Essen Feather (German: Essener Feder) is an award for German-style board games, given at the Deutscher Spiele Preis ceremony at the October game fair in Essen, Germany. ... The Deutscher Spiele Preis (German for German Game Prize) is an award for German-style games. ... The Essen Motor Show is an auto show. ...


Notable people born in Essen

Christian Keller (born August 3, 1972 in Essen, North-Rhine Westphalia). ... For other persons named Jens Lehmann, see Jens Lehmann (disambiguation). ... Frank Mill (b. ... Diether Krebs (born 11 August 1947 in Essen, Germany; died 5 January 2000 in Hamburg) was a German actor, cabaret artist and comedian. ... Jürgen Bartsch (born November 6, 1946 in Essen; died April 28, 1976 in Eickelborn; original name Karl-Heinz Sadrozinski) was a German serial killer who murdered four children and attempted to kill another. ... Otto Rehhagel (born August 9, 1938 in Essen) is a German football coach and former football player. ... Elisabeth Volkmann (born 16 March 1936 Essen, Germany, died 27 July 2006 Munich, Germany) was a German actress and voice actor best known as the German voice of Marge Simpson in the German version of the Simpsons. ... Banker Alfred Herrhausen fell victim to a terrorist bomb shortly after leaving his home in Bad Homburg on the November 30, 1989. ... Helmut Rahn, known as Der Boss (The Boss), (born 16th August 1929 in Essen; died 14th August 2003) was a German football player. ... Dr. Uta Ranke-Heinemann (October 2, 1927, Essen -) is a Catholic theologian, academic and author. ... Theodor Paul Albrecht, generally known as Theo Albrecht (born March 28, 1922), is a German entrepreneur, who in 2004 was ranked by Forbes magazine as the 22nd richest person in the world, with a net worth of $18 billion. ... Hildegard Hamm-Brücher (born May 11, 1921, in Essen, Germany) is a prominent liberal politician in Germany. ... Karl Hans Albrecht (born 1920) is a German entrepreneur who founded the discount supermarket chain Aldi with his brother Theo. ... Günter dAlquen (October 24, 1910 - May 15, 1998) was Chief Editor of the SS weekly, Das Schwarze Korps (The Black Corps), and commander of the SS-Standarte Kurt Eggers. ... Peter Anders. ... The Krupp family is a prominent 400-year-old German family from Essen, famous for their steel production and manufacture of ammunition and armaments. ... For the U.S. town, see Krupp, Washington. ... Heinz Rühmann The title of this article contains the character ü. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Heinz Ruehmann. ... Josef Terboven Josef Antonius Heinrich Terboven (May 23, 1898 - May 8, 1945) was a Nazi leader most known for his brutal leadership during the Nazi occupation of Norway. ... Franz Blücher (born March 24, 1896 in Essen; died March 26, 1959 in Bad Godesberg) was a German politician of the Free Democratic Party (FDP), Free Peoples Party (FVP), a splitter party of the FDP, and the German Party (DP). ... Carl Humann (born January 4, 1839 in Steele, part of today’s Essen - Germany; † April 12, 1896 in Smyrna, today Ä°zmir - Turkey) was a German Engineer, Architect and Archaeologist. ... The front of the Pergamon Altar, as it is reconstructed in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin. ... The Krupp family is a prominent 400-year-old German family from Essen, famous for their steel production and manufacture of ammunition and armaments. ... Karl Baedeker Karl Baedeker (not Baedecker) (3 November 1801 – 4 October 1859) was a publisher whose company set the standard for authoritative guidebooks for tourists. ... Johann Julius Hecker (1707-68) was a German educator, born at Werden, Prussia. ... Ruhr bridge at Werden Werden is a borough of the city of Essen in Germany. ... Johan van Galen (1604 – 23 March 1653) was a Commodore in the navy of the United Provinces of the Netherlands. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Essen
  • Official city website
  • Essen City Panoramas — Panoramic Views and virtual Tours
  • University of Duisburg-Essen
  • Folkwang Museum, collections of 19th and 20th century German art
  • Zollverein, a former mine converted to a world-class design center
  • Folkwang Hochschule school of art
  • Lichtburg Essen, "the largest film theater in Germany"
  • Werden Abbey
  • Essen Philharmonia
  • Theater in Essen
  • Pictures from Kettwig
  • Christmas market in Essen
  • Essen Light Weeks (in December)
  • World Cities Images. Germany. Essen

  1. ^ History of Essen (in German)
  2. ^ Origin of the sword in the Essen Cathedral Treasury
Flag of North Rhine-Westphalia
Urban districts and Districts in the German State of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW)

Urban
districts
Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_North_Rhine-Westphalia. ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... North Rhine-Westphalia (German: , usually shortened to NRW) is - in terms of population and economic output - the largest and westernmost Federal State of Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ...

Aachen | Bergisch Gladbach | Bielefeld | Bochum | Bonn | Bottrop | Dortmund | Duisburg | Düsseldorf | Essen | Gelsenkirchen | Hagen | Hamm | Herne | Köln (Cologne) | Krefeld | Leverkusen | Mönchengladbach | Mülheim | Münster | Oberhausen | Remscheid | Solingen | Wuppertal Oche redirects here; in darts the oche is the line from which players must throw. ... Categories: Germany geography stubs | Cities in Germany ... Bielefeld is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Bochum is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany, located about 20 kilometres south of Cologne on the river Rhine in the Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Map of Germany showing Bottrop Bottrop is a city in west central Germany, on the Rhine-Herne Canal, in North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen). ... Dortmund is a city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. ... Duisburg is a German city and port in the western part of the Ruhr Area (Ruhrgebiet) in North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Düsseldorf is the capital city of the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and (together with Cologne and the Ruhr Area) the economic center of Western Germany. ... Gelsenkirchen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Hagen is the 37th largest city in Germany, located in the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Map of Germany showing Hamm Hamm is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Herne is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... Krefeld is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Leverkusen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Mönchengladbach is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Mülheim an der Ruhr, that calls itself City on the River, is a small to medium-sized city in [North Rhine-Westphalia]] in Germany. ... For other places with the same or similar names, and other uses of the word, see Munster (disambiguation) Münster is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Oberhausen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Remscheid is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Solingen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Wuppertal university Wuppertal is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...

Districts

Aachen | Borken | Kleve (Cleves) | Coesfeld | Düren | Ennepe-Ruhr | Euskirchen | Gütersloh | Heinsberg | Herford | Hochsauerland | Höxter | Lippe | Märkischer Kreis | Mettmann | Minden-Lübbecke | Oberbergischer Kreis | Olpe | Paderborn | Recklinghausen | Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis | Rhein-Erft-Kreis | Rhein-Kreis Neuss | Rhein-Sieg-Kreis | Siegen-Wittgenstein | Soest | Steinfurt | Unna | Viersen | Warendorf | Wesel The district of Aachen (Kreis Aachen) is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Borken is a Kreis (district) in the northwestern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Cleves (Kleve in German and these days also usually in English) is a Kreis (local-government district) in northwestern North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Coesfeld is a Kreis (district) in the northwestern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, west of the city of Münster. ... Düren is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis is a district in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Euskirchen is a Kreis (district) in the south-west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Gütersloh is a Kreis (district) in the north-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Heinsberg is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Herford is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Hochsauerland is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Höxter is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... This article is about the district Lippe. ... The Märkische Kreis is a district (Kreis) in central North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Mettmann is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Minden-Lübbecke is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Oberbergische Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Olpe is a Kreis (district) in the south-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Paderborn is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Recklinghausen is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Rheinisch-Bergische Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Rhein-Erft-Kreis is a district in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Neuss is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Rhein-Sieg-Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the south of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Siegen-Wittgenstein is a Kreis (district) in the south-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Soest is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Steinfurt is a Kreis (district) in the northern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Unna district is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Viersen is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Warendorf is a Kreis (district) in the northern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Wesel is a Kreis (district) in the norther-western part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
AllRefer.com - Essen, Germany (German Political Geography) - Encyclopedia (256 words)
The major industrial center of the Ruhr district, it was the seat of the famous Krupp steelworks.
Essen is a retail trade center, a rail junction, and a steel and electricity producer.
It was a small imperial state, ruled by the abbess of the convent, from the 13th cent.
Essen, Germany - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (444 words)
Essen [ˈɛsn̩] is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Essen remained an insignificant agricultural town until the 19th century, although founded as early as about 845.
Werden: Once a city of its own, it became a borough of Essen in 1929; the center of the town has partly retained its medieval townscape with many pubs and restaurants.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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