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Encyclopedia > Esquimalt, British Columbia

The Township of Esquimalt is a municipality at the southern tip of Vancouver Island, in British Columbia, Canada. It is bordered to the east by the provincial capital, Victoria, to the south by the Strait of Juan de Fuca, to the west by Esquimalt Harbour, to the northwest by the town of View Royal, and to the north by a narrow inlet of water called the Gorge. It also part of Greater Victoria & the Capital Regional District. Vancouver Island is a large island in British Columbia, Canada, off the Pacific coast. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Splendour without diminishment) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Lieutenant Governor Iona Campagnolo Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Area 944,735 km² (5th)  - Land 925,186 km²  - Water 19,549 km² (2. ... Victoria is a Canadian city, and the provincial capital of British Columbia. ... The Strait of Juan de Fuca separates Vancouver Island from the Olympic Peninsula of Washington state. ... View Royal is a municipality in Greater Victoria and a part of the Capital Regional District of British Columbia, Canada. ... Greater Victoria (also known as the Greater Victoria Region) is located in British Columbia, Canada, on the southern tip of Vancouver Island. ... Categories: Regional districts of British Columbia | Geographic regions of British Columbia | Canada-place stubs ...


Esquimalt had a population of 16,127 in 2001. It covers 7.04 square kilometres. It is home to the Pacific fleet of the Canadian Forces, and forms part of the Capital Regional District. 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Canadian Forces Flag The Canadian Armed Forces (Fr. ...


Skyline of Esquimalt, British Columbia, looking northeast (Personal snapshot released under the GNU FDL) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


History of Esquimalt

The region now known as Esquimalt was settled approximately 400 years before the arrival of Europeans, by a First Nations people. The treaties of the Hudson's Bay Company, signed in 1843, refer to these people as the Kosampsom group, though they are now known as the Esquimalt Nation. The word Esquimalt is an alteration of "Ess-whoy-malth," a phrase usually translated as "place of the shoaling waters." The Songhees Nation, who have a reserve in Esquimalt, were originally located on the western shore of what is now Victoria Harbour, but were relocated in 1911. Both nations spoke a Coast Salish dialect called Lekwungen. First Nations is the current title used by Canada to describe the various societies of the indigenous peoples, called Native Americans in the U.S. They have also been known as Indians, Native Canadians, Aboriginal Americans, Amer-Indians, or Aboriginals, and are officially called Indians in the Indian Act, which... The Hudsons Bay Company building in Montreal The Hudsons Bay Company (HBC) is the oldest corporation in Canada and is one of the oldest in the world still in existence. ... 1843 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Coast Salish are a Salishan-speaking First Nations/Native American culture that inhabited an area centered in southwestern British Columbia in Canada and western Washington in the United States for several millennia up to the time of arrival of the Europeans in the 19th century. ...


In 1790, a Spanish captain named Don Manuel Quimper dropped anchor in Esquimalt harbour, which his first mate named Puerto de Cordova after the 46th viceroy of New Spain. Quimper claimed the region for Spain, and placed a wooden cross on a hill. When the Spanish returned two years later, however, the cross had vanished. Control of the region eventually fell to the British. 1790 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Flag of New Spain New Spain (in the Spanish language Nueva España) was the name given to the Spanish colonial territory in North America from c. ...


In 1843, the Hudson's Bay Company was looking for a new location for its western base of operations. The company's chief factor, Sir James Douglas, liked Esquimalt Harbour, but rejected it as a site for a fort because there were too many trees there. Douglas chose a spot on the western shore of Victoria Harbour at the mouth of the Gorge Inlet. He called it Fort Camosun, after the Lekwungen name for the Gorge, Camossung, but later renamed it Fort Victoria in honour of the British queen. The Hudsons Bay Company building in Montreal The Hudsons Bay Company (HBC) is the oldest corporation in Canada and is one of the oldest in the world still in existence. ... Sir James Douglas, son of a Scotish father and Creole mother, was born in 1803. ... Her Majesty Queen Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom from 20 June 1837, and Empress of India from 1876 until her death. ...


However, ships continued to use Esquimalt Harbour to load and offload passengers and supplies. In 1852, sailors from a British naval ship, HMS Thetis, built a trail through the forest linking the harbour with Victoria Harbour and the fort. This trail, since paved over, is now one of Esquimalt's main streets, Old Esquimalt Road.


Meanwhile, the Hudson's Bay Company decided to try its hand at farming. Douglas leased all of Vancouver Island for seven shillings a year from Great Britain, and had a division of the HBC, the Puget Sound Agricultural Company, come in to develop the land. The Viewfield farm was the first in 1850, with the Constance Cove farm and Craigflower farms added later. The Craigflower farmhouse still exists as a heritage site, as does the Craigflower schoolhouse built to serve the settlers' children. Thomas Mackenzie, the bailiff in charge of the farm, named it for the ancestral home of one of his superiors, in an attempt at flattery. By the mid-1860's, the farms were considered failures and abandoned, and the property sold off in small parcels.


In 1855, the navy constructed three hospital buildings on the harbour to treat casualties of the Crimean War. A small settlement grew up on the water's edge near the naval installation. But in 1858, the discovery of gold on the Fraser River triggered a massive influx of people, who came to Fort Victoria to buy permits and supplies before setting out for the mainland. Many of these ships landed in Esquimalt Harbour. Some of these people stayed in the area, including a few who opened up pubs, as well as some less-than-successful gold miners. With the growing population came the area's first building boom. 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Crimean War lasted from 28 March 1854 to 1856. ... For other rivers with this name see Fraser River (disambiguation) The Fraser River is the longest river in British Columbia, Canada, rising in the Rocky Mountains near Mount Robson and flowing for 1400 km (870 mi), into the Pacific Ocean at the city of Vancouver. ...


In 1865, the British Royal Navy relocated the headquarters of its Pacific fleet from Valparaiso, Chile, to the Esquimalt Harbour. In 1887, a military base was located at Work Point. In 1905, the Royal Navy abandoned the area, but the Pacific base of the new Royal Canadian Navy replaced it in 1910. Gradually, naval life and shipbuilding came to dominate the region's sense of identity. In 1887, the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway was built through the centre of town. 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the armed services, being the oldest of its three branches. ... Valparaíso is one of the main seaports of Chile, on the Pacific Ocean, and the capital of the Valparaíso Region. ... --207. ... 1910 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1887 is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar). ...


On September 1, 1912, Esquimalt was incorporated as a city. After World War I, it became one of Canada's major shipbuilding capitals. September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... 1912 is a leap year starting on Monday. ...


Esquimalt today

With a booming population and little areas of wealthy homeowners and larger areas of less fortunate residents, Esquimalt (judging from news articles) would seem to be an increasingly dangerous place to live. Much has been made of the supposed street gangs (The Esquimalt Crips), and many stories arise from gang-related violence originating in Esquimalt. This includes a few high-profile murders. However, many residents deny this, continually stating that they do not feel any danger while walking around, including many seniors. Many just express that the main problem in most areas of Esquimalt comes from younger people drinking alcohol and using various drugs, which makes many of the front-page and feature articles in the Victoria Times-Colonist seem vastly overstated. The Crips are one of the Los Angeles, California gangs. ... In general usage, alcohol (from Arabic al-khwl الكحول, or al-ghawl الغول) refers almost always to ethanol, also known as grain alcohol, and often to any beverage that contains ethanol (see alcoholic beverage). ... Many drugs are provided in tablet form. ... The Victoria Times-Colonist is a current daily newspaper in Victoria, British Columbia. ...


External links


Communities on Vancouver Island          (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/wiki.phtml?title=Template:VancouverIslandCommunities&action=edit)

Ahousat | Bamberton | Bamfield | Bowser | Campbell River | Cassidy | Cedar | Central Saanich | Chemainus | Clo-oose | Coal Harbour | Cobble Hill | Colwood | Coombs | Courtenay | Cowichan Bay | Crofton | Cumberland | Duncan | Errington | Esquimalt | Fanny Bay | Gold River | Highlands | Holberg | Honeymoon Bay | Jordan River | Kildonan | Koksilah | Ladysmith | Lake Cowichan | Langford | Lantzville | Malahat | Merville | Mesachie Lake | Metchosin | Mill Bay | Nanaimo | Nanoose Bay | Nitinat | North Cowichan | North Saanich | Oak Bay | Parksville | Port Alberni | Port Alice | Port Hardy | Port McNeill | Port Renfrew | Qualicum Beach | Quatsino | Royston | Saanich | Saltair | Sayward | Shawnigan Lake | Sidney | Sooke | Tahsis | Telegraph Cove | Tofino | Ucluelet | Union Bay | Victoria | View Royal | Westholme | Winter Harbour | Woss | Youbou | Zeballos Vancouver Island is a large island in British Columbia, Canada, off the Pacific coast. ... Bamfield is a small community on Barkley Sound in British Columbia. ... Categories: Stub | British Columbia communities | Coastal towns of Canada ... Cassidy, British Columbia is located south of Nanaimo and is home to the Ray Collishaw International Airport, Nanaimos only airfield. ... Central Saanich is a district municipality in Greater Victoria and a member municipality of the Capital Regional District. ... Chemainus is a town on the east coast of Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. ... Colwood is a city located on Vancouver Island to the southwest of Victoria, capital of British Columbia. ... Coombs is a small community on Vancouver Island in British Columbia, situated on provincial highway 4A approximately ten kilometres west of Parksville. ... Courtenay is a city on the east coast of Vancouver Island, in the province of British Columbia, Canada. ... Cowichan Bay is a bay located near Duncan, in British Columbia. ... Crofton, British Columbia, Canada, is a small town that is part of the District of North Cowichan on Vancouver Island in British Columbia. ... Duncan (pop. ... Gold River is a village located close to the centre of Vancouver Island in British Columbia, Canada. ... The District of Highlands is a municipal district on the Saanich Peninsula, near Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... Ladysmith is a town in the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... Lake Cowichan is located on southern Vancouver Island, British Columbia. ... Langford is a city of about 20,000 residents on southern Vancouver Island, within the province of British Columbia, Canada. ... Lantzville is a coastal community on the east side of Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada along the western shore of Strait of Georgia and immediately north of the City of Nanaimo, British Columbia. ... The District of Metchosin is a small, coastal bedroom community (fewer than 5000 people) near Victoria, the capital of B.C., Canada. ... Nanaimo (2004 pop. ... North Cowichan is a District municipality on the east coast of Vancouver Island in British Columbia, Canada in the Cowichan Valley Regional District. ... Oak Bay is an upscale eastern suburb (or, Municipality) of Greater Victoria. ... Parksville is a city on Vancouver Island, in British Columbia, Canada. ... Port Alberni, British Columbia is a city located in the province of British Columbia in Canada. ... Port McNeill is a small community on the north-eastern coast of Vancouver Island with a population of 2821 (2001). ... Qualicum Beach is a town located in the Regional District of Nanaimo, British Columbia. ... The District of Saanich is a municipality on Vancouver Island in British Columbia. ... Saltair is an unincorporated community with a population of 1,800 on the east coast of Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada located between Chemainus and Ladysmith. ... Sidney is a town located at the northern end of the Saanich Peninsula, on Vancouver Island in the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... Sooke is an incorporated community situated on the southern tip of Vancouver Island, Canada. ... Tahsis Population: 892 The Village of Tahsis — 19 nautical miles from Friendly Cove — was the dream of Mr. ... Tofino is a village of about 1,600 residents on the west coast of Vancouver Island, within the province of British Columbia, Canada. ... Cities of Vancouver Island Ucluelet is a village (population about 1,700) on the west coast of Vancouver Island in British Columbia, Canada. ... Victoria is a Canadian city, and the provincial capital of British Columbia. ... View Royal is a municipality in Greater Victoria and a part of the Capital Regional District of British Columbia, Canada. ...


Members of the Capital Regional District

Municipalities: Central Saanich | Colwood | Esquimalt | Highlands | Langford | Metchosin | North Saanich | Oak Bay | Saanich | Sidney | Sooke | Victoria | View Royal
Electoral Areas: F (Saltspring Island) | G (Southern Gulf Islands) | H - Part 1 | H - Part 2 Categories: Regional districts of British Columbia | Geographic regions of British Columbia | Canada-place stubs ... Central Saanich is a district municipality in Greater Victoria and a member municipality of the Capital Regional District. ... Colwood is a city located on Vancouver Island to the southwest of Victoria, capital of British Columbia. ... The District of Highlands is a municipal district on the Saanich Peninsula, near Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... Langford is a city of about 20,000 residents on southern Vancouver Island, within the province of British Columbia, Canada. ... The District of Metchosin is a small, coastal bedroom community (fewer than 5000 people) near Victoria, the capital of B.C., Canada. ... Oak Bay is an upscale eastern suburb (or, Municipality) of Greater Victoria. ... The District of Saanich is a municipality on Vancouver Island in British Columbia. ... Sidney is a town located at the northern end of the Saanich Peninsula, on Vancouver Island in the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... Sooke is an incorporated community situated on the southern tip of Vancouver Island, Canada. ... Victoria is a Canadian city, and the provincial capital of British Columbia. ... View Royal is a municipality in Greater Victoria and a part of the Capital Regional District of British Columbia, Canada. ... Capital H is a regional district electoral area in Capital Regional District, British Columbia. ... Salt Spring Island is the largest, most populated, and most visited of the Gulf Islands chain, named by officers of the Hudsons Bay Company for the cold and briny saltwater springs on the north end of the island. ... The Gulf Islands is the name collectively given to the islands in the Strait of Georgia between Vancouver Island and the mainland Pacific coast of British Columbia, Canada. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Esquimalt, British Columbia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (888 words)
The Township of Esquimalt is a municipality at the southern tip of Vancouver Island, in British Columbia, Canada.
It is bordered to the east by the provincial capital, Victoria, to the south by the Strait of Juan de Fuca, to the west by Esquimalt Harbour, to the northwest by the town of View Royal, and to the north by a narrow inlet of water called the Gorge.
In 1865, the British Royal Navy relocated the headquarters of its Pacific fleet from Valparaíso, Chile, to the Esquimalt Harbour.
Encyclopedia: Esquimalt, British Columbia (2402 words)
In 1865, the British Royal Navy relocated the headquarters of its Pacific fleet from Valparaiso, Chile, to the Esquimalt Harbour.
North Cowichan is a District municipality on the east coast of Vancouver Island in British Columbia, Canada in the Cowichan Valley Regional District.
The District of Saanich is a municipality on Vancouver Island in British Columbia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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