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Encyclopedia > Espadrilles
A shelf of Catalonian Espadrilles found in Barcelona
A shelf of Catalonian Espadrilles found in Barcelona

Espadrilles are casual flat or high-heel fashion sandals originating from the Pyrenees. They usually have a canvas or cotton fabric upper and a flexible sole made of rope or rubber material molded to look like rope. The jute rope sole is the defining characteristic of an espadrille; the uppers vary widely in style. In Quebec French, however, espadrille is the usual term for running shoes. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 253 KB)Photograph of a shelf of Catalonian Espadrilles on display in a small shop in Barcelona source This image is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License v. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 253 KB)Photograph of a shelf of Catalonian Espadrilles on display in a small shop in Barcelona source This image is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License v. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Modern multi-colored Sandalette Yoga sandals In some parts of the United States, this type of sandal is referred to in slang as the mandal in that it is worn primarily by men. ... Pic de Bugatetin the Néouvielle Natural Reserve Central Pyrenees For the mountains in Victoria, Australia, see Pyrenees (Victoria). ... Look up Canvas in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Cotton (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Textile (disambiguation). ... Look up Sole in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Coils of rope used for long-line fishing A rope (IPA: ) is a length of fibers, twisted or braided together to improve strength for pulling and connecting. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... The word Jute is also used in reference to the Germanic people, the Jutes. ... A stimulant is a drug which increases the activity of the sympathetic nervous system and produces a sense of euphoria or awakeness. ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... Running shoes are footwear specifically designed to be worn when running. ...

Contents

History

The term espadrille is French and derives from espardenya, which derives from espart, the Catalan name for esparto, a tough, wiry Mediterranean grass used in making rope. Espadrilles have been made in Catalonia since the 14th century at least, and there are Catalonian shops still in existence that have been making espadrilles for over a century. Traditional espadrilles have a canvas upper with the toe and vamp cut in one piece, and seamed to the rope sole at the sides. Often they would have laces at the throat that would be wrapped around the ankle to hold the shoes securely in place. Early espadrilles were worn by both men and women. Catalan IPA: (català IPA: or []) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra, and a co-official language in the Spanish autonomous communities of Balearic Islands, Catalonia and Valencia, and in the city of LAlguer in the Italian island of Sardinia. ... Binomial name Stipa tenacissima L. - Esparto grass Esparto, or esparto grass, also known as halfah grass or needle grass, Stipa tenacissima, is a perennial grass grown in northwest Africa and southern Spain for fiber production for paper making. ... For other uses, see Grass (disambiguation). ... Coils of rope used for long-line fishing A rope (IPA: ) is a length of fibers, twisted or braided together to improve strength for pulling and connecting. ... This article is about the Spanish autonomous community. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... Look up Canvas in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Modern espadrilles

Once peasant footwear, espadrilles have grown in popularity, especially in Catalonia and the Basque Country, where many men and women wear them during the spring and summer months. Espadrilles can now be found designed by top designers such as Donna Karan, Pare Gabia etc. Modern espadrilles are predominantly for women, though some men's shoes are made in this style. In a detail of Brueghels Land of Cockaigne (1567) a soft-boiled egg has little feet to rush to the luxuriating peasant who catches drops of honey on his tongue, while roast pigs roam wild: in fact, hunger and harsh winters were realities for the average European in the... High-heeled shoe Footwear consists of garments worn on the feet. ... Donna Karan is the fashion designer and the creator of the DKNY (Donna Karan New York) clothing label. ... Pare Gabia are considered to be the world most famous espadrille. ...


The soles of espadrilles may be flat, platform or wedge shaped, and can be made of natural fiber or synthetic fiber rope, or flexible synthetic materials cast to resemble rope. Uppers may be made from nearly any substance, and may have open or closed toes, open or closed backs, and can be slip-on or tied to the ankle with laces. Thousands of varieties of espadrilles can be found, from inexpensive bargain brands to high priced designer brands. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Fiber. ... Synthetic fibres are the result of extensive research by scientists to increase and improve upon the supply of naturally occurring animal and plant fibres that have been used in making cloth and rope. ...


Jute Sole Espadrilles

Only second to cotton in favor as a natural fiber, jute is in increasing use in the manufacture of espadrilles. The soles of espadrilles are now commonly made with jute rope or braid, which is favored because of its eco-friendliness compared to synthetic substances. The natural bright white color of jute is a major design feature of modern espadrilles. For other uses, see Cotton (disambiguation). ... The word Jute is also used in reference to the Germanic people, the Jutes. ...


Bangladesh is the major producer of highest quality jute, and has become the manufacturing centre for premium quality jute soles and complete espadrilles in the world. 90% of the world's total production of complete espadrilles, as well as jute soles, is now manufactured in Bangladesh, although some manufacturers in Spain, France, and Italy import jute soles from Bangladesh to finish espadrilles in those countries. Cotheeka Jute Industry is a leading jute sole and espadrille manufacturer in Bangladesh.


Jute soles typically include fully or partially vulcanized rubber beneath the jute fibre for long-lasting espadrille shoes. Sometimes crepe soles are used as out-soles. Jute braid soles might include heels made of wood or EVA foam inside for high wedge fashion espadrilles. Ethylene-vinyl acetate is commonly known as acetate or EVA. It is the copolymer of ethylene and vinyl acetate. ...


Manufacture

The manufacture of espadrilles is generally more complex than that of sandals. The jute soles are the most critical part. The jute twines are first machine braided. These braids are then manually formed into the shape of the sole and hydraulically pressed with heat to form the final shape, and completed with vertical stitching. These basic soles are then vulcanized underneath. EVA foam or wooden heels are glued in place and more jute braids are wrapped around it to complete the soles. Uppers of different styles are then built on the jute soles to complete the espadrille. Hydraulics is a branch of science and engineering concerned with the use of liquids to perform mechanical tasks. ... Vulcanization refers to a specific curing process of rubber involving high heat and the addition of sulfur. ... For other uses, see Heel (disambiguation). ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Espadrilles - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (576 words)
The term espadrille is French and derives from espardenya, which derives from espart, the Catalan name for a tough, wiry Mediterranean grass used in making rope.
Espadrilles have been made in Catalonia since the 14th century at least, and there are Catalonian shops still in existence that have been making espadrilles for over a century.
The soles of espadrilles may be flat, platform or wedge shaped, and can be made of natural fiber or synthetic fiber rope, or flexible synthetic materials cast to resemble rope.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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