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Encyclopedia > Espírito Santo

For other places that have this name, see Espírito Santo (disambiguation)


Statistics
Capital: Vitória
Area: 46,184 Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. It is one of the SI derived units. 1 km² is equal to: the area of a square measuring 1 kilometre on each side 1 000 000 m2 100 hectares 0.386 102 square miles... km²
Inhabitants: 5,000,000
Population density can be used as a measurement of any tangible item. However it is most frequently applied to living organisms, humans in particular. Population density is usually expressed in terms of items or organisms per unit area. Definitions of population density Population density, according to the definition above, depends... Pop. density: 58.5 inh./km²
Time Zone is also a historical computer game. There is also an Australian franchise of video arcades called Timezone. Time zones are areas of the Earth that have adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. Formerly, people used local solar time (originally apparent and then... Timezone: For alternate meanings of GMT, see GMT (disambiguation). Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is the mean solar time at the Royal Greenwich Observatory in Greenwich near London in England, which by convention is at 0 degrees geographic longitude. Theoretically, noon Greenwich Mean Time is the moment when the Sun crosses the... GMT -3
ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. It is a geocode system created for coding the names of subdivisions of countries (subnational entities) and dependent areas. The purpose of the standard is to establish a worldwide series of short abbreviations for places, for use on... ISO 3166-2: BR-ES
Governor: Paulo Hartung
Map
Image:Brazil Espirito Santo.png

Espírito Santo is one of the There are 26 States of Brazil, or Estados in Portuguese, which are the federal states of Brazil, plus the Federal District which holds the capital city, Brasília. The twenty-six states are: See also: Brazil, List of subnational entities, List of capitals of subnational entities External link Map Categories... states of southeastern The Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil in Portuguese) is the largest and most populous country in South America, and fifth largest in the world. Spanning a vast area between central South America and the Atlantic Ocean, it borders Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela... Brazil, often referred to by the abbreviation "ES". With its capital at Vitória. Those who are born in the state are known as "Capixabas", authough the precise word is "Espiritossantenses".

Contents

Flag

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Flag of Espírito Santo.

The words in the central bar of the flag, Trabalha e Confia, translate to "Work and Trust [in This article focuses on the monotheistic concept of a singular God. See deity or goddesses for details on divine entities in specific religions and mythologies. The term God designates a universal Supreme Being. There are countless variant definitions of God, however. For example: Many religious and philosophic systems consider God... ]". This motto is a truncated version of the The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. It was founded in 1534 by a group of University of Paris graduate students led by Iñigo López de Loyola (Ignatius of Loyola). Foundation On August 15, 1534, Ignatius and... Jesuit motto "work as if everything depended on you, and trust as if everything depended on God", and was chosen by Jerônimo Monteiro. The flag was designed in 1908, with colours inspired by those of Saint Our Mother of Vitória's (Nossa Senhora da Vitória in Portuguese) clothes.


Location

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Espírito Santo and its municipalities.

This Brazilian state is in the east of the southeastern subdivision of The Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil in Portuguese) is the largest and most populous country in South America, and fifth largest in the world. Spanning a vast area between central South America and the Atlantic Ocean, it borders Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela... Brazil, which also contains the states of São Paulo is a state in Brazil. It is the major industrial and economic powerhouse of the Brazilian economy. General Aspects Geography: São Paulo State has an area of approximately 248,800 sq. km. Population: approximately 38 million. Economy: São Paulo state is responsible... São Paulo, Minas Gerais is one of the states of Brazil, the second most populous in the federation. The capital is the city of Belo Horizonte, in the center of the state. Location This Brazilian state is in the west of the southeastern subdivision of Brazil, which also contains the states of... Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro is one of the 26 states of Brazil (plus the Federal District). It has an area of 43,653km² and is situated on the southeastern coast. Its capital is the city of Rio de Janeiro, which was the colonys capital as of 1764 (the first being... Rio de Janeiro. It has as its limits the The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one-fifth of its surface. The oceans name, derived from Greek mythology, means the Sea of Atlas. This ocean occupies an elongated, S-shaped basin extending in a north-south direction and is divided into the North Atlantic... Atlantic Ocean (E), the state of For the genus of wildflowers in the family Asteraceae, see Bahia (Botany) Bahia is a state in the north-east of Brazil. History The Portuguese Pedro Alvares Cabral landed at what is now Porto Seguro, on the southern coast of Bahia in 1500, and claimed the territory for Portugal. In... Bahia (N), the state of Minas Gerais is one of the states of Brazil, the second most populous in the federation. The capital is the city of Belo Horizonte, in the center of the state. Location This Brazilian state is in the west of the southeastern subdivision of Brazil, which also contains the states of... Minas Gerais (N) and (W), and the state of Ipanema beach A NASA satellite image of Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro (meaning River of January in Portuguese) is the name of both a state and a city in southeastern Brazil. The city is famous for the hotel-lined tourist beaches Copacabana and Ipanema, for the giant statue of... Rio de Janeiro (S). Espírito Santo's main cities (outside of the Greater Vitória region) are Cachoeiro de Itapemirim is the name of a municipality and of its capital, located in the south of Espírito Santo, Brazil, on the banks of the Itapemirim river. It is the economic hub of southern Espírito Santo, being the most important producer of marble and granite... Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, Colatina is the largest city in the north of Espírito Santo, Brazil, 127km north of the capital Vitória and on the trainline from Vitória to Minas Gerais. It lies on the banks of the Doce river, through which as much as 700 cubic meters of water per... Colatina, Guarapari is a coastal town on the coast of Espírito Santo, Brazil. Capital of its municipality, it is located 47km south of Vitória, the capital of the state. It is a well-known tourist destination, known for its curative black sand beaches which are even commercially exploited. With... Guarapari, Linhares is the name of a municipality and its capital in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. 135km north of the capital, it is the largest municipality by area at 4.407,4 km², and has a population of over 124,000 (1995, IBGE). History The area today known... Linhares, Muniz Freire can mean: Muniz Freire (town) (Town and Municipality, Espirito Santo, Brazil) Muniz Freire (governor) (Governor of Espirito Santo, Brazil) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. If an article link referred you here, you might... Muniz Freire and Categories: Brazil geography stubs ... Vila Velha.


Capixabas

There are doubts as to the origin of the term Capixabas, as those born in ES are called. Some say that it derives from the name of a local tribe, from when the The Republic of Portugal (República Portuguesa), or Portugal, is a democratic republic located on the west and southwest parts of the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe; it is the westernmost country in continental Europe. Portugal is bordered by Spain to the north and east and by the Atlantic... Portuguese arrived in the area during the colonial period. A more accepted explanation states that the local Native Americans (also Indians, Aboriginal Peoples, American Indians, First Nations, Alaskan Natives, or Indigenous Peoples of America) are the indigenous inhabitants of The Americas prior to the European colonization, and their modern descendants. This term comprises a large number of distinct tribes, states, and ethnic groups, many of them still... Amerindians gave the name to the inhabitants of Vitória island, which means plantation or even corn plantation, as plantations of various crops were interspersed with their houses. "Capixaba" is a word from "tupi Guarani" the native brasilians tribe language. It means " cabelo de milho" (Corn Hair) because when the portuguese arrived they were blond so their hair reminded the native people the golden color of the corn hair.


Ethnic groups

Amerindians

Capixabas represent today a great miscellany of races. For instance, the Amerindians have largely been absorbed into other Portuguese and African-origin Brazilians, and very few still live in reservations following subsistence farming methods and trying to preserve their fragile culture. A number of towns in Espírito Santo were founded with primarily Amerindian populations, such as Serra can refer to Serra (Portugal) for the town in Portugal, Serra (Brazil) for the town in Brazil This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. If an article link referred you here, you might want to go... Serra and Santa Cruz. Native food has made its way permanently into Capixaba life, featuring the fish-based Moqueca Capixaba is the state dish of Espírito Santo, in Brazil. It is of Amerindian origin and consists basically of layers of fish stakes, tomatoes, fresh coriander leaves, onions and red pigment powder made from (orucum plant in Portuguese). The Moqueca pot is the typical black clay pots of... Moqueca Capixaba as the state dish.


Italians

Italians are very present in Capixaba society, and they founded many towns in the state. There are still a number of traditional Italian dance groups in the state and Italian culture festivals, such as the one in the town of Categories: Brazil geography stubs ... Venda Nova do Imigrante. Italian food is also a large part of Capixaba cuisine, and even industry. Italian cheeses like Mozzarella is an Italian fresh cheese made from water buffalo or (more often outside of Italy) cows milk, the second used for most types of pizza or served with sliced tomatoes and basil in Caprese. It is also served alone. Mozzarella is available in fresh, smoked, and reduced-moisture packaged... Mozzarella are produced locally, and pasta is also made, with Firenze Pastas being a local producer. Small scale farming turned towards Agritourism is a style of vacation in which hospitality is offered on farms. This may include the opportunity to assist with farming tasks during the visit. Agritourism is often practiced in wine growing regions, as in Italy, France and Spain. Dude ranches offer tourists the chance to work on cattle... agrotourism is today returning to Italian roots to exploit that market and today is another prominent aspect of Capixaba life.


Germans

A big local influence, Germans were among the first colonists to cultivate land away from the coastal zone. Like the Italian community, they still hold on to many aspects of their homeland culture, still having active traditional dance groups and festivals such as Sommerfest in Domingos Martins is the name of a municipality and its capital. It is situated in the state of Espírito Santo. According to the IBGE census of 2000, the municipality had 30,559 inhabitants, of which 5,820 were urban dwelling (mainly in the capital). It has a population density... Domingos Martins. Some groups still speak Pomeranian is a group of Lekhitic dialects, sometimes called also the dialects of Polish. In the Middle Ages these dialects were spoken in all territory of Pomerania. According to Florian Ceynowa, today the only living descendand of Lekhitic Pomeranian is Kashubian language spoken in Eastern Pomerania (Pomeranian Voivodship). A dialect... Pomeranian, and some still don't speak Portuguese (português) is a Romance language predominantly spoken in Portugal, Brazil, Angola, Mozambique, Cape Verde, and East Timor. Many linguists consider that Galician (galego), the native language of Galicia, is actually a variety of Portuguese, that has been strongly influenced by Spanish. With more than 200 million native... Portuguese.


History

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Colonial building which today is seat to the Vitória Prefectural Government

Espírito Santo was first inhabited by Amerindians, whose different tribes were usually semi-nomadic. The area was colonized by the Portuguese, and subsequently descendants of black slaves, and, later, by European immigrants of various origins.


Colonial Era

The area had been granted to Vasco Coutinho is the name of the founder of the state of Espírito Santo. He was born in Portugal. He was later amongst the first 12 volunteers from Portugal to come to the newly discovered land which came to be known as Brazil. He was presented the area which... Vasco Coutinho just after the discovery of The Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil in Portuguese) is the largest and most populous country in South America, and fifth largest in the world. Spanning a vast area between central South America and the Atlantic Ocean, it borders Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela... Brazil in Events Europes population was ~60 million. (Spielvogel) January 5 - Duke Ludovico Sforza recaptures Milan, but is soon driven out again by the French. April 22 - Portuguese navigator Pedro Alvares Cabral officially discovers Brazil and claims the land for Portugal. November 11 - Treaty of Granada - Louis XII of France and... 1500. He arrived at the district (capitania, in Portuguese (português) is a Romance language predominantly spoken in Portugal, Brazil, Angola, Mozambique, Cape Verde, and East Timor. Many linguists consider that Galician (galego), the native language of Galicia, is actually a variety of Portuguese, that has been strongly influenced by Spanish. With more than 200 million native... Portuguese) of Espírito Santo on May 23 is the 143rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (144th in leap years). There are 222 days remaining. Events 1430 - Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians while leading an army to relieve Compiègne 1498 - Girolamo Savonarola is executed on the orders of... May 23, Events January 18 - Lima, Peru founded by Francisco Pizarro June 24 - The Anabaptist state of Münster is conquered and disbanded. May 19 - French explorer Jacques Cartier sets sail for his second voyage to North America with 3 ships, 110 men, and Chief Donnaconas 2 sons (who Cartier kidnapped... 1535, bringing 60 soldiers, slaves and servants with him.


The capital of the district was at first Categories: Brazil geography stubs ... Vila Velha, but because of frequent raids by Native Americans (also Indians, Aboriginal Peoples, American Indians, First Nations, Alaskan Natives, or Indigenous Peoples of America) are the indigenous inhabitants of The Americas prior to the European colonization, and their modern descendants. This term comprises a large number of distinct tribes, states, and ethnic groups, many of them still... Amerindians, it was moved to the current capital of Vitória, founded on September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). There are 114 days remaining. Events 1331 - Stefan Dusan declares himself king of Serbia 1380 - Battle of Kulikovo - Russian forces under Grand Prince Dmitrii Ivanovich defeat a mixed army of Tatars and Mongols, stopping their advance. 1449... September 8, Events Russia, Reforming Synod of the metropolite Macaire, Orthodoxy: introduction of a calendar of the saints and an ecclesiastical law code ( Stoglav ) Major outbreak of the sweating sickness in England. Foundation of the National University of Saint Mark in Lima,_Peru. Births September 19 - King Henry III of France Boris... 1551, on an island near Categories: Brazil geography stubs ... Vila Velha.


In Events January 16 - Abdication of Emperor Charles V. His son, Philip II becomes King of Spain, while his brother Ferdinand becomes Holy Roman Emperor January 23 - The Shaanxi earthquake, the deadliest earthquake in history, occurs with its epicenter in Shaanxi province, China. 830,000 people may have been killed. February... 1556, after the arrival of A missionary is a propagator of religion, often an evangelist or other representative of a religious community who works among those outside of that community. The English word missionary is derived from Latin, the equivalent of the Greek-derived word, apostle. Contents // Jehovahs Witnesses are known for their missionary... missionaries, Serra is the name of a municipality and its capital in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. Bordering the north of the states capital, Vitória, the southern portion of this municipality is usually considered part of the Greater Vitória metropolitan area. The municipality as a whole... Serra, Nova Almeida is a town in the municipality of Serra, in the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil. Official status is of Neighbourhood (Bairro in Portuguese). Located about 30km north of the state capital Vitória. History Founded in 1556 by Jesuit preists who wanted to spread the christian faith... Nova Almeida and Santa Cruz, Spanish & Portuguese for Holy Cross, is the name of several cities, regions, and other geographical features around the world: Santa Cruz, Argentina Santa Cruz Province, Argentina Santa Cruz, Bolivia Santa Cruz Department, Bolivia Santa Cruz, Espirito Santo, Brazil Santa Cruz, Paraíba, Brazil Santa Cruz, Pernambuco, Brazil... Santa Cruz were founded.


Political history

The district remained under the influence of Coutinho's family for 140 years. It remained a district for 287 years until Events February 23 - The Philadelphia College of Apothecaries founds the first pharmacy college. March 25 - Greece declares its independence from the Ottoman Empire, beginning the Greek War of Independence. July 10 - The United States takes possession of its newly-bought territory of Florida from Spain. July 28 - Peru declares independence... 1821, when it became a province.


With the Brazilian declaration of independence in Events March 30 - Florida becomes a United States territory. May 24 - Battle of Pichincha: Simón Bolívar secures the independence of Quito. June 14 - Charles Babbage proposes a Difference engine in a paper to the Royal Astronomical Society entitled Note on the application of machinery to the computation of... 1822, the District Directors became known as Provincial Presidents. In the same way the district of Espírito Santo became Espírito Santo Province. During this period in 1860 the Emperor Dom Pedro IIs family Dom Pedro II and President Ulysses S. Grant, Philadelphia Exposition, 1876 Dom Pedro II in his old age Dom Pedro II of Brazil Dom Pedro II, Emperor of Brazil was the second and final Brazilian Emperor. His name in full was Pedro de Alcântara... Peter II, who was on good terms with the provincial President, visited the state on one of his tours of Brazil. There are still surviving accounts of what he saw and recorded.


In Events January-April January 8 - Herman Hollerith receives a patent for his electric tabulating machine January 22 - Columbia Phonograph is formed in Washington, DC. February 11 - Japan adopted; 1st Diet convenes in 1890 January 30 ? Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria and his mistress Marie Vetsera commit a double suicide... 1889, with the advent of the Brazilian Republic, Espírito Santo finally became a state.


After the adoption of a republican system, Afonso Cláudio de Freitas Rosa became the first governor of Espírito Santo state. He was followed in 1892 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). Events January-June January 1 - Ellis Island begins accepting immigrants to the United States. January 14 - Death of Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence, second in line heir to the throne of the United Kingdom of Great Britain... 1892 by Muniz Freire can mean: Muniz Freire (town) (Town and Municipality, Espirito Santo, Brazil) Muniz Freire (governor) (Governor of Espirito Santo, Brazil) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. If an article link referred you here, you might... Muniz Freire who came to power for two terms, followed by Jerônimo Monteiro is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 10.851 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Jeronimo Monteiro, who stayed in office from 1908 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-February January 1 - A ball signifying New Years Day drops in New York Citys Times Square for the first time January 8 - A train collision occurs in the Park Avenue Tunnel in... 1908 to 1912 is a leap year starting on Monday. Events January-March January 1 - Establishment of Republic of China. January 6 - New Mexico is admitted as the 47th U.S. state. January 17 - British polar explorer Robert Falcon Scott and a team of four begin the second expedition to reach the... 1912.


After Getúlio Vargas took power, the governors were elected by the national congress, and after this, a number of interveners were sent to govern the state. A short period of This article deals with democracy in its modern sense. For other meanings, see Democracy (disambiguation). Democracy is a form of government under which the power to alter the laws and structures of government lies, ultimately, with the citizenry. Under such a system, legislative decisions are made by the people themselves... democracy returned when Carlos Monteiro Lindenberg was elected by Capixabas. However, after the 1964 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 1 - Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland is dissolved. January 3 - Senator Barry Goldwater announces that he will seek the Republican nomination for President. January 5 - In the first meeting between leaders of the... 1964 military coup interveners were once again chosen by the national assembly. After Cristiano Dias Lopes, Arthur Carlos Gerhard Santos, Elcio Álvares and Eurico Rezende were chosen this way, open elections were used to choose all leaders from Gerson Camata through to José Inácio Ferreira, who came into office in 1999.


Economics

During the first 300 years, the main cashcrop was Species S. spontaneum S. robustum S. officinarum S. barberi S. sinense S. edule Ref: ITIS 42058 as of 2004-05-05 Sugarcane is one of six species of a tall tropical southeast Asian grass (Family Poaceae) having stout fibrous jointed stalks whose sap at one time was the primary source... sugarcane up until 1850 when coffee, in high demand by Europeans, overtook it. During the colonial era, there were also periods of "gold rush" when agriculture was neglected, leading to food shortages, but not much gold was found in Espirito Santo. Another factor that impeded expansion was the prohibition of roads opening into Minas Gerais, where it was feared smuggling would be encouraged through Espírito Santo.


Geography

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Geography of Espírito Santo.

At 46.180 square kilometers, it is about the size of Estonia, and has a variety of habitats including coastal planes, lakes, mountain forest, mangroves and many others.


Topography

The state can be divided into two areas: the low lying coastline and the highland area known as Serra (where one can find the 2,890m Pico da Bandeira mountain), which is part of the larger Serra do Caparaó, the Caparaó Highlands. In the map to the right it is in the gray area in the extreme southwest of the state, and is shared with Minas Gerais.

Enlarge
a typical Mountainous Region view in central Espírito Santo, just north of Domingos Martins is the name of a municipality and its capital. It is situated in the state of Espírito Santo. According to the IBGE census of 2000, the municipality had 30,559 inhabitants, of which 5,820 were urban dwelling (mainly in the capital). It has a population density... Domingos Martins

Rivers

The main river in the state is the Doce. Other important river basins include the Santa Maria River Basin which is the northern branch of rivers which join the sea at Vitoria, and Jucu River Basin which flows into the sea at roughly the same place, but corresponds to the southern branch (which seems to come out of Vitoria). (See also Espírito Santo state (estado in Portuguese) and all municipalities (municípios in Portuguese) in alphabetical order. List of Espírito Santos Miunicipalities By Name Espírito Santo and its municipalities. Afonso Cláudio (42) Água Doce do Norte (01) Águia Branca (15) Alegre (68) Alfredo Chaves (59) Alto... Espírito Santo Municipalities)


Lakes

One of the most important lake districts in Brazil lies on the banks of the Doce river. The area contains some 26 large lakes, the biggest of which is called Juparanã Lake.


Climate

Espírito Santo's climate is generally dry and hot north of the Doce river, and with cold mountain climates in the south-south west. It is hot subtropical along all the coast, with dry winters and rainy suummers.


Economy

The main crops of the state are Species Oryza barthii Oryza glaberrima Oryza latifolia Oryza longistaminata Oryza punctata Oryza rufipogon Oryza sativa References ITIS 41975 2002-09-22 This article is about the food grain, not the university or Condoleezza Rice; see also rice (disambiguation). Rice (genus Oryza) is a plant of the grass family which feeds... rice, coffee (one of the most important cash crops in The Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil in Portuguese) is the largest and most populous country in South America, and fifth largest in the world. Spanning a vast area between central South America and the Atlantic Ocean, it borders Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela... Brazil), Binomial name Theobroma cacao L. Cacao (Theobroma cacao) is a small (4-8 m tall) evergreen tree in the family Sterculiaceae, native to tropical South America, but now cultivated throughout the tropics. Its seeds are used to make cocoa and chocolate. The tree grows naturally in the low foothills of... cacao, sugarcane, This article is on the plant. For alternate meanings, see Bean (disambiguation) Green beans Bean is a common name for large plant seeds of several genera of Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae) (English: leguminous, legumes), used for food or feed. Name Bean originally meant the seed of the fava bean, but was... beans, In botany, a fruit is the ripened ovary, together with its seeds, of a flowering plant. In cuisine, when discussing fruit as food, the term usually refers to just those plant fruits that are sweet and fleshy, examples of which would be plum, apple, and orange. However, a great many... fruit (mostly BANANA is an acronym Build Absolutely Nothing Anywhere Near Anything, or sometimes Build Absolutely Nothing Anywhere Near Anyone, used to describe the opposition of certain groups to some types of development. The opponents are often environmentalists, in which case the argument is generally that what is being planned is not... bananas and The papaya, also known as pawpaw, mamao, or tree melon, is the fruit of the tree Carica papaya. Originally from southern Mexico and neighboring countries, the papaya plant is now cultivated in most tropical countries. The tree is also grown in the United States, primarily in Florida, Hawaii, Puerto Rico... papayas), and Species Zea diploperennis Zea luxurians Zea mays ssp. huehuetenangensis Zea mays ssp. mays Zea mays ssp. mexicana Zea mays ssp. parviglumis Zea nicaraguensis Zea perennis References ITIS 42268 2002-09-22 Sorting Zea names This article is about the staple food. For information about the town with that name, see... maize. The Sheep are commonly bred as livestock. Livestock refers to domesticated animals, that may be kept or raised in pens, houses, pastures, or on farms as part of an agricultural or farming operation, whether for commerce or private use. The process of breeding, raising and caring for livestock is known as... livestock industry, important throughout Brazil, is primarily Binomial name Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758 Cattle are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. They are raised as livestock for meat (called beef and veal), dairy products (milk), leather and as draught animals (pulling carts, plows and the like). In some countries they are... cattle raised for A glass of milk Milk most often means the nutrient fluid produced by the mammary glands of female mammals. It provides the primary source of nutrition for newborns before they are able to digest more diverse foods. It is also processed into dairy products such as cream, butter, yoghurt, ice... milk and Beef is meat obtained from a bovine. Beef is a taboo meat in a number of religions, most notably Hinduism. Also, consumption of beef (along with other meats) is frowned upon by many Buddhists, although it is not strictly taboo. By contrast, beef is one of the principal meats used... beef. Industry consists mainly of Canning is a method of preserving food by first heating it to a temperature that destroys contaminating micro-organisms, and then sealing it in air-tight jars or cans. Because of the danger of botulism, the only safe method of canning most foods is under conditions of both high heat... canning, Forestry (formally known as silviculture) is the art, science, and practice of studying and managing forests and related natural resources. A strong body of research and development exists regarding the managing of forest ecosystems, selecting species and varieties, and tree breeding. Forestry also includes the development of better methods for... forestry, This article is about the type of fabric. Textile is also a jargon term used by naturists or nudists to describe a person who wears clothes, and also the property that nudity is not allowed, e.g. in textile beach, textile campsite, etc. A textile is any kind of woven... textiles, General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metal Group, Period, Block 8 (VIIIB), 4 , d Density, Hardness 7874 kg/m3, 4.0 Appearance lustrous metallic with a greyish tinge Atomic properties Atomic weight 55.845 amu Atomic radius (calc.) 140 (156) pm Covalent radius 125 pm van... iron and Steel framework Steel is a metal alloy whose major component is iron, with carbon being the primary alloying material. Carbon acts as a hardening agent, preventing iron atoms, which are naturally arranged in a lattice, from sliding past one another. Varying the amount of carbon and its distribution in the... steel works. The latter two are concentrated around Cariacica is a town and municipality in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. It is located 10km northwest of Vitória, the capital of the state, and is considered part of the Greater Vitória metropolitan area. According to the 2000 IBGE Census there were 323,807 people in... Cariacica and the "Vale do Rio Doce" ironworks.


Vitória is an important port for exporting iron and steel. Indeed, it is the biggest steel producer in the world. In São Mateus is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 99.133 inhabitants. The capital of this municipality is located at a latitude of 18º4258 South and a longitude of 39º5132 West, at 36 meters... São Mateus, Nodding donkey pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario, 2001 Petroleum (from Latin petrus – rock and oleum – oil), mineral oil, or crude oil, sometimes colloquially called black gold, is a thick, dark brown or greenish flammable liquid, which exists in the upper strata of some areas of the... petroleum reserves have been found on its continental shelf, and today are being commercially exploited.


Tourism plays an ever-increasing role in the state economy. However, most of the visitors are from neighbouring states, rather than foreign countries. Popular destinations include coastal areas such as Guarapari is a coastal town on the coast of Espírito Santo, Brazil. Capital of its municipality, it is located 47km south of Vitória, the capital of the state. It is a well-known tourist destination, known for its curative black sand beaches which are even commercially exploited. With... Guarapari, Jacaraípe and Fishers Market under trees at beach in Manguinhos. Manguinhos is a small village in the municipality of Serra in Espírito Santo, Brazil, technically known as a neighbourhood (Bairro in Portuguese). It is today mainly a residential village, as most people work in the Greater Vitória Metropolitan Area... Manguinhos, but mountain retreats such as Domingos Martins is the name of a municipality and its capital. It is situated in the state of Espírito Santo. According to the IBGE census of 2000, the municipality had 30,559 inhabitants, of which 5,820 were urban dwelling (mainly in the capital). It has a population density... Domingos Martins are also popular. Guarapari is a coastal town on the coast of Espírito Santo, Brazil. Capital of its municipality, it is located 47km south of Vitória, the capital of the state. It is a well-known tourist destination, known for its curative black sand beaches which are even commercially exploited. With... Guarapari is also a local A tourist boat travels the River Seine in Paris, France Tourism can be defined as the act of travel for the purpose of recreation, and the provision of services for this act. A tourist is someone who travels at least fifty miles from home, as defined by the World Tourism... tourist destination, known for its curative black sand This article is about the geological formation. For Lord Emsworths butler in the stories of P. G. Wodehouse, see Sebastian Beach. Beach A beach or strand is a geological formation consisting of loose rock particles such as sand, shingle, or cobble along the shoreline of a body of water... beaches.


Municipal capitals within Espírito Santo

(See also Espírito Santo state (estado in Portuguese) and all municipalities (municípios in Portuguese) in alphabetical order. List of Espírito Santos Miunicipalities By Name Espírito Santo and its municipalities. Afonso Cláudio (42) Água Doce do Norte (01) Águia Branca (15) Alegre (68) Alfredo Chaves (59) Alto... Espírito Santo Municipalities)

  • Afonso Cláudio
  • Água Doce do Norte is a Brazilian municipality in Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 12.777 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Água Doce do Norte
  • guia Branca is the name of a municipality and its capital in the state of Esp rito Santo, in south eastern Brazil. Located in central western Esp rito Santo. The municipality has an urban population of just over 2.300, and a rural population of over 7.200, (IBGE, 2000... Águia Branca
  • Alegre is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was that of 32.377 inhabitants. Categories: Stub | Cities in Brazil ... Alegre
  • Alfredo Chaves is the name of a municipality and its capital in the state of Brazil. It is 60km southwest of the state capital, Vitória. The municipalitys area is 616 square kilometers. Contents // Categories: Brazil geography stubs ... Alfredo Chaves
  • Alto Rio Novo is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was that of 6.695 inhabitants. Categories: Brazil geography stubs ... Alto Rio Novo
  • Anchieta is a brazilian municipality in the state of Espirito Santo. Its capital is situated at a latitude of 20º4821 South and longitude 40º3844 West, and an average altitude of 2 meters. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 21,352 inhabitants. The municipality covers an... Anchieta
  • Apiacá is a brazilian municipality in the sate of Espirito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was 7.933 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Apiacá
  • Aracruz is the name of a municipality and its capital on the central eastern coast of Espírito Santo, Brazil. History The municipalitys history begins in 1556, when two Jesuit preists (Braz Lourenço and Diogo Jácomo) founded Santa Cruz, a town then called Aldeia Nova (New Village... Aracruz
  • Atilio Vivacqua is a brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 9.179 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Atílio Vivácqua
  • Baixo Guandu is a brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 28.177 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Baixo Guandu
  • Barra de São Francisco is a brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated popultion in 2004 was of 38.551 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Barra de São Francisco
  • Boa Esperança is a brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its capital is at latitude of 18º3224 South and longitude of 40º1745 West, and at an altitude of 140 meters above sea level. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 14,077... Boa Esperança
  • Bom Jesus do Norte is a brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 9.874 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Bom Jesus do Norte
  • Brejetuba is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 12.611 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Brejetuba
  • Cachoeiro de Itapemirim is the name of a municipality and of its capital, located in the south of Espírito Santo, Brazil, on the banks of the Itapemirim river. It is the economic hub of southern Espírito Santo, being the most important producer of marble and granite... Cachoeiro de Itapemirim
  • Cariacica is a town and municipality in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. It is located 10km northwest of Vitória, the capital of the state, and is considered part of the Greater Vitória metropolitan area. According to the 2000 IBGE Census there were 323,807 people in... Cariacica
  • Castelo is the name of a municipality and its capital in the southwest of the state of Espírito Santo in Brazil. It has a population of 35,000 and an area of 670 square kilometers. History There is information on two Amerindian tribes inhabiting the area before the colonial... Castelo
  • Colatina is the largest city in the north of Espírito Santo, Brazil, 127km north of the capital Vitória and on the trainline from Vitória to Minas Gerais. It lies on the banks of the Doce river, through which as much as 700 cubic meters of water per... Colatina
  • Conceição da Barra is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 28.655 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Conceição da Barra
  • Conceição do Castelo is the name of a municipality and its capital in central Espírito Santo, Brazil. According to the 1996 IBGE census, the municipality had 10,135 inhabitants. History The municipality was created when it separated from Cachoeiro de Itapemirim on the 7th of May, 1964. Location... Conceição do Castelo
  • Divino de São Lourenço is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 5.190 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Divino de São Lourenço
  • Domingos Martins is the name of a municipality and its capital. It is situated in the state of Espírito Santo. According to the IBGE census of 2000, the municipality had 30,559 inhabitants, of which 5,820 were urban dwelling (mainly in the capital). It has a population density... Domingos Martins
  • Dores do Rio Preto is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 6.662 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Dores do Rio Preto
  • Ecoporanga is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 23.747 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Ecoporanga
  • Fundão is the name of a municipality and its capital in Espírito Santo, south eastern Brazil. History This municipality was created on the 2nd of January 1759 and installed officially on the 15th of June 1760. The municipality was created from part of Nova Almeida Municipality, which today... Fundão
  • Governador Lindenberg is the name of a Brazilian municipality in the southeastern state of Espírito Santo. In 2004, it had an estimated population of 9,826. Located in the north of the state, this municipality just gained independence from Colatina recently. Its colonization was made primarily through access of... Governador Lindenberg
  • Guaçuí is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 27.302 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Guaçuí
  • Guarapari is a coastal town on the coast of Espírito Santo, Brazil. Capital of its municipality, it is located 47km south of Vitória, the capital of the state. It is a well-known tourist destination, known for its curative black sand beaches which are even commercially exploited. With... Guarapari
  • Ibatiba is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 21.084 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Ibatiba
  • Ibiraçu is the name of a municipality and its capital in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. Location Ibiraçu is about 50km north of the state capital Vitória. Bordering municipalities include João Neiva (N), Santa Teresa (W), Fundão (S) and Aracruz (E). History Ibira... Ibiraçú
  • Ibitirama is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 10.009 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Ibitirama
  • Iconha is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 12.153 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Iconha
  • Irupi is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 10.774 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Irupi
  • Itaguaçu is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 15.060 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Itaguaçú
  • Itapemirim is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 31.334 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Itapemirim
  • Itarana is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 11.954 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Itarana
  • Iúna is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 27.723 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Iúna
  • Jaguaré is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 20.816 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Jaguaré
  • Jerônimo Monteiro is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 10.851 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Jeronimo Monteiro
  • João Neiva is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 16.239 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... João Neiva
  • Laranja da Terra is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 11.087 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Laranja da Terra
  • Linhares is the name of a municipality and its capital in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. 135km north of the capital, it is the largest municipality by area at 4.407,4 km², and has a population of over 124,000 (1995, IBGE). History The area today known... Linhares
  • Mantenópolis is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 11.311 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Mantenópolis
  • Marataízes is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 34.692 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Marataízes
  • Marechal Floriano is the capital of a municipality of the same name, in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. Once part of the municipality of Domingos Martins, the town of Marechal Floriano separated on the 31st of October 1991, becoming capital of its own municipality. Marechal Floriano is just... Marechal Floriano
  • Marilândia is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 10.396 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Marilândia
  • Minoso do Sul is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 27.306 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Mimoso do Sul
  • Montanha is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 16.817 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Montanha
  • Mucurici is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 6,153 inhabitants. Categories: Brazil geography stubs ... Mucurici
  • Muniz Freire can mean: Muniz Freire (town) (Town and Municipality, Espirito Santo, Brazil) Muniz Freire (governor) (Governor of Espirito Santo, Brazil) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. If an article link referred you here, you might... Muniz Freire
  • Muqui is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 13.696 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Muqui
  • Nova Venécia is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 44 814 inhabitants. The capital of the municipality is at a latitude of 18º4238 South and a longitude of 40º2402 West, at 65 meters above... Nova Venécia
  • Pancas is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was 20,093. Situated on a tributary of the Doce River, in the north west of the state. Locally it is known as a good spot for paragliding. History Before the european colonizers... Pancas
  • Pedro Canário is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 22.276 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Pedro Canário
  • Pinheiros is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 21 327 inhabitants. The capital of this municipality is located at a latitude of 18º2213 South and a longitude of 40º1248 West, and at an altitude of... Pinheiros
  • Piúma
  • Ponto Belo is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 6.437 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Ponto Belo
  • Presidente Kennedy is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 9.618 inhabitants. The capital of the municipality has a latitude of 21º0556 South and a longitude of 41º0248 West, at 55 meters above sea level... Presidente Kennedy
  • Rio Bananal is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 16.784 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Rio Bananal
  • Rio novo do Sul is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 11.921 inhabitants. The name of this municipality means New River of the South in Portuguese. Categories: Stub ... Rio Novo do Sul
  • Santa Leopoldina is the name of a municipality and its capital in central Espírito Santo, Brazil, and currently has a population of around 12,200. It is 16 meters above sea level, with a total area of 713 square kilometers, and is located 44km from the state capital of... Santa Leopoldina
  • Santa Maria de Jetiba is the name of a municipality and of its capital in central Espírito Santo, Southeastern Brazil. It was founded in 1857 by Pomeranian immigrants who arrived through the state capital Vitória by going up the river Santa Maria. Geography Located in the central-southern... Santa Maria de Jetibá
  • Santa Teresa is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 21.021 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Santa Teresa
  • São Domingos do Norte is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 8.087 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... São Domingos do Norte
  • São Gabriel da Palha is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 27.968 inhabitants. Categories: Brazil geography stubs ... São Gabriel da Palha
  • São José do Calçado is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 10.621 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... São José do Calçado
  • São Mateus is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 99.133 inhabitants. The capital of this municipality is located at a latitude of 18º4258 South and a longitude of 39º5132 West, at 36 meters... São Mateus
  • São Roque do Caaã is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 10 849 inhabitants. The capital of the municipality is located at a latitude of 19º4420 South and a longitude of 40º3925 West, and... São Roque do Canaã
  • Serra is the name of a municipality and its capital in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. Bordering the north of the states capital, Vitória, the southern portion of this municipality is usually considered part of the Greater Vitória metropolitan area. The municipality as a whole... Serra
  • Sooretama is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 20.364 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Sooretama
  • Vargem Alta is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 19.579 inhabitants. Categories: Stub | Espírito Santo ... Vargem Alta
  • Categories: Brazil geography stubs ... Venda Nova do Imigrante
  • Viana is the name of a municipality and its capital in Espírito Santo, Brazil. It is located 18km southwest of Vitória on the road to Minas Gerais. Though it is considered part of the Greater Vitória metropolitan area, it still maintains a much more laid-back feeling... Viana
  • Vila Pavão is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 8.440 inhabitants. Categories: Brazil geography stubs ... Vila Pavão
  • Vila Valério is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Espírito Santo. Its estimated population in 2004 was of 14.228 inhabitants. Categories: Stub ... Vila Valério
  • Categories: Brazil geography stubs ... Vila Velha
  • Vitória.



There are 26 States of Brazil, or Estados in Portuguese, which are the federal states of Brazil, plus the Federal District which holds the capital city, Brasília. The twenty-six states are: See also: Brazil, List of subnational entities, List of capitals of subnational entities External link Map Categories... States of The Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil in Portuguese) is the largest and most populous country in South America, and fifth largest in the world. Spanning a vast area between central South America and the Atlantic Ocean, it borders Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela... Brazil General info: Large flag of Brazil Dimensions: 431x302 pixels Source: Image originally derived from the public domain flags of the CIA World Factbook License: originally public domain, modifications under GFDL Most of the flags have had their colours improved and many have been resized to the proper ratios. For a...
Acre is a state of Brazil, located in the north_western part of the country. To the north is the state of Amazonas, to the east is a short border with the state of Rondônia, to the south is Bolivia and to the west is Peru. Geography Acre has a... Acre | Alagoas (AL) is a small state in northeastern Brazil lying between the states of Pernambuco and Sergipe; touching the state of Bahia along a part of its southwestern border. The southern border of Alagoas is defined by the Rio São Francisco (São Francisco River). Alagoas has an area... Alagoas | Amapá | Amazonas | For the genus of wildflowers in the family Asteraceae, see Bahia (Botany) Bahia is a state in the north-east of Brazil. History The Portuguese Pedro Alvares Cabral landed at what is now Porto Seguro, on the southern coast of Bahia in 1500, and claimed the territory for Portugal. In... Bahia | Ceará | The Brazilian Federal District (in Portuguese, Distrito Federal) is set apart for Brasília, the capital of Brazil. It is located inside the state of Goiás. History The government was transferred to Distrito Federal in April 21, 1960, which was then split off from Goiás. Before the transfer... Federal District | Espírito Santo | Goiás | Maranhão | Mato Grosso is one of the states of Brazil, located in the western part of the country. Neighboring states are (from west clockwise) Rondônia, Amazonas, Pará, Tocantins, Goiás and Mato Grosso do Sul. It also borders Bolivia to the southwest. The name literally means thick jungle. Apart from... Mato Grosso | Mato Grosso do Sul is one of the states of Brazil, located in the western part of the country. Neighboring states are (from north clockwise) Mato Grosso, Goiás, Minas Gerais, São Paulo and Paraná. It also borders Paraguay and Bolivia to the west. The name means thick grass... Mato Grosso do Sul | Minas Gerais is one of the states of Brazil, the second most populous in the federation. The capital is the city of Belo Horizonte, in the center of the state. Location This Brazilian state is in the west of the southeastern subdivision of Brazil, which also contains the states of... Minas Gerais | Pará | Paraíba | Paraná | Pernambuco is a state of Brazil, located in the Brazilian Northeast. To the north are the states of Paraíba and Ceará, to the west is Piauí, to the south are Alagoas and Bahia, and to the east is the Atlantic Ocean. Geography Pernambuco has a territory covered mostly by... Pernambuco | Piauí | Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. Start the Rio de Janeiro state article If you have created this page in the past few minutes and it has not yet appeared, it may not be visible due to a delay in updating the database. Please wait... Rio de Janeiro | Rio Grande do Norte is one of the states of Brazil, located in the northeastern part of the country, on the edge of the South American continent. Geography Rio Grande do Norte is dominated by its coastline. The state is famed for its beaches and sand dunes, and the air... Rio Grande do Norte | Rio Grande do Sul is the southernmost state in Brazil. It is bordered on the north by the Brazilian state of Santa Catarina, on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, on the south by Uruguay, and on the west by Argentina. History Although mainly rural for much of its early... Rio Grande do Sul | Rondônia | Roraima is one of the states of Brazil, located in the northern part of the country. Neighboring states are (from east clockwise) Pará and Amazonas. To the north it borders Venezuela and Guyana. Geography The climate is tropical with an annual mean temperature of 26°C. Most of the state... Roraima | Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. Start the Santa Catarina state article If you have created this page in the past few minutes and it has not yet appeared, it may not be visible due to a delay in updating the database. Please wait and... Santa Catarina | São Paulo | Sergipe is the smallest state of Brazil, located on the north eastern Atlantic coast of the country. It borders on two other states, Bahia and Alagoas. Geography As with most of the states on the Brazilian coast, inland Sergipe is almost entirely savanna (caatinga), and its coastline is characterised by... Sergipe | Tocantins is one of the states of Brazil. The state was formed in 1988 out of the northern part of Goiás, and construction began on the capital, Palmas, in 1989, in contrast to most of the other cities in the state which date back to Portuguese colonial period. Geography... Tocantins

 
 

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