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Encyclopedia > Esox niger
Chain Pickerel
Conservation status: Secure

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Esociformes
Family: Esocidae
Genus: Esox
Species: E. niger
Binomial name
Esox niger
Lesueur, 1818

The chain pickerel (Esox niger) is a species of freshwater fish in the pike family (family Esocidae) of order Esociformes.

Synonym: Esox reticulatus.

Also known as the federation pike or federation pickerel.

Chain pickerel typically grow to about 24" in length with a weight of 3-5 pounds. The U.S. record is over nine pounds. Its range is along the eastern seaboard from southern Canada to Florida and west to Texas.

The chain pickerel feeds primarily on small fish which it ambushes from cover with rapid lunges and secures with its sharp teeth.


  • "Esox niger (http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/SpeciesSummary.cfm?genusname=Esox&speciesname=niger)". FishBase. Ed. Ranier Froese and Daniel Pauly. October 2004 version. N.p.: FishBase, 2004.
  • "Esox niger" (TSN 162143) (http://www.itis.usda.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=162143). Integrated Taxonomic Information System. N.p.: Integrated Taxonomic Information System, 2004. Accessed on 5 December 2004.



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