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Encyclopedia > Eshmun

Eshmun (or Eshmoun, less accurately Esmun or Esmoun) was a northwestern Semitic god of healing and the tutelary god of Sidon. 12th century Hebrew Bible script The Semitic languages are a family of languages spoken by more than 250 million people across much of the Middle East, where they originated, and North and East Africa. ... Sidon, also written Saida in English (transliterated from the Arabic صيدا ) is the third-largest city in Lebanon. ...


This god was known at least from the Iron Age period at Sidon and was worshipped also in Tyre, Beirut, Cyprus, Sardinia, and in Carthage where the site of Eshmun's temple is now occupied by the chapel of Louis IX of France. Iron Age Axe found on Gotland This article is about the archaeological period known as the Iron Age, for the mythological Iron Age see Iron Age (mythology). ... Tyre (Arabic الصور aṣ-Ṣūr, native Phoenician Ṣur, Latin Tyrus, Akkadian Ṣurru, Tiberian Hebrew צר Ṣōr, Greek Τύρος Týros) is an ancient Phoenician city in Lebanon on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, about 23 miles, in a direct line, north of Acre, and 20 south of Sidon. ... Central Beirut (2004) Beirut (Arabic: , transliterated Bayrūt - the French name, Beyrouth, was also commonly used in English in the past) is the capital, largest city and chief seaport of Lebanon. ... Sardinia (Sardigna, Sardinna or Sardinnia in the Sardinian language, Sardegna in Italian, Sardenya in Catalan), is the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (Sicily is the largest), between Italy, Spain and Tunisia, south of Corsica. ... A map of the central Mediterranean Sea, showing the location of Carthage (near modern Tunis). ... The name Saint Louis has several referents: Catholic Saints King Saint Louis IX of France; Saint Louis, bishop of Toulouse in France Locations Saint Louis, Missouri St. ...


According to Sanchuniathon, Sydyk 'Just', first fathered seven sons equated with the Greek Cabeiri or Dioscuri, no mother named, and then afterwards fathered an eighth son by one of the seven Titanides or Artemides. (See Kotharat). The name Eshmun appears to mean 'the Eighth'. Sanchuniathon or Sanchoniathon or Sanchoniatho is the purported Phoenician author of three works in Phoenician, surviving only in partial paraphrase and summary of a Greek translation by Philo of Byblos. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Cabeiri in Greek mythology, were a group of minor deities, of whose character and worship nothing certain is known. ... Castor (or Kastor) and Polydeuces (sometimes called Pollux), were in Greek mythology the twin sons of Leda and the brothers of Helen of Troy and Clytemnestra. ... The Kotharat or Kotharot or Kathirat (various suggested pronunciations of Ugaritic ktrt) the skilful ones were a group of northwest Semitic goddesses apearing in the Ugartic texts as divine midwives. ...


The Neo-Platonist Damascius also stated (Vita Isidori 302): Damascius, the last of the Neoplatonists, was born in Damascus about AD 480. ...

The Asclepius in Beirut is neither a Greek or an Egyptian, but some native Phoenician divnity. For to Sadyk were born children who are interpreted as Dioscuri and Cabeiri; and in addition to these was born an eighth son, Esmunus, who is interpreted as Asclepius. Central Beirut (2004) Beirut (Arabic: , transliterated Bayrūt - the French name, Beyrouth, was also commonly used in English in the past) is the capital, largest city and chief seaport of Lebanon. ...

Photius (Bibliotheca Codex 242) summarizes Damascius as saying further that Asclepius of Beirut was a youth who was fond of hunting. He was seen by the goddess Astronoë (thought by many scholars to be a version of ‘Ashtart) who so harassed him with amorous pusuit that in desperation he castrated himself and died. Astronoë then named the youth Paeon 'Healer', restored him to life from the warmth of her body, and changed him into a god. A village near Beirut named Qabr Shmoun 'Eshmoun's grave' still exists. Photius (b. ... ‘Ashtart, commonly known as Astarte (also Hebrew or Phoenician עשתרת, Ugaritic ‘ttrt (also ‘Attart or ‘Athtart), Akkadian dAs_tar_tú (also Astartu), Greek Αστάρτη (Astártê)), was a major northwest_Semitic goddess, cognate in name, origin, and functions with the east-Semitic goddess Ishtar. ...


A trilingual inscription from the 2nd century BCE from Sardinia (KAI. 66) also identifies Eshmun with Greek Asclepius and Latin Aesculapius. (3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - other centuries) (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium AD) Events BC 168 Battle of Pydna -- Macedonian phalanx defeated by Romans BC 148 Rome conquers Macedonia BC 146 Rome destroys Carthage in the Third Punic War BC 146 Rome conquers... Asclepius Asclepius (Greek also rendered Aesculapius in Latin and transliterated Asklepios) was the god of medicine and healing in ancient Greek mythology, according to which he was born a mortal but was given immortality as the constellation Ophiuchus after his death. ...


Pausanias (7.23.7–8) quotes a Sidonian as saying that the Phoenicians claim Apollo as the father of Asclepius, as do the Greeks, but unlike them do not make his mother a mortal woman. The Sidonian then continued with an allegory which explained that Apollo represented the sun whose changing paths imparts to the air its healthiness which is to be understood as Asclepius. This allegory seems likely to be a late invention. Also Apollo is usually equated with the Phoenician plague god Resheph. This might be a variant version of Eshmun's parentage, or Apollo might also be equated with Sadyk, Sadyk might be equated with Resheph. Pausanias was Greek traveller and geographer of the 2nd century A.D., who lived in the times of Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius. ... Apollo (Greek: Απόλλων, Apóllōn) is a god in Greek and Roman mythology, the son of Zeus and Leto, and the twin of Artemis (goddess of the hunt). ... In north Semitic mythology, Resheph was a god of plague and war. ...


The name Astresmunim 'herb of Eshmun' was applied by Dioscorides (4.71) to the solanum, which was regarded as having medicinal qualities. Pedanius Dioscorides (ca. ... Species See text Solanum is a genus of annuals, perennials, sub-shrubs, shrubs and climbers. ...


The temple to Eshmun is found 1 km from Sidon on the Bostrenus river, the modern river Awwali. Building was begun at the end of the 6th century BCE during the reign of Eshmunazar II and later additions were made up into the Roman period. It was excavated by Maurice Dunand from 1963 to 1978. Many votive offerings in the form of statues of those healed by the god were found, especially statues of babies and young children. (7th century BC - 6th century BCE - 5th century BCE - other centuries) (600s BCE - 590s BCE - 580s BCE - 570s BCE - 560s BCE - 550s BCE - 540s BCE - 530s BCE - 520s BCE - 510s BCE - 500s BCE - other decades) (2nd millennium BCE - 1st millennium BCE - 1st millennium) The 5th and 6th centuries BCE were... The Roman Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Ancient Roman polity in the centuries following its reorganization under the leadership of Octavian (better known as Caesar Augustus). ... 1963 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1978 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ...


Also found near the temple near Sidon was a gold plaque of Eshmun and the goddess Hygeia 'Health' showing Eshmun holding a staff in his right hand around which a serpent is entwined. A coin from Beirut from the 3rd century CE shows Eshmun standing between two serpents. In Greek mythology, Hygieia (Roman equivalent: Salus) was a daughter of Asclepius. ... // Events The Sassanid dynasty of Persia launches a war to reconquer lost lands in the Roman east. ...


Bterram, a village in Lebanon, possesses a very old underground temple called Eshmunit composed of eight rooms (one big and seven small) all carved in the bedrock and accessible by stairs. It is thought this may be a temple to a spouse of Eshmun.


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Eshmun (214 words)
Eshmunit is though to be the temple of Eshmun's consort and the only remaining site dedicated to her.
Eshmun is 'the Holy Prince', the god of the Phoenician city of Sidon, and a god of vital force, health and healing.
He was worshipped in Tyre and in the colonies Cyprus, and Carthage, but not in Ugarit.
Lebanon Database About » Eshmun (563 words)
Eshmun (or Eshmoun, less accurately Esmun or Esmoun) was a northwestern Semitic god of healing and the tutelary god of Sidon.
The name Astresmunim, “herb of Eshmun.” was applied by Dioscorides (4.71) to the solanum, which was regarded as having medicinal qualities.
The temple to Eshmun is found 1 km from Sidon on the Bostrenus River, the modern River Awwali.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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