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Encyclopedia > Eshelman

Eshelman was a marque of small American automobiles (1953–1961) and other vehicles and implements including motor scooters, garden tractors, pleasure boats, aircraft, golf carts, snowplows, trailers, mail-delivery vehicles and more. The Cheston L. Eshelman Company was based on the sixth floor of an industrial building at 109 Light Street in Baltimore, Maryland, with aircraft production facilities located in Dundalk, Maryland. A marque (French for brand and pronounced as mark) is a brand name, most commonly used for automobile brands. ... Karl Benzs Velo (vélo means bicycle in French) model (1894) - entered into the first automobile race 2005 MINI Cooper S. An automobile (also motor car or simply car) is a wheeled passenger vehicle that carries its own motor. ... A typical mid 1980s twist and go scooter. ... A late 19th century reel mower. ... A modern yacht A yacht (From Dutch Jacht meaning hunt(er)) was originally defined as a light, fast sailing vessel used to convey important persons. ... Look up aircraft in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Golf carts A golf cart, also known as a golf car, is a small vehicle designed originally to carry two golfers and their golf clubs around a golf course faster and with less effort than walking. ... A small sidewalk clearing plow in Ottawa, Canada A snowplow (or snow plow, US Engish; in UK English, snowplough or snow plough) is a vehicle, or a device intended for mounting on a vehicle, for removing snow and sometimes ice from outdoor surfaces, typically those serving transportation purposes. ... Trailer has the following definitions: Trailer is an unpowered vehicle pulled by one with an engine A movie trailer or theatrical trailer is an advertisement for an upcoming cinematic feature Teaser trailer are truncated movie trailers used to generate hype on big-budget movies. ... See Cheston Lee Eshelman. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more Motto: Get In On It (formerly The City That Reads and The Greatest City in America; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location Location of Baltimore in Maryland Coordinates , Government Country State County United... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,417 sq mi (32,160 km²)  - Width 90 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37°53N to 39°43N  - Longitude 75°4W to 79°33... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 54. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,417 sq mi (32,160 km²)  - Width 90 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37°53N to 39°43N  - Longitude 75°4W to 79°33...


The Eshelman company began production of light aircraft in Dundalk after World War II, but was best known toward mid-century for its inexpensive light garden tractors and similar machines (including the Kulti-Mower) which were widely promoted in small advertisements in the back pages of mechanical and scientific magazines. Eshelman was a marque of small American automobiles (1953-1961) and other vehicles and implements including motor scooters, garden tractors, pleasure boats, aircraft, golf cars, snowplows, trailers, mail-delivery vehicles and more. ...


Children's cars

In 1953 the Cheston L. Eshelman Company, which had produced light aircraft immediately after World War II and then pleasure boats (including the spectacular "Rocket Boat", built from surplus military aircraft wing tanks), lightweight garden tractors and other implements, began producing a tiny air-cooled one-cylinder automobile, the "Sport Car", in two versions: a basic $295 15 MPH "Child's Sport Car" for two children and powered by a two-horsepower Briggs & Stratton #6 engine, and the $395 25 MPH Model 2 "Adult Sport Car" for one adult which featured the three-horsepower Briggs & Stratton #8 engine, battery-operated head and tail lamps, seat-cushion upholstery, and trademark chrome "rocket" emblems on its flanks. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Engine cooling is the process of cooling an engine by using either air or liquid. ...


A factory brochure advertised 70 MPG fuel consumption and said the car was "Ideal for short trips. When it's too far to walk - to the shopping center, to the beach, to work - this little car is the perfect 'runabout'. Even the children can use it about your property. It's so easy to operate and sturdily built. Add an Eshelman trailer cart and it's perfect for hauling and light delivery."


Both models were 54 inches in length, 24 inches wide and 23 inches in height, but with their heavy plate-steel platform frames the CSC weighed in at 225 pounds while the Model 2 ASC, with its larger engine and added accessories, weighed nearly 250 pounds.


In the earliest models, power from the rope-started front-mounted engine (with hand throttle) was transferred by a long drive belt to a simple lever-operated forward-reverse transmission between the rear wheels under the bench seat out to serrated cast-iron "gears" which drove the wheels through contact friction atop the 2.25x10 semi-pneumatic tire treads. Braking action was accomplished by reversing the transmission. This unsatisfactory system with its resultant heavy tire wear was soon replaced by a drive belt from an engine-mounted centrifugal clutch to a jackshaft under the seat, and from there by forward-only chain drive to sprockets on one or both rear wheels. The brake pedal mechanically applied paddles to the rear tire treads. Several basic colors were offered (and at least one two-tone combination), with contrasting-color interiors on Adult Sport Car models.


In 1955, vice-president Richard M. Nixon was photographed at a gasoline pump "fueling" a Child's Sport Car in a March of Dimes "Fill 'Er Up for Polio" publicity campaign while holding the pump nozzle at the car's rear. Actually, most Eshelman cars were fueled under the hood. Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... March of Dimes official logo March of Dimes is the name of health charities in both the United States and Canada. ...


There were a few Eshelman dealers but business was largely conducted through direct mail-order, and customers could also take delivery at the Baltimore factory showroom.


The Sport Car was mostly advertised through postage stamp-sized advertisements in home-crafting and scientific magazines (and occasionally in coffee table magazines) and delivered to buyers in cartons by truck freight. However, the Eshelman company soon found that some customers were disappointed at first sight of the cars' tiny size and were repackaging and returning the cars to the factory. To counter this, the Eshelman company soon implemented a no-return purchase policy. Coffee table book on coffee table A coffee table book is a hardcover book that rests on a coffee table or similar surface in an area where guests sit and are entertained, thus inspiring conversation or alleviating boredom. ...


The cars were popular as gifts, advertising premiums and promotional novelties. US Congressman Francis E. Dorn campaigned for re-election using a specially-lettered 1954 Eshelman Child's Sport Car. Francis Edwin Dorn (April 8, 1911 - September 17, 1987) was a member of the United States House of Representatives from New York. ...


Adult cars

By 1955 a second, larger model was added to the Eshelman line, a basic six-horsepower open car for two passengers also named the "Adult Sport Car". These ASCs were 64 inches long, 36 inches wide and 32 inches in height and were powered by an air-cooled rope-started Briggs & Stratton #14 engine (electric starting was optional) that permitted a top speed of 30 MPH and a 70 MPG fuel consumption rate. Major ASC mechanical differences included 4.50x6 pneumatic tires with four-wheel cable-operated scrub brakes, a foot throttle, and a pedal-operated parking brake. Extra-cost options included a lawn sweeper ($39.95) and a hauling cart ($79.95).


The following year saw a minor restyling on both models including an opening hood, cut-down sides for easier entry and exit, and opened rear wheel wells. A utility version of this car was offered for use on golf courses (and advertised as providing "36 holes per gallon").


But on Friday, February 10, 1956, a massive fire consumed the Eshelman factory. Two hundred firefighters and two fireboats helped to extinguish the $500,000 blaze.


At about that time the city of Baltimore began taxing manufacturing inventories and equipment, and so in February of 1957 Cheston Eshelman signed a ten-year contract with the Charles D. Briddell Company, makers of cutlery, to build Eshelman cars and other vehicles at its Crisfield, Maryland facility. A decision was also made to upgrade the cars, and Eshelman introduced several versions of the new "Sportabout", an enclosed model of the Adult Sport Car with more appurtenances including electric starting and fabric top and doors. Television star Bob Cummings (The Bob Cummings Show) became a spokesman for the Eshelman company in newspaper and magazine ads, and often featured Child Sport Cars on his programs. A new battery-powered child's car, the Model 200, was added, and thousands of the company's blue Mailster mail-delivery vehicles were seen on the streets of America, closely resembling the very similar Cushman mail carrier design. Crisfield is a city located in Somerset County, Maryland. ... Eshelman is a marque of small American automobiles (1953-1961) and other vehicles and implements including motor scooters, garden tractors, pleasure boats, aircraft, golf cars, snowplows, trailers, mail-delivery vehicles and more. ... The Bob Cummings Show was an American television sitcom which was produced from 1955 to 1959. ... The Bob Cummings Show was an American television sitcom which was produced from 1955 to 1959. ... Cushman is a manufacturer of industrial vehicles, personal vehicles, and other custom vehicles, including parking patrol 3 wheelers. ...


By 1959 the Eshelman company, now renamed the Eshelman Motors Corporation, introduced a trio of much larger $1,395 two-cylinder air-cooled closed models, the fiberglass-bodied Models 902 coupe, 903 pickup truck, and 904 delivery vehicle, all advertised as seating three passengers abreast. However, according to reports only about twelve or so were produced. Originally the Cheston L. Eshelman Company of Baltimore and Dundalk, Maryland. ...


Eshelman then turned to buying new fleet-model Chevrolet Corvairs in quantity, which were re-trimmed and re-badged with special gold-colored Eshelman insignia and other appearance changes and marketed to the public as "Eshelman Golden Eagles". By When General Motors learned of this operation, it ordered Eshelman Motors to cease and desist, but Eshelman continued to market the appearance package for those who wished to apply them to their personal cars. Corvair convertible The Chevrolet Corvair was an automobile produced by the Chevrolet division of General Motors from 1960 to 1969. ... The Eshelman Golden Eagle was a re-trimmed Chevrolet Corvair marketed by Eshelman Motors Corporation of Baltimore, Maryland. ... This article is about the company. ...


Concurrently, Cheston Eshelman moved to Miami, Florida and worked on marketing his patented "crash absorber", a pioneer 15-MPH energy-absorbing front bumper fashioned from a vehicle's own spare tire which he often demonstrated by ramming his own "crash absorber"-mounted car into retaining walls. In 1967, Eshelman produced the final Eshelman Golden Eagle Safety Cars based on new 1967 Chevrolets, all equipped with front "crash absorbers" and sold through several used-car agencies. Nickname: The Magic City Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida. ...


This marked the end of Eshelman's automotive efforts and other operations, but Cheston Lee Eshelman continued to invent and patent his ideas for decades. He died in Hialeah, Florida on November 7, 2004. American inventor, aviator, manufacturer of aircraft, boats, garden machinery and small automobiles (Cheston L. Eshelman Company, Eshelman Motors Corporation) (January 23, 1917 - November 7, 2004) (See Eshelman. ... Nickname: The City of Progress Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida. ... November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


 
 

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