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Encyclopedia > Eschatological
This article is about the concept of the end of the world. For the book by Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, now Pope Benedict XVI, see Eschatology (book).

Eschatology literally means the study of the eschaton, the times of the end, 'last things', or 'end times.' In Zoroastrianism, Christianity, Rastafari and in Norse pagan theology, eschatology is a theology concerning the end of the world, as predicted in the prophecies of these faiths, and as recorded in their sacred texts. It can also be the study of general afterlife concepts of other religions, especially the western monotheistic faiths. In this broader sense, eschatology can refer to the messiah, a messianic era, the afterlife, and the soul in religions which have such beliefs. Download high resolution version (550x759, 152 KB)Dürers Four horsemen of the Apocalypse The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Download high resolution version (550x759, 152 KB)Dürers Four horsemen of the Apocalypse The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Self-Portrait, 1493, Oil on Canvas Albrecht Dürer (May 21, 1471 - April 6, 1528) was a German painter, wood carver, engraver, and mathematician. ... The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse are mentioned in the Bible in chapter six of the Book of Revelation, which predicts that they will ride during the Apocalypse. ... His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI (in Latin Benedictus XVI) was born Joseph Alois Ratzinger on April 16, 1927. ... Faravahar, The depiction of the human soul before birth and after death. ... Christianity is an Abrahamic religion based on the life, teachings, death by crucifixion, and resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth as described in the New Testament. ... Haile Selassie Ras Tafari was the title used by Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia during his time as tenure Regent and Crown Prince (1916-1928). ... Norse mythology, Viking mythology or Scandinavian mythology refer to the pre-Christian religion, beliefs and legends of the Scandinavian people. ... Pagan may refer to: A believer in Paganism or Neopaganism. ... Theology is literally rational discourse concerning God (Greek θεος, theos, God, + λογος, logos, rational discourse). By extension, it also refers to the study of other religious topics. ... Many religious faiths teach that the end of the world, or Apocalypse, will occur at some unknown point in the future. ... This article refers to the topic of prophecy as the purported telling of future events or supernatural revelations. ... Comparative religion is a field of religious study that analyzes interpretive differences of common themes and ideas among the worlds religions. ... Afterlife (also known as life after death) is a generic term referring to a continuation of existence, typically spiritual and experiential, beyond this world, or after death. ... For this articles equivalent regarding the East, see Eastern culture Western Culture refers to the culture that has developed in the Western world. ... Monotheism (in Greek monon = single and Theos = God) is the belief in a single, universal, all-encompassing deity. ... In Judaism, the Messiah (מָשִׁיחַ Anointed one, Standard Hebrew Mašíaḥ, Tiberian Hebrew Māšîªḥ) is a human descendant of King David who will rebuild the nation of Israel and bring world peace by restoring the Davidic Kingdom. ... The soul according to many religious and philosophical traditions, is the ethereal substance — spirit (compare Hebrew rooah or nefesh) — particular to a unique living being. ...


The word is derived from Greek eskhatos meaning last, furthest, remote, with the root ex — "out of";


As far as we know, Zoroastrianism, by 500 B.C, had a fully developed concept of the end of the world as being devoured by fire, and is thus the oldest known eschatology. Faravahar, The depiction of the human soul before birth and after death. ...


Eschatologies of particular religions:


Ancient religions (no longer widely practiced)

Modern-day religions (still widely practiced) The Aztec believed that four worlds had existed before the present universe. ... This article is about Ragnarok, the mythological battle. ...

Science has developed its own eschatologies, based on observation and rational speculation rather than traditional inspiration. In Buddhism, Maitreya Buddha is the future Buddha. ... Christian Eschatology is the study of Christian beliefs concerning final events and ultimate purposes (from eskhatos, last). ... Islamic eschatology is concerned with the Qiyamah (end of the world) and the final judgement of humanity. ... Jewish eschatology is concerned with Mashiach (the Jewish Messiah) the continuation of the Davidic line, and Olam Haba (Hebrew for the world to come; i. ... Neopaganism (sometimes Neo-Paganism, meaning New Paganism) is a heterogeneous group of religions which attempt to revive ancient, mainly European pre-Christian religions. ... For the book series Wicca see Sweep (book series) and Circle Of Three. ...

  • cosmology deals with theories about the possible origins and the ultimate fate of the Universe.
  • The multiverse idea might contradict the idea of a definitive end to existence itself, and the scientific study of time calls into question the very meaning of concepts like "beginning" and "end".
  • The technological singularity would be an incomprehensible transformation of society by technological means. If it goes as expected it would be the end of human society as such.

Some have compared the Marxist belief in World communism as a form of eschatology. Cosmology is the study of the large-scale structure and history of the universe. ... Many religions have postulated an end to the Universe. ... The idea that the universe that we can observe is only part of the whole physical reality led to the definition of multiverse, the set of multiple possible universes. ... Existence is an ontological topic par excellence. ... 8:17 am, August 6, 1945, Japanese time. ... In futurism, a technological singularity is a predicted point in the development of a civilization at which technological progress accelerates beyond the ability of present-day humans to fully comprehend or predict. ... Marxism is the political practice and social theory based on the works of Karl Marx, a 19th century German philosopher, economist, journalist, and revolutionary, along with Friedrich Engels. ...


See also

The term apocalypse was introduced by F. Lücke (1832) as a description of the New Testament book of Revelation. ... Apocalypticism is a worldview based on the idea that important matters are hidden from view and they will soon be revealed in a major confrontation of earth-shaking magnitude that will change the course of history. ... This entry only concerns the historical genre of apocalyptic literature. ... Millennialism (or chiliasm), from millennium, which literally means thousand years, is primarily a belief expressed in some Christian denominations, folk religions, and literature, that at some point in the future there will be a Golden Age or Paradise on Earth when universal peace will reign, when all people will dwell... Millenarianism or millenarism is the belief by a religious, social, or political group or movement in a coming major transformation of society after which all things will be changed in a positive (or sometimes negative or ambiguous) direction. ... Messianism is any Judaic based field of philosophy which concerns itself with the interpretations of messianic fulfilment. ... In Judaism, the Messiah (מָשִׁיחַ Anointed one, Standard Hebrew Mašíaḥ, Tiberian Hebrew Māšîªḥ) is a human descendant of King David who will rebuild the nation of Israel and bring world peace by restoring the Davidic Kingdom. ... This article is about the religious concept. ... For a more general eschatological view, see eschatology The Last Judgement - Tympanum sculpture at the Abbey Church of Ste-Foy, Conques-en-Rouergue, France The end times are, in one version of Christian eschatology, a time of tribulation that will precede the Second Coming of Jesus. ...

External links

  • Death, Afterlife and Eschatology (http://alexm.here.ru/mirrors/www.enteract.com/jwalz/Eliade/eschat.html)
  • Reformed Eschatology (http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/topic/eschatology.html)"In days to come the mountain of the Lord's house shall be established as the highest of the mountains, and shall be raised above the hills; all the nations shall stream to it." Isaiah 2:2
  • Exit Mundi (http://www.xs4all.nl/~mke/exitmundi.htm)A collection of end-of-world scenarios
  • A Brief History of the End of Everything, a BBC 4 Radio series (http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/science/briefhistory.shtml)

  Results from FactBites:
 
War and Eschatology (5348 words)
All the Christian faith-confessions have their own eschatological aspect, all the theological tracts have their eschatological chapters, although the eschatologies tend to be shoved off to the background.
This eschatological moment is sensed with an especial alacrity during catastrophic eras, during the wars, during the revolutions, during the crises of civilisation.
I am convinced, that at the basis of all the reactionary dispositions, in asserting an eschatological pessimism, there lies a lack of desire that the truth should be realised, an aversion to that man should move forward and upwards, that in human life there should be a greater freedom, justice, humanness.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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