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Encyclopedia > Erzurum Congress
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Erzurum Congress was an assembly of the nascent Turkish National Movement held from 23 July to 4 August 1919 in the city of Erzurum, in eastern Turkey, uniting delegates from five eastern provinces (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire, many parts of which were under foreign occupation at the time. Fifty-six delegates from the vilayets of Bitlis, Erzurum, Sivas, Trabzon and Van gathered in Erzurum for the congress held under the auspices of Mustafa Kemal Pasha and Kaz─▒m Karabekir Pasha and took a number of initial but important decisions that were to shape the future conduct of the Turkish War of Independence. Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ... Turkish National Movement is the political and military activities of Turkish revolutionaries aftermath of the World War I that resulted in decleration of the Republic of Turkey. ... July 23 is the 204th day (205th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 161 days remaining. ... August 4 is the 216th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (217th in leap years), with 149 days remaining. ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Erzurum (Ô¿Õ¡Ö€Õ«Õ¶ (Karin) in Armenian) is a city in eastern Anatolia, Turkey. ... Vilâyet (also eyalet or pashaluk) was the Turkish name for the provinces of the Ottoman Empire. ... Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem At the height of its power (1683) Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Kostantiniyye (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI... Bitlis is a city in Turkey, capital of Bitlis Province. ... Erzurum (Ô¿Õ¡Ö€Õ«Õ¶ (Karin) in Armenian) is a city in eastern Anatolia, Turkey. ... Sivas is the provincial capital of Sivas Province in Turkey. ... Traditional Trabzon country house Location of Trabzon Province within Turkey Trabzon, formerly known as Trebizond or Τραπεζούντα (Trapezoúnda; see also List of traditional Greek place names) in Greek, is a city on the Black Sea coast of north-eastern Turkey (Lat (DMS) 41° 2 60N Long (DMS) 39° 43 37E). ... Ruins at the location of old city of Van. ... Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881–November 10, 1938), Turkish revolutionist, soldier, and anti-imperialist statesman, was the founder and first President of the Republic of Turkey. ... Musa Kazım Karabekir (1882, Ä°stanbul – January 26, 1948, Ankara) was a Turkish general and politician. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ...



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