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Encyclopedia > Error (baseball)

In baseball, an error is the act, in the judgment of the official scorer, of a fielder misplaying a ball in a manner that allows a batter or baserunner to reach one or more additional bases, when such an advance should have been prevented given ordinary effort by the fielder. An error may not be charged on a foul ball, as the pitcher is in a better situation, with an extra strike against the batter, than he had been before the play. A view of the playing field at Busch Memorial Stadium, St. ... In the game of baseball, the official scorer is a person appointed by the league to record the events on the field and to send this official record of the game back to the league offices. ... Barry Bonds batting Photo:Agência Brasil In baseball, batting is the act of facing the opposing pitcher and trying to produce offense for ones team. ... In baseball, baserunning is the act of running around the bases performed by members of the team at bat. ...


The term error can also refer to the play in which an error was committed.


An error does not count as a hit unless, in the scorer's judgment, the batter would have reached first base safely but one or more of the additional base(s) reached was the result of the fielder's mistake. In that case, the play will be scored both as a hit (for the number of bases the fielders should have limited the batter to) and an error. Similarly, a batter does not receive credit for an RBI when runs score on an error, unless the scorer rules that a run would have scored even if the fielder had not made a mistake. For example, if a batter hits a ball to the outfield for what should be a sacrifice fly, and the outfielder drops the ball for an error, the batter will still receive credit for the sacrifice fly and the run batted in. In baseball statistics, a hit (denoted by H), sometimes called a base hit, is credited to a batter when he safely reaches first base after batting the ball into fair territory, without the benefit of an error or a fielders choice. ... In baseball, a batted ball is considered a sacrifice fly (denoted by SF) if the following four criteria are met: There are fewer than two outs. ...


If a play should have resulted in a fielder's choice with a runner being put out and the batter reaching base safely, but the runner is safe due to an error, then the play will be scored as a fielder's choice, with no hit being awarded to the batter, and an error charged against the fielder. In baseball, a fielders choice is the act of a fielder, upon fielding a batted ball, choosing to try put out one runner while in so doing allowing the batter to advance to first base. ...


Passed balls and wild pitches are separate statistical categories and are not scored as errors. In baseball, a catcher shall be charged with a passed ball when he fails to hold or to control a legally pitched ball which should have been held or controlled with ordinary effort, thereby permitting a runner or runners to advance. ... In baseball, a wild pitch (WP) is charged to a pitcher when a pitch is too high, too low, or too wide of home plate for the catcher to field capably, thereby allowing one or more runners to advance or to score. ...


Statistical significance

Traditionally, the number of errors was a statistic used to quantify the skill of a fielder. However, fans and analysts have questioned the usefulness and significance of such a practice. The error has some flaws as a metric for fielding skill. Notably, mental misjudgments, such as failure to cover a base, are not considered errors.


A more subtle, though more significant objection to the error, as sabermetricians have noted, is more conceptual—in order for a fielder to be charged with an error, he must have done something right by being in the correct place to be able to attempt the play. A poor fielder may "avoid" many errors simply by being unable to reach batted or thrown balls that a better fielder could successfully reach. Thus, it is possible that a poor fielder will have fewer errors than an otherwise better fielder. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


In recent times, official scorers have made some attempt to take a fielder's supposed "extraordinary" effort or positioning into account when judging whether the play should have been successful given ordinary effort, however this still leaves a statistic, such as Fielding percentage, that is based on errors as a dubious way to compare the defensive abilities of players. In baseball statistics, fielding percentage, also known as fielding average, is a measure that reflects the percentage of times a defensive player handles a batted ball properly. ...


Statistical records for errors

In Major League Baseball, Herman Long holds the Major League records with 1096 errors in his career between 1889 and 1904. Bill Dahlen, Deacon White and Germany Smith are the only other players to make 1000 errors during their MLB careers. All of these players played at least one season before 1900, the 20th century record is held by Rabbit Maranville with 711 errors. The leader among active players is José Valentín with 273 errors as of the end of the 2006 season. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Categories: Stub | Baseball players | Major league shortstops | Kansas City Cowboys players | Boston Beaneaters players | New York Highlanders players | Detroit Tigers players | Philadelphia Phillies players | 1866 births | 1909 deaths ... William Frederick Dahlen (January 5, 1870 - December 5, 1950), nicknamed Bad Bill for his ferocious temperament, was an American shortstop in Major League Baseball in the 1890s and 1900s, and was also a manager in the 1910s. ... Deacon White (December 7, 1847 - July 7, 1939), born James Laurie White, was an American professional baseball player in the National Association and Major League Baseball. ... George J. Germany Smith (April 21, 1863 - December 1, 1827) was a 19th century Major League Baseball player from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Rabbit Maranville Walter James Vincent Maranville (November 11, 1891 - January 5, 1954), better known as Rabbit Maranville, was a Major League Baseball shortstop. ... José Antonio Valentín (born on October 12, 1969 in Manati, Puerto Rico) is a Major League Baseball second baseman who plays for the New York Mets. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Error - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1066 words)
Errors in a system can also be latent design errors that may go unnoticed for years, until the right set of circumstances arises that cause them to become active.
A soft error is a deviation from a correct value which does not necessarily imply a malfunction.
In baseball, an error is judged by the official scorer when a runner advances a base because of a fielding mistake, and perfect play would have prevented the advancement, and the mistake was physical.
Error (baseball) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (511 words)
In baseball, an error is the act, in the judgment of the official scorer, of a fielder misplaying a ball in a manner that allows a batter or baserunner to reach one or more additional bases, when such an advance should have been prevented given ordinary effort by the fielder.
An error may not be charged on a foul ball, as the pitcher is in a better situation, with an extra strike against the batter, than he had been before the play.
An error does not count as a hit unless, in the scorer's judgment, the batter would have reached first base safely but one or more of the additional base(s) reached was the result of the fielder's mistake.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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