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Encyclopedia > Ernst Zündel
Ernst Zündel is an outspoken .
Ernst Zündel is an outspoken Holocaust denier.

Ernst Christof Friedrich Zündel (born April 24, 1939 in Bad Wildbad) is a German Holocaust denier and pamphleteer who was jailed several times for publishing hate literature. In 1977, Zündel founded a small press publishing house called Samisdat Publishers which issued such pamphlets as The Hitler We Loved and Why and Did Six Million Really Die?, both prominent documents of the so-called Holocaust Revisionism movement. For many years Zündel made his views known from his home in Canada and in 2005, he was deported back to his native Germany and detained in Mannheim prison awaiting trial for Holocaust denial. File links The following pages link to this file: Ernst Zündel Template talk:In the news/0504-28 ... Richard Harwoods Did Six Million Really Die? Holocaust denial is the claim that the mainstream historical version of the Holocaust is either highly exaggerated or completely falsified. ... April 24 is the 114th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (115th in leap years). ... 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Richard Harwoods Did Six Million Really Die? Holocaust denial is the claim that the mainstream historical version of the Holocaust is either highly exaggerated or completely falsified. ... A pamphlet is an unbound booklet (that is, without a hard cover or binding). ... Hate speech is a controversial term for speech intended to degrade, intimidate, or incite violence or prejudicial action against someone based on their race, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, or disability. ... 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ... Samisdat Publishers, Ltd. ... Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889–April 30, 1945) was the Führer und Reichskanzler (Leader and Imperial chancellor) of Germany from 1933 to his death. ... Richard Harwoods Did Six Million Really Die? Holocaust denial is the claim that the mainstream historical version of the Holocaust is either highly exaggerated or completely falsified. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... Location of Mannheim in Germany The Wasserturm (water tower), Mannheims landmark Coat of Arms of Mannheim Watershed of the Neckar River Mannheim is a city in Germany. ...

Contents

Background

Zündel emigrated to Canada from West Germany in 1958, when he was 19, in order to avoid being conscripted by the German military. He married a French-Canadian, Janick Larouche, in 1960 with whom he had two sons, Pierre and Hans. During the 1960s he came under the tutelage of Canadian fascist Adrien Arcand. Emigration is the action and the phenomenon of leaving ones native country to settle abroad. ... 1958 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Bundeswehr is the name of the armed forces of Germany. ... French Canadian (or Franco-Canadian) is a term that refers to francophone inhabitants of Canada. ... 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Events and trends The 1960s was a turbulent decade of change around the world. ... Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, refers to the right-wing authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... Adrien Arcand in 1933. ...


In the mid 1960s while living in Montreal he was an organizer among immigrants for the Ralliement des créditistes. In 1968 he joined the Liberal Party of Canada and ran in that year's leadership convention using it as a platform to allege that Canadian society was replete with anti-German attitudes. He dropped out of the contest prior to voting, but not before delivering his campaign speech to the convention. 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... {{Canadian City/Disable Field={{{Disable Motto Link}}}}} Motto: Concordia Salus (Salvation through harmony) Ville de Montréal, Québec, Canada Location. ... Historically in Quebec, Canada, there was a number of political parties that were part of the Canadian social credit movement. ... 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: Parti libéral du Canada) is Canadas largest political party. ... In Canadian politics, a leadership convention is held by a political party when the party needs to hold an election for leader due to a vacancy or a serious challenge to the incumbent leader. ...


Professionally, Zündel worked as a graphic artist and printer, on several occasions he was commissioned to illustrate covers for Maclean's Magazine. His views on Nazism and Jews were not well known in the 1960s and 1970s and he initially published his opinions under the pseudonym Christof Friedrich. Graphic design is the applied art of arranging image and text to communicate a message. ... The word printer is used to describe a company that provides commercial printing services, involving typesetting, printing and book-binding. ... Macleans is Canadas leading weekly news magazine. ... The Nazi Party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ... Events and trends The 1960s was a turbulent decade of change around the world. ... Events and trends Although in the United States and in many other Western societies the 1970s are often seen as a period of transition between the turbulent 1960s and the more conservative 1980s and 1990s, many of the trends that are associated widely with the Sixties, from the Sexual Revolution... A pseudonym is a fictitious name used by an individual as an alternative to their legal name (whereas an allonym is the name of another actual person assumed by one person in authorship of a work of art; e. ...


His first marriage ended in 1977 as his public notoriety grew. 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ...


Holocaust denial and trials

That same year, Zündel founded a small press publishing house called Samisdat Publishers which issued such pamphlets as The Hitler We Loved and Why and Did Six Million Really Die? by Richard Harwood a.k.a. Richard Verrall (a British neo-Nazi leader). He also published booklets claiming that UFOs were actually Nazi secret weapons operated from secret Nazi military bases in Antarctica. From 1981 to 1982 Zündel had his mailing privileges suspended by the government on the grounds that he had been using the mail to send hate propaganda. The Dun Emer Press in 1903 with Elizabeth Yeats working the hand press Small press is a term often used to describe publishers who typically specialize in genre fiction, or limited edition books or magazines. ... 1. ... Samisdat Publishers, Ltd. ... Richard Verrall was a National Front member. ... The terms Neo-Nazism and Neo-Fascism refer to any social or political movement to revive Nazism or Fascism, respectively, and postdates the Second World War. ... A UFO -- posed or genuine? A UFO or unidentified flying object in the original, literal sense is any airborne object or optical phenomenon, detected visually or by radar, whose nature is not readily known. ... The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ... 1981 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1982 is a number and represents a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar Events January January 6 - William Bonin is convicted of being the freeway killer. January 8 - AT&T agrees to divest itself of twenty-two subdivisions January 11 - Mark Thatcher, son of the British Prime... Hate speech is a controversial term for speech intended to degrade, intimidate, or incite violence or prejudicial action against someone based on their race, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, or disability. ... North Korean propaganda showing a soldier destroying the United States Capitol building. ...


In 1984 he was criminally charged for "disseminating and publishing material denying the Holocaust." Zündel's trial was notable for its reliance on testimony from individuals such as David Irving and Fred A. Leuchter, who developed gas chambers for the Department of Corrections for several US states. Key expert testimony against Zündel's alleged Holocaust denial was provided at great lengths by eminent Holocaust historian, Raul Hilberg. 1984 is a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... for other uses please see Crime (disambiguation) A crime is an act that violates a political or moral law. ... Concentration camp inmates during the Holocaust The Holocaust was Nazi Germanys systematic genocide (ethnic cleansing) of various ethnic, religious, national, and secular groups during World War II, starting in 1941 and continuing through 1945. ... David John Cawdell Irving (born March 24, 1938) is a self-taught historian who, from the late-1960s to the mid-1980s, was a leading British author on World War II. Author of controversial works such as Hitler’s War and The Destruction of Dresden, Irving is also one of... Fred A. Leuchter, Jr. ... Raul Hilberg (born 1926), one of the most famous and distinguished Holocaust historians, whose three volume (1,273 page) The Destruction of the European Jews is widely regarded as the first seminal study on the Jewish Holocaust. ...


Zündel was convicted in 1988 and sentenced to 15 months imprisonment by an Ontario court; however, in 1991 his conviction was overturned by the Supreme Court of Canada when the law he had been charged under, reporting false news, was ruled unconstitutional. In 1997, Zündel's marriage with his second wife, Irene Margarelli, collapsed after 18 months. "At one point I really loved him," she told an acquaintance. "By the end, I thought he was evil incarnate."[1] (http://members.rogers.com/andrews1275/articles/globeandmailstory.html) 1988 is a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Area 1,076,395 km² (4th)  - Land 917,741 km²  - Water 158,654 km² (14. ... 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Supreme Court Building in Ottawa The Supreme Court of Canada is Canadas highest court and is located in the capital city of Ottawa. ... Constitutionality is the status of a law, procedure, or act being in accordance with the laws or guidelines contained in a constitution. ... 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


She subsequently testifed against him in the late 1990s when he was under investigation by the Canadian Human Rights Commission for promoting hatred against Jews via his website. In January 2000, before the Commission had completed its hearings, he left Canada for Tennessee where he married his third wife, Ingrid Rimland and vowed never to return to Canada. Events and trends Technology The World Wide Web was born at CERN Explosive growth of the Internet; decrease in the cost of computers and other technology Reduction in size and cost of mobile phones leads to a massive surge in their popularity Year 2000 problem (commonly known as Y2K) Microsoft... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... State nickname: Volunteer State Other U.S. States Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis (largest metropolitan area is Nashville) Governor Phil Bredesen Official languages English Area 109,247 km² (36th)  - Land 106,846 km²  - Water 2,400 km² (2. ... Ingrid Rimland (born 1936) is a German-American neo-Nazi and Holocaust denier and the wife of Ernst Zündel. ...


Detention and deportation

Zündel being taken to Mannheim prison (AP).
Zündel being taken to Mannheim prison (AP).

In 2003, Zündel was arrested in the United States for violating that country's immigration rules. He was deported to Canada despite the fact that he is a German citizen and his permanent residency status in Canada had expired due to his prolonged absence from the country. A warrant for his arrest because of incitement of the masses (Volksverhetzung, offence in Germany including Holocaust denial) was issued in Germany in the same year. This work is copyrighted. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Zündel remained in detention in Canada as a security threat due to his alleged links with violent neo-Nazi groups. He was resisting deportation to Germany where he is wanted for hate crimes and was seeking refugee status in Canada. The terms Neo-Nazism and Neo-Fascism refer to any social or political movement to revive Nazism or Fascism, respectively, and postdates the Second World War. ... A hate crime (bias crime), loosely defined, is a crime committed because of the perpetrators prejudices. ...


On February 24, 2005, Canadian Federal Court justice Pierre Blais ruled that Canada could deport Zündel back to his native Germany at any time. February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... The Federal Court of Canada, more properly known as the Federal Court and the Federal Court of Appeal, is the court system set up by the Canadian national government to resolve disputes that arise under the national governments jurisdiction. ... Pierre Blais (born December 30, 1948) is a Canadian jurist and former politician and Cabinet minister. ...


On February 25, Zündel's lawyer, Peter Lindsay, announced that his client would not attempt to obtain a stay against the deportation and that his fight to remain in Canada was over. Zündel was deported to Germany on March 1, 2005. [2] (http://www.cbc.ca/story/canada/national/2005/03/01/zundel-050301.html) Upon his arrival at Frankfurt airport, he was immediately arrested and is currently being detained in Mannheim prison awaiting trial for Holocaust denial. [3] (http://www.spiegel.de/panorama/0,1518,344288,00.html) February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... Frankfurt am Main [ˈfraŋkfʊrt] is the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth largest city in Germany. ...


Is Zündel Jewish?

According to Toronto Sun columnist Mark Bonokoski, Zündel's mother was Gertrude Mayer and his maternal grandparents were Nagal and Isador (Izzy) Mayer. Izzy Mayer was a union organizer for the garmant industry in the Bavarian town of Augsburg. Front page of the Toronto Sun, April 14, 2005. ... With an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... Augsburg is a city in south central Germany. ...


According to Bonokoski, Ernst's ex-wife Irene Zündel said that the possibility of being at least part-Jewish bothered Zündel so much that he returned to Germany in the 1960s in search of his family's Arierausweis, a Nazi-era certificate of pure Aryan blood, but was unable to find any such document for his family. 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Aryan is an English word derived from the Vedic Sanskrit and Avestan term arya, meaning noble or lord. In the 19th century, the term was often used to refer to what we now call the Proto-Indo-Europeans. ...


In 1997, Zündel granted an interview to Tsadok Yecheskeli of the Israeli newspaper Yedioth Ahronoth that includes the following exchange: 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Yedioth Ahronoth (Hebrew: ידיעות אחרונות, meaning latest news) is a major daily Israeli newspaper, written in Hebrew. ...

Yecheskeli: "Are you sure there's no Jewish blood in your family?"
Zündel: (In hushed voice) "No." [4] (http://www.canoe.ca/NewsStand/Columnists/Toronto/Mark_Bonokoski/2005/03/02/946805.html)

Quotes

About Ernst Zündel:

"If Ernst Zündel is a refugee, Daffy Duck is Albert Einstein... Some propositions are so ludicrous that they are a betrayal of common sense and human dignity if allowed a moment's oxygen." —Rex Murphy
"Mr. Zündel's activities are not only a threat to Canada's national security, but also a threat to the international community of nations." —Canadian Federal Court Justice Pierre Blais[5] (http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/ArticleNews/TPStory/LAC/20050225/ZUNDEL25/TPNational/)

By Ernst Zündel: Rex Murphy (born March, 1947, Carbonear, Newfoundland) is a noted Canadian commentator. ...

"I have always seen blunders in my life not as stumbling blocks, but as stepping stones."
"The Jews of the world have a Holocaust coming, and all of the gruesome lies that they've told about people like Germans during the Second World War—all of those grotesque Spielberg-like distortions of what really took place—one day will come back to haunt Jews, and I want to not be around when that happens." [6] (http://www.nizkor.org/hweb/people/z/zundel-ernst/Zundel-Tsadok-013.html)

External links

  • Zündelsite: Ernst Zündel's Web site (http://www.zundelsite.org/)
  • "The Trial of Emst Zundel: Revisionism and the Law in Canada," (http://motlc.wiesenthal.com/resources/books/annual6/chap07.html) by Leonidas E. Hill, for the Simon Wiesenthal Center
  • Ernst Zündel / Ingrid Rimland (http://www.adl.org/poisoning_web/zundel.asp)
  • Nizkor Project archive criticism of Zündel (http://www.nizkor.org/hweb/people/z/zundel-ernst/)
  • Zündel's UFO Research (http://www.nizkor.org/hweb/people/z/zundel-ernst/flying-saucers/expedition.html)
  • Ernst Zundel: Civil Rights Champion? (http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/ArticleNews/TPPrint/LAC/20040306/ZUNDEL06/TPComment/) from the Toronto Globe and Mail
  • Biographical article (http://members.rogers.com/andrews1275/articles/globeandmailstory.html) from the Toronto Globe and Mail
  • Will his ex bring him down? (http://www.nowtoronto.com/issues/18/09/News/feature2.html) 1999 article from NOW Magazine on Irene Zündel's testimony against her ex-husband
  • Full text of Justice Blais' decision (http://www.fct-cf.gc.ca/bulletins/whatsnew/DES-2-03_e.pdf) February 24, 2005 ruling on the Zündel security certificate and deportation
  • The Jewish Card (http://www.canoe.ca/NewsStand/Columnists/Toronto/Mark_Bonokoski/2005/03/02/946805.html), March 2, 2005 column by Mark Bonokoski of the Toronto Sun alleging that Zündel is part Jewish.

 
 

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