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Encyclopedia > Ernest McFarland

Ernest William McFarland (1894 - 1984), an American politician and the "Father of the G.I. Bill", is the only American to serve in the highest office in all three branches of government--two at the state level, one at the federal level. He was a Democratic Senator from Arizona from 1941 to 1953 (Majority Leader from 1951 to 1953) before serving as the Governor of Arizona from 1955 to 1959. Finally McFarland sat as Chief Justice on the Arizona Supreme Court from 1968 to 1970. Image File history File links From http://www. ... 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1984 is a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A politician is an individual involved in politics. ... The G. I. Bill of Rights or Servicemens Readjustment Act of 1944 provided for college or vocational education for returning World War II veterans as well as one-year of unemployment compensation. ... The Democratic Party is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ... State nickname: The Grand Canyon State, The Copper State Other U.S. States Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Governor Janet Napolitano (D) Senators John McCain (R) Jon Kyl (R) Official languages English Only State Area 295,254 km² (6th)  - Land 294,312 km²  - Water 942 km² (0. ... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... The Senate Majority Leader is a member of the United States Senate who is elected by the party conference which holds the majority in the Senate to serve as the chief Senate spokesman for his or her party and to manage and schedule the legislative and executive business of the... 1951 was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... This is a list of Governors of Arizona: See also Governors of Arizona Territory Categories: Lists of United States governors | Governors of Arizona ... 1955 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ...

Contents


Early life

Born on a farm near Earlsboro, Oklahoma on October 9, 1894. McFarland attended rural schools and graduated from East Central State Teachers' College, Ada, Oklahoma, in 1914 and from the University of Oklahoma at Norman, in 1917. Earlsboro is a town located in Pottawatomie County, Oklahoma. ... October 9 is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in Leap years). ... 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Ada is a city located in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma. ... 1914 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... The University of Oklahoma (OU) is an institution of higher learning located in Oklahoma. ... Bizzel Library, University of Oklahoma Norman is a major city located in Cleveland County, Oklahoma and is part of the Oklahoma City Metropolitan Area. ... 1917 was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ...


During the First World War he served in the United States Navy and nearly died of a bronchial infection. Following surgery by navy surgeons he was discharged in 1919 and sent to live in a drier climate. Thus, after the war McFarland moved to Phoenix, Arizona and was employed as a clerk in a bank. He gathered enough money to pay for tuition and graduated with a law and political science degree from Stanford University in 1921. He moved back to Arizona, passed the bar exam, and commenced practice in Casa Grande. He soon developed an expertise in agricultural and water-use legislation which would suit Arizona well in the future. World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machineguns, and poison gas. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... A typical modern surgery operation For other meanings of the word, see Surgery (disambiguation) Surgery (from the Greek cheirourgia - lit. ... 1919 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Phoenix was incorporated as a city on February 5, 1881. ... Critical legal studies Jurisprudence Law (principle) Legal research Letter versus Spirit List of legal abbreviations Legal code Pointless law Natural justice Natural law Philosophy of law Religious law External links Wikibooks Wikiversity has more about this subject: School of Law Look up law in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Elections and Parties Series Democracy Representative democracy History of democracy Referenda Liberal democracy Representation Voting Voting systems Ideology Elections Elections by country Elections by calender Electoral systems Politics Politics by country Political campaigns Political science Political philosophy Related topics Political parties Parties by country Parties by name Parties by... For other meanings of Stanford, see Stanford (disambiguation). ... 1921 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... A bar examination is an series of tests conducted at regular intervals to determine whether a candidate is qualified to practice law in a given American examination usually consists of the following: complicated essay questions concerning that jurisdictions law; the Multistate Bar Examination, a standardized, nationwide examination containing generalized... Casa Grande is a city located in Pinal County, Arizona. ... Legislation refers to the process of enacting statutory laws, or to the set of statutory laws in a state. ...


Rise to prominence and Senatorship

After serving as the assistant attorney general of Arizona 1923-1924, county attorney of Pinal County 1925-1930, and judge of the superior court of Pinal County 1934-1940, McFarland entered the Senate race in 1940. The twenty-eight-year Democratic incumbent, Henry Ashurst, appeared to be unbeatable and did not launch an aggressive campaign to retain his seat. While Ashurst remained in Washington, McFarland canvassed the state, giving speeches on water issues and the war in Europe. By a three-to-one margin, he defeated Ashurst in the primary and went on to win the general election. 1923 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1924 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1925 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1930 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... A judge or justice is an official who presides over a court. ... 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... State nickname: The Evergreen State Other U.S. States Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Governor Christine Gregoire (D) Senators Patty Murray (D) Maria Cantwell (D) Official languages None Area 184,824 km² (18th)  - Land 172,587 km²  - Water 12,237 km² (6. ... Wikipedia will not tolerate irrelevant posts. ... World map showing location of Europe When considered a continent, Europe is the worlds second-smallest continent in terms of area, with an area of 10,600,000 km² (4,140,625 square miles), making it larger than Australia only. ... A primary election is an election in which registered voters in a jurisdiction select a political partys candidate for a later election (nominating primary). ...


Senator McFarland along with Senator Hayden lobbied for the Central Arizona Project aimed at providing Arizona's share of the Colorado River to the state. His efforts failed while he was a senator, however, they laid a critical foundation for the eventual passage of the CAP in the late 1960s. A senate is a deliberative body, often the upper house or chamber of a legislature. ... Carl T. Hayden Carl Trumbull Hayden (October 2, 1877-January 25, 1972) was the first United States Senator to serve seven terms, and holds the record for longest service in the United States Congress - he served continuously from February 19, 1912 to January 3, 1969. ... The Central Arizona Project Aqueduct (CAP) is a 336 mi (541 km) diversion canal in Arizona in the United States. ... Colorado River in the Grand Canyon from Desert View The Colorado River is a river in the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, approximately 1,450 mi (2,333 km) long, draining a part of the arid regions on the western slope of the Rocky Mountains. ...


Not forgetting his veteran roots, McFarland became interested in legislation to benefit veterans returning from World War II. He outlined his proposals before the American Legion in a speech in 1943 and worked to create support for his G.I. Bill with veteran's organizations and members of Congress. A veteran refers to a person who is experienced in a particular area, particularly referring to people in the armed forces. ... Wikipedia will not tolerate irrelevant posts. ... The American Legion is a organization of veterans of the United States armed forces who served in wartime, seen by many to be conservative. ... 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... The G. I. Bill of Rights or Servicemens Readjustment Act of 1944 provided for college or vocational education for returning World War II veterans as well as one-year of unemployment compensation. ... A congress is a gathering of people, especially a gathering for a political purpose. ...


By unanimous votes, the Senate and the House approved the legislation in March and May, respectively and, on June 22, 1944, President Franklin Roosevelt signed the G.I. Bill into law. A senate is a deliberative body, often the upper house or chamber of a legislature. ... See also list of house types. ... June 22 is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 192 days remaining. ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882–April 12, 1945), 32nd President of the United States, the longest-serving holder of the office and the only man to be elected President more than twice, was one of the central figures of 20th century history. ... The G. I. Bill of Rights or Servicemens Readjustment Act of 1944 provided for college or vocational education for returning World War II veterans as well as one-year of unemployment compensation. ...


McFarland was easily reelected Senator in 1946 and served as chairman of a Commerce subcommittee where he helped plan a post-war role for the U.S. in international communications and rewrote the Communications Act of 1934. After Democratic Majority Leader Scott W. Lucas was defeated in 1950 due to his link with Truman's administration, McFarland's Democratic colleagues chose him as majority leader. He served as Majority Leader for two years. In 1952 he was defeated by Barry Goldwaterin the national Republican landslide that year led by Dwight D. Eisenhower. 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation is a standing committee of the United States Senate in charge of all senate matters related to the following subjects: Coast Guard Coastal zone management Communications Highway safety Inland waterways, except construction Interstate commerce Marine and ocean navigation, safety, and transportation Marine... The U.S. Communications Act of 1934 replaced the Federal Radio Commission with the Federal Communications Commission. ... The Senate Majority Leader is a member of the United States Senate who is elected by the party conference which holds the majority in the Senate to serve as the chief Senate spokesman for his or her party and to manage and schedule the legislative and executive business of the... Scott Wike Lucas (1892 - 1968) was a 2-term United States senator from Illinois and Senate Majority Leader from 1948-1950. ... 1950 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1952 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Barry Goldwater Barry Morris Goldwater (January 1, 1909 – May 29, 1998) was a United States politician and a founding figure in the modern conservative movement in the USA. Goldwater personified the shift in balance in American culture from the Northeast to the West. ... // Headline text HI Headline text HI == Headline text ==HI Headline text Dwight David Homo Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969), American soldier and politician, was the 34th President of the United States (1953–1961) and Supreme Commander of the Allied forces in Europe during World War II, with the...


Governor of Arizona and the return to law

McFarland was elected governor of Arizona in 1954 and reelected in 1956. He worked with members of the Bureau of Reclamation to pick a location for the Glen Canyon Dam and emphasized education during his two terms in office. 1954 was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1956 was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Glen Canyon Dam Glen Canyon Dam is a dam on the Colorado River at Page, Arizona. ...


Shortly after he returned from the Senate, he and several friends formed the Arizona Television Company to start a television station in Phoenix. McFarland had long been intrigued by the still-new medium. In 1955, shortly after he became governor, he opened KTVK, Phoenix's third television station. He chose the call letters "because TV would be our middle name." KTVK was the ABC affiliate for much of Arizona until 1995, and then became one of the nation's most successful independent stations. It remained in his family's hands until 1999. A television station is a type of broadcast station that broadcasts both audio and video to television receivers in a particular area. ... 1955 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... KTVK (known on-air as 3TV) is an independent television station in Phoenix, Arizona. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is a television and radio network in the United States. ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday Anno Domini (or the Current Era), and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...


McFarland tried unsuccessfully to unseat Goldwater in 1958. After serving as governer he returned to his law practice and was elected associate justice of the Arizona Supreme Court in 1964. He took part in Miranda v. Arizona and became Chief Justice of the Arizona Supreme Court in 1968 till 1970 thus completing a political "grand slam." 1958 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1964 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Miranda v. ... 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ...


Later life and death

In his mid-seventies he served as the director of Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco and president of the Arizona Television Company before dying in Phoenix on June 8, 1984. The Federal Home Loan Banks are an essential source of stable, low-cost funds to financial institutions for home mortgage, small business, rural and agricultural loans. ... June 8 is the 159th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (160th in leap years), with 206 days remaining. ... 1984 is a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


There is now a monument at the Arizona State Capital honoring him as the "Father of the G.I. Bill." Also, the McFarland State Historic Park in Florence, Arizona contains a preserved courthouse and other buildings from when Arizona was just a territory in 1878 that McFarland purchased and donated to the Arizona State Parks Board. Florence is a town located in Pinal County, Arizona. ... In most counties in the United States the local trial courts conduct their business in a centrally located courthouse which may also house the offices of the county treasurer, clerk and recorder and assessor. ... 1878 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


External links

  • McFarland State Historic Park
  • Arizona State Capital Monument
  • Congress Biography
  • Biography from the Senate
  • Also see McFarland biography by historian James Elton McMillian, Jr., published by Sharlot Hall Museum Press, Prescott, Arizona.


Preceded by:
Henry Fountain Ashurst
U.S. Senator from Arizona
19411953
Served alongside: Carl T. Hayden
Succeeded by:
Barry Goldwater
Preceded by:
Scott W. Lucas
Senate Majority Leader
19511953
Succeeded by:
Robert Taft
Preceded by:
John Howard Pyle
Governor of Arizona
19551959
Succeeded by:
Paul Jones Fannin
Preceded by:
Charles C. Bernstein
Chief Justice of the Arizona Supreme Court
January, 1968December 1968
Succeeded by:
Jesse A. Udall


Henry F. Ashurst Henry Fountain Ashurst (September 13, 1874–May 31, 1962), a Democrat, was the first Senator from Arizona, from 1912 to 1941. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Arizona to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Carl T. Hayden Carl Trumbull Hayden (October 2, 1877-January 25, 1972) was the first United States Senator to serve seven terms, and holds the record for longest service in the United States Congress - he served continuously from February 19, 1912 to January 3, 1969. ... Barry Goldwater Barry Morris Goldwater (January 1, 1909 – May 29, 1998) was a United States politician and a founding figure in the modern conservative movement in the USA. Goldwater personified the shift in balance in American culture from the Northeast to the West. ... Scott Wike Lucas (1892 - 1968) was a 2-term United States senator from Illinois and Senate Majority Leader from 1948-1950. ... The members of each of the two major parties in the United States Senate (Democratic and Republican) elects Floor Leaders who lead that partys members in the upper house of the United States Congress. ... 1951 was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... For the current Governor of Ohio, see Bob Taft. ... John Howard Pyle (1906-1987) was the 12th governor of Arizona and served between 1955 and 1959. ... This is a list of Governors of Arizona: See also Governors of Arizona Territory Categories: Lists of United States governors | Governors of Arizona ... 1955 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Paul Jones Fannin (January 29, 1907-January 12, 2002) was a Republican Senator and Governor from Arizona. ... January is the first month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... December is the twelfth and last month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ...

United States Senate Majority Leaders Seal of the United States Senate
Curtis | Watson | Robinson | Barkley | White | Lucas | McFarland | Taft | Knowland | Johnson | Mansfield | Byrd | Baker | Dole | Byrd | Mitchell | Dole | Lott | Daschle | Lott | Daschle | Frist


The Senate Majority Leader is a member of the United States Senate who is elected by the party conference which holds the majority in the Senate to serve as the chief Senate spokesman for his or her party and to manage and schedule the legislative and executive business of the... Source: [1] File links The following pages link to this file: United States Senate Seal of the United States Senate Image:Bennie johnson. ... Charles Curtis Charles Curtis (January 25, 1860 – February 8, 1936) was a Representative and a Senator from Kansas as well as the 31st Vice President of the United States. ... James Eli Watson (November 2, 1864? – July 29, 1948) was a U.S. Representative and U.S. Senator from the state of Indiana. ... Joseph Taylor Robinson Joseph Taylor Robinson (August 26, 1872 - July 14, 1937) was a Democratic United States Senator, Senate Majority Leader, member of the United States House of Representatives, Governor of Arkansas, and U.S. Vice Presidential candidate. ... Alben W. Barkley Alben William Barkley (November 24, 1877 – April 30, 1956) was a Representative and a Senator from Kentucky and the thirty-fifth Vice President of the United States. ... Wallace Humphrey White, Jr. ... Scott Wike Lucas (1892 - 1968) was a 2-term United States senator from Illinois and Senate Majority Leader from 1948-1950. ... For the current Governor of Ohio, see Bob Taft. ... William Fife Knowland (June 26, 1908 – February 23, 1974) was a U.S. politician and newpaperman. ... Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was the thirty-sixth President of the United States (1963–1969). ... Mike Mansfield Michael Joseph Mansfield (March 16, 1903 – October 5, 2001) was an American politician from Montana. ... Robert Carlyle Byrd (born November 20, 1917) is a West Virginia Democrat serving in the United States Senate. ... Howard Baker, Jr. ... Robert Joseph Dole (born July 22, 1923) is best known as a former Republican United States Senate Majority Leader and Senator from Kansas. ... Robert Carlyle Byrd (born November 20, 1917) is a West Virginia Democrat serving in the United States Senate. ... George John Mitchell, GBE (born August 20, 1933 in Waterville, Maine) is Chairman of the Walt Disney Company. ... Robert Joseph Dole (born July 22, 1923) is best known as a former Republican United States Senate Majority Leader and Senator from Kansas. ... Chester Trent Lott Jr. ... Thomas Andrew Daschle (born December 9, 1947), known as Tom Daschle, was a U.S. Senator from South Dakota and the Senate Minority Leader. ... Chester Trent Lott Jr. ... Thomas Andrew Daschle (born December 9, 1947), known as Tom Daschle, was a U.S. Senator from South Dakota and the Senate Minority Leader. ... William Harrison Frist (born February 22, 1952 in Nashville, Tennessee) is a Republican U.S. Senator from Tennessee and a cardiac surgeon. ...

Governors of Arizona
Hunt | Campbell | Hunt | Campbell | Hunt | Phillips | Hunt | Moeur | Stanford | Jones | Osborn | Garvey | Pyle | McFarland | Fannin | Goddard | Williams | Castro | Bolin | Babbitt | Mecham | Mofford | Symington | Hull | Napolitano

  Results from FactBites:
 
Wikipedia search result (931 words)
Ernest William McFarland (1894 - 1984), an American politician and the "Father of the G.I. Bill", is the only Arizonan to serve in the highest office in all three branches of Arizona government--two at the state level, one at the federal level.
McFarland was easily reelected Senator in 1946 and served as chairman of a Commerce subcommittee where he helped plan a post-war role for the U.S. in international communications and rewrote the Communications Act of 1934.
McFarland was elected governor of Arizona in 1954 and reelected in 1956.
Governor Ernest McFarland (381 words)
McFarland was born near Earlsboro, in the Pottawatomie Strip of what is now Oklahama Teachers College, and later earned a master's degree in political science and a Doctor of Jurisprudence from Stanford University.
McFarland practiced in Casa Grande and Florence, served six years as Pinal County attorney, and was a judge of the Pinal County Superior Court.
And he won, McFarland was re-elected in 1946, and Newsweek called him "one of the most genial, friendly members of the Senate." McFarland's national stature grew, and he was named Majority Leader of the Senate in 1951.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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