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Encyclopedia > Ernest Hemingway
Ernest Hemingway

Hemingway in 1939
Born July 21, 1899(1899-07-21)
Oak Park, Illinois, United States
Died July 2, 1961 (aged 61)
Ketchum, Idaho, United States
Occupation Author, Novelist, Journalist
Nationality American
Genres War, Romance
Literary movement The Lost Generation
Notable award(s) Nobel Prize in Literature
1954
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Hadley Richardson (1921-1927)
Pauline Pfeiffer (1927-1940)
Martha Gellhorn (1940-1945)
Mary Welsh Hemingway (1946-1961)
Children Jack Hemingway (1923-2000)
Patrick Hemingway (1928-)
Gregory Hemingway (1931-2001)

Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short-story writer, and journalist. He was part of the 1920s expatriate community in Paris, as well as the veterans of World War One later known as "the Lost Generation", as described in his posthumous memoir A Moveable Feast. ("'That's what you are. That's what you all are,' Miss Stein said. 'All of you young people who served in the war. You are a lost generation.'" Stein had overheard a garage owner use the phrase to criticize a mechanic.) He received the Pulitzer Prize in 1953 for The Old Man and the Sea, and the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954. Image File history File links ErnestHemingway. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Downtown (Oak Park Avenue) Ernest Hemingway Museum Oak Park, Illinois Lake Theater and shops along Lake Street. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ketchum is a city located in Blaine County, Idaho, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 3,003. ... This article is about work. ... For other uses, see Author (disambiguation). ... A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. ... For other uses, see Journalist (disambiguation). ... In English usage, nationality is the legal relationship between a person and a country. ... A literary genre is one of the divisions of literature into genres according to particular criteria such as literary technique, tone, or content. ... A war novel is a novel in which the primary action takes place in a field of armed combat, or in a domestic setting (or home front) where the characters are preoccupied with the preparations for, or recovery from, war. ... A romance novel is a literary genre developed in Western culture, mainly in English-speaking countries. ... ... The Lost Generation also refers to the ex-Red Guards in China. ... Nobel Prize in Literature medal. ... Elizabeth Hadley Richardson (1891-1979) was born in St. ... Pauline Marie Pfeiffer was the second wife of the writer Ernest Hemingway. ... Martha Gellhorn Martha Gellhorn (8 November 1908 - 15 February 1998) was an American novelist and journalist considered one of the greatest war correspondents of the 20th century. ... Mary Welsh Hemingway (April 5, 1908 – November 26, 1986) was an American journalist and the wife of Ernest Hemingway. ... Jack Hemingway, the first son of American writer Ernest Hemingway was born on October 10th, 1923 in Toronto, Canada. ... Gloria Hemingway (12 November 1931 – 1 October 2001), known previously as Gregory Hemingway, was the fourth and youngest child of famed author Ernest Hemingway and his second wife Pauline Pfeiffer. ... Knut Hamsun (31 years old) in 1890 Knut Hamsun (August 4, 1859 – February 19, 1952) was a leading Norwegian author and recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature for 1920. ... Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910),[1] better known by the pen name Mark Twain, was an American humanist,[2] humorist, satirist, lecturer and writer. ... This article is about the British author. ... For other persons named Theodore Roosevelt, see Theodore Roosevelt (disambiguation). ... Ivan Turgenev, photo by Félix Nadar (1820-1910) “Turgenev” redirects here. ... Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy(Lyof, Lyoff) (September 9 [O.S. August 28] 1828 – November 20 [O.S. November 7] 1910) (Russian: , IPA:  ), commonly referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian writer – novelist, essayist, dramatist and philosopher – as well as pacifist Christian anarchist and educational reformer. ... Sherwood Anderson in 1933. ... Pío Baroja y Nessi (December 28, 1872, San Sebastián–October 30, 1956, Madrid) was a Spanish writer, one of the key novelists of the Generation of 98. ... Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky (Russian: , Russian pronunciation: , sometimes transliterated Dostoyevsky, Dostoievsky, Dostojevskij or Dostoevski  ) (November 11 [O.S. October 30] 1821 – February 9 [O.S. January 28] 1881) was a Russian novelist and writer of fiction whose works, including Crime and Punishment and The Brothers Karamazov, have had a profound and... Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser (August 27, 1871 – December 28, 1945) was an American author of the naturalist school, known for dealing with the gritty reality of life. ... Ringgold Wilmer Lardner (March 6, 1885 - September 25, 1933) was an American sports columnist and short story writer best known for his satirical takes on the sports world, marriage, and the theatre. ... Gertrude Stein (February 3, 1874 – July 27, 1946) was an American writer who became a catalyst in the development of modern art and literature. ... Ezra Weston Loomis Pound (Hailey, Idaho Territory, United States, October 30, 1885 – Venice, Italy, November 1, 1972) was an American expatriate poet, critic and intellectual who was a major figure of the Modernist movement in early-to-mid 20th century poetry. ... For the U.S. Continental Congress delegate, see Stephen Crane (delegate). ... // Joseph Conrad (born Józef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski; 3 December 1857 – 3 August 1924) was a Polish-born English novelist. ... Bukowski redirects here. ... For the musician, see Cormac McCarthy (musician). ... Raymond Clevie Carver, Jr. ... Bret Easton Ellis (born March 7, 1935 in Los Angeles, California) is an American author. ... Richard Ford (born February 16, 1944) is an American novelist and short story writer. ... Jack Kerouac (pronounced ) (March 12, 1922 – October 21, 1969) was an American novelist, writer, poet, and artist. ... Elmore John Leonard Jr. ... Jerome David Salinger (born January 1, 1919) (pronounced ) is an American author best known for his 1951 novel The Catcher in the Rye and his reclusive nature. ... Hunter Stockton Thompson (18 July 1937 – 20 February 2005) was an American journalist and author, famous for his novel Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas. ... Colm Tóibín Colm Tóibín (pronounced ) (born 1955 in Enniscorthy, County Wexford, Ireland) is an Irish novelist and critic. ... Norman Kingsley Mailer (January 31, 1923 – November 10, 2007) was an American novelist, journalist, playwright, screenwriter, and film director. ... Mohsin Hamid (born 1971) is a Pakistani author. ... Richard Gary Brautigan (January 30, 1935 – September 14 (?),[1] 1984) was an American writer, best known for the novel Trout Fishing in America. ... is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. ... This is a partial list of short story authors: Sherwood Anderson (1876-1941) Isaac Asimov (1920-1992) Donald Barthelme Charles Baxter Arnold Bennett Stefano Benni (born 1947) Ambrose Bierce (1842-c. ... For other uses, see Journalist (disambiguation). ... For the band, see Expatriate (band). ... The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... For other uses, see Lost Generation (disambiguation). ... As a literary genre, a memoir (from the French: mémoire from the Latin memoria, meaning memory), or a reminiscence, forms a subclass of autobiography, although it is an older form of writing. ... For the holy day whose date is not fixed, or the mobile repast, see Moveable feast A Moveable Feast is also the title of a live album by Fairport Convention Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: A Moveable Feast A Moveable Feast is a set of memoirs by... The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... The Old Man and the Sea is a novella by Ernest Hemingway written in Cuba in 1951 and published in 1952. ... Nobel Prize in Literature medal. ...


Hemingway's distinctive writing style is characterized by economy and understatement, in contrast to the style of his literary rival William Faulkner. It had a significant influence on the development of twentieth-century fiction writing. His protagonists are typically stoic men who exhibit an ideal described as "grace under pressure." Many of his works are now considered canonical in American literature[citation needed]. It is a writing theory form American writer Hemingway If a writer of prose knows enough about what he is writing about he may omit things that will have a feeling of those things as strongly as though the writer had stated them. ... Understatement is a form of speech in which a lesser expression is used than what would be expected. ... William Cuthbert Faulkner (born William Falkner), (September 25, 1897–July 6, 1962) was an American author. ... For other uses, see Fiction (disambiguation). ... A protagonist is the main figure of a piece of literature or drama and has the main part or role. ... Stoicism is a school of Hellenistic philosophy, founded by Zeno of Citium in Athens in the early third century BC. It proved to be a popular and durable philosophy, with a following throughout Greece and the Roman Empire from its founding until all the schools of philosophy were ordered closed... American literature refers to written or literary work produced in the area of the United States and Colonial America. ...

Contents

Biography

Early life

Ernest Hemingway, c. 1900
Hemingway's birthplace in Oak Park. Photographed in 2008.
Hemingway's birthplace in Oak Park. Photographed in 2008.

Ernest Miller Hemingway was born July 21, 1899 in Oak Park, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago. Hemingway was the first son and the second child born to Clarence Edmonds "Doc Ed" Hemingway, a country doctor, and Grace Hall Hemingway. Hemingway's father attended the birth of Ernest and blew a horn on his front porch to announce to the neighbors that his wife had given birth to a boy. The Hemingways lived in a six-bedroom Victorian house built by Ernest's widowed maternal grandfather, Ernest Miller Hall, an English immigrant and Civil War veteran who lived with the family. Hemingway was his namesake. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 365 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (439 × 720 pixel, file size: 73 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 365 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (439 × 720 pixel, file size: 73 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Downtown (Oak Park Avenue) Ernest Hemingway Museum Oak Park, Illinois Lake Theater and shops along Lake Street. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...


Hemingway's mother once aspired to an opera career and earned money giving voice and music lessons. She was domineering and narrowly religious, mirroring the strict Protestant ethic of Oak Park, which Hemingway later said had "wide lawns and narrow minds".[1] His mother had wanted twins, and when this did not happen, she dressed young Ernest and his sister Marcelline (eighteen months older) in similar clothes and with similar hairstyles, maintaining the pretense of the two children being "twins." Some biographers have suggested that Grace Hemingway further "feminised" her son in his youth by calling him "Ernestine", but male infants and toddlers of the Victorian middle-class were often dressed as females.[2] Many themes in Hemingway's work point to destructive interactions between male and female sexual partners (cf. "Hills Like White Elephants"), within marital unions (cf. Now I Lay Me, The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber), and among most other combinations of men and women (cf. The Sun Also Rises); in addition certain posthumously published pieces contain ambiguous treatment of gender roles. However, no connection between Hemingway's depiction of these human conditions and his own early childhood experiences has been established. For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Hills Like White Elephants is a short story by Ernest Hemingway. ... The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber was a short story by Ernest Hemingway set in Africa published in 1936 concurrently with The Snows of Kilimanjaro. ... This article is about the novel. ...


While his mother hoped that her son would develop an interest in music, Hemingway adopted his father's outdoorsman hobbies of hunting, fishing and camping in the woods and lakes of Northern Michigan. The family owned a house called Windemere on Michigan's Walloon Lake and often spent summers vacationing there. These early experiences in close contact with nature instilled in Hemingway a lifelong passion for outdoor adventure and for living in remote or isolated areas. Northern Michigan - or more properly Northern Lower Michigan - is a region of the U.S. state of Michigan, popular as a tourist destination, resort area, and vacation area. ... Walloon Lake is the headwater for the Bear River near Petoskey, Michigan and is considered one of the most beautiful lakes in the mid-west by many. ...


Hemingway attended Oak Park and River Forest High School from September, 1913 until graduation in June 1917. He excelled both academically and athletically; he boxed, played football, and displayed particular talent in English classes. His first writing experience was writing for "Trapeze" and "Tabula" (the school's newspaper and yearbook, respectively) in his junior year, then serving as editor in his senior year. He sometimes wrote under the pen name Ring Lardner, Jr., a nod to his literary hero Ring Lardner.[3] Oak Park and River Forest High School, or OPRF, is a public four-year high school located in Oak Park, Illinois, a western suburb of Chicago, Illinois, in the United States. ... For other meanings of these words, see boxing (disambiguation) or boxer. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... English studies is an academic discipline that includes the study of literatures written in the English language (including literatures from the U.K., U.S., Ireland, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Hong Kong, the Philippines, India, South Africa, and the Middle East, among other areas), English linguistics (including English phonetics, phonology... A pen name or nom de plume is a pseudonym adopted by an author. ... Ringgold Wilmer Lardner (March 6, 1885 - September 25, 1933) was an American sports columnist and short story writer best known for his satirical takes on the sports world, marriage, and the theatre. ...


After high school, Hemingway did not want to go to college. Instead, at age eighteen, he began his writing career as a cub reporter for The Kansas City Star. Although he worked at the newspaper for only six months (October 17, 1917-April 30, 1918), throughout his lifetime he used the guidance of the Star's style guide as a foundation for his writing style: "Use short sentences. Use short first paragraphs. Use vigorous English. Be positive, not negative."[4] In honor of the centennial year of Hemingway's birth (1899), The Star named Hemingway its top reporter of the last hundred years. This article is about journalistic reporters. ... The Kansas City Star is a McClatchy newspaper based in Kansas City, Missouri, in the United States. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... An Identity Standards Manual page—for the graphic design branch of corporate identity design and branding. ...


World War I

Ernest Hemingway in his World War I uniform
Ernest Hemingway in his World War I uniform

Hemingway left his reporting job after only a few months and, against his father's wishes, tried to join the United States Army to see action in World War I. He failed the medical examination due to poor vision, and instead joined the Red Cross Ambulance Corps. On his route to the Italian front, he stopped in Paris, which was under constant bombardment from German artillery. Instead of staying in the relative safety of the Hotel Florida, Hemingway tried to get as close to combat as possible. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 355 × 598 pixelsFull resolution (760 × 1281 pixel, file size: 309 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 355 × 598 pixelsFull resolution (760 × 1281 pixel, file size: 309 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... The Anarchist Black Cross was originally called the Anarchist Red Cross. The band Redd Kross was originally called Red Cross. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... An ambulance in San Jose del Cabo, Mexico A Helicopter used as an Ambulance. ... This article is about the capital of France. ...


Soon after arriving on the Italian Front Hemingway witnessed the brutalities of war. On his first day on duty an ammunition factory near Milan blew up. Hemingway had to pick up the human, primarily female, remains. This first encounter with death left him shaken. Combatants Italy United Kingdom  France  Austria-Hungary  German Empire Commanders Armando Diaz Luigi Cadorna Lord Cavan Conrad von Hötzendorf Svetozar Boroević Otto von Below The Italian campaign refers to a series of battles fought between the armies of Austria-Hungary and Italy, along with their allies, in northern Italy... Ammunition, often referred to as ammo, is a generic term meaning (the assembly of) a projectile and its propellant. ... Type Anti-tank Nationality Joint France/Germany Era Cold War, modern Launch platform Individual, Vehicle Target Vehicle, Fortification History Builder MBDA, Bharat Dynamics (under license) Date of design 70s Production period since 1972 Service duration since 1972 Operators 41 countries Variants MILAN 1, MILAN 2, MILAN 2T, MILAN 3, MILAN...


The soldiers he met later did not lighten the horror. One of them, Eric Dorman-Smith, entertained Hemingway with a line from Part Two of Shakespeare's Henry IV, Act III, Scene II: "By my troth, I care not; a man can die but once; we owe God a death...and let it go which way it will, he that dies this year is quit for the next."[5] (Hemingway, for his part, would quote this line in The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber, one of his famous short stories set in Africa.) To another soldier, Hemingway once said, "You are troppo vecchio (It. too old) for this war, pop." The 50-year old soldier replied, "I can die as well as any man."[5] Major General Eric Edward Dorman-Smith (born 1895 in Bellamont Forest, Cootehill, County Cavan, Ireland; died 1969 in Ulster, Ireland) was a British Army soldier. ... Henry IV part 2 is a history play by William Shakespeare, first published as part of Shakespeares First Folio. ... The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber was a short story by Ernest Hemingway set in Africa published in 1936 concurrently with The Snows of Kilimanjaro. ... Italian is a Romance language spoken by about 70 million people, most of whom live in Italy. ...


On 8 July 1918, Hemingway was wounded delivering supplies to soldiers, which ended his career as an ambulance driver. He was hit by an Austrian trench mortar shell that left fragments in his legs, and was also hit by a burst of machine-gun fire. He was later awarded the Silver Medal of Military Valor (medaglia d'argento) from the Italian government for dragging a wounded Italian soldier to safety in spite of his own injuries. is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... {{subst:empty template|}} {{Copyviocore |url= |month = {{subst:CURRENTMONTHNAME}} |day = {{subst:CURRENTDAY}} |year = {{subst:CURRENTYEAR}} |time = {{subst:CURRENTTIME}} |timestamp = {{subst:CURRENTTIMESTAMP}}}} Trench warfare is a form of warfare where both combatants have fortified positions and fighting lines are static. ... US soldier loading a M224 60-mm mortar. ... During World War I, the Italian Silver Medal for Military Valor (Medaglia al Valore Militare) was awarded to military personnel for exceptional valor in combat. ...


Hemingway worked in a Milan hospital run by the American Red Cross. With very little in the way of entertainment, he often drank heavily and read newspapers to pass the time. Here he met Agnes von Kurowsky of Washington, D.C., one of eighteen nurses attending groups of four patients each, who was more than six years his senior. Hemingway fell in love with her, but their relationship did not survive his return to the United States; instead of following Hemingway to America, as originally planned, she became romantically involved with an Italian officer. This left an indelible mark on his psyche and provided inspiration for, and was fictionalized in, one of his early novels, A Farewell to Arms. Hemingway's first story based on this relationship, "A Very Short Story," appeared in 1925. A WWII-era poster encouraged American women to volunteer for the Red Cross as part of the war effort. ... Agnes von Kurowsky (1892-1984) served as a nurse in an American Red Cross hospital in Milan, Italy during World War I. One of her patients was Ernest Hemingway, who fell in love with Kurowsky. ... For the Machine Head song, see A Farewell to Arms (song). ...


First novels and other early works

Ernest Hemingway's apartment in 1921 in Chicago, 1239 North Dearborn.
Ernest Hemingway's apartment in 1921 in Chicago, 1239 North Dearborn.

After the war, Hemingway returned to Oak Park.[citation needed], in 1920, he moved to an apartment on 1599 Bathurst Street, now known as The Hemingway, in the Humewood-Cedarvale neighborhood in Toronto, Ontario.[6] During his stay, he found a job with the Toronto Star newspaper. He worked as a freelancer, staff writer, and foreign correspondent. Hemingway befriended fellow Star reporter Morley Callaghan. Callaghan had begun writing short stories at this time; he showed them to Hemingway, who praised them as fine work. They would later be reunited in Paris. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (960x1280, 499 KB) Summary photo personal collection of 1239 North Dearborn, Ernest Hemingways apartment in 1921 in Chicago Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (960x1280, 499 KB) Summary photo personal collection of 1239 North Dearborn, Ernest Hemingways apartment in 1921 in Chicago Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This article is about the street in Toronto, Canada. ... Cedarvale Park Humewood-Cedarvale is a neighbourhood in the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, historically part of York. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... The Toronto Star is Canadas highest-circulation newspaper, though its print edition is distributed almost entirely within Ontario. ... Foreign Correspondent is a 1940 film which tells the story of an American reporter who becomes involved in espionage in England during the onset of World War II. It stars Joel McCrea, George Sanders, Laraine Day, Herbert Marshall, Albert Bassermann and Robert Benchley. ... Edward Morley Callaghan, CC, LL.B., LL.D., FRSC (September 22, 1903 – August 25, 1990) was a Canadian novelist, short story writer, playwright, TV and radio personality. ...


For a short time from late 1920 through most of 1921, Hemingway lived on the near north side of Chicago, while still filing stories for The Toronto Star. He also worked as associate editor of the Co-operative Commonwealth, a monthly journal. On September 3rd, 1921, Hemingway married his first wife, Hadley Richardson. After the honeymoon they moved to a cramped top floor apartment on the 1300 block of Clark Street.[7] In September, he moved to a cramped fourth floor apartment (3rd floor by Chicago building standard) at 1239 North Dearborn in a then run-down section of Chicago's near north side. The building still stands with a plaque on the front of it calling it "The Hemingway Apartment." Hadley found it dark and depressing, but in December, 1921, the Hemingways left Chicago and Oak Park, never to live there again, and moved abroad. Hadley Richardson (1891-1979), wife of American novelist Ernest Hemingway and mother of John Hadley Nicanor Hemingway (1923). ... A honeymoon is the traditional trip taken by newlyweds to celebrate their marriage with seclusion and sexual intimacy. ... Chicagos Clark Street is occasionally a diagonal, and occasionally a north-south street running near the shore of Lake Michigan from the city limits with Evanston (where it is called Chicago Avenue, and further north, Green Bay Road) south to Cermak Road. ...


At the advice of Sherwood Anderson, they settled in Paris, France, where Hemingway covered the Greco-Turkish War for the Toronto Star. Anderson gave him a letter of introduction to Gertrude Stein. She became his mentor and introduced him to the "Parisian Modern Movement" then ongoing in the Montparnasse Quarter; this was the beginning of the American expatriate circle that became known as the "Lost Generation", a term popularized by Hemingway in the epigraph to his novel, The Sun Also Rises, and his memoir, A Moveable Feast. The epithet, "Lost Generation" was reportedly appropriated by Miss Stein from her French garage mechanic when he made the offhand comment that hers was "une generation perdue". His other influential mentor was Ezra Pound,[8] the founder of imagism. Hemingway later said of this eclectic group, "Ezra was right half the time, and when he was wrong, he was so wrong you were never in any doubt about it. Gertrude was always right."[9] The group often frequented Sylvia Beach's bookshop, Shakespeare & Co., at 12 Rue de l'Odéon. After the 1922 publication and American banning of colleague James Joyce's Ulysses, Hemingway used Toronto-based friends to smuggle copies of the novel into the United States (Hemingway writes of meeting and talking with Joyce in Paris in A Moveable Feast). His own first book, called Three Stories and Ten Poems (1923), was published in Paris by Robert McAlmon. Sherwood Anderson in 1933. ... Combatants Greece Turkish Revolutionaries Commanders Gen Leonidas Paraskevopoulos, Gen Anastasios Papoulas, Gen Georgios Hatzianestis Ali Fethi Okyar, Ä°smet Ä°nönü, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Fevzi Çakmak Strength 200,000 men 120,000 men (plus village protectors) Casualties 23,500 dead; 20,820 captured 20,540 dead; 10,000 wounded The... Gertrude Stein (February 3, 1874 – July 27, 1946) was an American writer who became a catalyst in the development of modern art and literature. ... The Montparnasse Tower, which at 209m was the tallest building in Western Europe when it was built. ... For other uses, see Lost Generation (disambiguation). ... This article is about the novel. ... For the holy day whose date is not fixed, or the mobile repast, see Moveable feast A Moveable Feast is also the title of a live album by Fairport Convention Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: A Moveable Feast A Moveable Feast is a set of memoirs by... Ezra Weston Loomis Pound (Hailey, Idaho Territory, United States, October 30, 1885 – Venice, Italy, November 1, 1972) was an American expatriate poet, critic and intellectual who was a major figure of the Modernist movement in early-to-mid 20th century poetry. ... Ezra Pound was one of the prime movers of Imagism. ... Sylvia Beach (March 14, 1887–October 5, 1962), born Nancy Woodbridge Beach in her fathers parsonage in Baltimore, Maryland, was one of the leading expatriate figures in Paris between World War I and II. Her father was a Presbyterian pastor and his work took the family to Paris in... This article is about the writer and poet. ... Ulysses is a novel by James Joyce, first serialized in parts in the American journal The Little Review from March 1918 to December 1920, and then published in its entirety by Sylvia Beach on February 2, 1922, in Paris. ... For the holy day whose date is not fixed, or the mobile repast, see Moveable feast A Moveable Feast is also the title of a live album by Fairport Convention Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: A Moveable Feast A Moveable Feast is a set of memoirs by... Robert Menzies McAlmon (March 9, 1896 - February 2, 1956) was an American author, poet and publisher. ...


After much success as a foreign correspondent, Hemingway returned to Toronto, Canada in 1923. During his second stint living in Toronto, Hemingway's first son was born. He was named John Hadley Nicanor Hemingway, but would later be known as Jack. Hemingway asked Gertrude Stein to be Jack's godmother. A godparent, in Christianity, is someone who sponsors a childs baptism. ...


Around the same time, Hemingway had a bitter falling out with his editor, Harry Hindmarsh, who believed Hemingway had been spoiled by his time overseas.[10] Hindmarsh gave Hemingway mundane assignments, and Hemingway grew bitter and wrote an angry resignation in December of 1923. However, his resignation was either ignored or rescinded, and Hemingway continued to write sporadically for The Toronto Star through 1924.[11] Most of Hemingway's work for the Star was later published in the 1985 collection Dateline: Toronto.


Hemingway's American literary debut came with the publication of the short story cycle In Our Time (1925). The vignettes that now constitute the interchapters of the American version were initially published in Europe as in our time (1924). This work was important for Hemingway, reaffirming to him that his minimalist style could be accepted by the literary community. "Big Two-Hearted River" is the collection's best-known story. In Our Time is a collection of short stories by Ernest Hemingway. ... Big Two-Hearted River by Ernest Hemingway is a two-part story that ends the collection In Our Time, published in 1924. ...


In April 1925, two weeks after the publication of The Great Gatsby, Hemingway met F. Scott Fitzgerald at the Dingo Bar. Fitzgerald and Hemingway were at first close friends, often drinking and talking together. They frequently exchanged manuscripts, and Fitzgerald tried to do much to advance Hemingway's career and the publication of his first collections of stories, although the relationship later cooled and became more competitive. This article is about the novel. ... Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald (September 24, 1896 – December 21, 1940) was an American Jazz Age author of novels and short stories. ... The Dingo American Bar and Restaurant at 10 rue Delambre in the Montparnasse Quarter of Paris, France opened its doors in 1923. ...

La Closerie des Lilas restaurant (seen here in 1909), where Hemingway wrote parts of The Sun Also Rises.
La Closerie des Lilas restaurant (seen here in 1909), where Hemingway wrote parts of The Sun Also Rises.

Hemingway's relationships in France provided inspiration for Hemingway's first full-length novel, The Sun Also Rises (1926). The novel was semi-autobiographical, following a group of expatriate Americans around Paris and Spain. The climactic scenes of the novel are set in Pamplona, during the fiesta that the novel made famous throughout Europe and the U.S. The novel was a success and met with critical acclaim. While Hemingway had initially claimed that the novel was an obsolete form of literature, he was apparently inspired to write it after reading Fitzgerald's manuscript for The Great Gatsby.[citation needed] 1909 photo in public domain This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... 1909 photo in public domain This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This article is about the novel. ... This article is about the novel. ... This article is about the novel. ...


Hemingway divorced Hadley Richardson in 1927 and married Pauline Pfeiffer, a devout Roman Catholic from Piggott, Arkansas. Pfeiffer was an occasional fashion reporter, publishing in magazines such as Vanity Fair and Vogue.[12] Hemingway converted to Catholicism himself at this time. That year saw the publication of Men Without Women, a collection of short stories, containing The Killers, one of Hemingway's best-known and most-anthologized stories. In 1928, Hemingway and Pfeiffer moved to Key West, Florida, to begin their new life together. However, their new life was soon interrupted by yet another tragic event in Hemingway's life. Pauline Marie Pfeiffer was the second wife of the writer Ernest Hemingway. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... Piggott is a city in Clay County, Arkansas, one of that countys two seats (Corning is the other), and the northern terminus of the Arkansas segment of Crowleys Ridge Parkway. ... American actress Demi Moore, on a typical Vanity Fair cover (August, 1991) Vanity Fair is a glossy American glamour magazine monthly that offers a mixture of articles based on sensational exaggerations, jet-set and entertainment-business personalities, politics, and lies. ... For other meanings, see vogue. ... Men Without Women - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... This article is in need of attention. ... The Killers is a notable short story by Ernest Hemingway. ... Map of Key West Key West is a city located in Monroe County, Florida. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ...


In 1928, Hemingway's father, Clarence, troubled with diabetes and financial instabilities, committed suicide using an old Civil War pistol. This greatly hurt Hemingway and is perhaps played out through Robert Jordan's father's suicide in the novel For Whom the Bell Tolls. He immediately traveled to Oak Park to arrange the funeral and stirred up controversy by vocalizing what he thought to be the Catholic view, that suicides go to Hell. At about the same time, Harry Crosby, founder of the Black Sun Press and a friend of Hemingway's from his days in Paris, also committed suicide. For the disease characterized by excretion of large amounts of very dilute urine, see diabetes insipidus. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... A Browning 9 millimeter Hi-Power Ordnance pistol of the French Navy, 19th century, using a Percussion cap mechanism Derringers were small and easily hidden. ... This article is about the theological or philosophical afterlife. ... Harry Crosby (June 4, 1898 – December 10, 1929) was an American heir, bon vivant, poet, and for some, an exemplar of the Lost Generation in American literature. ... Black Sun Press was a book publisher founded in 1927 as Éditions Narcisse by poet Harry Crosby and his wife Caresse, who at the time were expatriates living in Paris. ...

The Hemingway-Pfeiffer House, built in 1927.
The Hemingway-Pfeiffer House, built in 1927.

In that same year, Hemingway's second son, Patrick, was born in Kansas City (his third son, Gregory, would be born to the couple a few years later). It was a Caesarean birth after difficult labor, details of which were incorporated into the concluding scene of A Farewell to Arms. Hemingway lived and wrote most of A Farewell to Arms plus several short stories at Pauline's parents' house in Piggott, Arkansas. The Pfeiffer House and Carriage House has since been converted into a museum owned by Arkansas State University. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1536x1024, 1383 KB) Summary Ernest Hemingway wrote portions of his novel, A Farewell to Arms, at this home in w:Piggott, Arkansas, now a visitor center of the Crowleys Ridge Parkway. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1536x1024, 1383 KB) Summary Ernest Hemingway wrote portions of his novel, A Farewell to Arms, at this home in w:Piggott, Arkansas, now a visitor center of the Crowleys Ridge Parkway. ... Gloria Hemingway (12 November 1931 – 1 October 2001), known previously as Gregory Hemingway, was the fourth and youngest child of famed author Ernest Hemingway and his second wife Pauline Pfeiffer. ... A caesarean section (AE cesarean section), or c-section, is a form of childbirth in which a surgical incision is made through a mothers abdomen (laparotomy) and uterus (hysterotomy) to deliver one or more babies. ... For the Machine Head song, see A Farewell to Arms (song). ... For the Machine Head song, see A Farewell to Arms (song). ... Piggott is a city in Clay County, Arkansas, one of that countys two seats (Corning is the other), and the northern terminus of the Arkansas segment of Crowleys Ridge Parkway. ... The Hemingway-Pfeiffer House, also known as the Pfeiffer House and Carriage House, is a house in Piggott, Arkansas where novelist Ernest Hemingway wrote portions of his novel, A Farewell to Arms. ... Arkansas State University student union, Jonesboro, Arkansas Arkansas State University (A-State) or (ASU) is a public university and is the flagship campus of the Arkansas State University System, the states second largest college system. ...


Published in 1929, A Farewell to Arms recounts the romance between Frederic Henry, an American soldier, and Catherine Barkley, a British nurse. The novel is heavily autobiographical: the plot was directly inspired by his relationship with Agnes von Kurowsky in Milan; Catherine's parturition was inspired by the intense labor pains of Pauline in the birth of Patrick; the real-life Kitty Cannell inspired the fictional Helen Ferguson; the priest was based on Don Giuseppe Bianchi, the priest of the 69th and 70th regiments of the Brigata Ancona. While the inspiration of the character Rinaldi is obscure, he had already appeared in In Our Time. A Farewell to Arms was published at a time when many other World War I books were prominent, including Frederic Manning's Her Privates We, Erich Maria Remarque's All Quiet on the Western Front, Richard Aldington's Death of a Hero, and Robert Graves' Goodbye to All That. The success of A Farewell to Arms made Hemingway financially independent. Frederic Henry is a character in the novel A Farewell to Arms, by Ernest Hemingway. ... This article is about the occupation. ... Agnes von Kurowsky (1892-1984) served as a nurse in an American Red Cross hospital in Milan, Italy during World War I. One of her patients was Ernest Hemingway, who fell in love with Kurowsky. ... Childbirth in a hospital. ... Kathleen Eaton Cannell usually known as Kitty Cannell (1891 – 1974) was a Paris-based American dance and fashion correspondent for major U.S. papers and periodicals. ... Frederic Manning (1882-1935) was an Australian poet and novelist. ... Erich Maria Remarque (June 22, 1898 – September 25, 1970) was the pseudonym of Erich Paul Remark, a German author. ... For the films, see All Quiet on the Western Front (1930 film) and All Quiet on the Western Front (1979 film). ... Richard Aldington in uniform during World War I Richard Aldington (July 8, 1892 – July 27, 1962), name at birth Edward Godfree Aldington, was an English writer and poet. ... Death of a Hero is a World War I novel by Richard Aldington. ... Robert von Ranke Graves (24 July 1895 – 7 December 1985) was an English poet, scholar, and novelist. ... Goodbye to All That, an autobiography by Robert Graves, first appeared in print in 1929. ... For the Machine Head song, see A Farewell to Arms (song). ...


Key West and the Spanish Civil War

Ernest Hemingway House in Key West, now a museum, and also home for a colony of alleged descendents of Hemingway's famous polydactyl cat
Ernest Hemingway House in Key West, now a museum, and also home for a colony of alleged descendents of Hemingway's famous polydactyl cat

Following the advice of John Dos Passos, Hemingway returned to Key West, Florida in 1931, where he established his first American home, which has since been converted to a museum. From this 1851 solid limestone house — a wedding present from Pauline's uncle — Hemingway fished in the waters around the Dry Tortugas with his longtime friend Waldo Pierce, went to the famous bar Sloppy Joe's, and occasionally traveled to Spain, gathering material for Death in the Afternoon and Winner Take Nothing. Over the next 9 years, until the end of this marriage in 1940, and then in a second period throughout the 1950s, Hemingway would do an estimated 70% of his lifetime's writing in the writer's den in the upper floor of the converted garage, in back of this house. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 531 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1360 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 531 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1360 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Ernest Hemingway House was the residence of author Ernest Hemingway in Key West, Florida, United States. ... One of the polydactyl cats at the Ernest Hemingway House in Key West, Florida. ... John Roderigo Dos Passos (January 14, 1896 — September 28, 1970) was an American novelist and artist. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country United States State Florida County Monroe Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Morgan McPherson Area  - City  7. ... The Ernest Hemingway House was the residence of author Ernest Hemingway in Key West, Florida, United States. ... Dry Tortugas overview map The Dry Tortugas are a small group of islands, located at the end of the Florida Keys, USA, about west of Key West, and west of the Marquesas Keys, at , the closest islands. ... Waldo Peirce (December 17, 1884 - March 8, 1970) was an American painter, born in Bangor, Maine. ... Sloppy Joes is a bar in Key West Florida founded on December 5, 1933. ... Categories: Literature stubs | 1932 books | Ernest Hemingway works ... Winner Take Nothing is a 1933 collection of short stories by Ernest Hemingway. ...


Death in the Afternoon, a book about bullfighting, was published in 1932. Hemingway had become an aficionado after seeing the Pamplona fiesta of 1925, fictionalized in The Sun Also Rises. In Death in the Afternoon, Hemingway extensively discussed the metaphysics of bullfighting: the ritualized, almost religious practice. Hemingway considered becoming a bullfighter himself and showed middling aptitude in several novieros before deciding that writing was his true and only suitable professional metier. In his writings on Spain, he was influenced by the Spanish master Pío Baroja (when Hemingway won the Nobel Prize, he traveled to see Baroja, then on his death bed, specifically to tell him he thought Baroja deserved the prize more than he). Baroja agreed and something of the usual Hemingway tiff with another writer ensued despite his original good intentions. Categories: Literature stubs | 1932 books | Ernest Hemingway works ... Bullfighting, Edouard Manet, 1865–1866. ... Pamplona (Basque: Iruñea or Iruña) is the capital city of Navarre, Spain. ... This article is about the novel. ... Pío Baroja y Nessi (December 28, 1872, San Sebastián–October 30, 1956, Madrid) was a Spanish writer, one of the key novelists of the Generation of 98. ...


A safari in the fall of 1933 led him to Mombasa, Nairobi, and Machakos in Kenya, moving on to Tanzania, where he hunted in the Serengeti, around Lake Manyara and west and southeast of the present-day Tarangire National Park. 1935 saw the publication of Green Hills of Africa, an account of his safari. The Snows of Kilimanjaro and The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber were the fictionalized results of his African experiences. Hemingway fell ill on this trip, suffering a prolapsed intestine. Map of Africa 1890 Look up safari in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Mombasa is the second largest city in Kenya, lying on the Indian Ocean. ... Location of Nairobi Coordinates: , Country Province HQ City Hall Founded 1899 Constituencies of Nairobi List Makadara Kamukunji Starehe Langata Dagoretti Westlands Kasarani Embakasi Government  - Mayor Geoffrey Majiwa Area  - City 684 km² (264. ... Machakos is a district in Eastern Province of Kenya. ... A zebra and wildebeests during migration The Serengeti ecosystem is located in north-western Tanzania and extends to south-western Kenya between latitudes 1 and 3 S and longitudes 34 and 36 E. It spans some 30,000 km. ... Lake Manyara is a fresh water lake in Tanzania. ... Tarangire National Park is a national park in Tanzania. ... The Snows of Kilimanjaro is the name of both a collection of short stories by Ernest Hemingway and the premier story within the collection. ... The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber was a short story by Ernest Hemingway set in Africa published in 1936 concurrently with The Snows of Kilimanjaro. ...


In 1937, Hemingway traveled to Spain in order to report on the Spanish Civil War for the North American Newspaper Alliance. While there, Hemingway broke his friendship with John Dos Passos because, despite warnings, Dos Passos continued to report on the atrocities of not only the fascist Nationalists whom Hemingway disliked, but also those of the elected and radicalized left-leaning Republicans whom he favored.[13][14] In this context Hemingway's colleague and associate Herbert Matthews, who would become more well known for his favorable reports on Fidel Castro, showed a similar bias for the Republican side as Hemingway. Hemingway, who was a convert to Catholicism during his marriage to his wife Pauline, began to question his religion at this time, eventually leaving the church (though friends indicate that he had "funny ties" to Catholicism for the rest of his life). The war also strained Hemingway's marriage. Pauline Pfieffer was a devout Catholic and, as such, sided with the fascist, pro-Catholic regime of Franco, whereas Hemingway supported the Republican government. During this time, Hemingway wrote a little known essay, The Denunciation, which would not be published until 1969 within a collection of stories, the Fifth Column and Four Stories of the Spanish Civil War. The story seems autobiographical, suggesting that Hemingway might have been an informant for the Republic as well as a weapons instructor during the war.[15] Not to be confused with the Spanish Civil War of 1820-1823. ... John Roderigo Dos Passos (January 14, 1896 — September 28, 1970) was an American novelist and artist. ... Herbert Matthews Herbert Lionel Matthews (1900-1977) was a reporter [1] for the New York Times said to be the first to report Fidel Castro was alive in the Sierra Maestra [2]. And also a reporter partial to the Republic side in (The Spanish Civil War (1961) Hugh Thomas) and... Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (born on August 13, 1926) is the current President of Cuba but on indefinite medical hiatus. ...


Some health problems characterized this period of Hemingway's life: an anthrax infection, a cut eyeball, a gash in his forehead, grippe, toothache, hemorrhoids, kidney trouble from fishing, torn groin muscle, finger gashed to the bone in an accident with a punching ball, lacerations (to arms, legs, and face) from a ride on a runaway horse through a deep Wyoming forest, and a broken arm from a car accident. Anthrax bacteria. ... The 1918 flu pandemic (commonly referred to as the Spanish flu) was a category 5 influenza pandemic caused by an unusually severe and deadly Influenza A virus strain of subtype H1N1. ... Hemorrhoids (also haemorrhoids or piles) are varicosities or swelling and inflammation of veins in the rectum and anus. ... The kidneys are the organs that filter wastes (such as urea) from the blood and excrete them, along with water, as urine. ... The groin is the crease at the junction of the torso with the legs and the adjacent region that includes the external genitals. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ...


The Forty-Nine Stories

In 1938 — along with his only full-length play, titled The Fifth Column — 49 stories were published in the collection The Fifth Column and the First Forty-Nine Stories. Hemingway's intention was, as he openly stated in his foreword, to write more. Many of the stories that make up this collection can be found in other abridged collections, including In Our Time, Men Without Women, Winner Take Nothing, and The Snows of Kilimanjaro. The Fifth Column and the First Forty-Nine Stories was an anthology of short stories by Ernest Hemingway. ... In Our Time is a collection of short stories by Ernest Hemingway. ... Men Without Women - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Winner Take Nothing is a 1933 collection of short stories by Ernest Hemingway. ... The Snows of Kilimanjaro is the name of both a collection of short stories by Ernest Hemingway and the premier story within the collection. ...


Some of the collection's important stories include Old Man at the Bridge, On The Quai at Smyrna, Hills Like White Elephants, One Reader Writes, The Killers and (perhaps most famously) A Clean, Well-Lighted Place. While these stories are rather short, the book also includes much longer stories, among them The Snows of Kilimanjaro and The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber. Hills Like White Elephants is a short story by Ernest Hemingway. ... Winner Take Nothing book cover. ... The Snows of Kilimanjaro is the name of both a collection of short stories by Ernest Hemingway and the premier story within the collection. ... The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber was a short story by Ernest Hemingway set in Africa published in 1936 concurrently with The Snows of Kilimanjaro. ...


For Whom the Bell Tolls

Francisco Franco and the Nationalists defeated the Republicans, ending the Spanish Civil War in the spring of 1939. Hemingway lost an adopted homeland to Franco's fascists, and would later lose his beloved Key West, Florida home due to his 1940 divorce. A few weeks after the divorce, Hemingway married his companion of four years in Spain, Martha Gellhorn, his third wife. His novel For Whom the Bell Tolls was published in 1940. It was written in 1939 in Cuba and Key West, and was finished in July, 1940. The long work, which takes place during the Spanish Civil War, was based on real events and tells of an American named Robert Jordan fighting with Spanish soldiers on the Republican side. It was largely based upon Hemingway's experience of living in Spain and reporting on the war. It is one of his most notable literary accomplishments. The title is taken from the penultimate paragraph of John Donne's Meditation XVII. For other uses, see For Whom the Bell Tolls (disambiguation). ... Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde (December 4, 1892 - November 20, 1975), commonly known as Francisco Franco (pronounced ) or Francisco Franco y Bahamonde was leader of Spain from October 1936, as regent of Kingdom of Spain from 1947 until his death in 1975. ... Not to be confused with the Spanish Civil War of 1820-1823. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country United States State Florida County Monroe Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Morgan McPherson Area  - City  7. ... Martha Gellhorn Martha Gellhorn (8 November 1908 - 15 February 1998) was an American novelist and journalist considered one of the greatest war correspondents of the 20th century. ... For other uses, see For Whom the Bell Tolls (disambiguation). ... For the Welsh courtier and diplomat, see Sir John Donne. ... John Donne (pronounced Dun; 1572 – March 31, 1631) was a Jacobean poet and preacher, representative of the metaphysical poets of the period. ...


World War II and its aftermath

The United States entered World War II on December 8, 1941, and for the first time in his life, Hemingway sought to take part in naval warfare. Aboard the Pilar, now a Q-Ship, Hemingway's crew was charged with sinking German submarines threatening shipping off the coasts of Cuba and the United States. After the FBI took over Caribbean counter-espionage, he went to Europe as a war correspondent for Collier's magazine. There Hemingway observed the D-Day landings from an LCVP (landing craft), although he was not allowed to go ashore. He later became angry that his wife, Martha Gellhorn — by then, more a rival war correspondent than a wife — had managed to get ashore in the early hours of June 7 dressed as a nurse, after she had crossed the Atlantic to England in a ship loaded with explosives. Hemingway acted as an unofficial liaison officer at Château de Rambouillet, and afterwards formed his own partisan group which, as he later wrote, took part in the liberation of Paris. Although this claim has been challenged by many historians, he was nevertheless unquestionably on the scene.[citation needed] Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... A hidden gun on a Q-ship in World War I. The Q-ship or Q-boat was a weapon used against German U-boats during World War I primarily by Britain and during World War II primarily by the United States. ... For other uses, see Submarine (disambiguation). ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ... Colliers Weekly was a United States magazine that was published between 1888 and 1957. ... Land on Normandy In military parlance, D-Day is a term often used to denote the day on which a combat attack or operation is to be initiated. ... is the 158th day of the year (159th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Château de Rambouillet, which is the summer residence of the Presidents of France, is located in the town of Rambouillet, Yvelines département, France, 50 km (30 miles) southwest of Paris. ... This article is about the capital of France. ...


After the war, Hemingway started work on The Garden of Eden, which was never finished and would be published posthumously in a much-abridged form in 1986. At one stage, he planned a major trilogy which was to comprise "The Sea When Young", "The Sea When Absent" and "The Sea in Being" (the latter eventually published in 1952 as The Old Man and the Sea). He spent time in a small Italian town called Acciaroli (located approximately 136 km south of Naples). There was also a "Sea-Chase" story; three of these pieces were edited and stuck together as the posthumously-published novel Islands in the Stream (1970). First Scribner trade paperback edition, © 2003 The Garden of Eden is a novel written by Ernest Hemingway. ... The Old Man and the Sea is a novella by Ernest Hemingway written in Cuba in 1951 and published in 1952. ... Acciaroli is an italian hamlet (frazione) of Pollica (SA), located in Campania region and the greatest one of its comune. ... Location of the city of Naples (red dot) within Italy. ... Islands in the Stream, published in 1970, was the first of Ernest Hemingways novels to be published posthumously. ...


Newly divorced from Gellhorn after four contentious years, Hemingway married war correspondent Mary Welsh Hemingway, whom he had met overseas in 1944. He returned to Cuba, and in 1945 at the Soviet Embassy became public witness to the Rolando Masferrer schism within the Cuban communist party (García Montes, and Alonso Ávila, 1970 p. 362). Mary Welsh Hemingway (April 5, 1908 – November 26, 1986) was an American journalist and the wife of Ernest Hemingway. ... Rolando Masferrer Rojas (1918-1975), born in Holguín, July 12, 1918 [1], in Oriente province, better known simply as Rolando Masferrer, was a Cuban guerrilla leader, lawyer, congressman, newspaper publisher a member of the Cuban Communist Party and politically involved person [2] [3]. He was killed in Miami, United...


Hemingway's first novel after For Whom the Bell Tolls was Across the River and into the Trees (1950), set in post-World War II Venice. He derived the title from the last words of American Civil War Confederate General Stonewall Jackson. Enamored of a young Italian girl (Adriana Ivancich) at the time, Hemingway wrote Across the River and into the Trees as a romance between a war-weary Colonel Cantwell (based on his friend, then Colonel Charles Lanham) and the young Renata (clearly based on Adriana; "Renata" means "reborn" in Italian). The novel received largely bad reviews, many of which accused Hemingway of tastelessness, stylistic ineptitude, and sentimentality; however this criticism was not shared by all critics. Across the River and Into the Trees is a novel by Ernest Hemingway. ... For other uses, see Venice (disambiguation). ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... For the 1960s country music artist, see Stonewall Jackson (musician); for the submarine, see USS Stonewall Jackson (SSBN-634). ... Major General Charles T. Lanham known as Buck born 14 Sept. ...


Later years

One section of the sea trilogy was published as The Old Man and the Sea in 1952. That novella's enormous success satisfied and fulfilled Hemingway. It earned him the Pulitzer Prize in 1953. The next year he was awarded with the Nobel Prize in Literature. Upon receiving the latter he noted that he would have been "happy; happier...if the prize had been given to that beautiful writer Isak Dinesen".[16] These awards helped to restore his international reputation. The Old Man and the Sea is a novella by Ernest Hemingway written in Cuba in 1951 and published in 1952. ... A novella is a narrative work of prose fiction somewhat longer than a short story but shorter than a novel. ... The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... Nobel Prize in Literature medal. ...

Aboard his yacht, the Pilar, ca. mid 1950s
Aboard his yacht, the Pilar, ca. mid 1950s
Bartender at the famous La Bodeguita del Medio in Havana. Hanging on the bar is a plate with a likeness of Ernest Hemingway and a framed, signed message written by him. He was a regular patron.

Then, his legendary bad luck struck once again; on a safari, he was seriously injured in two successive plane crashes; he sprained his right shoulder, arm, and left leg, had a grave concussion, temporarily lost vision in his left eye and the hearing in his left ear, suffered paralysis of the spine, a crushed vertebra, ruptured liver, spleen and kidney, and first degree burns on his face, arms, and leg. Some American newspapers mistakenly published his obituary, thinking he had been killed.[17] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 161 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The author of this photograph is me, David Shankbone. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 161 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The author of this photograph is me, David Shankbone. ... This article is about the capital of Cuba. ... Cerebral Concussion redirects here. ... A diagram of a thoracic vertebra. ...


As if this were not enough, he was badly injured one month later in a bushfire accident, which left him with second degree burns on his legs, front torso, lips, left hand and right forearm. The pain left him in prolonged anguish, and he was unable to travel to Stockholm to accept his Nobel Prize. Backburning in Townsville, Australia. ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ...


A glimmer of hope came with the discovery of some of his old manuscripts from 1928 in the Ritz cellars, which were transformed into A Moveable Feast. Although some of his energy seemed to be restored, severe drinking problems kept him down. His blood pressure and cholesterol were perilously high, he suffered from aortal inflammation, and his depression was aggravated by his heavy drinking. However, in October of 1956, Hemingway found the strength to travel to Madrid and act as a pallbearer at Pío Baroja's burial. Baroja was one of Hemingway's literary influences. For the holy day whose date is not fixed, or the mobile repast, see Moveable feast A Moveable Feast is also the title of a live album by Fairport Convention Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: A Moveable Feast A Moveable Feast is a set of memoirs by... Pío Baroja y Nessi (December 28, 1872, San Sebastián–October 30, 1956, Madrid) was a Spanish writer, one of the key novelists of the Generation of 98. ...


Following the revolution in Cuba and the ousting of General Fulgencio Batista in 1959, expropriations of foreign owned property led many Americans to return to the United States. Hemingway chose to stay a little longer. It is commonly said that he shared good relations with Fidel Castro and declared his support for the revolution, and he is quoted as wishing Castro "all luck" with running the country.[18][19] However, the Hemingway account "The Shot"[20] is used by Cabrera Infante[21] and others[22][23] as evidence of conflict between Hemingway and Fidel Castro dating back to 1948 and the killing of "Manolo" Castro, a friend of Hemingway.[24] Hemingway came under surveillance by the FBI both during World War II and afterwards (most probably because of his long association with marxist Spanish Civil War veterans[25] who were again active in Cuba) for his residence and activities in Cuba.[19] In 1960, he left the island and Finca Vigía, his estate outside Havana, that he owned for over twenty years. The official Cuban government account is that it was left to the Cuban government, which has made it into a museum devoted to the author.[26] In 2001, Cuba's state-owned tourism conglomerate, El Gran-Caribe SA, began licensing the La Bodeguita del Medio international restaurant chain relying largely on the original Havana restaurant's association with Hemingway, a frequent visitor.[27] Belligerents 26th of July Movement Cuba Commanders Fidel Castro Che Guevara Raul Castro Fulgencio Batista The Cuban Revolution refers to the revolution that led to the overthrow of General Fulgencio Batistas regime on January 1, 1959 by the 26th of July Movement and other revolutionary elements within the country. ... General Fulgencio Batista y Zaldívar (pronounced ; January 16, 1901 – August 6, 1973) was a Cuban military officer, dictator and politician. ... Expropriation is the act of removing from control the owner of an item of property. ... Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (born on August 13, 1926) is the current President of Cuba but on indefinite medical hiatus. ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ... Finca Vigía (Spanish for Lookout Farm) was the home of Ernest Hemingway in San Francisco de Paula, Cuba, and now houses a museum. ... This article is about the capital of Cuba. ...


In February of 1960, Ernest Hemingway was unable to get his bullfighting narrative The Dangerous Summer to the publishers. He therefore had his wife Mary summon his friend, Life Magazine bureau head Will Lang Jr., to leave Paris and come to Spain. Hemingway persuaded Lang to let him print the manuscript, along with a picture layout, before it came out in hardcover. Although not a word of it was on paper, the proposal was agreed upon. The first part of the story appeared in Life Magazine on September 5, 1960, with the remaining installments being printed in successive issues. The Dangerous Summer is a 1960 book written by Ernest Hemingway. ... A cover of Life Magazine from 1911 Life has been the name of two notable magazines published in the United States. ... Will Lang Jr. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Hemingway was upset by the photographs in his The Dangerous Summer article. He was receiving treatment in Ketchum, Idaho for high blood pressure and liver problems — and also electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for depression and continued paranoia, although this may in fact have helped to precipitate his suicide, since he reportedly suffered significant memory loss as a result of the shock treatments. He also lost weight, his 6-foot (183 cm) frame appearing gaunt at 170 pounds (77 kg, 12st 2lb). Ketchum is a city located in Blaine County, Idaho, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 3,003. ... Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), also known as electroshock, is a controversial psychiatric treatment in which seizures are induced with electricity for therapeutic effect. ... On the Threshold of Eternity. ...


Suicide

Hemingway attempted suicide in the spring of 1961, and received ECT treatment again. Some three weeks short of his 62nd birthday, he took his own life on the morning of July 2, 1961 at his home in Ketchum, Idaho, with a shotgun blast to the head. Judged not mentally responsible for his final act, he was buried in a Roman Catholic service. Hemingway himself blamed the ECT treatments for "putting him out of business" by destroying his memory; some medical and scholarly opinion has been receptive to this view, although others, including one of the physicians who prescribed the electroshock regimen, dispute that opinion.[citation needed] Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), also known as electroshock, is a controversial psychiatric treatment in which seizures are induced with electricity for therapeutic effect. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ketchum is a city located in Blaine County, Idaho, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 3,003. ... For other uses, see Shotgun (disambiguation). ...


Hemingway is believed to have purchased the weapon he used to commit suicide at Abercrombie & Fitch, which was then an elite excursion goods retailer and firearm supplier. (The shotgun was a Boss & Co ordered through A&F.)[28] In a particularly gruesome suicide, he rested the gun butt of the double-barreled shotgun on the floor of a hallway in his home, leaned over it to put the twin muzzles to his forehead just above the eyes, and pulled both triggers.[29] The coroner, at request of the family, did not do an autopsy.[30] Abercrombie & Fitch (IPA: ) (NYSE: ANF) (A&F) is an American clothing company. ...


Other members of Hemingway's immediate family also committed suicide, including his father, Clarence Hemingway, his siblings Ursula and Leicester, and possibly his granddaughter Margaux Hemingway. Some believe that certain members of Hemingway's paternal line had a hereditary disease known as haemochromatosis (bronze diabetes), in which an excess of iron concentration in the blood causes damage to the pancreas and also causes depression or instability in the cerebrum.[31] Hemingway's father is known to have developed haemochromatosis in the years prior to his suicide at age fifty-nine. Throughout his life, Hemingway had been a heavy drinker, succumbing to alcoholism in his later years. For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ... Margaux Louise Hemingway (February 16, 1955 – July 1, 1996) was a film actress and model who appeared in several movies. ... Haemochromatosis, also spelled hemochromatosis, is a hereditary disease characterized by improper dietary iron metabolism (making it an iron overload disorder), which causes the accumulation of iron in a number of body tissues. ... The pancreas is a gland organ in the digestive and endocrine systems of vertebrates. ... Alcoholism is the consumption of, or preoccupation with, alcoholic beverages to the extent that this behavior interferes with the drinkers normal personal, family, social, or work life, and may lead to physical or mental harm. ...


Hemingway suffered from manic depression, now known as bipolar disorder, and was subsequently treated with electroshock therapy at Menninger Clinic.[32] He later credited this to his memory loss which he cited as a reason for not wanting to live.[32] Manic depression, with its two principal sub-types, bipolar disorder and major depression, was first clinically described near the end of the 19th century by psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin, who published his account of the disease in his Textbook of Psychiatry. ... For other uses, see Bipolar. ... Electroconvulsive therapy, also known as electroshock or ECT, is a controversial type of psychiatric shock therapy involving the induction of an artificial seizure in a patient by passing electricity through the brain. ... The Menninger Clinic was founded in 1925 in Topeka, Kansas, by Drs. ...


Hemingway is interred in the town cemetery in Ketchum, Idaho, at the north end of town. A memorial was erected in 1966 at another location, overlooking Trail Creek, north of Ketchum. It is inscribed with a eulogy he wrote for a friend, Gene Van Guilder: Ketchum is a city located in Blaine County, Idaho, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 3,003. ...

Best of all he loved the fall
The leaves yellow on the cottonwoods
Leaves floating on the trout streams
And above the hills
The high blue windless skies
Now he will be a part of them forever Ernest Hemingway - Idaho - 1939

Celebrating Hemingway's love for Idaho and the frontier, The Ernest Hemingway Festival [33] takes place annually in Ketchum and Sun Valley in late September with scholars, a reading by the PEN/Hemingway Award winner and many more events, including historical tours, open mic nights and a sponsored dinner at Hemingway's home in Warm Springs now maintained by the Nature Conservancy in Ketchum.


Posthumous publications

Hemingway was a prolific letter writer and, in 1981, many of these were published by Scribner in Ernest Hemingway Selected Letters. It was met with some controversy as Hemingway himself stated he never wished to publish his letters. Further letters were published in a book of his correspondence with his editor Max Perkins, The Only Thing that Counts [1996]. Charles Scribner is the name of several members of a New York publishing family associated with the company bearing their name. ...


A long-term project is now underway to publish the thousands of letters Hemingway wrote during his lifetime. The project is being undertaken as a joint venture by Penn State University and the Ernest Hemingway Foundation. Sandra Spanier, Professor of English and wife of Penn State president Graham Spanier, is serving as general editor of the collection.[2] The Pennsylvania State University The Pennsylvania State University (commonly known as Penn State) is a state-related land-grant university in Pennsylvania, with over 80,000 students at 24 campuses throughout the state. ... The Pennsylvania State University The Pennsylvania State University (commonly known as Penn State) is a state-related land-grant university in Pennsylvania, with over 80,000 students at 24 campuses throughout the state. ... Graham B. Spanier, discussing Napster on October 18, 2003, in his university-provided residence, the Schreyer House Graham B. Spanier is president of The Pennsylvania State University that has 22 campus locations in Pennsylvania, succeeding Joab Thomas with his inaugural address on January 15, 1995. ...


Hemingway was still writing up to his death; most of the unfinished works which were Hemingway's sole creation have been published posthumously; they are A Moveable Feast, Islands in the Stream, The Nick Adams Stories (portions of which were previously unpublished), The Dangerous Summer, and The Garden of Eden.[34] In a note forwarding "Islands in the Stream", Mary Hemingway indicated that she worked with Charles Scribner, Jr. on "preparing this book for publication from Ernest's original manuscript". She also stated that "beyond the routine chores of correcting spelling and punctuation, we made some cuts in the manuscript, I feeling that Ernest would surely have made them himself. The book is all Ernest's. We have added nothing to it." Some controversy has surrounded the publication of these works, insofar as it has been suggested that it is not necessarily within the jurisdiction of Hemingway's relatives or publishers to determine whether these works should be made available to the public. For example, scholars often disapprovingly note that the version of The Garden of Eden published by Charles Scribner's Sons in 1986, though in no way a revision of Hemingway's original words, nonetheless omits two-thirds of the original manuscript.[35] An unfinished portrait miniature of Oliver Cromwell by Samuel Cooper. ... For the holy day whose date is not fixed, or the mobile repast, see Moveable feast A Moveable Feast is also the title of a live album by Fairport Convention Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: A Moveable Feast A Moveable Feast is a set of memoirs by... Islands in the Stream, published in 1970, was the first of Ernest Hemingways novels to be published posthumously. ... Nick Adams was the protagonist of approximately a dozen of Hemingways short stories written in the 20s and 30s. ... The Dangerous Summer is a 1960 book written by Ernest Hemingway. ... First Scribner trade paperback edition, © 2003 The Garden of Eden is a novel written by Ernest Hemingway. ... Charles Scribners Sons is a publisher that was founded in 1846 at the Brick Church Chapel on New Yorks Park Row. ...


The Nick Adams Stories appeared posthumously in 1972. What is now considered the definitive compilation of all of Hemingway's short stories was published as The Complete Short Stories Of Ernest Hemingway, first compiled and published in 1987. As well, in 1969 The Fifth Column and Four Stories Of The Spanish Civil War was published. It contains Hemingway's only full length play, The Fifth Column, which was previously published along with the First Forty-Nine Stories in 1938, along with four unpublished works written about Hemingway's experiences during the Spanish Civil War. Nick Adams was the protagonist of approximately a dozen of Hemingways short stories written in the 20s and 30s. ... Complete Short Stories The Complete Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway, the so-called Mah Edition, is a posthumous collection of Hemingways short fiction, published in 1987. ...


In 1999, another novel entitled True at First Light appeared under the name of Ernest Hemingway, though it was heavily edited by his son Patrick Hemingway. Six years later, Under Kilimanjaro, a re-edited and considerably longer version of True at First Light appeared. In either edition, the novel is a fictional account of Hemingway's final African safari in 1953 — 1954. He spent several months in Kenya with his fourth wife, Mary, before his near-fatal plane crashes.[36] Anticipation of the novel, whose manuscript was completed in 1956, adumbrates perhaps an unprecedentedly large critical battle over whether it is proper to publish the work (many sources mention that a new, light side of Hemingway will be seen as opposed to his canonical, macho image[37]), even as editors Robert W. Lewis of University of North Dakota and Robert E. Fleming of University of New Mexico have pushed it through to publication; the novel was published on September 15, 2005. True at First Light is a work by American novelist Ernest Hemingway released posthumously in 1999. ... Under Kilimanjaro is a novel by Ernest Hemingway, edited and published posthumously by Robert W. Lewis and Robert E. Fleming. ... True at First Light is a work by American novelist Ernest Hemingway released posthumously in 1999. ... Robert W. Lewis (Born May 9, 1985 outside of Stockholm, Sweden) is a noted poet and novelist. ... The University of North Dakota (UND) is a comprehensive, public university in Grand Forks, North Dakota, USA. UND is the largest and oldest university in the state of North Dakota. ... Robert E. Fleming is an American literary critic and professor emeritus at the University of New Mexico. ... The University of New Mexico (UNM) is a public university in Albuquerque, New Mexico. ... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Also published posthumously were several collections of his work as a journalist. These contain his columns and articles for Esquire Magazine, The North American Newspaper Alliance, and the Toronto Star; they include Byline: Ernest Hemingway edited by William White, and Hemingway: The Wild Years edited by Gene Z. Hanrahan. Finally, a collection of introductions, forwards, public letters and other miscellanea was published as Hemingway and the Mechanism of Fame in 2005.


Influence and legacy

The influence of Hemingway's writings on American literature was considerable and continues today. James Joyce called "A Clean, Well Lighted Place" "one of the best stories ever written". (The same story also influenced several of Edward Hopper's best known paintings, most notably "Nighthawks." [38] ) Pulp fiction and "hard boiled" crime fiction (which flourished from the 1920s to the 1950s) often owed a strong debt to Hemingway. During World War II, J. D. Salinger met and corresponded with Hemingway, whom he acknowledged as an influence.[39] In one letter to Hemingway, Salinger wrote that their talks "had given him his only hopeful minutes of the entire war," and jokingly "named himself national chairman of the Hemingway Fan Clubs."[40] Hunter S. Thompson often compared himself to Hemingway, and terse Hemingway-esque sentences can be found in his early novel, The Rum Diary. Thompson's later suicide by gunshot to the head mirrored Hemingway's. Hemingway's terse prose style--"Nick stood up. He was all right."-- is known to have inspired Bret Easton Ellis, Chuck Palahniuk, Douglas Coupland and many Generation X writers. Hemingway's style also influenced Jack Kerouac and other Beat Generation writers. Hemingway also provided a role model to fellow author and hunter Robert Ruark, who is frequently referred to as "the poor man's Ernest Hemingway". Beyond the more formal literature authors, popular novelist Elmore Leonard, who authored scores of Western and Crime genre novels, cites Hemingway as his preeminent influence and this is evident in his tightly written prose. Though he never claimed to write serious literature, he did say, "I learned by imitating Hemingway....until I realized that I didn't share his attitude about life. I didn't take myself or anything as seriously as he did." American literature refers to written or literary work produced in the area of the United States and Colonial America. ... This article is about the writer and poet. ... This article is about inexpensive fiction magazines. ... Hardboiled crime fiction is a uniquely American style pioneered by Dashiell Hammett, refined by Raymond Chandler, and endlessly imitated since by writers such as Mickey Spillane. ... Jerome David Salinger (born January 1, 1919) (pronounced ) is an American author best known for his 1951 novel The Catcher in the Rye and his reclusive nature. ... Hunter Stockton Thompson (18 July 1937 – 20 February 2005) was an American journalist and author, famous for his novel Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas. ... The Rum Diary, an early novel by American writer Hunter S. Thompson, was written in 1959 but was not published until 1998. ... Bret Easton Ellis (born March 7, 1935 in Los Angeles, California) is an American author. ... Charles Michael Chuck Palahniuk (pronounced )[1] (born February 21, 1962) is an American satirical novelist and freelance journalist of Ukrainian ancestry born in Pasco, Washington. ... Douglas Coupland (born December 30, 1961) is a major Canadian fiction writer as well as a playwright and visual artist. ... For other uses, see Generation X (disambiguation). ... Jack Kerouac (pronounced ) (March 12, 1922 – October 21, 1969) was an American novelist, writer, poet, and artist. ... Beats redirects here. ... Robert Ruark (born December 29, 1915 in Wilmington, North Carolina–died July 1, 1965 in London, England) was an American journalist, traveler, and author. ... Elmore John Leonard Jr. ...


Family

Parents

is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Siblings

is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Leicester C. Hemingway, born April 1, 1915 in Oak Park, Illinois. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ...

Wives and children

Son, John Hadley Nicanor "Jack" Hemingway (aka Bumby). Born October 10, 1923, died December 1, 2000.
Granddaughter, Joan (Muffet) Hemingway
Granddaughter, Margaux Hemingway
Granddaughter, Mariel Hemingway
Son, Patrick. Born June 28, 1928.
Son, Gregory Hemingway (called 'Gig' by Hemingway; later called himself 'Gloria'). Born November 12, 1931, died October 1, 2001.
Grandchildren, Patrick, Edward, Sean, Brendan, Vanessa, Maria, John and Lorian Hemingway
On 19 August 1946, she miscarried due to ectopic pregnancy.

Elizabeth Hadley Richardson (1891-1979) was born in St. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jack Hemingway, the first son of American writer Ernest Hemingway was born on October 10th, 1923 in Toronto, Canada. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Margaux Louise Hemingway (February 16, 1955 – July 1, 1996) was a film actress and model who appeared in several movies. ... This article contains a trivia section. ... Pauline Marie Pfeiffer was the second wife of the writer Ernest Hemingway. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Gloria Hemingway (12 November 1931 – 1 October 2001), known previously as Gregory Hemingway, was the fourth and youngest child of famed author Ernest Hemingway and his second wife Pauline Pfeiffer. ... is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... This article is considered orphaned, since there are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Martha Gellhorn Martha Gellhorn (8 November 1908 - 15 February 1998) was an American novelist and journalist considered one of the greatest war correspondents of the 20th century. ... is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Mary Welsh Hemingway (April 5, 1908 – November 26, 1986) was an American journalist and the wife of Ernest Hemingway. ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Awards and honors

During his lifetime Hemingway was awarded with[citation needed]:

A minor planet, was discovered by Soviet astronomer Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh in 1978 and named after him, 3656 Hemingway.[41] During World War I, the Italian Silver Medal for Military Valor (Medaglia al Valore Militare) was awarded to military personnel for exceptional valor in combat. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... The Bronze Star Medal is a United States Armed Forces individual military decoration and is the fourth highest award for bravery, heroism or meritorious service. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... The Old Man and the Sea is a novella by Ernest Hemingway written in Cuba in 1951 and published in 1952. ... Nobel Prize in Literature medal. ... Minor planets, or asteroids or planetoids, are minor celestial bodies of the Solar system orbiting the Sun (mostly Small solar system bodies) that are smaller than major planets, but larger than meteoroids (commonly defined as being 10 meters across or less[1]), and that are not comets. ... CCCP redirects here. ... Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh (Николай Степанович Черных) (born October 6, 1931, died May 26, 2004) was a Soviet/Russian astronomer. ...


Tributes and portrayals

  • The Ernest Hemingway Hotel in downtown Havana, Cuba was named after the writer, as well as a drink that they serve, the Hemingway.
  • In 1999, Michael Palin retraced the footsteps of Hemingway, in Michael Palin's Hemingway Adventure, a BBC television documentary, one hundred years after the birth of his favorite writer. The journey took him through many sites including Chicago, Paris, Italy, Africa, Key West, Cuba, and Idaho. Together with photographer Basil Pao, Palin also created a book version of the trip. The text of the book is available for free on Palin's website.
  • Since 1987, actor-writer Ed Metzger has portrayed the life of Ernest Hemingway in his one-man stage show, Hemingway: On The Edge, featuring stories and anecdotes from Hemingway's own life and adventures. Metzger quotes Hemingway, "My father told me never kill anything you're not going to eat. At the age of 9, I shot a porcupine. It was the toughest lesson I ever had." More information about the show is available at his website
  • Hemingway's World War II experiences in Cuba have been novelized by Dan Simmons as a spy thriller, The Crook Factory.
  • Hemingway is portrayed as the stoic butler of Constance Garnett in the Christopher Durang play, The Idiot's Karamazov. Within, Hemingway is subject the every beck and call of the ever-addening translator and ultimately, ends up committing suicide in the final scene.
  • Hemingway, played by Jay Underwood, was a recurring character in The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles. In one episode, set in Northern Italy in 1916, Hemingway the ambulance driver gives young Indy (Sean Patrick Flanery) advice about women -- only to discover that he and Indy are rivals for the heart of the same woman. (The episode shows Indy unwittingly influencing Hemingway's future writing, by reciting the Elizabethan poem, A Farewell to Arms by George Peele.) In another episode, set in Chicago in 1920, Hemingway the newspaper reporter helps Indy and a young Eliot Ness in their investigation of the murder of gangster James Colosimo.
  • The 1993 motion picture Wrestling Ernest Hemingway, about the friendship of two retired men, one Irish, one Cuban, in a seaside town in Florida, starred Robert Duvall, Richard Harris, Shirley MacLaine, Sandra Bullock, and Piper Laurie.
  • The 1996 motion picture In Love and War, based on the book Hemingway in Love and War by Henry S. Villard and James Nagel, is the story of the young reporter Ernest Hemingway (played by Chris O'Donnell) as an ambulance driver in Italy during World War I. While bravely risking his life in the line of duty, he is injured and ends up in the hospital, where he falls in love with his nurse, Agnes von Kurowsky (Sandra Bullock).
  • The 1982 Rush song, Losing It, sings of a dancer and a writer who could no longer perform their crafts. Drummer Neil Peart hints the writer, who was unnamed, was Ernest Hemingway.
  • The song "Here's to Life" by Bandits of the Acoustic Revolution, refers to authors Ernest Hemingway, J.D. Salinger, Albert Camus, artist Vincent Van Gogh, in addition to musician Kurt Cobain, as being influences to Tomas Kalnoky.

This article is about the capital of Cuba. ... Michael Edward Palin, CBE (born 5 May 1943) is an English comedian, actor, writer and television presenter best known for being one of the members of the comedy group Monty Python and for his travel documentaries. ... Michael Palins Hemingway Adventure is a book and documentary narrated by Michael Palin. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of France. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Map of Key West Key West is a city located in Monroe County, Florida. ... For other uses, see Idaho (disambiguation). ... Basil Pao is a Hong Kong-based photographer, who took the images appearing in all of Michael Palin’s recent books. ... Michael Palins Hemingway Adventure is the book that Michael Palin wrote to accompany the BBC TV program Michael Palins Hemingway Adventure. ... Ed Metzger (born January 23, 1946) is an American actor and writer. ... Dan Simmons (born April 4, 1948 in Peoria, Illinois) is an American author most widely known for his Hugo Award-winning science fiction novel Hyperion and its sequel The Fall of Hyperion. ... The Crook Factory is a suspense novel by American author Dan Simmons. ... Constance Garnett (née Black) (December 19, 1861 - December 17, 1946) was an English translator whose translations of nineteenth-century Russian classics first introduced them on a wide basis to the English public. ... Christopher Ferdinand Durang (born January 2, 1949) is an American playwright known for works of outrageous and often absurd comedy. ... Jay Underwood (born 1 October 1968 in Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA) is an American actor. ... The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles is an Emmy Award-winning American television series that ran from 1992 to 1996. ... Sean Patrick Flanery (born October 11, 1965 in Lake Charles, Louisiana) is an American Actor known for such roles as Connor MacManus in The Boondock Saints, and its sequel, as well as portraying Indiana Jones in The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles. ... For the Machine Head song, see A Farewell to Arms (song). ... George Peele (1558 - c. ... Eliot Ness (April 19, 1903 – May 16, 1957) was an American Prohibition agent, famous for his efforts to enforce Prohibition in Chicago, Illinois, as the leader of a legendary team of law enforcement agents nicknamed The Untouchables. ... James Big Jim Colosimo (1877[1] – May 11, 1920) (born Giacomo Colosimo) immigrated to Chicago, Illinois, from Cosenza, Calabria, Italy, in 1895. ... Wrestling Ernest Hemingway is a 1993 movie directed by Randa Haines and written by Steve Conrad starring Richard Harris, Robert Duvall, Sandra Bullock, Shirley MacLaine and Piper Laurie. ... Robert Selden Duvall (born January 5, 1931) is an Academy Award-, two-time Emmy Award-, and four-time Golden Globe Award-winning American film actor and director. ... For other persons named Richard Harris, see Richard Harris (disambiguation). ... Shirley MacLaine (born April 24, 1934) is an Academy Award-winning American film and theatre actress, well-known not only for her acting, but for her devotion to her belief in reincarnation and aliens. ... Sandra Annette Bullock (born July 26, 1964) is a German-American film actress. ... Piper Laurie (born January 22, 1932) is an American actress. ... For the 1958 movie of the same name see In Love and War (1958 film) In Love and War (1996), is a romance drama film based on the book Hemingway In Love and War by Henry S. Villard and James Nagel and starring Mackenzie Astin, Chris ODonnell, Sandra Bullock... Christopher Chris Eugene ODonnell (born June 26, 1970) is a Golden Globe Award-nominated American actor, perhaps best known for playing Robin in the Batman films, Batman Forever and Batman & Robin. ... Sandra Annette Bullock (born July 26, 1964) is a German-American film actress. ... Rush is a Canadian rock band originally formed in August 1968, in the Willowdale neighbourhood of Toronto, Ontario; presently comprised of bassist, keyboardist, and lead vocalist Geddy Lee, guitarist Alex Lifeson, and drummer and lyricist Neil Peart. ... Neil Ellwood Peart (pronounced ) OC, (born September 12, 1952 in Hamilton, Ontario) is a Canadian musician and author. ... The Bandits of the Acoustic Revolution, or BOTAR, is a musical collective of a varying and undefinable genre which includes influences from ska, punk, classical and eastern-European style music. ...

Anecdotes

  • In a boxing match with friend and writer Morley Callaghan, Hemingway's lip was cut. Hemingway spit blood into Callaghan's face and said: "The bullfighters do that when they are injured, it is how they show contempt."
  • In a letter to Ezra Pound, Hemingway describes why bulls are better than literary critics: "Bulls don't run reviews. Bulls of 25 don't marry old women of 55 and expect to be invited to dinner. Bulls do not get you cited as co-respondent in Society divorce trials. Bulls don't borrow money. Bulls are edible after they have been killed."[42]
  • According to various biographical sources, Hemingway was six feet tall and weighed anywhere between 170 and 260 pounds at varying times in his life. His build was muscular, though he became paunchy in his middle years. He had dark brown hair, brown eyes, and habitually wore a mustache (with an occasional beard) from the age of 23 on. By age 50, he consistently wore a graying beard. He had a scar on his forehead, the result of a drunken accident in Paris in his late 20s (thinking he was flushing a toilet, he accidentally pulled a skylight down on his head). He suffered from myopia all his life, but vanity prevented him from being fitted with glasses until he was 32 (and very rarely was he photographed wearing them). He was fond of tennis and boxing, fonder of fishing and hunting, and hated New York City.
  • Though Hemingway did not have a favorable opinion of his hometown of Oak Park, IL, describing it as a town of "Wide yards and narrow minds," the town has adopted a favorable opinion about him. Today a Hemingway Museum exists in that town. Every summer a Hemingway festival is staged in that city, complete with a "running of the bulls", using a fake bull on wheels. This festival also features readings of the author's work and Spanish food.
  • The original short short story. In the 1920s, Hemingway bet his colleagues $10 that he could write a complete story in just six words. They paid up. His story: "For sale: Baby shoes, Never worn."[43] In a contest in Wired magazine inspired by Hemingway's story, 33 authors recently submitted 6-word efforts.[44]
  • The film director Howard Hawks made a bet with Hemingway, saying that he could make a great film from what the author considered his worst book. The result was the classic To Have And Have Not (1944), with Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall, although the film was only loosely based on Hemingway's original 1937 novel.

Edward Morley Callaghan, CC, LL.B., LL.D., FRSC (September 22, 1903 – August 25, 1990) was a Canadian novelist, short story writer, playwright, TV and radio personality. ... Spanish toreo, corrida de toros or tauromaquia; Portuguese corrida de touros or tauromaquia) is a blood sport that involves, most of the times, professional performers (matadores) who execute various formal moves with the goal of appearing graceful and confident, while masterful over the bull itself; these maneuvers are performed at... Ezra Weston Loomis Pound (Hailey, Idaho Territory, United States, October 30, 1885 – Venice, Italy, November 1, 1972) was an American expatriate poet, critic and intellectual who was a major figure of the Modernist movement in early-to-mid 20th century poetry. ... For other uses, see Myopia (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tennis (disambiguation). ... For other meanings of these words, see boxing (disambiguation) or boxer. ... For the computer security term, see Phishing. ... This article is about the hunting of prey by human society. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Oak Park is a village located in Cook County, Illinois. ... Categories: Move to Wiktionary | Stub ... // Flash fiction is fiction characterized by its extreme brevity, as measured by its length in words. ... Howard Winchester Hawks (May 30, 1896 – December 26, 1977) was an American film director, producer and writer of the classic Hollywood era. ... To Have and Have Not cover To Have and Have Not is a 1937 novel by Ernest Hemingway about Harry Morgan, a fishing boat captain who runs contraband and guns between Cuba and Florida. ... Bogart redirects here. ... Betty Joan Perske (born on September 16, 1924), better known as Lauren Bacall, is a Golden Globe– and Tony Award–winning, as well as Academy Award–nominated, American film and stage actress. ...

Works

Novels

Collections The Torrents of Spring cover The Torrents of Spring is an Ernest Hemingway novel published in 1925. ... This article is about the novel. ... For the Machine Head song, see A Farewell to Arms (song). ... To Have and Have Not cover To Have and Have Not is a 1937 novel by Ernest Hemingway about Harry Morgan, a fishing boat captain who runs contraband and guns between Cuba and Florida. ... For other uses, see For Whom the Bell Tolls (disambiguation). ... Across the River and Into the Trees is a novel by Ernest Hemingway. ... The Old Man and the Sea is a novella by Ernest Hemingway written in Cuba in 1951 and published in 1952. ... Islands in the Stream, published in 1970, was the first of Ernest Hemingways novels to be published posthumously. ... First Scribner trade paperback edition, © 2003 The Garden of Eden is a novel written by Ernest Hemingway. ... True at First Light is a work by American novelist Ernest Hemingway released posthumously in 1999. ...

Anthologies - edited by Hemingway Three Stories and Ten Poems was the first short story collection by Ernest Hemingway; and his first published work. ... In Our Time is a collection of short stories by Ernest Hemingway. ... Men Without Women - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Winner Take Nothing is a 1933 collection of short stories by Ernest Hemingway. ... The Snows of Kilimanjaro cover The Snows of Kilimanjaro is a collection of short stories by Ernest Hemingway. ... The Fifth Column and the First Forty-Nine Stories was an anthology of short stories by Ernest Hemingway. ... The Fifth Column and Four Stories of the Spanish Civil War is a collection of works by Ernest Hemingway, including his play The Fifth Column and four stories concerning the Spanish Civil War: The Denunciation, The Butterfly and the Tank, Night Before Battle, and Under The Ridge. Chicotes bar... Nick Adams was the protagonist of approximately a dozen of Hemingways short stories written in the 20s and 30s. ... Complete Short Stories The Complete Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway, the so-called Mah Edition, is a posthumous collection of Hemingways short fiction, published in 1987. ...

  • Men at War

Nonfiction

Stage Plays[45] Categories: Literature stubs | 1932 books | Ernest Hemingway works ... Green Hills of Africa - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... For the holy day whose date is not fixed, or the mobile repast, see Moveable feast A Moveable Feast is also the title of a live album by Fairport Convention Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: A Moveable Feast A Moveable Feast is a set of memoirs by... The Dangerous Summer is a 1960 book written by Ernest Hemingway. ... Under Kilimanjaro is a novel by Ernest Hemingway, edited and published posthumously by Robert W. Lewis and Robert E. Fleming. ...

  • (1961) A Short Happy Life
  • (1967) The Hemingway Hero (working title was: Of Love and Death)

Adaptations

Television productions[45]

U.S./UK Film Adaptations Frederick Russell Burnham, DSO (May 11, 1861 – September 1, 1947), was an American scout and world traveling adventurer known for his service to the British Army in colonial Africa and for teaching woodcraft to Robert Baden-Powell, thus becoming one of the inspirations for the founding of the international Scouting... For other uses, see For Whom the Bell Tolls (disambiguation). ... The Snows of Kilimanjaro is the name of both a collection of short stories by Ernest Hemingway and the premier story within the collection. ... After the Storm is the third studio album by American singer-songwriter Monica, released by J Records on June 17, 2003 in the United States, on June 24, 2003 in Canada and on September 21, 2003 worldwide (see 2003 in music). ...

A Farewell to Arms (released 1932) is the first film adaptation of Ernest Hemingways novel by the same name, A Farewell to Arms. ... Gary Cooper (born Frank James Cooper May 7, 1901 – May 13, 1961) was a two-time Academy Award-winning American film actor of English heritage. ... For Whom the Bell Tolls is a 1943 film based on the famous novel by Ernest Hemingway. ... Gary Cooper (born Frank James Cooper May 7, 1901 – May 13, 1961) was a two-time Academy Award-winning American film actor of English heritage. ...   (pronounced in Swedish, but usually IPA: in English) (August 29, 1915 – August 29, 1982) was a three-time Academy Award, two-time Emmy Award, one-time BAFTA, honorary César Award, four-time Golden Globe, two-time David di Donatello, two-time Silver Ribbon, one-time NSFC, two-time NBR... To Have and Have Not is a 1944 thriller romance war adventure film directed by Howard Hawks and starring Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall that is nominally based on the novel To Have and Have Not by Ernest Hemingway. ... Bogart redirects here. ... Betty Joan Perske (born on September 16, 1924), better known as Lauren Bacall, is a Golden Globe– and Tony Award–winning, as well as Academy Award–nominated, American film and stage actress. ... The Killers, also known as Ernest Hemingways The Killers is a black and white film noir directed by Robert Siodmak and starring Burt Lancaster. ... Burt Lancaster (2 November 1913 – 20 October 1994) was an Academy Award-winning American film actor, noted for his athletic physique, distinct smile (which he called The Grin) and, later, his willingness to play roles that went against his initial tough guy image. ... For the book, see: The Snows of Kilimanjaro (book). ... Gregory Peck (April 5, 1916 – June 12, 2003) was an Academy Award-winning American film actor. ... For the Machine Head song, see A Farewell to Arms (song). ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Tyrone Edmund Power, Jr. ... The Old Man and the Sea is a novella by Ernest Hemingway written in Cuba in 1951 and published in 1952. ... Spencer Tracy (April 5, 1900 – June 10, 1967) was a two-time Academy Award-winning American film and stage actor who appeared in 74 films from 1930 to 1967. ... Hemingways Adventures of a Young Man is a 1962 film directed by Martin Ritt based on a story by Ernest Hemingway. ... The Killers, sometimes called Ernest Hemingways The Killers, released by Universal Studios in 1964, was Hollywoods second adaptation of the Hemingway short story. ... Lee Marvin (February 19, 1924, New York City – August 29, 1987, Tucson, Arizona) was an American film actor. ... For Whom the Bell Tolls is a 1965 TV film produced by the BBC and based on the novel by Ernest Hemingway. ... Islands in the Stream, published in 1970, was the first of Ernest Hemingways novels to be published posthumously. ... George Campbell Scott (October 18, 1927 - September 22, 1999) was a stage and film actor, director, and producer. ... This article is about the novel. ... The Old Man and the Sea is a novella by Ernest Hemingway written in Cuba in 1951 and published in 1952. ... For other people named Anthony Quinn see Anthony Quinn (disambiguation) Anthony Quinn (April 21, 1915 – June 3, 2001) was a two-time Academy Award-winning Mexican/American actor, as well as a painter and writer. ... For the 1958 movie of the same name see In Love and War (1958 film) In Love and War (1996), is a romance drama film based on the book Hemingway In Love and War by Henry S. Villard and James Nagel and starring Mackenzie Astin, Chris ODonnell, Sandra Bullock... Christopher Chris Eugene ODonnell (born June 26, 1970) is a Golden Globe Award-nominated American actor, perhaps best known for playing Robin in the Batman films, Batman Forever and Batman & Robin. ... The Old Man and the Sea (French: ) is a 1999 paint-on-glass-animated short film directed by Aleksandr Petrov, based on the novel of the same name by Ernest Hemingway. ...

Notes

  1. ^ From Childhood at The Hemingway Resource Center.
  2. ^ Two different sources disagree on how long this habit of his mother's lasted. A note from a PBS lecture series states that this habit lasted for two years; Grauer claims she stopped when he was 6.
  3. ^ "Lardner Connections". Retrieved on 2007-03-22.
  4. ^ Many such anecdotes are compiled at the centennial commemoration page of the Kansas City Star.
  5. ^ a b Burgess, 1978, p. 24.
  6. ^ National Post article on Toronto's Humewood-Cedarvale neighborhood
  7. ^ Brown, Alan, "Literary Landmarks of Chicago," 2004, Starhill Press, ISBN 0-913515-50-7.
  8. ^ On August 10, 1943, Hemingway typed a letter to Archibald MacLeish discussing Pound's mental health and other literary matters.
  9. ^ In a conversation with John Peale Bishop, quoted in Hemingway, Cowley, ed, 1944, p. xiii.
  10. ^ Dateline: Toronto, Foreword, pp xxv-xxvii, Charles Scribner Jr.
  11. ^ "Hem and The Star: Parting was inevitable", The Toronto Star, 1986-02-02. 
  12. ^ Hemingway Resource Center
  13. ^ The Breaking Point: Hemingway, Dos Passos, and the Murder of Jose Robles by Stephen Koch, published 2005 ISBN
  14. ^ The Spanish Civil War (1961) by Hugh Thomas
  15. ^ The Spanish Civil War (1961) by Hugh Thomas
  16. ^ From The New York Times Book Review, November 7, 1954.
  17. ^ Ernest Hemingway Quick Facts. encarta.
  18. ^ Hemingway's Marriage to Mary Welsh. His last days..
  19. ^ a b Homing To The Stream: Ernest Hemingway In Cuba.
  20. ^ Hemingway, Ernest 1951 The Shot. True the men’s magazine. April 1951. pp. 25-28
  21. ^ An Interview with Guillermo Cabrera Infante.
  22. ^ Gonzalez Echevarria, Roberto 1980 The Dictatorship of Rhetoric/the Rhetoric of Dictatorship: Carpentier, Garcia Marquez, and Roa Bastos. Latin American Research Review, Vol. 15, No. 3 (1980), pp. 205-228 "For example, the assassination of Manolo Castro is retold by alluding to Hemingway's "The Shot,...""
  23. ^ Castro-Hemingway-not-friends
  24. ^ Raimundo, Daniel Efrain 1994 Habla el Coronel Orlando Piedra (Coleccion Cuba y sus Jueces), Ediciones Universal ISBN-10 ISBN-13: Pages 93-94 refer to the death of Manolo Castro, and offers the insight that it was Rolando Masferrer’s men who, rather than the police who, were chasing after Fidel Castro with lethal intent. According to this account Castro is captured in the company of a woman and child as he tries to flee to Venezuela via the Cuban airport of Rancho Boyeros south of Havana by the Cuban Bureau of Investigation as witnessed by sergeant of that organization Joaquin Tasas. Castro is released the next day. This matter is a little odd since Fidel Castro was believed to have organized the death of Manolo Castro (p. 99). This version is a close fit the scenario described in "The Shot/."
  25. ^ The Breaking Point: Hemingway, Dos Passos, and the Murder of Jose Robles by Stephen Koch, published 2005 ISBN
  26. ^ Finca Vigia
  27. ^ MILLMAN, JOEL (February 22, 2007). Hemingway's Ties to Bar - Still Move the Mojitos. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved on 2007-06-01.
  28. ^ Grauer, Neil A. "Remembering Papa." Cigar Aficionado, July/August 1999.
  29. ^ The Last Ole
  30. ^ WAIS - World Affairs Report - Ernest Hemingway
  31. ^ (Wagner-Martin, 2000) p.43 describes his condition in August 1947 as including high blood pressure, diabetes, depression and possible haemochromatosis.
  32. ^ a b Biography for Ernest Hemingway. imdb. Amazon (June 2005). Retrieved on 2007-11-26.
  33. ^ http://www.ernesthemingwayfestival.org
  34. ^ Information about these posthumous Hemingway works was taken from Charles Scribner, Jr.'s 1987 Preface to The Garden of Eden.
  35. ^ BookRags makes this quantitative note; it also reveals some more information about the publication of The Garden of Eden and offers some discussion of thematic content.
  36. ^ The Kent State University Press is the official source for this new novel's release.
  37. ^ See the University of North Dakota feature of editor Robert W. Lewis, for example.
  38. ^ Wells, Walter, [[Silent Theater: The Art of Edward Hopper]], London/New Uork: Phaidon, 2007
  39. ^ Lamb, Robert Paul. "Hemingway and the creation of twentieth-century dialogue - American author Ernest Hemingway" (reprint), Twentieth Century Literature, Winter 1996. Retrieved on 2007-07-10. 
  40. ^ Baker, Carlos (1969). Ernest Hemingway: A Life Story. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons. ISBN 0-020-01690-5.  p. 420, 646.
  41. ^ Schmadel, Lutz D. (2003). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, 5th, New York: Springer Verlag, p. 307. ISBN 3540002383. 
  42. ^ [1]
  43. ^ Arthur C. Clarke, "Greetings, Carbon-Based Bipeds, Collected Essays", 1999, p. 354.
  44. ^ Wired 14.11: Very Short Stories
  45. ^ a b Hemingway, Ernest; A. E. Hotchner (2005). Dear Papa, Dear Hotch: The Correspondence of Ernest Hemingway And A. E. Hotchner. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press. ISBN 0826216056. 

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... John Peale Bishop (May 21, 1892 - April 4, 1944) was an American poet and man of letters. ... The Toronto Star is a major metropolitan newspaper produced in the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Hugh Thomas, Baron Thomas of Swynnerton (born October 21, 1931 Windsor), is a British historian. ... Hugh Thomas, Baron Thomas of Swynnerton (born October 21, 1931 Windsor), is a British historian. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar). ... Encarta is a digital multimedia encyclopedia published by Microsoft Corporation. ... The Wall Street Journal is an influential international daily newspaper published in New York City, New York with an average daily circulation of 1,800,607 (2002). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the disease that features high blood sugar. ... Haemochromatosis, also spelled hemochromatosis, is a hereditary disease characterized by improper dietary iron metabolism (making it an iron overload disorder), which causes the accumulation of iron in a number of body tissues. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 330th day of the year (331st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Carlos Baker (May 5, 1909 – April 18, 1987) was the Woodrow Wilson Professor of Literature at Princeton University. ... Aaron Edward Hotchner, (June 28, 1920- ) is an American editor, novelist, playwright and biographer. ...

References

  • Baker, Carlos (1972), Hemingway: The Writer as Artist (4th ed.), Princeton University Press, ISBN 0691013055 
  • Baker, Carlos (1962), Ernest Hemingway: Critiques of Four Major Novels, A Scribner research anthology, Scribner, ISBN 0684411571 
  • Berridge, Howard (1984), Ernest Hemingway's a Farewell to Arms (Barron's Book Notes), Barron's Educational Series, ISBN 0812034120 
  • Bruccoli, Matthew Joseph (1978), Scott and Ernest: The Authority of Failure and the Authority of Success, Bodley Head, ISBN 0370301404 
  • Burgess, Anthony (1978), Ernest Hemingway, Literary lives, London: Thames and Hudson (published 1986), ISBN 0500260176 
  • Cappel, Constance (1966), Hemingway in Michigan, Vermont Crossroads Press (published 1977), ISBN 0915248131 
  • Cappel, Constance (2002), Sweetgrass and Smoke, Xlibris, ISBN 1401048560 
  • Hemingway, Ernest (1944), Cowley, Malcolm, ed., Hemingway (The Viking Portable Library), Viking Press, OCLC 505504 
  • Lynn, Kenneth Schuyler (1987), Hemingway, Simon and Schuster, ISBN 067149872X 
  • Lynn, Steve, Texts and Contexts: Writing About Literature with Critical Theory, HarperCollins, p. 5-7, ISBN 0065000994 
  • Montes, Jorge García & Ávila, Antonio Alonso (1970), Historia del Partido Comunista en Cuba, Ediciones Universal, p. 362, OCLC 396804 
  • Reynolds, Michael S. (1986), The Young Hemingway, Basil Blackwell, ISBN 0631147861 
  • Wagner-Martin, Linda (2000), A Historical Guide to Ernest Hemingway, ISBN 0195121511 
  • Young, Philip (1952), Ernest Hemingway, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, OCLC 237958 
  • Biography. eHemingway.com. LostGeneration.com (1996). Retrieved on 2008-01-20.

The Princeton University Press is a publishing house, a division of Princeton University, that is highly respected in academic publishing. ... Scribner is a city located in Dodge County, Nebraska. ... Barrons Educational Series, Inc. ... Bodley Head has been, since 1987, an imprint of Random House. ... Thames & Hudson (also Thames and Hudson and sometimes T&H for brevity) are a publisher, especially of art and illustrated books, founded in 1949 by Walter and Eva Neurath. ... Communist Party of Vietnam Videocassette player, a VCR without recording capability Voluntary Cleanup Program, incentive-based government programs by which private parties assume the responsibility of cleansing properties contaminated by toxic waste, chemical wastes, etc. ... Xlibris is a Philadelphia-based self-publishing and on-demand printing services provider. ... Viking Press was founded on March 1, 1925, in New York City, by Harold K. Guinzburg and George S. Oppenheim. ... The Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) was founded in 1967 and originally named the Ohio College Library Center. ... Jean-François Millet Le Semeur (The Sower) Simon & Schuster logo, circa 1961. ... HarperCollins is a publishing company owned by News Corporation. ... The Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) was founded in 1967 and originally named the Ohio College Library Center. ... Holt, Rinehart and Winston, somethimes abbreviated as HRW or referred to as Holt, is an Austin, Texas based publishing company, that specializes in textbooks for use in secondary schools. ... The Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) was founded in 1967 and originally named the Ohio College Library Center. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikisource
Wikisource has original works written by or about:
Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Persondata
NAME Hemingway, Ernest Miller
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION American writer and journalist
DATE OF BIRTH July 21, 1899(1899-07-21)
PLACE OF BIRTH Oak Park, Illinois
DATE OF DEATH July 2, 1961
PLACE OF DEATH Ketchum, Idaho

is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Downtown (Oak Park Avenue) Ernest Hemingway Museum Oak Park, Illinois Lake Theater and shops along Lake Street. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ketchum is a city located in Blaine County, Idaho, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 3,003. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ernest Hemingway's Home in Key West Florida (341 words)
The inside of Hemingway's home is both beautiful and functional for the tropic area.
One of Hemingway's wives didn't like the ceiling fans that were in nearly every room, so while he was on a trip she replaced them all with chandeliers.
Hemingway lived in the mansion from 1931 until his death in1961.
Ernest Hemingway His Life and Works (228 words)
She is an ernest devotee of Ernest Hemingway.
Ernest Hemingway was born on 21st July 1899 in Oak Park, a suburb of Chicago, Illinois.
His father, Dr Clarence Edmonds Hemingway was a fervent member of the First Congregational church, his mother, Grace Hall, sang in the church choir.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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