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Encyclopedia > Ernest Bai Koroma
Ernest Bai Koroma


Incumbent
Assumed office 
17 September 2007
Vice President Samuel Sam-Sumana
Preceded by Ahmed Tejan Kabbah

Born 2 October 1953 (1953-10-02) (age 54)
Makeni, Bombali District, Sierra Leone
Political party APC
Religion Christian

Ernest Bai Koroma (born October 2, 1953) is the 4th and current President of Sierra Leone. He was sworn in as president on 17 September 2007, shortly after being declared the winner of a tense run-off election with 54.6% of the vote over the incumbent vice-president Solomon Berewa of the Sierra Leone People's Party (SLPP) who won 45.4%. International and local observers assessed the election as free, fair and credible. Koroma is the leader of the ruling All People's Congress (APC) and was APC minority leader in parliament prior to becoming President. This page contains a list of presidents and other heads of state of Sierra Leone since 1971. ... Open seat redirects here. ... is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Ahmad Tejan Kabbah (born February 16, 1932) is the President of Sierra Leone (1996-1997, 1998 - present). ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Makeni Makeni is a city located in Bombali District in the Northern Province of Sierra Leone. ... Bombali District is one of the five Districts that make up the Northern Province of Sierra Leone. ... The All Peoples Congress is a political party in Sierra Leone. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This page contains a list of presidents and other heads of state of Sierra Leone since 1971. ... is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... An example of runoff voting. ... Open seat redirects here. ... Solomon Ekuma Dominic Berewa (born 6 August 1938 in Bumpe Chiefdom, Bo District, Sierra Leone) is the current Vice-President of Sierra Leone and has been since May 2002. ... SLPP symbol, the palm-tree The Sierra Leone Peoples Party is the ruling political party in Sierra Leone. ... The All Peoples Congress is a political party in Sierra Leone. ... The unicameral Parliament of Sierra Leone is the countrys legislative body. ...

Contents

Youth and Education

Koroma was born on 2 October 1953, in Makeni, Bombali District in the Northern Province of Sierra Leone. He is the eldest son of seven children. Koroma was born to a father from the Temne ethnic group and a mother from the Limba ethnic group. Koroma was born of Christian parentage from the predominant Muslim north and a devout Christian himself. is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Makeni Makeni is a city located in Bombali District in the Northern Province of Sierra Leone. ... Bombali District is one of the five Districts that make up the Northern Province of Sierra Leone. ... Northern Province is one of the four provinces of Sierra Leone. ... The Temne people are the largest ethnic group in the Northern Province of Sierra Leone, and they make up about 29. ... The Limba people are one of the indigenous ethnic groups in the Republic of Sierra Leone. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ...


Koroma attended the Sierra Leone Church Primary School in Makeni, and then the Government Secondary School for Boys in Magburaka, Tonkolili District. He attended Fourah Bay College in Freetown, from which he graduated in 1976. After graduating, Koroma taught briefly at the St. Francis Secondary School in Makeni and then joined the Sierra Leone National Insurance Company in 1978. In 1985, he joined the Reliance Insurance Trust Corporation (Ritcorp), and in 1988, he became Managing Director of Ritcorp, remaining in that position for 14 years.[1] Magburaka is a town in the Northern Province, Sierra Leone. ... Location of Tonkolili District in Sierra Leone Tonkolili District is a district in the Northern Province of Sierra Leone. ... Fourah Bay College (founded in 1827 as the first western-style university in West Africa) is a university in Fourah Bay, Freetown, Sierra Leone under the banner of the University of Sierra Leone (from 1966 to 2005) and formerly affiliated with Durham University (from 1876 - 1967). ... For other places with the same name, see Freetown (disambiguation). ...


Political career

Koroma was elected as the leader of the APC on March 24, 2002, at a national convention of the party. He was expected to be one of seven candidates, but five of them were not present for the election, and the remaining candidate appeared only briefly. Unopposed, Koroma received 370 votes from delegates, while 12 delegates voted against him and the remainder abstained.[2] is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... A delegate is an individual (or a member of a group called a delegation) who represents the interests of a larger organization (e. ...


2002 presidential and parliamentary elections

Koroma was the APC presidential candidate in the 2002 general elections, which solidified the APC as the main opposition party. He received 22.3% of the vote as the APC's candidate in the presidential election, losing to incumbent president Ahmed Tejan Kabbah of the Sierra Leone People's Party (SLPP), who received about 70%.[3] In the parliamentary election, Koroma was elected to a seat from Bombali District.[4] Ahmad Tejan Kabbah (born February 16, 1932) is the President of Sierra Leone (1996-1997, 1998 - present). ... SLPP symbol, the palm-tree The Sierra Leone Peoples Party is the ruling political party in Sierra Leone. ...


Koroma continued as leader of the APC until being stripped of the position by the Supreme Court in June 2005, only to be reinstated in that position in September of that year.[citation needed] The internal party dispute was said to be resolved in April 2007, with Koroma being accepted by APC dissidents as the party's leader ahead of the 2007 election.[5][6] For specific national Supreme Courts, see Category:National supreme courts. ... Presidential and parliamentary elections will be held in Sierra Leone on 28 July 2007. ...


Presidency

Koroma was the APC presidential candidate in the August 2007 elections. He was allegedly the target of an assassination attempt in the early hours of July 23, 2007, when, according to the APC, a group of armed men led by Tom Nyuma, who was a participant in the 1992 coup that ousted the APC from power, attempted to enter his hotel room in the country's second largest city of Bo to kill him.[7] Nyuma was severely beaten by Koroma's guards, and he was hospitalized as a result.[8] According to another version of events, however, there was no assassination attempt and the claim was invented to justify the beating of Nyuma.[9] Presidential and parliamentary elections will be held in Sierra Leone on 28 July 2007. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Assassin and Assassins redirect here. ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Tom Nyuma (born in Bo, Sierra Leone) is a retired Lieutenant Colonel in the Sierra Leonean army. ... Bo, Sierra Leone Satelite view of Bo (Landsat image viewed using NASA World Wind software) Bo, is the second largest city in Sierra Leone, with an estimated population of 472,919. ...


In the first round of the 2007 presidential election in Sierra Leone, held on August 11, Koroma garnered 44.3% of the votes, ahead of Solomon Berewa of the ruling SLPP, who received 38.3%. This was not enough to win outright,[10] and a run-off election was held on September 8.[11] is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Solomon Ekuma Dominic Berewa (born 6 August 1938 in Bumpe Chiefdom, Bo District, Sierra Leone) is the current Vice-President of Sierra Leone and has been since May 2002. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


In an interview with Reuters on September 13, Koroma said that he wanted to run the country "like a business concern", emphasize agriculture and tourism rather than mining, and fight firmly against corruption.[12] Reuters Group plc (LSE: RTR and NASDAQ: RTRSY); pronounced is known as a financial market data provider and a news service that provides reports from around the world to newspapers and broadcasters. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Tourist redirects here. ...


On September 17, the Sierra Leone National Electoral Commission declared Koroma to be the winner of the election with 54.6% of the vote,[13] although the SLPP disputed the results.[14] He was sworn in later on the same day[15] at a ceremony attended by Berewa and Kabbah.[16] is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


On September 21, Koroma left Sierra Leone for a diplomatic visit to neighboring Guinea and Liberia, his first trip outside the country as President.[17] is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Koroma has taken a notably long time to name his Cabinet ministers, and has done so in stages.[18] The first group of 10 ministers was named on October 8,[19] and another 10 were named on October 12.[20] According to Koroma, he is willing to take additional time to find the right people;[18] others, however, have speculated that the delay is due to maneuvering in the APC for Cabinet positions.[18][19] is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Koroma was formally inaugurated in Freetown on November 15, 2007[21] at a ceremony attended by five other African leaders.[22] On this occasion, he promised to fight corruption and emphasized the importance of changing people's attitudes towards corruption.[21][22] is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


Personal life

Ernest Bai Koroma is married to Sia Koroma, a biochemist and a native of Kono District. Together they have two children, Alice and Danke Koroma. A biochemist is a scientist trained and dedicated to producing results in the discipline of biochemistry. ... Location of Kono District in Sierra Leone Kono District is a district in the Eastern Province of Sierra Leone. ...


Cabinet

Name Office
Ernest Bai Koroma President
Samuel Sam-Sumana Vice-President
Zainab Bangura Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Haja Afsatu Kabba Minister of Energy and Power
David Carew Minister of Finance
Abdul Serry-Kamal Minister of Justice and Attorney-General
John Sahid Saab minister of Housing and Infrastructural Development
Dr. Soccoh Kabia Minister of Health
Minkailu Bah Minister of Education, Youth and Sports
Kemoh Sesay Minister of Transport and Aviation
Major General (Ret.) Paolo Conteh Minister of Defense
Hindolo Trye Minister of Tourism and Cultural Affairs
Dauda Sulaiman Kamara Minister of Internal Affairs, Local Government and Rural Development
Alhaji I.B. Kargbo Minister of Information and Communications
Alimamy Koroma Minister of Trade and Industry
Sam Sesay Minister of Agriculture
Alpha Kanu Minister of Presidential and Public Affairs
Abubacarr Jalloh Minister of Mineral Resources
Benjamin O.N. Davies Minister of Lands, Country Planning and the Environment
Musa Kandeh Minister of Social Welfare Gender and Children's Affairs
Minkailu Mansaray Minister of Employment and Social Security

For other uses, see President (disambiguation). ... A vice president is an officer in government or business who is next in rank below a president. ... A minister for foreign affairs, or foreign minister, is a governmental cabinet minister who helps form the foreign policy of a sovereign nation. ... A minister or a secretary is a politician who holds significant public office in a national or regional government. ... The finance minister is a cabinet position in a government. ... The Justice Minister is a cabinet position in a government. ... In most common law jurisdictions, the Attorney General or Attorney-General is the main legal adviser to the government, and in some jurisdictions may in addition have executive responsibility for law enforcement or responsibility for public prosecutions. ... A minister or a secretary is a politician who holds significant public office in a national or regional government. ... Subdivision is the act of dividing up land into smaller pieces that are easier to sell, usually via a plat. ... Land improvement or land amelioration is making land more usable by humans. ... Minister of Health redirects here. ... The Secretary of State for Education and Skills is the chief minister of the Department for Education and Skills in the United Kingdom government. ... For other uses, see Youth (disambiguation) Youth is defined by Websters New World Dictionary as, The time of life when one is young; especially: a: the period between childhood and maturity b: the early period of existence, growth, or development. ... A sport consists of a physical activity or skill carried out with a recreational purpose: for competition, for self-enjoyment, to attain excellence, for the development of a skill, or some combination of these. ... Aviation encompasses all the activities relating to airborne devices created by human ingenuity, generally known as aircraft. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... A defence minister ( Commonwealth English) or defense minister ( American English) is a cabinet portfolio (position) which regulates the armed forces in a sovereign nation. ... Ministry of Tourism Ministry of Tourism (Brazil) Ministry of Culture and Tourism Category: ... The word culture, from the Latin colo, -ere, with its root meaning to cultivate, generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. ... An affair is a euphemism for a situation where two people are involved in an illicit sexual, romantic and/or passionate attachment, usually for a limited duration. ... Dauda Sulaiman Kamara is a Sierra Leonean politician. ... The Interior Minister is a member of a Cabinet in a Government. ... Local governments are administrative offices that are smaller than a state or province. ... Sign in a rural area in Dalarna, Sweden Qichun, a rural town in Hubei province, China Rural areas (also referred to as the country, countryside) are settled places outside towns and cities. ... Look up Development in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Minister of Information is a British government position that was created briefly during the First World War and again during the Second World War. ... The term communications is used in a number of disciplines: Communications, also known as communication studies is the academic discipline which studies communication, generally seen as a mixture between media studies and linguistics. ... The Minister of Agriculture is a position in several cabinet governments. ... A minister or a secretary is a politician who holds significant public office in a national or regional government. ... Rainforest on Fatu-Hiva, Marquesas Islands Natural resources are naturally occurring substances that are considered valuable in their relatively unmodified (natural) form. ... Social security primarily refers to social welfare service concerned with social protection, or protection against socially recognized conditions, including poverty, old age, disability, unemployment and others. ...

References

  1. ^ Mohamed Samura, "Profile: Ernest Bai Koroma, Sierra Leone’s new head of state", African Press Agency, October 1, 2007.
  2. ^ Sierra Leone News Archives, March 2002, sierra-leone.org.
  3. ^ "SIERRA LEONE: New cabinet announced", IRIN-WA Weekly Roundup 124, 18 - 24 May 2002.
  4. ^ Sierra Leone News Archives, May 2002, sierra-leone.org.
  5. ^ Sayoh Kamara, "APC Gets Final Peace in Sierra Leone", Awareness Times, April 5, 2007.
  6. ^ "Sierra Leone’s main opposition party settles internal dispute", African Press Agency, April 6, 2007.
  7. ^ Alpha Kanu, "Statement issued by the All People's Congress in Sierra Leone", Awareness Times (news.sl), July 24, 2007.
  8. ^ James Butty, "Sierra Leone Investigates Alleged Attempted Assassination", VOA News, July 24, 2007.
  9. ^ Sia Tiyaama, "Prof. Sia Tiyaama Exposes Assassination Hoax Timeline of APC & Standard Times in Sierra Leone", Awareness Times, July 27, 2007.
  10. ^ "Freetown opposition party wins majority", Reuters (IOL), August 24, 2007.
  11. ^ "Presidential runoff in Sierra Leone went smoothly, observers say, urging calm as votes counted", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), September 9, 2007.
  12. ^ Katrina Manson, "SLeone leader vows to fight corruption", Reuters (IOL), September 14, 2007.
  13. ^ Rod MacJohnson, "Sierra Leone gets a new leader", AFP (The Times, South Africa), September 17, 2007.
  14. ^ "S Leone run-off results questioned", Al Jazeera, September 16, 2007.
  15. ^ Katrina Manson and Christo Johnson, "Koroma pledges healing in Sierra Leone", Reuters (IOL), September 18, 2007.
  16. ^ "Sierra Leone's new leader sworn in", Al Jazeera, September 18, 2007.
  17. ^ Saliou Samb, "New leader seeks deeper regional ties", Reuters (IOL), September 21, 2007.
  18. ^ a b c "Sierra Leonean leader’s piecemeal cabinet appointments", African Press Agency, October 16, 2007.
  19. ^ a b "New Sierra Leonean leader appoints first cabinet", African Press Agency, October 9, 2007.
  20. ^ "Sierra Leone: Ten more new cabinet appointments made", African Press Agency, October 13, 2007.
  21. ^ a b "Sierra Leone's New President Inaugurated", VOA News, November 15, 2007.
  22. ^ a b "SL leader pledges graft crackdown", BBC News, November 15, 2007.

See also

  • Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD-IV), 2008.

External links

  • Profile of Sierra Leone's leader: Ernest Bai Koroma

 
 

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