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Encyclopedia > Erivan
Yerevan location

Yerevan (Armenian: Երեվան or Երևան; sometimes written as Erevan; former names include Erivan and Erebuni) (population: 1,201,539 (1989 census); 1,088,300 (2004 estimate)[1] (http://www.world-gazetteer.com/d/d_am_ye.htm)) is the largest city and capital of Armenia. It is situated on the Hrazdan River.


Yerevan is a leading industrial, cultural, and scientific centre in the Caucasus region. It is also at the heart of an extensive rail network and is a major trading centre for agricultural products. In addition, industries in the city produce metals, machine tools, electrical equipment, chemicals, textiles, and food products.


Educational and cultural facilities in Yerevan include a university, the Armenian Academy of Sciences, a state museum, and several libraries. A major tourist attraction is the ruins of a 16th-century Ottoman fortress. Zvartnots Airport serves Yerevan.


History

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View of Mashtots Avenue from the Matenadaran
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Ruins of Erebuni fortress
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Stature of Sasountsi David in front of the main railway station

Archaeological evidence indicates that an Urartian military fortress called Erebuni (Էրեբունի) stood on Yerevan's site as far back as the 8th century BC. Since then the site has been strategically important as a crossroads for the caravan routes passing between Europe and India. It has been called Yerevan since at least the 7th century A.D., when it was the capital of Armenia under Persian rule.


Due to its strategic significance, Yerevan was constantly fought over and it passed back and forth between the dominion of Persia and the Ottomans for centuries. In 1827 it was taken by Russia and formally ceded by the Persians in 1828. After the 1917 Russian revolution it enjoyed three years as the capital of independent Armenia, and in 1920 became the capital of the newly formed Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic, a territory of the Soviet Union. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, Yerevan became the capital of the independent Republic of Armenia in 1991.


See also

External links

  • Yerevan article on Armeniapedia.org (http://www.armeniapedia.org/index.php?title=Yerevan)
  • Yerevan article on Cilicia.com (http://www.cilicia.com/armo5_yerevan.html)
  • Armenia Info Erevan page (http://www.armeniainfo.am/sites/?section=regions_desc&site_id=11)
  • The Yerevan Metro system (http://www.urbanrail.net/as/yere/yerevan.htm)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Erivan, Russia (Capital) - LoveToKnow 1911 (369 words)
or IRWAN, in ERIVAN Persian, Rewan, a town of Russia, capital of the government of the same name, situated in 40° 14' N.
At the mosque of Zal Khan a passion play is performed yearly illustrative of the assassination of Hussein, the son of Ali.
Erivan is an Armenian episcopal see, and has a theological seminary.
The Land of Ararat (5707 words)
Erivan is thoroughly Oriental in character, although since the Russian occupation many new houses have been built.
It is devoted to Shiah worship, although in the past the Erivan mosques changed from Sunni to Shiah and from Shiah to Sunni according as the town was held by Turkey or Persia.
Erivan is built on raised ground round which the river Zanga has cut a tortuous channel with precipitous sides.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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