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Encyclopedia > Erie County, Ohio

Erie County is a county located in the state of Ohio. As of 2000, the population is 79,551. Its county seat is Sandusky6 and is named for the Erie Indians, whose name was their word for "wildcat". It is home to the popular amusment park Cedar Point. Originally, in continental Europe, a county was the land under the jurisdiction of a count. ... A U.S. state is any one of the fifty states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, together with the District of Columbia and Palmyra Atoll (an uninhabited incorporated unorganized territory), form the United States of America. ... State nickname: The Buckeye State Other U.S. States Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Governor Bob Taft (R) Senators Mike DeWine (R) George Voinovich (R) Official languages None Area 116,096 km² (34th)  - Land 106,154 km²  - Water 10,044 km² (8. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... A county seat is an administrative centre for a county. ... Sandusky is a city located in Erie County, Ohio. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... This list of Ohio county name etymologies lists the 88 counties of the U.S. state of Ohio, with the date of their erection in parenthesis and the etymology of their names. ... The Erie tribe were a group of Native Americans, related to the Iroquois, who lived pre-historically from western New York to northern Ohio on the south shore of Lake Erie. ... Top Thrill Dragster, the worlds second tallest and second fastest roller coaster second only to Six Flags Great Adventures Kingda Ka with a slightly modified design. ...

Contents

Public domain map courtesy of The General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin, modified to show counties. ...


Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,622 km² (626 mi²). 660 km² (255 mi²) of it is land and 962 km² (371 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 59.29% water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is the area equal to a square with sides each 1 mile long. ...


Adjacent counties

Lake Erie, looking southward from a high rural bluff near Leamington, Ontario Lake Erie is one of the five large freshwater Great Lakes in North America, the worlds largest such lakes. ... Lorain County is a county located in the northeastern region state of Ohio, and is considered to be a part of what is locally referred to as Greater Cleveland. ... Huron County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Sandusky County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ...

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there are 79,551 people, 31,727 households, and 21,764 families residing in the county. The population density is 121/km² (312/mi²). There are 35,909 housing units at an average density of 54/km² (141/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 88.64% White, 8.64% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 1.60% from two or more races. 2.09% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There are 31,727 households out of which 30.40% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.70% are married couples living together, 11.20% have a female householder with no husband present, and 31.40% are non-families. 27.00% of all households are made up of individuals and 10.80% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.45 and the average family size is 2.97. Marriage is a legal, social, and religious relationship between individuals which has formed the foundation of the family for most societies. ...


In the county the population is spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 25.50% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 40 years. For every 100 females there are 95.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 92.40 males.


The median income for a household in the county is $42,746, and the median income for a family is $51,756. Males have a median income of $39,249 versus $23,697 for females. The per capita income for the county is $21,530. 8.30% of the population and 6.00% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 11.60% of those under the age of 18 and 6.80% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Government

Counties in Ohio do not possess home rule powers but can do only what has been expressly authorized by the Ohio General Assembly. Like eighty-six other counties (the exception is Summit), the county has the following elected officials, as provided by statute: Devolution or Home rule is the pooling of powers from central government to government at regional or local level. ... The Ohio General Assembly is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Ohio. ... Summit County, Ohio - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...

  • Three county commissioners (the Board of Commissioners): Control budget; approve zoning; approve annexations to cities and villages; set overall policy; oversee departments under their control
  • County auditor: Values property for taxation; issues dog, kennel, and cigarette licenses; issues licenses for retailers for sales tax purposes; inspects scales, pumps, etc., used in commerce to see that they are accurate
  • County clerk of court of common pleas: Keeps filings of lawsuits and orders of the county court of common pleas; records titles for motor vehicles
  • County coroner: Determines causes of death in certain cases; is the only person with the power to arrest the sheriff.
  • County engineer: Maintains county roads and land maps
  • Prosecuting attorney: Prosecutes felonies and is the legal advisor to all other county officials and departments, does not have to pay taxes on his failed business.
  • County recorder: Keeps all land records, including deeds, surveys, mortgages, easements, and liens
  • County treasurer: Collects taxes, invests county money, provide financial oversight to municipalities and school districts in the county
  • County sheriff: Chief law enforcement officer, polices areas without local police; runs the county jail; acts as officer of the local courts (transporting prisoners, serving subpoenas, acting as bailiff, etc.)

All of these officials are elected to four-year terms in November of even-numbered years after being nominated in partisan primary elections. One commissioner and the auditor are elected in the same year as the governor in one cycle; the other two commissioners and the other officials are elected in the same year as the president of the United States. The clerk, coroner, prosecutor, recorder, and sheriff begin their terms on the first Monday in January. The auditor's term begins on the second Monday in March. The treasurer's term begins on the first monday in September. The commissioner who is elected with the governor begins his term on January 1. Of the other two seats, one term begins on January 2 and the second on January 3. In general, zoning is the division of an area into sub-areas, called zones. ... Annexation is the legal merging of some territory into another body. ... Trinomial name Canis lupus familiaris (Linnaeus, 1758) The dog is a canine carnivorous mammal that has been domesticated for at least 14,000 years and perhaps for as long as 150,000 years based on recent evidence. ... The word kennel has several meanings in relation to dogs: The small shed in which a dog is kept; a doghouse. ... A cigarette will burn to ash on one end. ... A sales tax is a tax on consumption. ... A lawsuit is a civil action brought before a court in which the party commencing the action, the plaintiff, seeks a legal remedy. ... A title is a prefix or suffix added to a persons name to signify either veneration, an official position or a professional or academic qualification. ... In Western culture, skeletons are often the symbol of death. ... A typical rural county road in Indiana, USA, where traffic drives on the right. ... Real property is a legal term encompassing real estate and ownership interests in real estate. ... A felony, in many common law legal systems, is the term for a very serious crime; misdemeanors are considered to be less serious. ... Real property is a legal term encompassing real estate and ownership interests in real estate. ... A deed is a legal instrument used to grant a right. ... Surveyor at work Surveying is the art and science of accurately determining the position of points and the distances between them. ... A mortgage (literal translation: death pledge) is a device developed in the common law world, whereby the ownership of property is passed from one person -- the mortgagor -- to another -- the mortgagee -- in return for the loan of money. ... An easement is the right of use over the real property of another. ... In law, lien is the broadest term for any sort of charge or encumbrance against an item of property that secures the payment of a debt or performance of some other obligation. ... A tax is a compulsory charge or other levy imposed on an individual or a legal entity by a state or a functional equivalent of a state (e. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... January 2 is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


Any citizen of Ohio and the United States who is eighteen years of age or older and lives in the county may run for commissioner, auditor, treasurer, clerk of courts, or recorder. The other offices have specific additional requirements: candidates for prosecutor must be licensed to practice law; candidates for coroner must be licensed to practice medicine for two years; candidates for engineer must be both licensed surveyors and engineers; and candidates for sheriff must have certain education and supervisory experience in law enforcement.


If a vacancy arises, it is filled by the county central committee of the political party to which the former official belonged, i.e., the Republicans appoint someone to an office held by a Republican and the Democrats to an office held by a Democrat. If an office becomes vacant before the November election in the even-numbered year midway through the term, the appointee must run in a special election for the remainder of the term. If the office becomes vacant after then, the appointment is for the remainder of the term.


The Board of County Commissioners is the combined executive and legislative branch of county government but as their control over the independently elected officials is limited, there is effectively no real executive. However, one of the members of the board is named president of the board. The commissioners receive a full-time salary, but commissioners often have full-time occupations on the side. The board also employs a clerk to record its proceedings.


The board of commissioners often create numerous subordinate departments to handle specific services. These vary from county to county; among the most common are departments for building and zoning, health, economic development, water and sewer service, and emergency management.


There is also a county educational service center (previously known as the county board of education) presided over by a board of education, typically numbering five members, elected to staggered four-year terms in non-partisan elections in odd-numbered years. The center supplies services to the individual school districts in the county and exercises some limited control over the class of school districts known as "local school districts." ("City school districts" and "exempted village school districts" are free from any oversight by the county board.) Counties also have a board of mental retardation and developmental disabilities to educate disabled children. The members of this board are appointed.


Elections are administered in each county by a four-member board of elections which consists of two Republicans and two Democrats appointed by the Ohio Secretary of State at the recommendation of each county party. The board employs a director, who must be of the opposing political party of the chairman of the board of elections, and a deputy director, who must be of the political party of the chairman of the board. The Ohio Secretary of State is responsible for overseeing the elections in the state of Ohio. ...


The county has a court of common pleas, which is the court of first instance for felonies and certain high-value civil cases. All judges in Ohio are elected to six-year terms in non-partisan elections after being nominated in partisan primaries.


See also Ohio county government. The government of Ohios counties is marked by a loose organization and a diffusion of power, the basic framework not having been changed since the Nineteenth century. ...


Municipalities and census-designated places

Bay View is a village located in Erie County, Ohio. ... Bellevue is a city located in Erie, Huron and Sandusky counties in Ohio. ... Berlin Heights is a village located in Erie County, Ohio. ... Castalia is a village located in Erie County, Ohio. ... Fairview Lanes is an unincorporated census-designated place located in Erie County, Ohio. ... Huron is a city located in Erie County, Ohio. ... Kelleys Island is both a village located in Erie County, Ohio and the island which it fully occupies in Lake Erie. ... Milan is a village located in Erie and Huron counties in Ohio. ... Sandusky is a city located in Erie County, Ohio. ... Sandusky South is an unincorporated census-designated place located in Erie County, Ohio. ... Vermilion is a city located in Erie and Lorain counties in Ohio. ...

External link

  • Erie County Government's website

Flag of Ohio State of Ohio

History | Government | Cities | Villages | Townships | Colleges and universities Image File history File links Flag_of_Ohio. ... State nickname: The Buckeye State Other U.S. States Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Governor Bob Taft (R) Senators Mike DeWine (R) George Voinovich (R) Official languages None Area 116,096 km² (34th)  - Land 106,154 km²  - Water 10,044 km² (8. ... On August 7, 1953, it was retroactively declared that Ohio became a U.S. state on March 1, 1803. ... List of cities in Ohio, arranged in alphabetical order. ... List of villages in Ohio, arranged in alphabetical order. ... The List of Ohio Townships provides an alphabetic list of the 1340 current and historic townships in Ohio. ... See Ohio state entry // Federal Institutions Air Force Institute of Technology, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, Ohio State Institutions Four-Year University of Akron, Akron, Ohio Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio Central State University, Wilberforce, Ohio (Historically black colleges) University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio Cleveland State University...

Regions:

Unglaciated Allegheny Plateau | Glaciated Allegheny Plateau | Glacial till plains | Lake Erie | Black Swamp | Greater Cincinnati | Greater Cleveland This list of regions of the United States includes official (governmental) and non-official areas within the borders of the United States, not including U.S. states, the federal district of Washington, D.C. or standard subentities such as cities or counties. ... The Unglaciated Allegheny Plateau is located in an arc around southeastern Ohio into western Pennsylvania and West Virginia. ... The Glaciated Allegheny Plateau is that portion of the Allegheny Plateau that lies within the area covered by the last glaciation. ... The Glacial till plains are in the Northwest of Ohio. ... Lake Erie, looking southward from a high rural bluff near Leamington, Ontario Lake Erie is one of the five large freshwater Great Lakes in North America, the worlds largest such lakes. ... Categories: US geography stubs | Ohio history | Indiana history | Wetlands | U.S. historical regions and territories ... Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky metropolitan area is a metropolitan area that includes eight counties in Ohio, Kentucky and Indiana. ... Greater Cleveland is a nickname for the metropolitan area surrounding Cleveland in Ohio. ...

Largest cities:

Akron | Cincinnati | Cleveland | Columbus | Dayton | Parma | Toledo | Youngstown City nickname: The Rubber Capital of the World Location Location within the state of Ohio Government County Summit Mayor Don Plusquellic Physical characteristics Area      Land      Water 161. ... Cincinnati is a city in southwestern Ohio, United States that lies on the Ohio River and is the county seat of Hamilton County6. ... City nickname: The Forest City Location Location in Cuyahoga County, Ohio Government County Cuyahoga Mayor Jane Campbell Physical characteristics Area      Land      Water 213. ... Skyline of downtown Columbus, Ohio, viewed across the Scioto River. ... Downtown Dayton, Ohio, as seen from across the Great Miami River Dayton is a city in southwestern Ohio, United States. ... Parma is a city located in Cuyahoga County, Ohio. ... City nickname: The Glass City Location Location in the state of Ohio Government County Lucas Mayor Jack Ford (D) Physical characteristics Area      Land      Water 217. ... Youngstown is a city located in Mahoning and Trumbull counties in Ohio, on the Mahoning River, 67 miles southeast of Cleveland, Ohio. ...

Counties:

Adams | Allen | Ashland | Ashtabula | Athens | Auglaize | Belmont | Brown | Butler | Carroll | Champaign | Clark | Clermont | Clinton | Columbiana | Coshocton | Crawford | Cuyahoga | Darke | Defiance | Delaware | Erie County | Fairfield | Fayette | Franklin | Fulton | Gallia | Geauga | Greene | Guernsey | Hamilton | Hancock | Hardin | Harrison | Henry | Highland | Hocking | Holmes | Huron | Jackson | Jefferson | Knox | Lake | Lawrence | Licking | Logan | Lorain | Lucas | Madison | Mahoning | Marion | Medina | Meigs | Mercer | Miami | Monroe | Montgomery | Morgan | Morrow | Muskingum | Noble | Ottawa | Paulding | Perry | Pickaway | Pike | Portage | Preble | Putnam | Richland | Ross | Sandusky | Scioto | Seneca | Shelby | Stark | Summit | Trumbull | Tuscarawas | Union | Van Wert | Vinton | Warren | Washington | Wayne | Williams | Wood | Wyandot | County name origins This is a list of Ohio counties: Adams County (West Union, Ohio) Allen County (Lima, Ohio) Ashland County (Ashland, Ohio) Ashtabula County (Jefferson, Ohio) Athens County (Athens, Ohio) Auglaize County (Wapakoneta, Ohio) Belmont County (St. ... Adams County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. ... Allen County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Ashland County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Ashtabula County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Athens County is a county located in the state of Ohio, in the southeasternmost part of the state. ... Auglaize County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Belmont County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Brown County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Butler County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Carroll County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Champaign County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... For British letters in the 2004 Presidential election, see The Guardians Operation Clark County Clark County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Clermont County is a county located in the state of Ohio, just east of Cincinnati. ... Clinton County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Columbiana County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Coshocton County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Crawford County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Cuyahoga County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Darke County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Defiance County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Delaware County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Fairfield County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Fayette County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Franklin County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Fulton County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Gallia County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Geauga County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Greene County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Hamilton County is a county of the state of Ohio, located in the southwest corner of the state. ... Hancock County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Hardin County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Harrison County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Henry County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Highland County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Hocking County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Holmes County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Huron County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Jackson County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Jefferson County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Knox County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Lake County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Lawrence County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Location in the state of Ohio Formed Seat Newark Area  - Total  - Water 1,783 km² (688 mi²) 5 km² (2 mi²) 0. ... Logan County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Lorain County is a county located in the northeastern region state of Ohio, and is considered to be a part of what is locally referred to as Greater Cleveland. ... Lucas County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Madison County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Mahoning County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Marion County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Medina County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Meigs County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Mercer County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Miami County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Monroe County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Montgomery County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Morgan County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Morrow County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Muskingum County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Noble County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Ottawa County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Paulding County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Perry County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Pickaway County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Pike County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Portage County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Preble County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Putnam County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Richland County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Ross County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Sandusky County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Scioto County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Seneca County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Shelby County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Stark County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Summit County, Ohio - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Trumbull County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Tuscarawas County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Union County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Van Wert County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Vinton County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Warren County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Washington County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Wayne County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Williams County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Demographics As of the census2 of 2000, there are 121,065 people, 45,172 households, and 29,678 families residing in the county. ... Wyandot County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... This list of Ohio county name etymologies lists the 88 counties of the U.S. state of Ohio, with the date of their erection in parenthesis and the etymology of their names. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Erie County Web Site Policies (430 words)
The purpose and mission of the Erie County web site is to increase the knowledge and communication of Erie County citizens with their county government.
Erie County adheres to the highest of Internet standards, protecting its users' privacy, observing and championing Net etiquette, linking externally without endorsements, and aiming for factual and timely information throughout.
Erie County does not own or control linked sites and therefore is not responsible for the content included in them.
Erie County, Ohio - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1187 words)
County coroner: Determines causes of death in certain cases; is the only person with the power to arrest the sheriff.
There is also a county educational service center (previously known as the county board of education) presided over by a board of education, typically numbering five members, elected to staggered four-year terms in non-partisan elections in odd-numbered years.
Elections are administered in each county by a four-member board of elections which consists of two Republicans and two Democrats appointed by the Ohio Secretary of State at the recommendation of each county party.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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