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Encyclopedia > Erie Canal

The Erie Canal (currently part of the New York State Canal System) is a canal in New York State, United States, that runs from the Hudson River to Lake Erie, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. Although the canal was first proposed in 1699, it was not until 1798 that the Niagara Canal Company was incorporated and commenced preparations for building. The first section of canal was completed in 1819, and the entire canal was opened on October 26, 1825. It was 363 miles (584 km) long, 40 feet (12 m) wide, and 4 feet (1.2 m) deep. There were 83 locks along the canal, each 90 feet by 15 feet (27 m by 4.5 m). Maximum canal-boat displacement was 75 tons (68 tonnes). The Erie Canal was the first transportation route faster than carts pulled by draft animals between the Eastern Seaboard of the United States and the western interior, and cut transport costs into what was then wilderness by about 95%. The Canal resulted in a massive population surge in western New York, and opened regions further west to increased settlement. The New York State Canal System (formerly known as the New York State Barge Canal) is a successor to the Erie Canal and other canals within New York. ... For other uses, see Canal (disambiguation). ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican or as the Lenape Native Americans called it in Unami, Muhheakantuck, is a river that runs through the eastern portion of New York State and, along its southern terminus, demarcates the border between the states of New York and... Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the tenth largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ... The Great Lakes from space The Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes on or near the United States-Canadian border. ... is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Canal locks in England. ... Self propelled barge carrying bulk crushed stone A barge is a flat-bottomed boat, built mainly for river and canal transport of heavy goods. ... For other uses, see Wilderness (disambiguation). ... “NY” redirects here. ...

1853 Map of the Erie Canal.
1853 Map of the Erie Canal.

Contents

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1486x864, 739 KB) Summary Erie Canal Map, 1853. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1486x864, 739 KB) Summary Erie Canal Map, 1853. ...

History

Proposal and logistics

The extraordinary success of the Bridgewater Canal in Britain, completed in 1761 to connect a coal mine to Manchester, led to a frenzy of canal building in England late in the 18th century. The idea of a canal or artificially improved waterway to tie the east coast to the new western settlements was in the air—Cadwallader Colden first proposed using the Mohawk River valley in 1724. George Washington led a serious effort to turn the Potomac River into a navigable link to the west, sinking substantial energy and capital into the Patowmack Company from 1785 until his death fifteen years later. Christopher Colles, who was familiar with the Bridgewater Canal, surveyed the Mohawk River valley and made a presentation to the New York state legislature in 1784 proposing a canal from Albany to Lake Ontario; the proposal drew considerable attention and some action, but the effort would ultimately come to nothing. Gouverneur Morris and Elkanah Watson were other early proponents of a canal along the Mohawk, whose efforts lead to the creation of the Western Inland Lock Navigation Company, which took the first actual steps to improve navigation on the Mohawk; the company was to prove that private financing was inadequate for a task of such scope. The Bridgewater Canal is a navigable canal in the north west of England, connecting Runcorn and Manchester. ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... Cadwallader Colden ( February 7, 1688 – September 20, 1776 ) was a physician, farmer, surveyor, botanist, and a lieutenant governor for the Province of New York. ... The Mohawk River is a major waterway in north-central New York, United States. ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and in 1789 was elected the first President of the United States of America. ... The Potomac River flows into the Chesapeake Bay, located along the mid-Atlantic coast of the United States (USA). ... The Patowmack Canal is a canal in the United States of America. ... Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, USA, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... Gouverneur Morris Gouverneur Morris (January 31, 1752 – November 6, 1816) was an American statesman who represented Pennsylvania in the Constitutional Convention of 1787 and was an author of large sections of the Constitution of the United States. ... Elkanah Watson (January 22, 1758 – December 5, 1842) was a visionary traveller and writer, agriculturist and canal promoter. ...


The canal proponent whose efforts would lead directly to the canal was the entrepreneurial Jesse Hawley, who imagined being able to grow huge quantities of grain in the upstate New York plains (then largely unsettled) for sale on the Eastern Seaboard. However he went bankrupt trying to ship it to the coast, and while sitting in the Canandaigua debtors' prison he started pressing for the construction of a canal running along the Mohawk River valley. He had strong support from Joseph Ellicott, agent for the Holland Land Company in Batavia. Ellicott realized that a canal would add immense value to the land he was selling in the western part of the state. Ellicott later became the first canal commissioner. Jesse Hawley was a flour merchant in Geneva, New York who became an early and major proponent of building of the Erie Canal. ... “NY” redirects here. ... Categories: US geography stubs ... Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organization to pay their creditors. ... Canandaigua is a city in Ontario County, New York, USA, of which it is the county seat. ... The Mohawk River is a major waterway in north-central New York, United States. ... Joseph Ellicott Joseph Ellicott (November 1, 1760 - August 19, 1826) was a surveyor, city planner, land office agent, canal commissioner and judge born in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, of the Quaker faith. ... Map of the Holland Purchase From 1840s Divided into Counties and Townships And Including Morris Reserve Lands The Holland Land Company was a purchaser of the western two-thirds of the western New York land tract known as the Phelps and Gorham Purchase. ... Batavia is a city in Genesee County, New York, USA. The population was 16,256 at the 2000 census. ...


The Mohawk River, a tributary to the Hudson, runs in a glacial meltwater channel across the northern reaches of the Appalachians, separating them in New York State into the Catskills and Adirondacks. The Mohawk Valley was the only cut across the Appalachians north of Alabama, and pointed almost directly from the already widely used Hudson River on the east, to either Lake Ontario or Lake Erie on the west. From there much of the interior and many settlements would be accessible on the lakes. Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... Catskill State Park as seen from Overlook Mountian The Catskill Mountains are an extension of the Appalachian Mountains into New York State. ... Some factual claims in this article need to be verified. ... The Mohawk Valley region of the U.S. state of New York includes the industrialized cities of Utica and Rome, along with other smaller commercial centers. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican or as the Lenape Native Americans called it in Unami, Muhheakantuck, is a river that runs through the eastern portion of New York State and, along its southern terminus, demarcates the border between the states of New York and... Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, USA, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ...

Profile of the original canal
Profile of the original canal

The problem was, the land rises about 600 feet (183 m) from the Hudson River at Albany, New York to Lake Erie. Locks at the time could handle a change of up to 12 feet (3.5 m), so at least 50 locks would be required along the 360 mile canal. Any such canal would cost a fortune even today, but in 1800 such an undertaking was barely imaginable. President Jefferson, calling it "a little short of madness," thought the proposal was ridiculous and rejected it.[1] Nevertheless Hawley managed to interest the governor, DeWitt Clinton, and after surveying the plan went ahead. Due to the overwhelming perception that the plan was absurd, the project became known as "Clinton's Folly," or "Clinton's Ditch." In 1817, Clinton was successful in convincing the New York State legislature to authorize the funds for building the canal. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (4205x938, 773 KB) 1832 profile of the Erie Canal, cropped from a New York map at davidrumsey. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (4205x938, 773 KB) 1832 profile of the Erie Canal, cropped from a New York map at davidrumsey. ... For other uses, see Albany. ... Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the tenth largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ... // ON MAY 5 1853 MR.FADER HAD SEX WITH A MAN NAME MR WIEN THEN THEY HAD SON NAMEDMRS COTURE AND MR MANOOGIAN WENT INTO MRS HASKELLS OFFICE NAKED AND DANCED AROUND AND MASTERBATED ON HER CHEST AND SHE LICKED IT OFF THEN THEY HAD ORAL SEEX WITH NAPLOEAN OF... Thomas Jefferson (13 April 1743 N.S.–4 July 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–09), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers for his promotion of the ideals of Republicanism in the United States. ... DeWitt Clinton. ...


The canal was to consist of a forty foot (12 m) wide, four foot (1.2 m) deep cut, with the removed soil being piled on the downhill side to form a walkway on that side. Barges, up to 3.5 feet (1.07 m) in draft, would be pulled by horses, and later mules on the walkway. With only one towpath for traffic in both directions, when barges passed each other there was a quick unhitching and re-hitching of the draft animal teams while the barges continued by momentum. The sides of the cut would be lined with stone, while the bottom would be covered with clay. The stone work required hundreds of German masons to be brought in, who would later go on to build many of New York's famous buildings when the canal was completed. Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... A barren of mules. ... For other uses, see Clay (disambiguation). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article refers to the building structure component; for the fraternal organization, see Freemasonry. ...


Construction

Stonework of Erie Canal lock (abandoned due to route change), Durhamville, New York
Stonework of Erie Canal lock (abandoned due to route change), Durhamville, New York

Construction began July 4, 1817, at Rome, New York. The first 15 mile (24 km) section between Rome and Utica opened two years later. At this rate the canal would not have been finished for another 30 years or so. The main problems were cutting the trees through miles of virgin forest, and moving the dirt, which was proving to be much slower than expected. Solutions were discovered, trees were pulled down with a rope thrown over the top of the tree and then winched down, and the stumps pulled out with a huge tripod-mounted winch. Mule-pulled carts were filled from much larger wheelbarrows to clear the dirt. A three-man team with mules could now build a mile-long stretch in a year, meaning that the problem now was staffing. Old Erie Canal lock Image copyleft: Image taken by me, released under GFDL Pollinator 03:50, Nov 9, 2004 (UTC) ( ) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Old Erie Canal lock Image copyleft: Image taken by me, released under GFDL Pollinator 03:50, Nov 9, 2004 (UTC) ( ) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Rome is a city in Oneida County, New York, United States. ... Utica, New York is a city in the State of New York and the county seat of Oneida County. ...


The men who planned and oversaw construction were novices, both as surveyors and as engineers — there were no civil engineers in the United States at the time. James Geddes and Benjamin Wright who laid out the route were judges, who had gained experience in surveying in settling boundary disputes; Geddes had only used a surveying instrument for a few hours. Canvass White was a 27-year-old amateur engineer, who talked Clinton into letting him go to Britain at his own expense to study the canal system there. Nathan Roberts was a math teacher and land speculator. Yet these men "carried the Erie Canal up the Niagara escarpment at Lockport, maneuvered it onto a towering embankment to cross over Irondequoit creek, spanned the Genesee River for it on an awesome aqueduct, and carved a route for it out of the solid rock between Little Falls and Schenectady—and all of those venturesome designs worked precisely as planned." (Bernstein, p. 381) A civil engineer is a person who practices civil engineering. ... James Geddes, born at Carlisle, Pennsylvania on July 22, 1763, was a prominent surveyor, engineer, New York State legislator and U.S. Congressman who was instrumental in the planning of the Erie Canal and other canals in the United States. ... Benjamin Wright (October 10, 1770 - August 24, 1842) was a noted American civil engineer who served as Chief Engineer of both the Erie Canal and Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. ... Canvass White (September 8, 1790 — 1834) was an engineer and inventor. ... Lockport is a city located in Niagara County, New York, United States. ... Upper Genesee near Belmont, New York, a series of pools and riffles The Middle Falls of the Genesee in Letchworth State Park The Genesee Rivers name is derived from the Iroquois meaning good valley or pleasant valley. ... For other uses, see Aqueduct (disambiguation). ... Little Falls is the name of some places in the United States of America: Little Falls, Minnesota Little Falls, New Jersey Little Falls (city), New York Little Falls (town), New York This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same... Schenectady is a city located in Schenectady County, New York, of which it is the county seat. ...

Original five step lock structure crossing the Niagara Escarpment at Lockport, now without gates and used as a cascade for excess water. A modern 40-foot-wide (12 meter) single-step lock is to the left, replacing another identical and original five-step lock.
Original five step lock structure crossing the Niagara Escarpment at Lockport, now without gates and used as a cascade for excess water. A modern 40-foot-wide (12 meter) single-step lock is to the left, replacing another identical and original five-step lock.

Construction continued at an increased rate as new workers arrived, but halted completely when the canal reached the Montezuma Swamp in 1819 at the outlet of Cayuga Lake west of Syracuse, New York, when over 1000 workers died of swamp fevers. Work continued on the "downhill" side towards the Hudson, and when the swamp froze over in the winter, the crews all worked to complete the section right across the swamps. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x800, 153 KB)Original five step lock structure, now used as a cascade for excess water. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x800, 153 KB)Original five step lock structure, now used as a cascade for excess water. ... Rattlesnake Point near Milton, Ontario. ... Lockport is a city located in Niagara County, New York, United States. ... Montezuma Marsh is a marsh at the northern end of Cayuga Lake in the Finger Lakes region of New York. ... 1819 common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Cayuga Lake (pronounced either kA-yü-g& or kI-yü-g&) is the longest of western New Yorks glacial Finger Lakes, and is the second largest in surface area (marginally smaller than Seneca Lake) and volume. ... Nickname: Location of Syracuse within the state of New York Coordinates: , City Government  - Mayor Matthew Driscoll (D) Area  - City 66. ...


The middle section from Utica to Salina (Syracuse) was completed in 1820, and traffic on that section started up directly. The eastern section of the canal, 250 miles (402 km) from Rochester to Albany, was opened on September 10, 1823, to great fanfare; the 64-mile (103 km) north-south section from Watervliet to Lake Champlain was declared open on the same date. In 1824, even before the entire canal was completed, a detailed Pocket Guide for the Tourist and Traveler, Along the Line of the Canals, and the Interior Commerce of the State of New York, was published for the benefit of eager travelers and land speculators — possibly America's first published tour guide. Utica, New York is a city in the State of New York and the county seat of Oneida County. ... Salina is a town located in Onondaga County, New York. ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Nickname: Motto: Rochester: Made for Living Location of Rochester in New York State Country State County Monroe Government [1]  - Mayor Robert Duffy (D) Area  - City  37. ... For other uses, see Albany. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1823 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Watervliet is a city located in Albany County, New York. ... Landsat photo Lake Champlain (French: lac Champlain) is a large lake in North America, mostly within the borders of the United States (states of Vermont and New York) but partially situated across the US-Canada border in the province of Quebec. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


After Montezuma, the next obstacle was crossing the Niagara Escarpment, an 80-foot (24 m) wall of hard dolomitic limestone, in order to rise to the level of Lake Erie. The route followed the channel of a creek that had cut a ravine steeply down the escarpment, with a pair of five locks in a series, thus giving rise to the community of Lockport. These 12-foot lift-locks had a total lift of 60 feet, exiting into a deeply cut channel. The final leg of the canal had to be cut as much as 30 feet (9 m) through another limestone layer, the Onondaga ridge. Much of that section was blasted with black powder. The inexperience of the crews often led to accidents, and sometimes rocks falling on nearby homes. Rattlesnake Point near Milton, Ontario. ... Dolomite crystals from Touissite, Morocco Dolomite is the name of both a carbonate rock and a mineral consisting of calcium magnesium carbonate (formula: CaMg(CO3)2) found in crystals. ... For other uses, see Limestone (disambiguation). ... Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the tenth largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ... Lockport is a city located in Niagara County, New York, United States. ... The Onondaga Formation is a group of hard limestones and dolostones of Devonian age that form an important geographic feature in the area of outcrop. ... Black powder was the original gunpowder and practically the only known propellant and explosive until the middle of the 19th century. ...

The modern single lock at the Niagara Escarpment
The modern single lock at the Niagara Escarpment

Two villages competed to be the terminus of the canal, Black Rock, on the Niagara River, and Buffalo, New York, at the eastern tip of Lake Erie. Buffalo expended great energy to widen and deepen Buffalo Creek to make it navigable, and to create a harbor at its mouth. Buffalo won over Black Rock, and quickly grew into a great city, eventually swallowing its former competitor. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 795 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1964 × 1482 pixel, file size: 890 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 795 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1964 × 1482 pixel, file size: 890 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Black Rock, once an independent community, is now part of the city of Buffalo, New York. ... Satellite image of the Niagara River. ... Nickname: Location of Buffalo in New York State County Government  - Mayor Byron Brown (D) Area  - City 52. ... The Buffalo River is a river that empties into the eastern end of Lake Erie, one of the Great Lakes, by the City of Buffalo in the United States of America. ...


Work was completed on November 4, 1825. Officially the event was marked by a statewide "Grand Celebration," culminating in successive cannon shots along the length of the canal, which took 90 minutes to travel from Buffalo to New York City. A flotilla of boats left from Buffalo, led by Governor Dewitt Clinton aboard the Seneca Chief, taking 10 days to travel to New York City, where Clinton ceremonially poured Lake Erie water into the New York Harbor in the "Wedding of the Waters." is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


The route

The canal began on the west side of the Hudson River at Albany, and ran north to a split with the Champlain Canal at Troy. At Cohoes it turned west along the south shore of the Mohawk River, crossing to the north side at Crescent and again to the south at Rexford Flats. The canal continued west near the south shore of the Mohawk River all the way to Rome, where the Mohawk turns north. The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican or as the Lenape Native Americans called it in Unami, Muhheakantuck, is a river that runs through the eastern portion of New York State and, along its southern terminus, demarcates the border between the states of New York and... For other uses, see Albany. ... The Champlain Canal is a canal in New York, USA. It is now part of the New York Barge Canal. ... Looking west down Broadway at downtown Troy. ... Cohoes is a city located at the northeast corner Albany County, New York, USA. It is called the Spindle City because of the importance of textile production to its growth. ... The Mohawk River is a major waterway in north-central New York, United States. ... Rome is a city in Oneida County, New York, United States. ...


At Rome, the canal continued west parallel to Wood Creek, which flows from Oneida Lake, and turned southwest and west cross-country to avoid the lake. From Canastota west it ran roughly along the north (lower) edge of the Niagara Escarpment, passing through Syracuse and Rochester. At Lockport the canal turned southwest to rise to the top of the escarpment, using the ravine of Eighteenmile Creek. The canal continued south-southwest to Pendleton, where it turned west and southwest, mainly using the channel of Tonawanda Creek. From Tonawanda south to Buffalo it ran just east of the Niagara River, emptying out into the river in downtown Buffalo. Oneida Lake is a large lake in central New York, northeast of Syracuse. ... Canastota is a village located inside the Town of Lenox in Madison County, New York, USA. The population was 4,425 at the 2000 census. ... Rattlesnake Point near Milton, Ontario. ... Nickname: Location of Syracuse within the state of New York Coordinates: , City Government  - Mayor Matthew Driscoll (D) Area  - City 66. ... Nickname: Motto: Rochester: Made for Living Location of Rochester in New York State Country State County Monroe Government [1]  - Mayor Robert Duffy (D) Area  - City  37. ... Lockport is a city located in Niagara County, New York, United States. ... Location within Niagara County. ... Tonawanda Creek is a small river in Western New York, in the United States. ... The name Tonawanda as a location confuses even the people who live in other and even nearby Western New York communities. ... Satellite image of the Niagara River. ...


Enlargements and improvements

Problems developed but were quickly solved. Leaks developed along the entire length of the canal, but these were sealed with a newly invented concrete that hardened under water. Erosion on the clay bottom proved to be a problem and the speed was limited to 4 mph (6 km/h). This article is about the construction material. ...

Derelict aqueduct over Nine Mile Creek north of Camillus, New York, built in 1841 and abandoned c. 1918, one of 32 aqueducts on the Erie Canal.

The original design planned for an annual tonnage of 1.5 million tons (1.36 million tonnes), but this was exceeded immediately. An ambitious program to improve the canal was begun in 1834. During this massive series of construction projects, known as the First Enlargement, the canal was widened to 70 feet and deepened to 7 feet. Locks were widened and/or rebuilt in new locations, and many new aqueducts were constructed. The canal was also straightened and slightly re-routed in some stretches, resulting in the abandonment of short segments of the original 1825 canal. This First Enlargement was completed in 1862, with further minor enlargements in later decades. Today, the reconfiguration of the canal created during the First Enlargement is commonly referred to as the Improved Erie Canal or the Old Erie Canal, to distinguish it from the canal's modern-day course. Existing remains of the 1825 canal abandoned during the Enlargement are sometimes referred to today as Clinton's Ditch (which was also the popular nickname for the entire Erie Canal project during its original 1817–1825 construction). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 619 KB) Summary This photograph was taken by Wikipedia member Ebedgert. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 619 KB) Summary This photograph was taken by Wikipedia member Ebedgert. ... Year 1834 (MDCCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about 1862 . ... The Old Erie Canal and its towpath at Kirkville, New York, within Old Erie Canal State Historic Park. ...

Upstream view of the downstream lock (Lock 32, Pittsford, NY) showing gushing water.
Upstream view of the downstream lock (Lock 32, Pittsford, NY) showing gushing water.

Additional canals (called feeder canals) soon added to the coverage, including the Cayuga-Seneca south to the Finger Lakes, the Oswego from Three Rivers north to Lake Ontario at Oswego, and the Champlain running north from Troy to Lake Champlain. A short canal, the Crooked Lake Canal, from 1833 to 1877 connected Keuka Lake and Seneca Lake. The Chemung Canal connected the south end of Seneca Lake to Elmira in 1833, and was an important route for Pennsylvania coal and timber to be shipped throughout the canal system. The Chenango Canal in 1836 connected the Erie at Utica to Binghamton and caused a business boom in the Chenango River valley. The Chenango and Chemung canals linked the Erie with the Susquehanna River system. The Black River Canal connected the Black River to the Erie Canal at Rome and remained in operation until the 1920s. The Genesee Valley Canal was run along the Genesee River to connect with the Allegheny River at Olean, but the Allegheny section which would have connected to the Ohio and Mississippi was never built. The Genesee Valley Canal was later abandoned and became the Genesee Valley Canal Railroad. Image File history File linksMetadata IMG_4722. ... Image File history File linksMetadata IMG_4722. ... The Finger Lakes, a major tourist destination in the west-central section of Upstate New York, are actually eleven in number, but only seven of the largest are commonly identified as such. ... Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, USA, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... Look up Oswego in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Landsat photo Lake Champlain (French: lac Champlain) is a large lake in North America, mostly within the borders of the United States (states of Vermont and New York) but partially situated across the US-Canada border in the province of Quebec. ... Year 1833 (MDCCCXXXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Keuka Lake is an unusual member of the Finger Lakes because it is Y-shaped instead of long and narrow. ... Seneca Lake, one of western New Yorks glacial Finger Lakes, is the largest lake entirely within New York and second deepest lake in the United States, when gauged by its depth below sea level. ... The Chemung River (shuh-MUHNG) is a tributary of the Susquehanna River, approximately 45 mi (72 km) long, in south central New York and northern Pennsylvania in the United States. ... Location in Chemung County in the state of New York Coordinates: , Country State County Chemung County Government  - Mayor John S. Tonello (D) Area  - City  7. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Year 1836 (MDCCCXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Utica, New York is a city in the State of New York and the county seat of Oneida County. ... Binghamton is a city located in the Southern Tier of New York in the United States. ... The Chenango River is a tributary of the Susquehanna River, approximately 90 mi (145 km) long, in central New York in the United States. ... The Susquehanna River (originally Sasquesahanough per the 1612 John Smith map) is a river located in the northeastern United States. ... The Black River Canal was a canal built in northern New York in the USA to connect the Erie Canal to the Black River. ... The Black River is a river that empties into the eastern end of Lake Ontario on the shore of Jefferson County, New York in the United States of America. ... Rome is a city in Oneida County, New York, United States. ... The 1920s is a decade that is sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ... The Genesee Valley Canal Railroad was a part of the Pennsylvania Railroad system in central New York. ... Upper Genesee near Belmont, New York, a series of pools and riffles The Middle Falls of the Genesee in Letchworth State Park The Genesee Rivers name is derived from the Iroquois meaning good valley or pleasant valley. ... The Allegheny River (historically, especially in New York state, also spelled Allegany River) is a principal tributary of the Ohio River, which it forms with the Monongahela River at the downtown Pittsburghs Golden Triangle point. The river is approximately 325 mi (523 km) long, in the U.S. states... The Genesee Valley Canal Railroad was a part of the Pennsylvania Railroad system in central New York. ...


Competition

As the canal brought travelers to New York City, it took them from other ports such as Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Baltimore, Maryland. Those cities and the states containing them chartered means of competition to the Erie Canal. In Pennsylvania, the Main Line of Public Works was a combined canal and railroad running west from Philadelphia to Pittsburgh on the Ohio River, opened in 1834. In Maryland, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad ran west to Wheeling, West Virginia, also on the Ohio River, and was completed in 1853. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... Baltimore redirects here. ... Map The Main Line of Public Works was a railroad and canal system built by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, running from Philadelphia west across the state to Pittsburgh. ... “Pittsburgh” redirects here. ... View of Pittsburgh, the largest metropolitan area on the Ohio River, where the Allegheny River (left) and the Monongahela River (right) join at Point State Park to form the Ohio River Cincinnati, Ohio is a well known city along the Ohio River, historically known for its riverboats. ... Year 1834 (MDCCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) was one of the oldest railroads in the United States, with an original line from the port of Baltimore, Maryland, west to the Ohio River at Wheeling and Parkersburg, West Virginia. ... Nickname: The Friendly City Location in Ohio County in the State of West Virginia Coordinates: Settled 1769 Established 1806 Incorporated 1836  - Mayor Nick Sparachane  - City Manager Robert Herron  - Chief of Police Kevin Gessler, Sr. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...

Map of the "Water Level Routes" of the New York Central Railroad (purple), West Shore Railroad (red) and Erie Canal (blue)
Map of the "Water Level Routes" of the New York Central Railroad (purple), West Shore Railroad (red) and Erie Canal (blue)

Competition also came from inside New York State. The Mohawk and Hudson Railroad opened in 1831, providing a bypass to the slowest part of the canal between Albany and Schenectady. Other railroads were soon chartered and built to continue the line west to Buffalo, and in 1842 a continuous line (which would become the New York Central Railroad and its Auburn Road in 1853) was open the whole way to Buffalo. As the railroad served the same general route as the canal, but provided for faster travel, passengers soon switched to it. However as late as 1852, the canal carried thirteen times more freight tonnage than all the railroads in New York state, combined; it continued to compete well with the railroads through 1882, when tolls were abolished. Image File history File links Water Level Routes of the New York Central Railroad, West Shore Railroad and Erie Canal on http://commons. ... Image File history File links Water Level Routes of the New York Central Railroad, West Shore Railroad and Erie Canal on http://commons. ... For the current company, see New York Central Lines LLC. The New York Central Railroad (AAR reporting marks NYC), known simply as the New York Central in its publicity, was a railroad operating in the Northeastern United States. ... The West Shore Railroad was the final name of a railroad from Weehawken, New Jersey, across the Hudson River from New York City, north along the west shore of the river to Albany, New York and then west to Buffalo. ... The Mohawk and Hudson Railroad was the first railroad built in the State of New York and one of the first railroads in the United States. ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Albany. ... Union Colleges Nott Memorial, one of the most recognized buildings in Schenectady Schenectady (IPA ) is a city in Schenectady County, New York, United States, of which it is the county seat. ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... For the current company, see New York Central Lines LLC. The New York Central Railroad (AAR reporting marks NYC), known simply as the New York Central in its publicity, was a railroad operating in the Northeastern United States. ... Consolidation, under date of August 1, 1850, of the Auburn and Rochester Railroad Company, which was incorporated May 13, 1836, and road opened in August 1841; and the Auburn and Syracuse Railroad Company, which was incorporated May 1, 1834, and road opened in June 1838. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


The New York, West Shore and Buffalo Railway was completed in 1884, as a route running closely parallel to both the canal and the New York Central Railroad. However, it went bankrupt and was acquired the next year by the New York Central. The West Shore Railroad was the final name of a railroad from Weehawken, New Jersey, across the Hudson River from New York City, north along the west shore of the river to Albany, New York and then west to Buffalo. ... Year 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For the current company, see New York Central Lines LLC. The New York Central Railroad (AAR reporting marks NYC), known simply as the New York Central in its publicity, was a railroad operating in the Northeastern United States. ... Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organization to pay their creditors. ...


In 1905, construction of the New York State Barge Canal began, which was completed in 1918, at a cost of $101 million; freight traffic reached a total of 5.2 million tons by 1951, before declining in the face of combined rail and truck competition. 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... The New York Barge Canal is a successor to the Erie Canal and other canals within New York. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Impact

The Erie Canal made boom towns of Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse, Rome, Utica and Schenectady and made an immense contribution to the wealth and importance of New York City and New York state. Its impact went much further, increasing trade throughout the nation by opening eastern and overseas markets to Midwest farm products and encouraging western immigration. New ethnic Irish communities formed in some towns along its route after completion, as Irish immigrants were a large portion of labor force involved in its construction. Nickname: Motto: Rochester: Made for Living Location of Rochester in New York State Country State County Monroe Government [1]  - Mayor Robert Duffy (D) Area  - City  37. ... The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ...


Because so many immigrants traveled on the canal, many genealogists would like to find copies of canal passenger lists. Unfortunately, apart from the years 1827-1829, canal boat operators were not required to record or report passenger names to the government, which in this case was the State of New York. Those 1827-1829 passenger lists survive today in the New York State Archives.


It also helped bind the still-new nation closer to Britain and Europe. British repeal of the Corn Law resulted in a huge increase in trade in Midwestern wheat to Britain. Trade between the US and Canada also increased as a result of the corn law and a reciprocity (free-trade) agreement signed in 1854; much of this trade flowed along the Erie. The Corn Laws, in force between 1815 and 1846, were import tariffs ostensibly designed to protect British farmers and landowners, against competition from cheap foreign grain imports. ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


Its success also prompted imitation: a rash of canal building followed. Also, the many technical hurdles that had to be overcome made heroes of those whose innovations made the canal possible; this would lead to an increased esteem for practical education.


Many wrote about the canal, including Herman Melville, Frances Trollope, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Mark Twain, Samuel Hopkins Adams and the Marquis de Lafayette, and many tales and songs were written about life on the canal. The popular song Low Bridge by Thomas S. Allen was written in 1905 to memorialize the canal's early heyday, when barges were pulled by mules rather than engines. Chicago, among other Great Lakes cities, recognized the commercial importance of the canal to their economies, and two West Loop streets are named Canal and Clinton (for canal proponent DeWitt Clinton). Herman Melville (August 1, 1819 – September 28, 1891) was an American novelist, short story writer, essayist, and poet. ... Frances Trollope (1780–1863) was an English novelist and miscellaneous writer who wrote under the name Fanny Trollope. ... Nathaniel Hawthorne (born Nathaniel Hathorne; July 4, 1804 – May 19, 1864) was a 19th century American novelist and short story writer. ... Harriet Elizabeth Beecher Stowe (June 14, 1811 – July 1 , 1896) was an American abolitionist and novelist, whose Uncle Toms Cabin (1852) attacked the cruelty of slavery; it reached millions as a novel and play, and became influential, even in Britain. ... Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910),[1] better known by the pen name Mark Twain, was an American humorist, satirist, lecturer and writer. ... Samuel Hopkins Adams (1871–1958) was an American writer, best known for his investigative journalism. ... Marie-Joseph-Paul-Roch-Yves-Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette (September 6, 1757 – May 20, 1834), was a French aristocrat most famous for his participation in the American Revolutionary War and early French Revolution. ... The popular song Low Bridge was written in 1905 after Erie Canal barge traffic was converted from mules to engines. ... Cover of sheet music published in 1923. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... The Great Lakes from space The Laurentian Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... The Loop is what locals call the historical center of downtown Chicago. ...


Concerns that erosion caused by logging in the Adirondacks could silt up the canal contributed to the creation of another New York National Historic Landmark, the Adirondack Park, in 1885. The Adirondack mountain range is located in the northeastern part of New York that runs through Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Fulton, Hamilton, Herkimer, Lewis, St. ... The Adirondack Park, is a large state park in northeast New York. ...


The Erie Canal today

The New York State Canal System

A commercial tour boat locks through Baldwinsville's Lock 24 on the Erie Canal.
A commercial tour boat locks through Baldwinsville's Lock 24 on the Erie Canal.

In 1918 the canal was replaced by the larger New York State Barge Canal. The new canal replaced much of the original route, leaving many abandoned sections (most notably between Syracuse and Rome) and sought to 'canalize' rivers along the way that the original canal sought to avoid, such as the Mohawk, Seneca and Clyde Rivers, and Oneida Lake. In sections which did not consist of canalized rivers (particularly between Rochester and Buffalo), the original Erie Canal channel was enlarged to 120 feet in width and 12 feet in depth. This expensive undertaking for the purpose of allowing barges of up to 2000 tons was politically unpopular in some parts of the state not served by the canal, and failed to save it from becoming obsolete. Image File history File linksMetadata Canal_tour_boat. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Canal_tour_boat. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... The New York Barge Canal is a successor to the Erie Canal and other canals within New York. ... Nickname: Location of Syracuse within the state of New York Coordinates: , City Government  - Mayor Matthew Driscoll (D) Area  - City 66. ... Rome is a city in Oneida County, New York, United States. ... The Mohawk River is a major waterway in north-central New York, United States. ... The Seneca River in Central New York State flows from west to east, from Seneca Lake, though the Montezuma Marsh at the north end of Cayuga Lake to the Senecas confluence with the Oneida and Oswego Rivers at the Three Rivers area north of Syracuse. ... Oneida Lake is a large lake in central New York, northeast of Syracuse. ... Nickname: Motto: Rochester: Made for Living Location of Rochester in New York State Country State County Monroe Government [1]  - Mayor Robert Duffy (D) Area  - City  37. ... Nickname: Location of Buffalo in New York State County Government  - Mayor Byron Brown (D) Area  - City 52. ...


The new alignment began on the Hudson River at the border between Cohoes and Waterford, where it ran northwest cross-country with five locks, running into the Mohawk River east of Crescent. While the old canal ran next to the Mohawk River all the way to Rome, the new canal generally ran through the river, straightened or widened where necessary. At Ilion the new canal left the river for good, but continued to run on a new alignment parallel to both the river and the old canal to Rome. From Rome the new route continued almost due west, merging with Fish Creek just east of its entry into Oneida Lake. The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican or as the Lenape Native Americans called it in Unami, Muhheakantuck, is a river that runs through the eastern portion of New York State and, along its southern terminus, demarcates the border between the states of New York and... Cohoes is a city located at the northeast corner Albany County, New York, USA. It is called the Spindle City because of the importance of textile production to its growth. ... Waterford Harbor and the Mohawk River (©2003 Mohawk Towpath Scenic Byways Inc. ... The Mohawk River is a major waterway in north-central New York, United States. ... Rome is a city in Oneida County, New York, United States. ... Ilion is a village in Herkimer County, New York, USA. The population was 8,610 at the 2000 census. ... Oneida Lake is a large lake in central New York, northeast of Syracuse. ...

Today, the Erie Canal is predominantly used by pleasure boats for travel and leisure.
Today, the Erie Canal is predominantly used by pleasure boats for travel and leisure.

On the west side of Oneida Lake, the new canal left along the Oneida River, with cutoffs to shorten the route. At Three Rivers the Oneida River turns northwest, and was deepened for the Oswego Canal to Lake Ontario. The new Erie Canal turned south there along the Seneca River, which turns west near Syracuse and continues west to a point in the Montezuma Marsh (43.00296° N 76.73115° W). There the Cayuga and Seneca Canal continued south with the Seneca River, and the Erie Canal began to run once again parallel to the old canal along the bottom of the Niagara Escarpment, in some places running along the Clyde River, and in some places replacing the old canal. At Pittsford, southeast of Rochester, the canal turned west to run around the south side of Rochester, rather than through downtown, rejoining the old path near North Gates. From there it was again roughly an upgrade to the original canal, running west to Lockport and southwest to Tonawanda, where the new alignment simply emptied into the Niagara River. Image File history File linksMetadata Pleasure_Boat_Canal. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Pleasure_Boat_Canal. ... The Oneida River in Central New York State flows from Oneida Lake to its confluence with the Seneca and Oswego Rivers. ... The Oswego Canal is a canal in New York, USA. It is now part of the New York Barge Canal. ... Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, USA, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... The Seneca River in Central New York State flows from west to east, from Seneca Lake, though the Montezuma Marsh at the north end of Cayuga Lake to the Senecas confluence with the Oneida and Oswego Rivers at the Three Rivers area north of Syracuse. ... Clinton Square in Downtown Syracuse Syracuse is an American city in Central New York. ... Montezuma Marsh is a marsh at the northern end of Cayuga Lake in the Finger Lakes region of New York. ... The Cayuga and Seneca Canal is a canal in New York, USA. It is now part of the New York Barge Canal. ... Rattlesnake Point near Milton, Ontario. ... Pittsford is a village located in Monroe County, New York. ... Nickname: Motto: Rochester: Made for Living Location of Rochester in New York State Country State County Monroe Government [1]  - Mayor Robert Duffy (D) Area  - City  37. ... Lockport is a city located in Niagara County, New York, United States. ... The name Tonawanda as a location confuses even the people who live in other and even nearby Western New York communities. ... Satellite image of the Niagara River. ...

The modern Erie Canal has 34 locks, which are painted with the blue and gold colors of the New York State Canal System's parent authority, the Thruway Authority.
The modern Erie Canal has 34 locks, which are painted with the blue and gold colors of the New York State Canal System's parent authority, the Thruway Authority.

Due to the growth of the highway system, railroads, and the Saint Lawrence Seaway, commercial traffic on the canal declined dramatically during the second half of the twentieth century. Since the 1990s, use of the Canal system has been primarily by recreational traffic, although a very limited amount of commercial traffic still uses the system. The Erie Canal is open to small craft and some larger vessels for most of the year. During the winter, water is drained from parts of the canal, enabling repairs and maintenance. The annual boating season runs from May through November. In 1992, the New York State Barge Canal was renamed the New York State Canal System (including the Erie, Cayuga-Seneca, Oswego and Champlain Canals) and was put under the authority of the newly created New York State Canal Corporation, a subsidiary of the New York State Thruway Authority. Today the Erie Canal Corridor covers 524 miles (843 km) of navigable water from Lake Champlain to the Capital Region and west to Lake Erie. The area has a population of 2.7 million, and it has been estimated that about 75% of upstate New York's population lives within 25 miles (40 km) of the Erie Canal. In 2006, recreational boating usage fees were eliminated in hopes of attracting more visitors to the canal system. The canal system is currently operated using money generated by Thruway tolls. Image File history File links BaldwinsvilleLock24. ... Image File history File links BaldwinsvilleLock24. ... The Eisenhower Locks in Massena, NY. The St. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... The New York State Canal System (formerly known as the New York State Barge Canal) is a successor to the Erie Canal and other canals within New York. ... The New York Barge Canal is a successor to the Erie Canal and other canals within New York. ... The Oswego Canal is a canal in New York, USA. It is now part of the New York Barge Canal. ... The Champlain Canal is a canal in New York, USA. It is now part of the New York Barge Canal. ... The New York State Canal Corporation is a subsidiary of the New York State Thruway Authority. ... The New York State Thruway (officially the Governor Thomas E. Dewey Thruway) is a limited-access toll highway in the U.S. state of New York. ... Landsat photo Lake Champlain (French: lac Champlain) is a large lake in North America, mostly within the borders of the United States (states of Vermont and New York) but partially situated across the US-Canada border in the province of Quebec. ... The Capital District is an imprecise regional definition (much like Upstate New York) that generally refers to the four counties surrounding Albany, the capital of New York: Schenectady County, Albany County, Saratoga County and Rensselaer County. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Travel on the Canal's middle section (particularly in the Mohawk River valley) was severely hampered during destructive flooding in Upstate New York in late June and early July 2006. Flood damage to the canal system and its facilities was estimated at at least $15 million. The Mohawk River is a major waterway in north-central New York, United States. ... The areas highlighted in YELLOW and GREEN are those which are considered to be a bona fide part of Upstate New York from the perspective of New York City. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Old Erie Canal

The Old Erie Canal and its towpath at Kirkville, New York, within Old Erie Canal State Historic Park.
The Old Erie Canal and its towpath at Kirkville, New York, within Old Erie Canal State Historic Park.

Sections of the old Erie Canal abandoned after 1918 are owned by New York State, or have been ceded to or purchased by counties or municipalities. Many stretches of the old canal have been filled in to create roads such as Erie Boulevard in Syracuse, and Broad Street and the Rochester Subway in Rochester. A 36-mile (58-km) stretch of the old canal is preserved by the state of New York at Old Erie Canal State Historic Park, and in 1960 the Schoharie Crossing State Historic Site, a section of the canal that lies in Montgomery County, was among the first sites recognized as a National Historic Landmark.[2] Image File history File linksMetadata Kirkville-olderie1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Kirkville-olderie1. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... Nickname: Location of Syracuse within the state of New York Coordinates: , City Government  - Mayor Matthew Driscoll (D) Area  - City 66. ... The city of Rochester New York once had an underground rapid transit system, called the Rochester Subway. ... Nickname: Motto: Rochester: Made for Living Location of Rochester in New York State Country State County Monroe Government [1]  - Mayor Robert Duffy (D) Area  - City  37. ... The Old Erie Canal and its towpath at Kirkville, New York, within Old Erie Canal State Historic Park. ... Schoharie Crossing State Historic Site, also known as Erie Canal National Historic Landmark, is a historic district that includes a 3. ... Montgomery County is a county located in the state of New York. ... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ...


Some local municipalities have also elected to preserve their sections of the canal as town or county canal parks, or have plans to do so. In some communities, the old canal has been cleared of overgrowth and debris and has been refilled with water. Proposals have been made to rehydrate the old canal where it once traveled through downtown Rochester or Syracuse, as a potential tourist attraction. (In Syracuse, the location of the old canal is represented by a reflecting pool in downtown's Clinton Square and the downtown hosts a canal barge and weigh lock structure, now dry.) In 2004, the administration of New York governor George Pataki was criticized when it was discovered that officials of the New York State Canal Corporation (a subsidiary of the New York State Thruway Authority) had attempted to sell private development rights to large stretches of the Old Erie Canal to a single developer for a mere US$30,000, far less than the land was worth on the open market. After an investigation by the Syracuse Post-Standard newspaper, the Pataki administration later nullified the deal. Nickname: Motto: Rochester: Made for Living Location of Rochester in New York State Country State County Monroe Government [1]  - Mayor Robert Duffy (D) Area  - City  37. ... Nickname: Location of Syracuse within the state of New York Coordinates: , City Government  - Mayor Matthew Driscoll (D) Area  - City 66. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A weigh lock is a specialized canal lock designed to determine the weight of barges in order to asses toll payments based upon the weight and value of the cargo carried. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... George Elmer Pataki (born June 24, 1945) is an American politician who was the 57th Governor of New York serving from January 1995 until January 1, 2007. ... The New York State Canal Corporation is a subsidiary of the New York State Thruway Authority. ... The New York State Thruway (officially the Governor Thomas E. Dewey Thruway) is a limited-access toll highway in the U.S. state of New York. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... The Syracuse Post-Standard is the major newspaper servicing the greater Syracuse, NY metro area. ...


The creation of a unified, statewide Erie Canal historic trail system or greenway to attract tourism has been an elusive goal since the concept was first proposed in the 1990s. However, many communities along the Old Erie Canal have made significant progress in establishing new parks, improving the quality of existing towpaths, and raising funding for restoration of old canal structures such as locks and aqueducts. Biking, hiking, snowmobiling, cross-country skiing, horseback riding, canoeing and fishing are among the recreational activities being promoted. The term greenway was coined by taking the green from green belt and adding it to the way from parkway. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ...


The towpath is a good choice for an easy multi-day bicycle vacation stopping in several of the towns along the way. Many have accommodations such as B&Bs, motels and campsites and welcome visitors to the Canal. For more information, check the website of [1] Parks and Trails New York Canalway Corridor; they offer information on the canal on their website as well as selling a handy guidebook (latest edition 2007) to the system complete with waterproof trail maps and information on nearby places to have a meal, spend the night or visit a spot of historical interest. A type of touring bicycle Bicycle touring is a leisure travel activity which involves touring, exploring or sightseeing by bicycle. ... Tourists of various nationalities chatting over breakfast at a B&B in Quebec City. ...


Parks and museums on the Old Erie Canal include:

See also: Rome is a city in Oneida County, New York, United States. ... Chittenango is a village located inside the Town of Sullivan in Madison County, New York, USA. The population was 4,855 at the 2000 census. ... The Old Erie Canal and its towpath at Kirkville, New York, within Old Erie Canal State Historic Park. ... De Witt is a town located in Onondaga County, New York. ... Erie Canal Museum in former weigh lock building, Syracuse, New York. ... Nickname: Location of Syracuse within the state of New York Coordinates: , City Government  - Mayor Matthew Driscoll (D) Area  - City 66. ... Camillus, New York is the name of two locations in Onondaga County, New York. ... Elbridge is a town in Onondaga County, New York, United States. ... Weedsport is a village located in Cayuga County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, the village had a total population of 2,017. ... Clyde is a village located in Wayne County, New York. ... Macedon is a town located in Wayne County, New York. ... Palmyra is a town in Wayne County, New York, USA. The population was 7,672 at the 2000 census. ...

  • Parks and Trails New York Canalway Corridor

Locks

The following list of locks are provided for the current canal, from east to west: Canal locks in England. ...


Note: There is no Lock 1 or Lock 31 on the Erie Canal. The place of "Lock 1" on the passage from the lower Hudson to Lake Erie is taken by the Federal Lock, located just north of Troy, NY, and is not part of the Erie Canal System proper. The federal dam is a place in New York where in 1988, Attorney General Edwin Meese fellated an eight-year-old boy, killed him, and dumped his nude body. ...

Lock # Location Elevation

(upstream / west)

Elevation

(downstream / east)

Lift Distance to Next Lock

(upstream / west)

2 Waterford 48.9 feet 15.3 feet 33.6 feet E3, 0.28 miles
3 Waterford 83.5 feet 48.9 feet 34.6 feet E4, 0.62 miles
4 Waterford 118.1 feet 83.5 feet 34.6 feet E5, 0.16 miles
5 Waterford 151.4 feet 118.1 feet 33.3 feet E6, 0.28 miles
6 Waterford 184.4 feet 151.4 feet 33 feet E7, 10.83 miles
7 Niskayuna 211.4 feet 184.4 feet 27 feet E8, 10.83 miles
8 Glenville 225.4 feet 211.4 feet 14 feet E9, 4.82 miles
9 Rotterdam 240.4 feet 225.4 feet 15 feet E10, 6.16 miles
10 Cranesville 255.4 feet 240.4 feet 15 feet E11, 4.05 miles
11 Amsterdam 267.4 feet 255.4 feet 12 feet E12, 4.57 miles
12 Tribes Hill 278.4 feet 267.4 feet 11 feet E13, 9.68 miles
13 Randall 286.4 feet 278.4 feet 8 feet E14, 7.9 miles
14 Canajoharie 294.4 feet 286.4 feet 8 feet E15, data unavailable
15 Fort Plain 302.4 feet 294.4 feet 8 feet E16, data unavailable
16 Mindenville 322.9 feet 302.4 feet 20.5 feet E17, data unavailable
17 Little Falls 363.4 feet 322.9 feet 40.5 feet E18, data unavailable
18 Jacksonburg 383.4 feet 363.4 feet 20 feet E19, data unavailable
19 Frankfort 404.4 feet 383.4 feet 21 feet E20, data unavailable
20 Careys Corners 420.4 feet 404.4 feet 16 feet E21, data unavailable
21 Rome 395.4 feet 420.4 feet 25 feet E22, data unavailable
22 Rome 370.1 feet 395.4 feet 25.3 feet E23, data unavailable
23 Brewerton 363 feet 370.1 feet 7.1 feet E24, data unavailable
24 Baldwinsville 374 feet 363 feet 11 feet E25, 30.75 miles
25 Mays Point 380 feet 374 feet 6 feet E26, 5.84 miles
26 Clyde 386 feet 380 feet 6 feet E27, 12.06 miles
27 Lyons 398.5 feet 386 feet 12.5 feet E28A, 1.25 miles
28A Lyons 418 feet 398.5 feet 19.5 feet E28B, 3.93 miles
28B Newark 430 feet 418 feet 12 feet E29, 9.7 miles
29 Palmyra 446 feet 430 feet 16 feet E30, 3 miles
30 Macedon 462.4 feet 446 feet 16.4 feet E32, 16.1 miles
32 Pittsford 487.5 feet 462.4 feet 25.1 feet E33, 1.3 miles
33 Henrietta 512.9 feet 487.5 feet 25.4 feet E34/35, 64.2 miles
34 Lockport 539.5 feet 514.9 feet[3] 24.6 feet E35, 0 miles
35 Lockport 564 feet 539.5 feet 24.5 feet Black Rock Lock in Niagara River, 26 miles
  1. ^ Editors (October 22, 2001) "Invest in Canal but Make Goals Realistic." UticaOD.com
  2. ^ National Park Service, National Historic Landmarks Survey, New York, retrieved May 30, 2007.
  3. ^ Between Locks 33 and 34 the canal rises 2 feet

Waterford Harbor and the Mohawk River (©2003 Mohawk Towpath Scenic Byways Inc. ... Waterford Harbor and the Mohawk River (©2003 Mohawk Towpath Scenic Byways Inc. ... Waterford Harbor and the Mohawk River (©2003 Mohawk Towpath Scenic Byways Inc. ... Waterford Harbor and the Mohawk River (©2003 Mohawk Towpath Scenic Byways Inc. ... Waterford Harbor and the Mohawk River (©2003 Mohawk Towpath Scenic Byways Inc. ... Niskayuna is a town in Schenectady County, New York, USA. The population was 20,295 at the 2000 census. ... Glenville is a town located in Schenectady County, New York. ... Rotterdam is a town in Schenectady County, New York, United States. ... Lock E11 of the Erie Canal is in the City of Amsterdam, New York. ... Amsterdam, New York is the name of two locations in Montgomery County, New York. ... Tribes Hill is a hamlet (and census-designated place) located in the Town of Mohawk in Montgomery County, New York. ... Canajoharie, New York may refer to either: The Town of Canajoharie or The Village of Canajoharie. ... Fort Plain is a village located in Montgomery County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, the village had a total population of 2,288. ... Minden is a town located in Montgomery County, New York. ... Little Falls, New York may refer to either: The Town of Little Falls, located in Herkimer County, New York or The City of Little Falls, located within Town of Little Falls ... Frankfort is a town located in Herkimer County, New York. ... Marcy is a town in Oneida County, New York, USA. The population was 9,469 at the 2000 census. ... Rome is a city in Oneida County, New York, United States. ... Rome is a city in Oneida County, New York, United States. ... A neighborhood in Brewerton. ... The Emita II locks through Lock 24 located across from Paper Mill Island in downtown Baldwinsville. ... Clyde is a village located in Wayne County, New York. ... Lyons is a town located in Wayne County, New York. ... Lyons is a town located in Wayne County, New York. ... Newark is a village in Wayne County, New York, USA, 30 miles (48 km) east by south of Rochester. ... Palmyra is a town in Wayne County, New York, USA. The population was 7,672 at the 2000 census. ... Macedon is a town located in Wayne County, New York. ... Location map of Pittsford Pittsford is a town in Monroe County, New York, United States. ... Henrietta is a town in Monroe County, New York, United States. ... Lockport is a city located in Niagara County, New York, United States. ... Lockport is a city located in Niagara County, New York, United States. ... Satellite image of the Niagara River. ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ...

See also

The following canals have existed in New York, USA. Baldwinsville Canal Black River Canal Cayuga and Seneca Canal Champlain Canal Chemung Canal Chenango Canal Chenango Canal Extension City Ship Canal Clark and Skinner Canal Crooked Lake Canal Delaware and Hudson Canal Erie Canal Evans Ship Canal Feeder Canal Genesee Valley... The following is a List of canals in the United States: Transportation Canals in operation Augusta Canal Cal-Sag Channel (Chicago) Cape Cod Canal (Massachusetts) Cascades Canal Chesapeake and Delaware Canal Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, part of the Illinois Waterway Dalles-Celilo Canal Delaware Canal (Pennsylvania) Delaware & Raritan Canal...

References

  • Wedding of the Waters: The Erie Canal and the Making of a Great Nation, by Peter L. Bernstein, New York : W.W. Norton, 2005, ISBN 0-393-05233-8.
  • The Artificial River: The Erie Canal and the Paradox of Progress, 1817-1862, by Carol Sheriff, New York : Hill and Wang, 1996, ISBN 0-8090-2753-4.
  • Bridge Height Tables

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Erie Canal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3808 words)
The canal was to consist of a forty foot (12 m) wide, four foot (1.2 m) deep cut, with the removed soil being piled on the downhill side to form a walkway on that side.
The canal began on the west side of the Hudson River at Albany, and ran north to a split with the Champlain Canal at Troy.
In sections which did not consist of canalized rivers (particularly between Rochester and Buffalo), the original Erie Canal channel was enlarged to 120 feet in width and 12 feet in depth, an expensive undertaking which was politically unpopular in some parts of the state not served by the canal.
Erie Canal - MSN Encarta (667 words)
Erie Canal, artificial inland waterway that extends from Lake Erie, at Buffalo, New York, to the Hudson River, near Albany, New York.
Partly due to the canal, the population of New York City grew from 123,706 in 1820 to 696,115 in 1850.
By the early 1980s the Erie Canal was a relatively minor commercial waterway, mainly because most waterborne freight traffic between the Great Lakes and the Atlantic were using the St.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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