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Encyclopedia > Eric XIV of Sweden
Erik XIVKing of Sweden
Erik XIV
King of Sweden
  Swedish Royalty
  House of Vasa

Gustav I
Children
   Eric, John, Catherine, Cecilia, Magnus, Anna, Sofia, Elizabeth, Charles
Eric XIV
Children
   Sigrid, Gustav
John III
Children
   Sigismund, Princess Anna, John
Sigismund
Children
   Władysław IV, John II Casimir, John Albert, Charles Ferdinand, Alexander Charles, Anna Catherine Konstantia
Charles IX
Children
   Catherine, Gustav Adolf, Maria Elizabeth, Christina, Carl Philip
Grandson
   Charles X Gustav
Gustav II Adolf
Children
   Christina
Christina

Eric XIV (December 13, 1533February 26, 1577) was King of Sweden from 1560 until he was deposed in 1568. Eric XIV was the son of Gustav I of Sweden (1523–60) and Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg. He was also ruler of Estonia, after its conquest by Sweden-Finland in 1561. He was intelligent and artisticaly skilled, as well as politically ambitious. However, early in his reign he showed signs of mental instability, a condition which eventually led to insanity. Image File history File links Painted around 1560. ... Image File history File links Painted around 1560. ... The Vasa Coat of Arms The House of Vasa was the Royal House of Sweden (1523-1654) and of Poland (1587-1668). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (733x907, 190 KB) Snopek coat of arms, the arms of the Vasa dynasty and various kings of both Poland and Sweden made by Halibutt in Blender and GIMP Based on the excellent French Wikipédia:Projet/Blasons and help from w... Gustav I of Sweden, commonly known as Gustav Vasa, but originally known as Gustav Eriksson (May 12, 1496 – September 29, 1560) was King of Sweden from 1523 until his death. ... John III (Johan III) (December 23, 1537 - November 27, 1592) was King of Sweden from 1568 until his death. ... Princess Catherine of Sweden (Prinsessan Katarina) (November 10, 1584 – December 13, 1638) was the daughter of Charles IX of Sweden. ... Cecilia of Sweden, also Cecilia Vasa (Stockholm, November 16, 1540 - 1627), was Princess of Sweden and daughter of King Gustav I and Queen Margareta Leijonhufvud. ... Charles IX (Karl IX) (October 4, 1550 – October 30, 1611), was King of Sweden from 1604 until his death. ... John III (Johan III) (December 23, 1537 - November 27, 1592) was King of Sweden from 1568 until his death. ... Reign in Poland September 18, 1587 – April 19, 1632. ... Reign in Poland September 18, 1587 – April 19, 1632. ... Reign in Poland November 8, 1632 – May 20, 1648. ... Reign From November, 1648 until September 16, 1668 Elected In November 1648 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On January 19, 1649 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Vasa Parents Zygmunt III Waza Constance of Austria Consorts Ludwika Maria Children with Ludwika Maria Maria Anna... John Albert Vasa (Jan Albert Waza) (June 25, 1612 – December 29, 1634), bishop of Warmia and Kraków, cardinal. ... Charles Ferdinand Vasa (Karol Ferdynand Vasa) (1613-1655), was Duke of Opole from 1648 to 1655. ... Alexander Charles Vasa (Aleksander Karol Waza) (November 4, 1614 – November 19, 1634) was the fifth son of King Sigismund III of Poland and his wife Constance of Austria. ... Charles IX (Karl IX) (October 4, 1550 – October 30, 1611), was King of Sweden from 1604 until his death. ... Princess Catherine of Sweden (Prinsessan Katarina) (November 10, 1584 – December 13, 1638) was the daughter of Charles IX of Sweden. ... Gustav II Adolf (also known as Gustaf Adolf den store or Gustavus II Adolphus) (December 9, 1594 – November 6, 1632 O.S.), widely known by the Latinized name Gustavus Adolphus and referred to by Protestants as the Lion of the North, was King of Sweden from 1611 until his death. ... For the present-day Prince Carl Philip, please refer to Prince Carl Philip, Duke of Wermelandia. ... Charles X Gustav (Karl X Gustav) (November 8, 1622 – February 13, 1660), was King of Sweden from 1654 until his death. ... Gustav II Adolf (also known as Gustaf Adolf den store or Gustavus II Adolphus) (December 9, 1594 – November 6, 1632 O.S.), widely known by the Latinized name Gustavus Adolphus and referred to by Protestants as the Lion of the North, was King of Sweden from 1611 until his death. ... Christina (Kristina) (December 8, 1626 – April 19, 1689), later known as Maria Christina Alexandra and sometimes Count Dohna, was Queen regnant of Sweden from 1632 to 1654. ... Christina (Kristina) (December 8, 1626 – April 19, 1689), later known as Maria Christina Alexandra and sometimes Count Dohna, was Queen regnant of Sweden from 1632 to 1654. ... December 13 is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 25 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne Boleyn, his second Queen consort. ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events March 17 - formation of the Cathay Company to send Martin Frobisher back to the New World for more gold May 28 - Publication of the Bergen Book, better known as the Solid Declaration of the Formula of Concord, one of the Lutheran confessional writings. ... Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a representative democracy based on a parliamentary system. ... Events February 27 - The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland The first tulip bulb was brought from Turkey to the Netherlands. ... Events March 23 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. ... Gustav I of Sweden, commonly known as Gustav Vasa, but originally known as Gustav Eriksson (May 12, 1496 – September 29, 1560) was King of Sweden from 1523 until his death. ... Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg, Katarina in Swedish, (1513 - September 23, 1535), was the first consort of Sweden from 1531 until her death. ... The traditional lands of Sweden. ... // Events The Edict of Orleans suspends the persecution of the Huguenots. ... Agnolo Bronzino, Venus, Cupid, Folly and Time (1540/45), Detail Insanity, or madness, is a semi-permanent, severe mental disorder typically stemming from a form of mental illness. ...


Eric XIV's foreign policy was dominated by his efforts to make Sweden a great power. Unlike his father, who had in general been satisfied with ruling an independent state, Eric XIV tried to expand his influence in the Baltic and in Estonia. This expansionism made him clash with his cousin, Frederick II of Denmark (1559–88). Striving for useful political alliances, Eric XIV also made unsuccessful marriage proposals to, among others, Elizabeth I of England (1558–1603) and Mary I of Scotland (1542–67). A foreign policy is a set of political goals that seeks to outline how a particular country will interact with the other countries of the world. ... The Baltic Sea The Baltic region (sometimes briefly The Baltics) is an ambiguous term used to denominate an arbitrary region connected to the Baltic Sea (also called The Baltics). ... Frederick II of Denmark and Norway Frederick II (July 1, 1534 - April 4, 1588), King of Denmark and Norway from 1559 until his death. ... Elizabeth I, (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Queen of Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. ... Mary I of Scotland (Mary Stuart) (December 8, 1542 – February 8, 1587), better known as Mary, Queen of Scots, was Queen of Scots, monarch of the Kingdom of Scotland, from December 14, 1542 – July 24, 1567; and Queen Consort of France from July 10, 1559 – December 5, 1560. ...


In domestic politics Eric XIV's ambitions were strongly opposed by the Swedish nobility, including his half-brother, the later John III of Sweden (1568–92). John rebelled, but was captured and tried for high treason in 1563. Most of Eric XIV's reign was dominated by the Scandinavian Seven Years' War against Denmark, during which he successfully repelled most Danish attempts of conquest, but was not able to keep his own conquests. During these years his insanity worsened; his reign became even more high-handed and marked by assaults, among them the killing of several members of the Sture family in 1566. In 1568 he was deposed and imprisoned by John III who took over power. Eric XIV's most trusted counsellor, Jöran Persson, took much of the blame for the actions taken against the nobility during Eric XIV's reign and was executed shortly after John III ascended to the throne. The Lords and Barons prove their Nobility by hanging their Banners and exposing their Coats-of-arms at the Windows of the Lodge of the Heralds. ... John III (Johan III) (December 23, 1537 - November 27, 1592) was King of Sweden from 1568 until his death. ... Under English, and later British law, high treason is the crime of disloyalty to the Sovereign. ... Events February 1 - Sarsa Dengel succeeds his father Menas as Emperor of Ethiopia February 18 - The Duke of Guise is assassinated while besieging Orléans March - Peace of Amboise. ... Fredrik II attacks Älvsborg 1563 The Northern Seven Years War (also known as the Nordic Seven Years War, the First Northern War or the Seven Years War in Scandinavia) was the war between Sweden and a coalition of Denmark-Norway, Lubeck and Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, fought between 1563 and 1570. ... Sture was the name an influential family in Sweden from the late 15th century to the early 16th century. ... Jöran Persson, alternatively Göran Persson (c. ...


Eric XIV died in prison: according to folklore, his final meal was a poisoned bowl of pea soup. A document signed by his brother John III of Sweden and a nobleman, Bengt Bengtsson Gylta, gave Eric XIV's watchmen in his last prison authorization to poison him if anyone tried to release him. His body was later exhumed; forensic analysis revealed evidence of arsenic poisoning. Folklore is the body of verbal expressive culture, including tales, legends, oral history, proverbs, jokes, popular beliefs current among a particular population, comprising the oral tradition of that culture, subculture, or group. ... The skull and crossbones symbol traditionally used to label a poisonous substance. ... Dutch pea soup Pea soup is soup made, typically, from dried split peas. ... By other animals Humans are not the only species to bury their dead. ... General Name, Symbol, Number arsenic, As, 33 Chemical series metalloids Group, Period, Block 15, 4, p Appearance metallic gray Atomic mass 74. ...


Eric XIV had several relationships before his marriage. With Agda Persdotter he had three daughters: House of Vasa Agda Persdotter, mistress of Eric XIV of Sweden Karin Jacobsdotter, mistress of Eric XIV of Sweden Karin Hansdotter, mistress of John III of Sweden Karin Nilsdotter, mistress of Charles IX of Sweden Ebba Brahe, mistress of Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden Margareta Slots, mistress of Gustavus Adolphus of...

  1. Virginia Eriksdotter (15591633) (living descendants)
  2. Constantia Eriksdotter (15601649) (living descendants)
  3. Lucretia Eriksdotter (1564 – after 1574) died young.

With Karin Jacobsdotter: Events January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... Events February 13 - Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome for his trial before the Inquisition. ... Events February 27 - The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland The first tulip bulb was brought from Turkey to the Netherlands. ... // Events January 30 - King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland is beheaded. ... Events March 27 — Naples bans kissing in public under the penalty of death June 22 — Fort Caroline, the first French attempt at colonizing the New World September 10 — The Battle of Kawanakajima Ottoman Turks invade Malta Modern pencil becomes common in England Conquistadors crossed the Pacific Spanish founded a colony... Events April 14 - Battle of Mookerheyde. ... House of Vasa Agda Persdotter, mistress of Eric XIV of Sweden Karin Jacobsdotter, mistress of Eric XIV of Sweden Karin Hansdotter, mistress of John III of Sweden Karin Nilsdotter, mistress of Charles IX of Sweden Ebba Brahe, mistress of Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden Margareta Slots, mistress of Gustavus Adolphus of...

  1. An unmarried child, dead apr. 1565.

Eric XIV finally married Karin Månsdotter (15501612), on July 4, 1568, their children were: Events March 1 - the city of Rio de Janeiro is founded April 27 - Cebu City is established becoming the first Spanish settlement in the Philippines. ... Karin MÃ¥nsdotter Karin MÃ¥nsdotter (1550-1612) was Queen of Sweden and wife to Eric XIV of Sweden. ... Events February 7 - Julius III becomes Pope. ... Events January 20 - Mathias becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ... July 4 is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 180 days remaining. ... Events March 23 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. ...

  1. Sigrid (15661633) (born before the marriage)
  2. Gustaf (15681607) (born before the marriage)
  3. Henrik (15701574)
  4. Arnold (15721573)

Events January 7 - Pius V becomes Pope Selim II succeeds Suleiman I as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire Religious rioting in the Netherlands signifies the beginning of the Eighty Years War in the Netherlands. ... Events February 13 - Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome for his trial before the Inquisition. ... Events March 23 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. ... Events January 20 - Tidal wave swept along the Bristol Channel, killing 2000 people. ... Events January 23 - The assassination of regent James Stewart, Earl of Moray throws Scotland into civil war February 25 - Pope Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England with the bull Regnans in Excelsis May 20 - Abraham Ortelius issues the first modern atlas. ... Events April 14 - Battle of Mookerheyde. ... Events January 16 - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. ... Events January - articles of Warsaw Confederation signed, sanctioning religious freedom in Poland. ...

See also

Preceded by:
Gustav I
King of Sweden
1560–68
Succeeded by:
John III

  Results from FactBites:
 
Royal Family of Europe - pafg160 - Generated by Personal Ancestral File (1500 words)
Nils Mansson NATT OCH DAG.Nils married Karin Göransdotter GYLLENSTIERNA in 1553 in Vårdnäs, Östergötlands län, Sweden.
Karin Göransdotter GYLLENSTIERNA.Karin married Nils Mansson NATT OCH DAG in 1553 in Vårdnäs, Östergötlands län, Sweden.
Nils NILSSON NATT OCH DAG was born in 1554.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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