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Encyclopedia > Eric Cline

Eric H. Cline (born August 12, 1955 in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan) is a Canadian politician. He has served in the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan since 1991 as a member of the New Democratic Party (NDP), and has been a senior cabinet minister in the governments of Roy Romanow and Lorne Calvert. He is currently the provincial Minister of Industry and Resources. August 12 is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Saskatoon is a city located in central Saskatchewan, Canada, on the South Saskatchewan River. ... Motto: Multis E Gentibus Vires (Latin: From many peoples, strength) Official languages English (but legally required to provide some services in French) Capital Regina Largest city Saskatoon Lieutenant-Governor Gordon Barnhart Premier Lorne Calvert (NDP) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 14 6 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked... The Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan is located in Regina. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Saskatchewan New Democratic Party (NDP) is a social democratic political party in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. ... Alternate meanings in cabinet (disambiguation) A Cabinet is a body of high-ranking members of government, typically representing the executive branch. ... Roy Romanow, PC , OC , SOM , QC , LL.B. , DU (born August 12, 1939), Canadian politician and Premier of Saskatchewan (1991–2001), was born in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. ... Lorne Calvert (born December 24, 1954 in Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan) is the current premier of the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. ...

Contents


Early life and career

Cline received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Political Science from the University of Saskatchewan in 1976. He campaigned for the NDP while still a student, finishing third in Regina South in the 1975 provincial election. He subsequently received a Bachelor of Laws from the University of Saskatchewan, was called to the Saskatchewan Bar in 1980, and worked for the firm Woloshyn Mattison (Calgary Herald, 9 January 1996). A Bachelor of Arts (B.A. or A.B., from the Latin Artium Baccalaureus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or program in the arts and/or sciences. ... Political science is a social science discipline that deals with the theory and practice of politics and the description and analysis of political systems and political behavior. ... The University of Saskatchewan (U of S) is the largest education institution in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1976 calendar). ... Regina South is a provincial electoral district for the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan, Canada. ... The Eighteenth Provincial General Election in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan was held on June 11, 1975. ... The degree of Bachelor of Laws is the principal academic degree in law in most common law countries other than the United States, where it has been replaced by the Juris Doctor degree. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ...


Member of Provincial Parliament

Government backbencher

He was first elected to the Saskatchewan legislature in the 1991 provincial election, winning election in the safe NDP seat of Saskatoon Idylwyld. The New Democrats won a majority government under the leadership of Roy Romanow, and Cline served as a government backbencher. He was re-elected for the new seat of Saskatoon Mount Royal in the 1995 election. The Twenty-Second Provincial General Election in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan was held on October 21, 1991. ... In the Westminster System, a majority government is one in which the government enjoys an absolute majority of seats in the legislature or Parliament. ... Roy Romanow, PC , OC , SOM , QC , LL.B. , DU (born August 12, 1939), Canadian politician and Premier of Saskatchewan (1991–2001), was born in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. ... The Twenty-Third Provincial General Election in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan was held on June 21, 1995. ...


In March 1995, Cline announced that he would support Chris Axworthy for leader of the federal New Democratic Party (Globe and Mail, 23 March 1995). Axworthy subsequently declined to run. Chris Axworthy (born March 10, 1947, Plymouth, England) is a Canadian politician. ... The New Democratic Party (NDP) is a political party in Canada with a social democratic philosophy and moderate democratic socialist tendencies that contests elections at both the federal and provincial levels. ...


Minister of Health

Cline was called to cabinet on November 22, 1995, and was given the senior portfolio of Minister of Health. He continued with the Romanow government's previous health reforms, and defended the decision to create consolidated regional health boards (Saskatoon Star-Phoenix, 25 November 1996). A defender of the public health system, he helped bring forward the Health Facilities Licensing Act in May 1996 to restrict private clinics from being established in the province (Saskatoon Star-Phoenix, 2 May 1996). Shortly thereafter, he eased restrictions on private nursing homes in the province (SSP, 14 May 1996). Cline described this as a fair compromise, though some in the public sector described the latter initiative as an abandonment of medicare (SSP, 24 May 1996). November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... The term medicare (in lowercase) (French: assurance-maladie) is the unofficial name for Canadas universal public health insurance system. ...


During the same legislative session, Cline introduced legislation to permit greater tax incentives for those who donate money to the health-care system (SSP, 22 May 1996). In August 1996, he announced that the provincial and federal governments would cooperate to construct a new Athabasca health facility in northern Saskatchewan (SSP, 14 August 1996). Later in the year, after accusations of underfunding by the Saskatchewan Nurses Union, Cline and the Romanow government introducted an additional $40 million for the provincial health system (SSP, 22 August 1996).


In 1997, Cline indicated that Saskatchewan would take steps toward the legalization and regulation of midwifery, (Globe and Mail, 27 March 1997) and announced a $25,000 incentive for doctors setting up a practice in rural communities (Winnipeg Free Press, 26 April 1997). He also spoke out against plans by the federal government of Jean Chr├ętien to offer pharmaceutical companies twenty-year patent protection for new prescription drugs (SSP, 17 April 1997). In June 1997, he encouraged the Canadian federal and provincial governments to pool their resources in a class action lawsuit against tobacco companies for health-related expenses (18 June 1997) Midwifery is the term traditionally used to describe the art of assisting a woman through childbirth. ... Jean Chrétien (born January 11, 1934), was the twentieth Prime Minister of Canada, serving from November 4, 1993 to December 12, 2003. ... Species N. glauca N. longiflora N. rustica N. sylvestris N. tabacum Ref: ITIS 30562 as of August 26, 2005 Tobacco (, L.) refers to a genus of broad-leafed plants of the nightshade family indigenous to North and South America, or to the dried and cured leaves of such plants. ...


He also served as Acting Minister of Labour from July 1, 1996 to August 6, 1996. July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... August 6 is the 218th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (219th in leap years), with 147 days remaining. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...


Minister of Finance

Romanow government

Cline was promoted to Minister of Finance in the Romanow government on June 27, 1997, replacing Janice MacKinnon. He introduced the Romanow government's fourth consecutive balanced budget in March 1998. Highlighted by an unexpected 2% provincial income tax cut, the budget also provided tax incentives for the film and energy sectors, while increasing spending on health, education and roads (Financial Post, 20 March 1998). In August, he released figures indicating that the provincial surplus target was $11 million more than expected (Globe and Mail, 28 August 1998). June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 187 days remaining. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Cline wrote an editorial piece in the Financial Post newspaper in mid-1998, arguing that the Romanow government had prevented Saskatchewan from falling into bankruptcy through its policy decisions since 1991 (4 August 1998). The editorial was a response to a previous Post article which questioned the Romanow government's financial record. The National Post is a large Canadian English language national newspaper based in Toronto. ...


Just before the 1999 budget was unveiled, Cline announced that the Saskatchewan government would contribute $140 million to a farm-aid package. This payment reduced the estimated budget surplus to $8 million from $105 million (Times-Colonist, 2 March 1999). The final totals indicated a surplus of $28 million (Saskatoon Star-Phoenix, 29 October 1999).


Cline's 1999 budget reduced the provincial sales tax by 1%, and put $195 million of new spending into health care (Winnipeg Free Press, 27 March 1999). Two months later, he announced that the province would conduct a review of its tax system (Globe and Mail, 7 May 1999). This announcement led to the creation of the Personal Income Tax Review Committee, which held several public meetings throughout the summer of 1999.


The NDP was unexpectedly reduced to a minority government in the 1999 provincial election, and later formed a coalition government with the Liberal Party. Cline was personally re-elected without difficulty and was retained as Finance Minister. A minority government or a minority cabinet is a cabinet of a parliamentary system formed by the leading political party when it has won a plurality but not a majority of seats in the parliament. ... The Twenty-Fourth Provincial General Election in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan was held on September 16, 1999. ... A coalition government, or coalition cabinet, is a cabinet in parliamentary government in which several parties cooperate. ... The Saskatchewan Liberal Party is a political party in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. ...


Cline released the coalition government's first budget in 2000, which featured income tax cuts and an expansion of the sales tax. He described the budget as providing for "growth and opportunity for Saskatchewan" rather than "buying the short-term goodwill of people with their own tax dollars" (Globe and Mail, 30 March 2000). It was largely welcomed by the business community, and was given an "A" grade from the leader of the North Saskatoon Business Association (SSP, 30 March 2000). The budget also included a controversial provision to extend the provincial sales tax to off-reserve aboriginals (Globe and Mail, 17 April 2000).


Expanding oil and gas revenues brought the Saskatchewan government an unexpected windfall of $370 million in late 2000. In late November, Cline was able to announce $150 million worth of spending for road and highway repairs over the next three years (Canadian Press, 30 November 2000). The final budget surplus for the fiscal year ending in 2001 was $58 million, much higher than the $9 million projected (Broadcast News, 20 July 2001).


Calvert government

Romanow announced his retirement as Premier of Saskatchewan and NDP leader in September 2000. Cline was mentioned by some as a possible successor (Canadian Press, 25 September 2000), but he declined to contest the position and did not publicly endorse another candidate (SSP, 1 December 2000). Lorne Calvert was chosen as Romanow's successor in February 2001, and he retained Cline as Finance Minister. The Premier of Saskatchewan is the first minister for the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. ...


Cline's first budget under Calvert introduced $370 worth of new spending, while also providing tax cuts for small business and projecting a narrow $2.8 million surplus. Some have argued that the budget marked a turning away from the more fiscally conservative approach of the Romanow government (Canadian Press, 30 March 2001). Subsequent declines in gas revenue and losses in federal equalization later forced Cline to withdraw $479 million from the fiscal stabilization fund to prevent a return to deficit spending (Canadian Press, 20 February 2002). In early 2002, he announced that the province would begin issuing quarterly financial reports (Broadcast News, 18 February 2002).


Despite the worsening economic circumstances, Cline was able to present the NDP's eighth consecutive balanced budget in early 2002 with a modest surplus of $45,000 (Regina Leader-Post, 28 March 2002). The budget reduced the size of government, while further increasing health spending and introducing taxes on tobacco and liquor. To avoid going into deficit, Cline was required to withdraw another $225 million from the fiscal stabilization fund (Reuters News, 28 March 2002). A subsequent Prairie drought reduced revenues further, and Cline was required to access the fund again later in the year (National Post, 28 November 2002). In December 2002, Cline and his government reduced royalties and taxes in the oil industry to encourage further provincial development (Reuters News, 16 December 2003).


Cline endorsed Lorne Nystrom for the leadership of the federal New Democratic Party in September 2002, and announced that he would be part of Nystrom's campaign team (Canadian Press, 19 September 2002). At the party's 2003 convention, Cline argued that Nystrom was best positioned to "speak to the realities of the market economy and how to generate wealth" while also affirming the role of public programs "to maximize equality of opportunity" (Canadian Press, 22 January 2003). Nystrom finished third against Jack Layton. The Honourable Lorne Edmund Nystrom, PC (born April 26, 1946) a Canadian politician, was a member of the Canadian House of Commons from 1968 to 2004, except for an interval from 1993, when he lost re-election, to 1997. ... John Gilbert Jack Layton, PC, MP, PhD (born July 18, 1950, in Hudson, Quebec) is a social democrat Canadian politician and current leader of Canadas New Democratic Party. ...


Cline's third-quarter update in January 2003 showed a surplus of $100,000, maintained by the stabilization fund. While acknowledging the surplus, the auditor general suggested that the government was concealing some economic difficulties by transferring funds among departments and crown corporations (Canadian Press, 30 January 2003).


After serving as Finance Minister for over five years, Cline was rea-ssigned as Minister of Justice and Attorney-General and as Minister of Industry in February 2003. He replaced the retiring Chris Axworthy in the former position, and Eldon Laudermilch in the latter. Jim Melenchuk was chosen as Cline's successor in Finance. The Ministry of Justice is a department of the government of Manitoba. ...


Minister of Justice

Cline announced in late February 2003 that the province would hold an inquiry into the death of Neil Stonechild, a seventeen-year-old aboriginal youth who was found frozen to death in 1990. His death was ruled accidental, but many believe he was abandoned outside of town by members of the police force. Both the Federation of Saskatchewan Indian Nations and the Saskatoon Police Association welcomed the decision for an inquiry (Canadian Press, 20 February 2003).


Cline also announced that Saskatchewan would become the first province to completely protect Registered Retirement Savings Plans (RRSPs) and related funds from creditors, in the event of bankruptcy (Canadian Press, 25 February 2003). A Registered Retirement Savings Plan or RRSP is a Canadian investment account that provides some tax benefits for saving for retirement in Canada. ... Notice of closure stuck on the door of a computer store the day after its parent company, Granville Technology Group Ltd, declared bankruptcy (strictly, administration - see text) in the UK. Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organization to pay their creditors. ...


In June 2003, Cline announced that the Saskatchewan government would charge David Ahenakew with promoting hatred. Ahenakew, once a respected aboriginal leader, had previously delivered a speech describing Jews as a "disease" who deserved to be "fried" in The Holocaust. The Canadian Jewish Congress commended Cline for his courage in bringing the case before the courts (Globe and Mail, 12 June 2003). David Ahenakew in April 2005 David Ahenakew (born July 28, 1933) is a Canadian First Nations politician, and former National Chief of the Assembly of First Nations. ... Selection at the Auschwitz ramp in 1944, where the German Nazis chose whom to kill immediately and whom to use as slave labor or for medical experimentation, such as those of the infamous Dr. Josef Mengele. ... The Canadian Jewish Congress is an umbrella group of Jewish organizations in Canada and constitutes the main lobby group for the Jewish community in the country though it often competes with Bnai Brith Canada in that regard. ...


In October 2003, Cline announced that the Saskatchewan government would establish a commission to investigate the wrongful conviction of David Milgaard in 1969 (Kitchener-Waterloo Record, 1 October 2003). David Milgaard (born 1954) is a Canadian who was wrongfully convicted for the murder and rape of nursing assistant Gail Miller. ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ...


Minister of Industry and Resources

In June 2003, Cline led a Saskatchewan trade delegation to an international conference on biotechnology in Washington, D.C. His intent was to develop international contacts, and specifically to export Saskatchewan's biotechnology expertise to India (Broadcast News, 17 June 2003). The initiative was reported as a success (Saskatchewan Business, 1 September 2003). The structure of insulin Biotechnology is a technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. ... ... ...


The NDP narrowly recovered their majority government in the 2003 provincial election. Cline, once again re-elected without difficulty, was appointed to a restructured Ministry of Industry and Resources while yielding the Justice portfolio. He also became Chair of the Liquor and Gaming Authority, and minister responsible for the Saskatchewan Research Council, Saskatchewan Opportunities Corporation, Tourism Saskatchewan and Information Services Corporation of Saskatchewan, and Investment Saskatchewan (formerly known as Crown Investments Corp.).[1] In December 2003, he announced that Titanium Corporation Inc. would construct the world's first Mineral Sands Processing Facility at the Regina Research Park (Market News Publishing, 12 December 2003). In the Westminster System, a majority government is one in which the government enjoys an absolute majority of seats in the legislature or Parliament. ... Map of Saskatchewans ridings and how they voted and by how much The Saskatchewan general election of 2003 was the twenty-fifth provincial election held in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. ...


As chair of the Liquor and Gaming Authority, Cline approved plans for a new casino on the Whitecap Dakota Sioux reserve in August 2004. The provincial auditor general had previously raised concerns about the Saskatchewan Indian Gaming Authority's accounting methods. Cline acknowledged that the SIGA had made significant improvements in recent years, and indicated that the government would hold the casino's profits in trust if further concerns were not resolved (Canadian Press, 7 August 2004). The Trump Taj Mahal in Atlantic City, New Jersey. ...


Cline led a twelve-day business excursion to Europe in September 2004, and spoke at the World Nuclear Association Symposium in London (Broadcast News, 3 September 2004). In response to opposition questions later in the year, he argued that constructing a nuclear power plant in Saskatchewan would not be economically viable (Canadian Press, 19 October 2004). Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one, leading to various perspectives about Europes borders. ... London — containing the City of London — is the capital of the United Kingdom and of England and a major world city. With over seven million inhabitants (Londoners) in Greater London area, it is amongst the most densely populated areas in Western Europe. ...


In January 2005, Cline presided over an economic conference in Saskatoon billed as the Centennial Summit. Representatives from several industries gathered in the city, and called for a more competitive business environment (Saskatchewan Business, 1 March 2005). The following year, Calvert and Cline headed a Saskatchewan delegation on energy resources to the United States, which met with Vice-President Dick Cheney (The Oil Daily, 22 February 2006). Richard Bruce Dick Cheney (born January 30, 1941) is the 46th Vice President of the United States, serving under President George W. Bush. ...


Cline was identified as the best minister in the Calvert government in 2005 by members of the government, opposition and media, amid a general economic recovery in the province (Regina Leader-Post, 18 June 2005). He relinquished cabinet responsibility for the Gaming and Liquor commission in early 2006 (SSP, 4 February 2006).


  Results from FactBites:
 
GW Anthropology Faculty (2935 words)
Special interests: International trade and relations in the ancient Mediterranean; Bronze Age archaeology; ancient Greece, Egypt, and Israel; military history in the Mediterranean area through the ages
To learn more about Dr. Cline's research, click here.
Selected publications: Jerusalem Besieged: From Ancient Canaan to Modern Israel Univ. of Michigan Press, 2004.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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