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Encyclopedia > Eretz Israel Museum

The Eretz Israel Museum was established in 1953 in Ramat Aviv, Israel. The museum displays comprehensive archeological, anthropological and historical artifacts. The Museum Park comprises many exhibition pavilions within a huge campus. Each pavilion is dedicated to a different subject: glassware, ceramics, coins, copper and more, as well as a planetarium. The Man and His Work section features live demonstrations of ancient methods of weaving, jewelry and pottery making, grain grinding and bread baking. Tel Quasile, an excavation in which 12 distinct layers of culture have been uncovered, is part of the museum, as well the Museum of the History of Tel Aviv-Jaffa and Independence Hall, where the State of Israel was proclaimed in 1948, both of which are in central Tel Aviv. The Land of Israel (Hebrew: Eretz Yisrael) refers to the land making up the ancient Jewish Kingdoms of Israel and Judah. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ramat Aviv is the name of several neighbourhoods which are located in the north and the northwestern parts of Tel Aviv, north of the Yarkon River. ... Tell Qasile is an archaeological site over 3,000 years old, founded by the Philistines in the 12th century B.C. as a port city near the Yarkon River. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ...

From the 2005 exhibit of early Israeli metalwork at the Eretz Israel Museum, this bronze laurel branch oil-burning menorah was designed by sculptor and industrial designer Maurice Ascalon and manufactured by his Pal-Bell company in Tel-Aviv, Israel, circa 1948.
From the 2005 exhibit of early Israeli metalwork at the Eretz Israel Museum, this bronze laurel branch oil-burning menorah was designed by sculptor and industrial designer Maurice Ascalon and manufactured by his Pal-Bell company in Tel-Aviv, Israel, circa 1948.

Contents

Image File history File links Maurice_Ascalon_Menorah_Pal-Bell. ... Image File history File links Maurice_Ascalon_Menorah_Pal-Bell. ... Maurice Ascalon at the Duomo di Milano in Italy circa 1934 Maurice Ascalon hammering The Scholar, The Laborer, and The Toiler of the Soil for the 1939 New York Worlds Fair Maurice Ascalons The Scholar, The Laborer, and The Toiler of the Soil copper relief sculpture. ...

Nechushtan Pavilion

Reconstructed mine

Inside the pavilion, visitors find themselves in a reconstructed mine from the Chalcolithic period and the Late Bronze Age, showing marks of mining tools such as the stone hammers, flint blades and copper chisels displayed in their respective showcases. The Chalcolithic (Greek khalkos + lithos copper stone) period, also known as the Eneolithic (Aeneolithic) or Copper Age period, is a phase in the development of human culture in which the use of early metal tools appeared alongside the use of stone tools. ... The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ...


Smelting furnaces

Four smelting furnaces are on display:

  • Bowl furnace from the Chalcolithic period (4th millennium BCE)
  • Domed furnace of the Late Bronze Age (14th–13th centuries BCE)
  • Authentic Late Bronze Age furnace (12th century BCE)
  • Shaft furnace of the Iron Age (10th century BCE).

The Egyptian-Midianite Mining Temple

In the 14th century BCE, the Egyptian pharaohs dispatched mining expeditions to Timna. Alongside expert metalsmiths from the Land of Midian, they extracted copper at Timna until the early 12th century BCE This pavilion in the museum houses a Midianite temple model. In the Bible, Midian (Hebrew: מִדְיָן, Standard Midyan Tiberian ; Arabic مدين; Strife; judgment) is a son of Abraham and his concubine Keturah (who according to midrash is Hagar). ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... In the Bible, Midian (Hebrew: מִדְיָן, Standard Midyan Tiberian ; Arabic مدين; Strife; judgment) is a son of Abraham and his concubine Keturah (who according to midrash is Hagar). ...


Of special interest is the copper snake with gilded head, found in the naos of the Midianite shrine, perhaps pointing to the biblical Nehushtan (2 Kings 18:4) ("a brazen thing"). Moses lifts up the brass snake, curing the Isrealites from Snake Bites. ...


The Glass Pavilion

This pavilion exhibits one of the world's most beautiful collections of ancient glass vessels. The exhibition is divided into three sections, representing three chapters in the history of glass vessel production:


Pre-Blown Glass (Late Bronze Age to Hellenistic period—15th-1st centuries BCE)

The Pavilion display vessels made by the core-forming technique—the most ancient method of manufacturing glass utensils. The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ... The Hellenistic period (4th - 1st c. ...


Blown glass of the Roman and Byzantine periods (1st–7th centuries CE)

Glass-blowing is considered to be one of the most important technological discoveries, which facilitated the production process and made glass vessels cheap and popular.


In the center of this section, two rare and important vessels are displayed: a delicate drinking horn with two openings, known by its Greek name "rhyton", and "Ennion's Blue Jug" bearing the signature of its maker, is one of the most famous and beautiful creations by that artist, who lived in the first half of the 1st century CE. A Rhyton (Greek ῥυτόν rutón) is a ceremonial drinking cup shaped like an animal head or horn. ...


Blown glass of the Islamic period (7th–15th centuries CE)

This section is devoted to glass vessels made in Eastern Mediterranean countries after the Arab conquest in the 7th century CE. Islam (Arabic: ; ( ▶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ...


The Glass Furnace from Khirbet Samariyah

Remnants of a glass furnace from the 13th century CE, discovered alongside the Crusader fortress at Sommelaria, north of Acre. The Crusader states, c. ... “Akko” redirects here. ...


Postal and Philatelic Museum

The Pavilion recounts the history of postal service in the Land of Israel. Close examination of the Penny Red, left, reveals a 148 in the margin, indicating that it was printed with plate #148. ... Kingdom of Israel: Early ancient historical Israel — land in pink is the approximate area under direct central royal administration during the United Monarchy. ...


The first section deals with the history of postal service in the Land of Israel from the mid-19th century until the founding of the State of Israel. It includes envelopes and letters, photographs and posters, mailboxes and telephones, as well as a postal vehicle from 1949. Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The philatelic display wing displays valuable and rare stamps.


External links

  • The Eretz Israel Museum
  • Eretz Israel Museum at ilMuseums.com

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The Eretz Israel Museum was established in 1953 in Ramat Aviv.
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