FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
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Encyclopedia > Equal pay for equal work


Equal pay for women is an issue involving pay inequality between men and women. It is often introduced into domestic politics in many first world countries as an economic problem that needs governmental intervention via regulation.


Many consider the amount of pay disparity between men and women to be an indicator of the strength of an economy. Generally, in third world countries due to cultural and/or religious reasons the pay disparity is much higher.


Equal Pay Act of 1963

Legislation passed in by the Federal Government of the United States in 1963 making it illegal to pay men and women different wage rates if they do equal work on jobs that require equal skill, effort, and responsibility that are performed under similar working conditions.


A similar act was passed in the United Kingdom in 1970.


See also: Glass ceiling, Feminism


External links

  • AFL-CIO report (http://www.aflcio.org/yourjobeconomy/women/equalpay/)
  • Pay Equity Survey (http://www.three-peaks.net/equalpay.htm)
  • American war labor board on Equal pay for Women in 1943 (http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/5144)
  • CNN report (http://www.cnn.com/2004/US/Careers/10/22/equal.pay/)
  • "Whatever Happened to Equal Pay?" Marxist Essay (http://www.marxist.com/women/equal_pay.html)
  • Pay Equity Group (http://www.pay-equity.org/day-kit.html)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Pelosi: 'Equal Pay for Equal Work is More Than a Slogan, It is Common Sense (402 words)
Women pay equal taxes, women serve as CEOs of major corporations, and women sacrifice their lives in the line of battle.
Yet, 40 years after the Equal Pay Act was passed, women are still making 76 cents to every dollar a man makes in the same or comparable work.
We need action on this legislation to aid our working families and to prove to women that we respect and value their work.
EH.Net Encyclopedia: Hours of Work in U.S. History (6777 words)
Finally, Margo (2000) estimates that "on an economy-wide basis, it is probable that annual hours of work rose over the (nineteenth) century, by around 10 percent." He credits this rise to the shift out of agriculture, a decline in the seasonality of labor demand and reductions in annual periods of nonemployment.
Because of the decline in the length of the workweek and the declining portion of a lifetime that is spent in paid work (due largely to lengthening periods of education and retirement) the fraction of the typical American's lifetime devoted to work has become remarkably small.
Although the length of the workday is largely an economic decision arrived at by the interaction of the supply and demand for labor, advocates of shorter hours and foes of shorter hours have often argued the issue on moral grounds.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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